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tsuomela : discovery   43

PLOS ONE: Sizing the Problem of Improving Discovery and Access to NIH-Funded Data: A Preliminary Study
"This study informs efforts to improve the discoverability of and access to biomedical datasets by providing a preliminary estimate of the number and type of datasets generated annually by research funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). It focuses on those datasets that are “invisible” or not deposited in a known repository."
data-curation  discovery  access  health  health-care  information-science 
august 2015 by tsuomela
NCAR - Climate Data Guide | Data Discovery Guided by Experts
"Search and access 164 data sets covering the Atmosphere, Ocean, Land and more. Explore climate indices, reanalyses and satellite data and understand their application to climate model metrics. This is the only data portal that combines data discovery, metadata, figures and world-class expertise on the strengths, limitations and applications of climate data. "
data  data-curation  discovery  expertise  climate-change  global-warming 
april 2014 by tsuomela
BBC News - The bug-hunters discovering new species in their spare time
"In fact, six out of every 10 of the new species in Europe are discovered by amateurs, often self-taught experts in particular insect and invertebrate families."
citizen-science  science  biology  biological-sciences  species  discovery  amateur 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Science, Superstars
"What, if anything, is the world trying to tell us? On some level it seems that things are getting harder — it is tougher to be a dominant player in sports given global talent pools, better training, more mimicry, etc. Similarly, science in many important areas does seem stalled, with progress proceeding glacially, whether it is drug discovery, or fundamental physics, or energy."
science  discovery  history  sts  decline  innovation  funding  research  bibliometrics 
july 2011 by tsuomela
What Happens If Science Becomes a Low-Yield Activity? « The Scholarly Kitchen
"And what if science becomes — or has become — lower-yield? Is that a reason to reconsider funding policies? Rationally, looking at the cost-benefit may already have effects on resource and funding allocations.

Is it unreasonable to assume that science will continue to produce large, demonstrable advances and insights of the size and importance of the major breakthroughs?"
science  discovery  history  sts  decline  innovation  funding  research  bibliometrics 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Nielsen, M.: Reinventing Discovery: The New Era of Networked Science.
" In Reinventing Discovery, Michael Nielsen argues that we are living at the dawn of the most dramatic change in science in more than 300 years. This change is being driven by powerful new cognitive tools, enabled by the internet, which are greatly accelerating scientific discovery. There are many books about how the internet is changing business or the workplace or government. But this is the first book about something much more fundamental: how the internet is transforming the nature of our collective intelligence and how we understand the world."
book  publisher  science  future  discovery  citizen-science 
july 2011 by tsuomela
"Publishers of Krakauer - Three Cups of Deceit. Discover and discuss great reads by great writers."
journalism  media  news  online  recommendations  discovery 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Intellectual Curiosity and the Scientific Revolution - Cambridge University Press
Seventeenth-century Europe witnessed an extraordinary flowering of discoveries and innovations. This study, beginning with the Dutch-invented telescope of 1608, casts Galileo's discoveries into a global framework. Although the telescope was soon transmitted to China, Mughal India, and the Ottoman Empire, those civilizations did not respond as Europeans did to the new instrument. In Europe, there was an extraordinary burst of innovations in microscopy, human anatomy, optics, pneumatics, electrical studies, and the science of mechanics. Nearly all of those aided the emergence of Newton's revolutionary grand synthesis, which unified terrestrial and celestial physics under the law of universal gravitation. That achievement had immense implications for all aspects of modern science, technology, and economic development. The economic implications are set out in the concluding epilogue. All these unique developments suggest why the West experienced a singular scientific and economic ascendanc
book  publisher  science  history  17c  europe  curiosity  telescope  invention  discovery  sts 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Alan J. Rocke: Image and Reality
In Image and Reality, Alan Rocke focuses on the community of organic chemists in Germany to provide the basis for a fuller understanding of the nature of scientific creativity.

Arguing that visual mental images regularly assisted many of these scientists in thinking through old problems and new possibilities, Rocke uses a variety of sources... to investigate their ability to not only imagine the invisibly tiny atoms and molecules upon which they operated daily, but to build detailed and empirically based pictures of how all of the atoms in complicated molecules were interconnected. These portrayals of “chemical structures,” both as mental images and as paper tools, gradually became an accepted part of science during these years and are now regarded as one of the central defining features of chemistry. In telling this fascinating story... Rocke also suggests that imagistic thinking is often at the heart of creative thinking in all fields.
book  publisher  books:noted  chemistry  visual-thinking  19c  history  discovery  innovation  creativity  images  via:cshalizi 
june 2010 by tsuomela
The Rise of Crowd Science - Technology - The Chronicle of Higher Education
Alexander Szalay's career in astronomy took an unexpected turn when the Johns Hopkins U., where he is a professor, joined the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and he volunteered to help with data storage.
crowdsourcing  science  collaboration  data  astronomy  e-science  digital  discovery  global  groups  sts  history 
june 2010 by tsuomela
News: The Aging of Science - Inside Higher Ed
What if key elements of science policy are based on patterns of discovery that no longer exist?

That's the question behind a paper released Monday by the National Bureau of Economic Research. The paper -- by Benjamin Jones, associate professor of management at Northwestern University -- argues that science has changed in key ways. Specifically, it argues that the age at which researchers are able to make breakthroughs has advanced, and that scientists are parts of increasingly larger teams, encouraging narrow specialization. Yet, he argues, science policy (or a lot of it) continues to assume the possibility if not desirability of breakthroughs by a lone young investigator.
science  sts  sociology  discovery  generation  age  success  collaboration  teamwork  scale  economics 
may 2010 by tsuomela
[0912.1567] Quantifying the Ease of Scientific Discovery
It has long been known that scientific output proceeds on an exponential increase, or more properly, a logistic growth curve. The interplay between effort and discovery is clear, and the nature of the functional form has been thought to be due to many changes in the scientific process over time. Here I show a quantitative method for examining the ease of scientific progress, another necessary component in understanding scientific discovery. Using examples from three different scientific disciplines - mammalian species, chemical elements, and minor planets - I find the ease of discovery to conform to an exponential decay. In addition, I show how the pace of scientific discovery can be best understood as the outcome of both scientific output and ease of discovery...
science  discovery  history  innovation  quantity  statistics  sts 
may 2010 by tsuomela
The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery - Microsoft Research
Increasingly, scientific breakthroughs will be powered by advanced computing capabilities that help researchers manipulate and explore massive datasets. The speed at which any given scientific discipline advances will depend on how well its researchers collaborate with one another, and with technologists, in areas of eScience such as databases, workflow management, visualization, and cloud computing technologies. In The Fourth Paradigm: Data-Intensive Scientific Discovery, the collection of essays expands on the vision of pioneering computer scientist Jim Gray for a new, fourth paradigm of discovery based on data-intensive science and offers insights into how it can be fully realized.
science  data  programming  books  data-mining  development  computer-science  discovery  philosophy  future  data-curation  statistics  big-data  computational-science 
january 2010 by tsuomela
The Will to Succeed | No Map. No Guide. No Limits.
The premise of Garret LoPorto’s manifesto is that “DaVincis” are the change-agents of society, and act the way they do because of their genes
innovation  creativity  discovery  change  genetics  motivation 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Exploring the Land of Frigor | No Map. No Guide. No Limits.
But exploration … and the obsession that sometimes accompanies, or at least often enables, that kind of successful quest … isn’t limited to geographical challenges. For exploration is a matter of going beyond what is known; stepping out into the void beyond that in the hopes of bringing back new knowledge about what lies there.
exploration  motivation  science  geography  eccentric  goals  psychology  obsession  emotion  creativity  innovation  discovery 
september 2009 by tsuomela
The Heroic Theory of Scientific Development « Apperceptual
Multiple Discovery is a very thorough study of independent simultaneous discovery in the history of science and technology. It seems that there is almost no instance of a great discovery or invention that was not discovered independently and simultaneously. In addition to a careful historical study, Lamb and Easton present a theory to explain multiple discovery, which they call evolutionary realism.
sts  science  history  discovery  multiple 
july 2009 by tsuomela

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