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tsuomela : crowds   14

CABINET // The Behavioral Sink
On the 1960-1970 experiments of John B. Calhoun building utopia/dystopias for mice.
psychology  social-psychology  experiment  utopia  overcrowding  crowds 
february 2015 by tsuomela
Wikipedia Gamergate scandal: How a bad source made Wikipedia wrong about itself.
"The online encyclopedia chews up and spits out bad facts, and its own policies are letting it happen."
wikipedia  online  editing  culture  crowdsourcing  crowds  bureaucracy  rules  feminism  gamergate 
february 2015 by tsuomela
most people aren’t good at most things | Fredrik deBoer
"There are so many places where we’ve turned over functions once performed by experts to amateurs, and we’re consistently surprised that it doesn’t work out."
crowdsourcing  crowdfunding  crowds  wisdom  knowledge  failure  experts 
december 2014 by tsuomela
[1406.7563] When is a crowd wise?
"Numerous studies and anecdotes demonstrate the "wisdom of the crowd," the surprising accuracy of a group's aggregated judgments. Less is known, however, about the generality of crowd wisdom. For example, are crowds wise even if their members have systematic judgmental biases, or can influence each other before members render their judgments? If so, are there situations in which we can expect a crowd to be less accurate than skilled individuals? We provide a precise but general definition of crowd wisdom: A crowd is wise if a linear aggregate, for example a mean, of its members' judgments is closer to the target value than a randomly, but not necessarily uniformly, sampled member of the crowd. Building on this definition, we develop a theoretical framework for examining, a priori, when and to what degree a crowd will be wise. We systematically investigate the boundary conditions for crowd wisdom within this framework and determine conditions under which the accuracy advantage for crowds is maximized. Our results demonstrate that crowd wisdom is highly robust: Even if judgments are biased and correlated, one would need to nearly deterministically select only a highly skilled judge before an individual's judgment could be expected to be more accurate than a simple averaging of the crowd. Our results also provide an accuracy rationale behind the need for diversity of judgments among group members. Contrary to folk explanations of crowd wisdom which hold that judgments should ideally be independent so that errors cancel out, we find that crowd wisdom is maximized when judgments systematically differ as much as possible. We re-analyze data from two published studies that confirm our theoretical results."
crowds  wisdom  aggregation  knowledge  distributed  cognition 
july 2014 by tsuomela
Hillsborough's lesson – don't fear the crowd
"There is almost a sense of moral panic in the way society views crowds, in that they are often seen as vehicles for potential “disorder” or mass panic, despite decades' worth of research by psychologists finding that such concepts are largely myths, and that crowds often behave much more sensibly than they are usually given credit for. When tragedies happen, it is almost always because of a failure of crowd management, as opposed to any “irrational” behaviour on the part of the victims. Attempts to blame victims are often part of a strategy to deflect blame away from those responsible for such mismanagement."
social-psychology  crowds  tragedy  football 
april 2014 by tsuomela
Follow the Crowd | Crowd Research Blog
"The blog, Follow the Crowd, intends to become the premier web resource for ideas related to crowd computing research. Our focus is rapid dissemination of these ideas and vigorous discussion of them."
crowds  crowdsourcing  distributed  cognition  online  research  news  weblog-group 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Redistributing Leadership in Online Creative Collaboration | Follow the Crowd
"Online creative collaboration is complex, and leaders frequently become overwhelmed, causing their projects to fail. We introduce Pipeline, a collaboration tool designed to ease the burden on leaders, and describe how Pipeline helped redistribute leadership in a successful 28-person artistic collaboration."
leadership  online  collaboration  crowds  crowdsourcing  trust  distributed  cognition  toolkit  software 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Issue Number Two: Crowds and Clouds | Limn
"This issue of LIMN focuses on new social media, data mining and surveillance, crowdsourcing, cloud computing, big data, and Internet revolutions. Rather than follow the well-worn paths of argument typical today, our contributors address the problems in new ways and at odd angles: from the power and politics of statistics and algorithms to crowdsourcing’s discontents to the capriciousness of collectives in an election; from the focus group and the casino to the worlds of micro-finance and data-intensive policing. Together they raise questions about the relationship of technology and the collectives that form in and through them."
crowds  crowdsourcing  online  big-data  social-media  technology-critique  technology 
february 2013 by tsuomela
LEDFace Blog - Help Us Build a New Kind of Intelligence
"Ledface has a very specific goal: to enable people to tap into collective intelligence to acquire information to solve their day-to-day problems. Think of it as a new kind of social network in which people interact with each other indirectly, through knowledge, through Ledface.
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At Ledface, everyone can ask and we will match the question with the group best suited to answer. We select a group of people who match each query and we ask them to interact in real time as a team to create the answer. They share their thoughts, combine them, and review each other’s input. So you don’t get a list of replies, but a specific, custom answer co-created in real time each time you ask. No names, no ego, just knowledge."
collaboration  crowdsourcing  wisdom  crowds  intelligence  collective-intelligence  tools 
july 2011 by tsuomela
How to tweet bile without alienating people. Or making 13-year-old girls cry | Charlie Brooker | Comment is free | The Guardian
"God knows I enjoy a helping of bile. But only when it's crafted with flair. One of the most disappointing things about the slew of online Rebecca Black abuse is the sheer poverty of language involved. If you are complaining about a banal pop song but can't muster a more inventive way to express yourself than typing "OMFG BITCH YOU SUCK", then you really ought to consider folding your laptop shut and sitting quietly in the corner until that fallow lifespan of yours eventually reaches its conclusion."
internet  behavior  bullying  crowds  groupthink  twitter  fads  memes 
april 2011 by tsuomela

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