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tsuomela : cyborgs   3

50 Posts About Cyborgs
September 2010 is the 50th Anniversary of the coining of the term 'cyborg'. Over a month, this site will update 50 times with links to material — most of it new — celebrating 50 years of one of the 20th Century's more enduring concepts.
cyborgs  cybernetics  weblog-group  history  sts  science  technology  culture 
september 2010 by tsuomela
postmedieval: a journal of medieval cultural studies - Our cyborg past: Medieval artificial memory as mindware upgrade
The philosopher and cognitive scientist Andy Clark has argued that humans have always been ‘natural-born cyborgs,’ that is, they have always collaborated and merged with non-biological props and aids in order to find better environments for thinking. These ‘mindware’ upgrades (I borrow the term ‘mindware’ from Clark, 2001) extend beyond the fusions of the organic and technological that posthumanist theory imagines as our future. Moreover, these external aids do not remain external to our minds; they interact with them to effect profound changes in their internal architecture. Medieval artificial memory systems provide evidence for just this kind of cognitive interaction. But because medieval people conceived of their relationship to technology in fundamentally different ways, we need also to attend to larger epistemic frameworks when we analyze historically contingent forms of mindware upgrade.
medieval  history  cyborgs  technology  memory  mindware  cognition  embedded 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Relevant History: Word spacing, silent reading, and cyborgs
Word spacing is something that we never think about, much less think about having been invented or having a history.The Romans almost never used it: Latin texts and inscriptions on buildings often ran words together But [Paul] Saenger makes a compelling case that its adoption and diffusion in late medival Europe had tremendous ramifications in monastic culture, book history, and eventually intellectual and political history.
history  sts  communication  typesetting  typography  reading  books  cybernetics  cyborgs  distributed  intelligence 
september 2010 by tsuomela

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