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tsuomela : emergence   31

Complexity and the Arrow of Time // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Charles H. Lineweaver, Paul C. W. Davies, and Michael Ruse (eds.), Complexity and the Arrow of Time, Cambridge University Press, 2013, 357pp., $30.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107027251."
book  review  complexity  emergence  time 
november 2014 by tsuomela
Why Twitter Should Not Algorithmically Curate the Timeline — The Message — Medium
"There is so much Twitter can do try to improve the user experience, for both the experienced and the beginner. But I hope that it does not algorithmically curate the feed, not because I love the chronology per se, but because I value people’s judgement. Yes, Twitter can make it easier to access that judgment in more varied ways but stepping between people I choose to follow and me is not the answer."
twitter  design  algorithms  filtering  filters  emergence  intelligence 
september 2014 by tsuomela
A network framework of cultural history
"The emergent processes driving cultural history are a product of complex interactions among large numbers of individuals, determined by difficult-to-quantify historical conditions. To characterize these processes, we have reconstructed aggregate intellectual mobility over two millennia through the birth and death locations of more than 150,000 notable individuals. The tools of network and complexity theory were then used to identify characteristic statistical patterns and determine the cultural and historical relevance of deviations. The resulting network of locations provides a macroscopic perspective of cultural history, which helps us to retrace cultural narratives of Europe and North America using large-scale visualization and quantitative dynamical tools and to derive historical trends of cultural centers beyond the scope of specific events or narrow time intervals."
history  culture  visualization  networks  geography  emergence 
august 2014 by tsuomela
Sentience Everywhere: Complexity Theory, Panpsychism & the Role of Sentience in Self-Organization of the Universe | Theise | Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research
"Philosophical understandings of consciousness divide into emergentist positions (when the universe is sufficiently organized and complex it gives rise to consciousness) vs. panpsychism (consciousness pervades the universe). A leading emergentist position derives from autopoietic theory of Maturana and Varela: to be alive is to have cognition, one component of which is sentience.  Here, reflecting autopoietic theory, we define sentience as: sensing of the surrounding environment, complex processing of information that has been sensed, (i.e. processing mechanisms defined by characteristics of a complex system), and generation of a response.  Further, complexity theory, points to all aspects of the universe comprising “systems of systems.” Bringing these themes together, we find that sentience is not limited to the living, but present throughout existence. Thus, a complexity approach shifts autopoietic theory from an emergentist to a panpsychist position and shows that sentience must be inherent in all structures of existence across all levels of scale."
philosophy  metaphysics  ontology  consciousness  emergence  complexity 
april 2013 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Does the microfoundations principle imply reductionism?
"So I continue to believe both things: that statements about social entities and powers must be compatible there being microfoundations for these properties and powers
philosophy  social-science  explanation  micro-meso-macro  supervenience  emergence  causation 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Democracy in Objects: Mereology and Exploded Views « Larval Subjects .
"Exploded view diagrams open up– a little –these black boxes so as to discern the multiple-composition that objects or units are as complexes of relations. What we discover is that every object is both a unit and a crowd of other objects or units."
object-oriented-ontology  objects  metaphysics  ontology  philosophy  world  emergence 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Cartels Are an Emergent Phenomenon, Say Complexity Theorists - Technology Review
Under certain market conditions, cartels arise naturally without collusion. This raises important questions over how the behavior should be controlled.
economics  monopoly  emergence  complexity  markets 
january 2012 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Alternatives to analytical sociology
"To start: I've generally found the strictures of "microfoundations" and "agent-based explanations" as representing ontological constraints on sociological explanations rather than guides for empirical research. The constraints require, essentially, that all our explanations of social processes and causal connections need to be compatible with providing plausible micro-level accounts of how they work."
social-science  philosophy  ontology  epistemology  foundation  emergence  supervenience  analytic  sociology 
july 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Microfoundationalism
"The concept of microfoundations is relevant to each of these domains. A microfoundation is:

a specification of the ways in which the properties and structure of a higher-level entity are produced by the activities and properties of lower-level entities.

In the case of the social sciences, this amounts to:

a specification of the ways that properties, structural features, and causal powers of a social entity are produced and reproduced by the actions and dispositions of socially situated individuals."
social-science  philosophy  ontology  epistemology  foundation  emergence  supervenience 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Peter Suber, Nomic
"Nomic is a game I invented in 1982. It's a game in which changing the rules is a move. The Initial Set of rules does little more than regulate the rule-changing process. While most of its initial rules are procedural in this sense, it does have one substantive rule (on how to earn points toward winning)
games  philosophy  change  emergence 
march 2011 by tsuomela
emergent by design
Venessa Miemis is a futurist and digital ethnographer, researching the impacts of social technologies on society and culture and designing systems to facilitate innovation and the evolution of consciousness. She is currently pursuing a Masters in Media Studies at the New School in NYC
weblog-individual  emergence 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Chicago Journals - The Journal of Legal Studies - Hive Psychology, Happiness, and Public Policy
We consider three hypotheses about relatedness and well‐being including the hive hypothesis, which says people need to lose themselves occasionally by becoming part of an emergent social organism in order to reach the highest levels of human flourishing. We discuss recent evolutionary thinking about multilevel selection, which offers a distal reason why the hive hypothesis might be true. We next consider psychological phenomena such as the joy of synchronized movement and the ecstatic joy of self‐loss, which might be proximal mechanisms underlying the extraordinary pleasures people get from hive‐type activities. We suggest that if the hive hypothesis turns out to be true, it has implications for public policy. We suggest that the hive hypothesis points to new ways to increase social capital and encourages a new focus on happy groups as being more than collections of happy individuals.
psychology  well-being  social-psychology  emergence  behavior  social  social-capital  public-policy 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Home - emergentuniverse.org
A potentially useful educational site about emergence that is currently drowning in a sea of Flash-based animation.
emergence  education  flash  science  complexity  chaos 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Emergent Properties (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Emergence is a notorious philosophical term of art. A variety of theorists have appropriated it for their purposes ever since George Henry Lewes gave it a philosophical sense in his 1875 Problems of Life and Mind. We might roughly characterize the shared meaning thus: emergent entities (properties or substances) ‘arise’ out of more fundamental entities and yet are ‘novel’ or ‘irreducible’ with respect to them. (
emergence  philosophy  reference  science  history  britain  terminology 
september 2009 by tsuomela
I cite: Emergence? Not again
Short critique of Emergence by Stephen Johnson (and inter alia other emergence popularizations) re: the confusions between small and large scale, face to face with computer mediated communication, and reflexivity.
emergence  complexity  cscw  computer  technology-effects  technology  conversation  reflexivity  mediation  institutions 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Presencing Institute
The Presencing Institute (PI) is a global action research community that applies Theory U and presencing to the transformation of capitalism by shifting the social field of individual and collective action from habitual patterns to co-creating from the emerging whole. The presencing process is a journey that connects us more deeply both to what wants to emerge in the world and to our highest future possibility—our emerging authentic self.
facilitation  presence  participation  emergence  business  capitalism  transformation  community 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Evolving Thoughts - Water and reduction
But emergentists hold that not only is there higher causality between emergent phenomena, but emergent phenomena also "downwardly cause" microlevel phenomena to behave differently.
philosophy  science  reductionism  emergence  causation 
march 2007 by tsuomela

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