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tsuomela : deduction   3

Authors of political science book argue for changes in methodology | Inside Higher Ed
"In their recently published book A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations (Oxford University Press), Clarke and Primo delve into the ramifications of this "physics envy" for political science. In their quest to emulate the hard sciences, Clarke and Primo write, political scientists have placed far too much emphasis on model testing, resulting in the widespread view "that theoretical models must be tested to be of value and that the ultimate goal of empirical analysis is theory testing."
A Model Discipline argues that the logic behind this stance is hopelessly flawed, while its impacts have been detrimental to political science in a variety of ways."
book  interview  methods  methodology  hypothetical  deduction  political-science  social-science  physics  hard-v-soft  science 
april 2012 by tsuomela
What is a Fact? - Credit Slips
Is this a question of fact or of law? "Fact, of course," said the students. So I asked how this fact could be proven. What followed was a wonderful, multi-student discussion of maginal pricing, elasticity of demand, etc. Even as I pressed on the presumptions underlying the deductive model--fully informed parties, competitive markets, low transactions costs, etc--the students hung on to their model. They were smart and sophisticated in their arguments, but the bottom line was that they "proved" the fact of lower costs deductively by appling what they saw as immutable economic principles...Perhaps my class was abberational, but it made me wonder about how we are educating our students, both before and during law school. Is it all about deduction, with nothing left over for reality?
education  deduction  law-school  law  legal  economics  empiricism  philosophy  public-policy 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Scientific Explanation (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Models: DN Deductive-Nomological (Hempel); SR - Statistical Relevance; CM - Causal Mechanical; unification
philosophy  science  explanation  nature  naturalism  epistemology  methodology  history  causation  model  theory  statistics  deduction 
september 2009 by tsuomela

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