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tsuomela : cybernetics   20

Welcome To Duke University Press
Emerging in the 1940s, the first cybernetics—the study of communication and control systems—was mainstreamed under the names artificial intelligence and computer science and taken up by the social sciences, the humanities, and the creative arts. In Emergence and Embodiment, Bruce Clarke and Mark B. N. Hansen focus on cybernetic developments that stem from the second-order turn in the 1970s, when the cyberneticist Heinz von Foerster catalyzed new thinking about the cognitive implications of self-referential systems. The crucial shift he inspired was from first-order cybernetics’ attention to homeostasis as a mode of autonomous self-regulation in mechanical and informatic systems, to second-order concepts of self-organization and autopoiesis in embodied and metabiotic systems. The collection opens with an interview with von Foerster and then traces the lines of neocybernetic thought that have followed from his work.
book  publisher  history  science  20c  cybernetics 
april 2011 by tsuomela
IIIS - International Institute of Informatics and Systemics
To contribute to the identification of synergetic relationships among the areas of The Systems Approach, Cybernetics, and Informatics, as well as between them and society.
systems  communication  cybernetics  professional-association  conference  globalization  institutions 
november 2010 by tsuomela
The Cybernetics Society
The Cybernetics Society holds scientific meetings, conferences, and social events, and engages in other activities to encourage public understanding of science and to extend and disseminate knowledge of cybernetics and its associated disciplines
cybernetics  professional-association 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Dr. Gordon Pask on Cybernetics
Defined by Norbert Wiener in 1948 as the science of communication and control in the animal and the machine, cybernetics has been more or less broadly interpreted.
cybernetics  definition  encyclopedia  reference  control  systems  feedback  history 
november 2010 by tsuomela
The Law of Requisite Variety
The larger the variety of actions available to a control system, the larger the variety of perturbations it is able to compensate.
cybernetics  requisite-variety 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Dissensus | Horizons of Significance
It’s way past time to be nostalgic for the lack of a coherent message to coalesce a movement around. Instead of bemoaning the death of movements we need to see this as a welcome development. When the forces of Mono- – mono-everything – are joined together in a dance of death this is the time to embrace dissensus. Not as an ultimate paean to individuality, another shibboleth of modernity. Let us realize that even views, practices, and characteristics which go against everything we – in our own individuality, believe – may hold the key to a way forward. Not in any predictable, planable way, but within the unknowable twists and turns of evolution.
future  movement  activism  dissensus  requisite-variety  cybernetics  evolution  environment 
october 2010 by tsuomela
50 Posts About Cyborgs
September 2010 is the 50th Anniversary of the coining of the term 'cyborg'. Over a month, this site will update 50 times with links to material — most of it new — celebrating 50 years of one of the 20th Century's more enduring concepts.
cyborgs  cybernetics  weblog-group  history  sts  science  technology  culture 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Relevant History: Word spacing, silent reading, and cyborgs
Word spacing is something that we never think about, much less think about having been invented or having a history.The Romans almost never used it: Latin texts and inscriptions on buildings often ran words together But [Paul] Saenger makes a compelling case that its adoption and diffusion in late medival Europe had tremendous ramifications in monastic culture, book history, and eventually intellectual and political history.
history  sts  communication  typesetting  typography  reading  books  cybernetics  cyborgs  distributed  intelligence 
september 2010 by tsuomela
The Neuro Times: Book Review: The Cybernetic Brain
Review of The Cybernetic Brain by Andrew Pickering.
book  review  cybernetics  history  sts 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Syntegration is a suite of powerful, science-based processes that optimize large group interaction.

These processes are an unprecedented breakthrough for addressing complex business and social challenges. They greatly accelerate and radically improve planning, decision making and alignment-building, and they elicit changes in behaviour that are necessary for real impact.
collaboration  open-space  group  process  cybernetics  complexity 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Fractal Ontology
refracting theory: politics, cybernetics, philosophy
weblog-group  politics  cybernetics  philosophy  european  continental 
october 2007 by tsuomela

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