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tsuomela : empathy   42

Moral Character: An Empirical Theory // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Christian B. Miller, Moral Character: An Empirical Theory, Oxford University Press, 2013, 346pp., $55.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780199674350."
book  review  philosophy  morality  ethics  psychology  empathy  compassion 
february 2014 by tsuomela
"A growing body of recent research shows that people with the most social power pay scant attention to those with little such power. This tuning out has been observed, for instance, with strangers in a mere five-minute get-acquainted session, where the more powerful person shows fewer signals of paying attention, like nodding or laughing. Higher-status people are also more likely to express disregard, through facial expressions, and are more likely to take over the conversation and interrupt or look past the other speaker."
psychology  wealth  power  class  rich  social-psychology  empathy 
october 2013 by tsuomela
"That is the conclusion of a study published Thursday in the journal Science. It found that after reading literary fiction, as opposed to popular fiction or serious nonfiction, people performed better on tests measuring empathy, social perception and emotional intelligence — skills that come in especially handy when you are trying to read someone’s body language or gauge what they might be thinkin"
psychology  literature  fiction  reading  empathy  personality 
october 2013 by tsuomela
"Reading Chekhov for a few minutes makes you better at decoding what other people are feeling. But spending the same amount of time with a potboiler by Danielle Steel does not have the same effect, scientists reported Thursday."
psychology  literature  fiction  reading  empathy  personality 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Study: Reading Fiction Makes People Comfortable With Ambiguity
"Are you uncomfortable with ambiguity? It’s a common condition, but a highly problematic one. The compulsion to quell that unease can inspire snap judgments, rigid thinking, and bad decision-making. Fortunately, new research suggests a simple antidote for this affliction: Read more literary fiction."
reading  psychology  ambiguity  literature  empathy  emotion  learning 
june 2013 by tsuomela
question of the day: How do we tame the excesses of fanboy culture? | MaryAnn Johanson's
Because, seriously, the fan-damentalism of some of these people is in serious need of major reform. I just don’t know how we go about making it happen. Do you?

How do we tame the excesses of fanboy culture?

These people appear to have no shame, so I doubt we can shame them into behaving better. So what do we do?
fandom  online  culture  bullying  trolling  behavior  psychology  empathy 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Lakoff hits the nail on the head re Obama--but misses the heart
That's the fundamental reason why Obama hit dribblers in the press conference: because neo-liberalism is all about the dribblers. Don't swing for the fences, it says. Don't go for single-payer--or even for a robust public option that would lead to single-payer over time--even though it's what's needed to dramatically cut the over-priced costs of healthcare "system".
neoliberalism  obama  politics  rhetoric  lakoff  george  language  metaphor  third-way  liberalism  empathy 
may 2010 by tsuomela
slacktivist: Empathy and epistemic closure
Empathy, at its most basic level, is epistemic. It is sometimes discussed as though it is identical to love, respect or regard for others, but really it precedes that. It is what makes such love, respect or regard for others possible -- what informs it. Empathy is a way of seeing, and therefore a way of knowing. To avoid empathy is to limit one's own perspective to only one's own perspective -- to choose not to see and therefore to choose not to know. Worse than that -- it is to choose not to be able to know.

Empathy, in other words, makes you smarter and wiser. Rejecting empathy makes you dumber and more foolish. To choose not to see what empathy shows us is to choose stupidity.
politics  conservatism  tea-party  morality  empathy  culture  stupidity 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Open Left:: The Cultural Contradictions of Conservatism: Part 1
"Tim Wise-a leading authority on deconstructing white supremacy and white privilege, from the blatant to the subtle-posted a fascinating diary at DKos, Sociopathy on the Right: Ayn Rand and the Triumph of Conservative Cultism, the most shocking aspect of which was the revelation that an early heroic model for Rand was a notorious sociopathic child-kidnapper and killer, William Edward Hickman."
about(AynRand)  sociopathy  conservatism  producerism  ideology  self-sufficiency  crime  psychology  empathy 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Understanding Through Empathy | Ian Welsh
Empathy isn’t a fuzzy virtue. It isn’t even a virtue at all, it is an ability. It can be used for good, or for evil. Once you understand someone you can use that understanding to help them, to heal them, to hurt them or to destroy them. Reject empathy and you reject understanding your fellow humans as well as you otherwise could. In war, that can lead to defeat
empathy  politics  virtue  purpose 
may 2009 by tsuomela
PLoS ONE: Empathy Is Moderated by Genetic Background in Mice
Empathy, as originally defined, refers to an emotional experience that is shared among individuals. When discomfort or alarm is detected in another, a variety of behavioral responses can follow, including greater levels of nurturing, consolation or increased vigilance towards a threat. Moreover, changes in systemic physiology often accompany the recognition of distressed states in others. Employing a mouse model of cue-conditioned fear, we asked whether exposure to conspecific distress influences how a mouse subsequently responds to environmental cues that predict this distress... Our paradigm thus has construct and face validity with contemporary views of empathy, and provides unequivocal evidence for a genetic contribution to the expression of empathic behavior.
biology  empathy  genetics  evolution  animals 
may 2009 by tsuomela
Social Networking and the Brain: Continuous Partial Empathy? | Open The Future | Fast Company
For more than a decade, tech pundits and business consultants have gone on about the "attention economy," arguing that attention has economic value due to its limited availability. It strikes me that this may miss the greater point. From a social perspective, what's limited isn't attention, but consideration. Not just hearing, but listening. Not just seeing a message, but understanding its meaning.
attention  continuous-partial-attention  psychology  empathy  neurology  about(AntonioDamasio)  brain  social 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Lance Mannion: Reading off my Kindle at the County Fair with Abraham Lincoln
The way the world works these days requires that millions of people remove themselves from it for hours and hours at a time, spending their days in what are essentially halls of mirrors, wrapped up in their own thoughts, focused on their own needs and wants and desires, when they aren't wrapped up in the abstractions called corporations they work for. It's no wonder they grow a little heartless. It's no wonder they go a little mad.
Lincoln  Abraham  reading  experience  social  empathy 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: Beware Detached Detail
Robin Hanson continues his speculation on near/far thoughts. Our effort to appear to have good near thoughts might lead to detatched details that look good but have low impact on near decisions and low resource costs. Annotated link
psychology  perception  future  phenomenology  experience  hypocrisy  mental  management  cognition  religion  decision-making  empathy  escapism 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: A Tale Of Two Tradeoffs
Robin Hanson posits two mental tradeoffs among social animals and speculates on their interactions. 1) making good decisions and presenting good images to others 2) greater resources required for more detailed descriptions/thoughts. Leads to detail thinking for 'near' objects/events/people etc., and sparse thinking for 'far'. Annotated link
psychology  perception  future  phenomenology  experience  hypocrisy  mental  management  cognition  decision-making  empathy 
february 2009 by tsuomela
The Psychology of Transcending the Here and Now -- Liberman and Trope 322 (5905): 1201 -- Science
People directly experience only themselves here and now but often consider, evaluate, and plan situations that are removed in time or space, that pertain to others' experiences, and that are hypothetical rather than real. People thus transcend the present and mentally traverse temporal distance, spatial distance, social distance, and hypotheticality. We argue that this is made possible by the human capacity for abstract processing of information. We review research showing that there is considerable similarity in the way people mentally traverse different distances, that the process of abstraction underlies traversing different distances, and that this process guides the way people predict, evaluate, and plan near and distant situations.
experience  empathy  time  perception  abstraction  psychology  information-processing 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Does your dog feel your pain? | The Greater Good Blog
Other animals capable of such “facial mimicry” — imitating facial expressions — include orangutans and chimps. Researchers believe that facial mimicry is a rudimentary form of empathy. Studies have found that humans who are more susceptible to contagious yawning score higher on tests that measure empathy.
empathy  psychology  biology  animals  dogs 
august 2008 by tsuomela
Patton Oswalt
I completely ignored the deeper lesson which is do not judge, and get outside yourself, and realize that everyone and everything has its own story, and something to teach you, and that they’re also trying – consciously or unconsciously – to learn and grow from you and everything else around them. And they’re trying with the same passion and hunger and confusion that I was feeling – no matter where they were in their lives, no matter how old or how young.
empathy  psychology  advice  graduation-speech 
july 2008 by tsuomela

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