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tsuomela : environment   621

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Enigma Labs | Temperature Anomalies
"Every day, the Global Historical Climatology Network collects temperatures from 90,000 weather stations. Dating back as far as the late 1700's, the records provide an incredible source of insight into our changing climate. Using this data, we can determine what the weather is normally like for most places on Earth. We can tell you that the average low temperature in New York City on January 11th is 29°F and that the average high temperature in Los Angeles on July 24th is 80°F. Once we know what temperatures to expect on any given day with a certain degree of confidence, we can sift out the uneventful days, leaving only anomalous weather events."
data-science  demonstration  weather  environment  temperature  climate-change  public-data 
september 2018 by tsuomela
Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"David M. Kaplan, ed., Philosophy, Technology, and the Environment, MIT Press, 2017, ix + 255 pp., $30.00 (pbk), ISBN 9780262533164"
book  review  philosophy  technology  environment  environmental 
july 2017 by tsuomela
State of the Air | American Lung Association
"For 17 years, the American Lung Association has analyzed data from official air quality monitors to compile the State of the Air report. The more you learn about the air you breathe, the more you can protect your health and take steps to make our air cleaner and healthier."
environment  pollution  health 
january 2017 by tsuomela
76 Days, No Fossil Fuels: Costa Rica Has Been Running on Renewables for Over Two Months
"Largely due to its small size, Costa Rica has manage to run for two months relying solely on various sources of renewable energy. This success, though, isn't just due to the country's size. The government isn't at all lacking when it comes to serious effort in eliminating the use of fossil fuels."
climate-change  environment  energy  country(CostaRica) 
december 2016 by tsuomela
U.S. Energy Data
Very well-done energy flow graph showing where US energy is produced and how it is used.
energy  environment  information  visualization 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Data Basin
"Data Basin is a science-based mapping and analysis platform that supports learning, research, and sustainable environmental stewardship."
data-sources  data-curation  climate  environment  weather  meteorology 
november 2016 by tsuomela
International Water Management Institute (IWMI) : A water-secure world
"The International Water Management Institute operates at the interface of research and development to provide evidence based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, livelihoods and the environment. IWMI is a member of CGIAR, a global research partnership for a food-secure future."
data-sources  water  hydrology  meteorology  environment 
november 2016 by tsuomela
"Safecast is a global volunter-centered citizen science project working to empower people with data about their environments. We believe that having more freely available open data is better for everyone. Everything we do is aimed at putting data and data collection know-how in the hands of people worldwide."
citizen-science  environment  open-data 
november 2016 by tsuomela
STATMOS: Statistical Methods for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences | A research network
"Recent events in climate science have highlighted the need for increased participation of statisticians. While mathematics play an important role in modeling fluid dynamics, statistics specializes in quantifying uncertainty. We are building a network of statisticians with interest in atmospheric and ocean science. The hubs of the network (and some nodes) have personnel both in statistics and in atmospheric and ocean sciences, and the National Center for Atmospheric Research is a common node connected to each of the nodes. The network will also connect with similar networks in the Pacific Northwest and in Europe. The topics of research cover broad areas with a common theme being multivariate nonstationary non-Gaussian spatio-temporal models, which are needed to describe a changing world. Network researchers will study extreme events in space and time, will develop methods to compare models to data, make uncertainty assessments for scenario-based climate projections, and produce computationally efficient ways to deal with large amounts of data from observing networks and numerical models. "
academic-center  climate  environment  statistics  earth-science 
october 2016 by tsuomela
<em>Green Earth</em> - Text Patterns - The New Atlantis
Robinson as a technocratic liberal universalist humanitarian with occasional failure to imagine sympathetic political opponents.
books  review  commentary  sf  politics  environment 
october 2016 by tsuomela
Jason W Moore
"Research: capitalism as world-ecology, political ecology, environmental history, food and agriculture, world history, political economy of agrarian change, financialization."
people  research  sociology  academic  environment  capitalism 
october 2016 by tsuomela
Human and nature dynamics (HANDY): Modeling inequality and use of resources in the collapse or sustainability of societies | SESYNC
"There are widespread concerns that current trends in resource-use are unsustainable, but possibilities of overshoot/collapse remain controversial. Collapses have occurred frequently in history, often followed by centuries of economic, intellectual, and population decline. Many different natural and social phenomena have been invoked to explain specific collapses, but a general explanation remains elusive. In this paper, we build a human population dynamics model by adding accumulated wealth and economic inequality to a predator–prey model of humans and nature. The model structure, and simulated scenarios that offer significant implications, are explained. Four equations describe the evolution of Elites, Commoners, Nature, and Wealth. The model shows Economic Stratification or Ecological Strain can independently lead to collapse, in agreement with the historical record. The measure “Carrying Capacity” is developed and its estimation is shown to be a practical means for early detection of a collapse. Mechanisms leading to two types of collapses are discussed. The new dynamics of this model can also reproduce the irreversible collapses found in history. Collapse can be avoided, and population can reach a steady state at maximum carrying capacity if the rate of depletion of nature is reduced to a sustainable level and if resources are distributed equitably."
paper  research  environment  history  collapse  modeling 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Unfreezing the Arctic: Science, Colonialism, and the Transformation of Inuit Lands, Stuhl
"In recent years, journalists and environmentalists have pointed urgently to the melting Arctic as a leading indicator of the growing effects of climate change. While climate change has unleashed profound transformations in the region, most commentators distort these changes by calling them unprecedented. In reality, the landscapes of the North American Arctic—as well as relations among scientists, Inuit, and federal governments— are products of the region’s colonial past. And even as policy analysts, activists, and scholars alike clamor about the future of our world’s northern rim, too few truly understand its history. In Unfreezing the Arctic, Andrew Stuhl brings a fresh perspective to this defining challenge of our time. With a compelling narrative voice, Stuhl weaves together a wealth of distinct episodes into a transnational history of the North American Arctic, proving that a richer understanding of its social and environmental transformation can come only from studying the region’s past. Drawing on historical records and extensive ethnographic fieldwork, as well as time spent living in the Northwest Territories, he closely examines the long-running interplay of scientific exploration, colonial control, the testimony and experiences of Inuit residents, and multinational investments in natural resources. A rich and timely portrait, Unfreezing the Arctic offers a comprehensive look at scientific activity across the long twentieth century. It will be welcomed by anyone interested in political, economic, environmental, and social histories of transboundary regions the world over."
book  publisher  arctic  north  government  canada  colonialism  environment  sts 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Tsing, A.L.: The Mushroom at the End of the World: On the Possibility of Life in Capitalist Ruins. (eBook and Hardcover)
"Matsutake is the most valuable mushroom in the world—and a weed that grows in human-disturbed forests across the northern hemisphere. Through its ability to nurture trees, matsutake helps forests to grow in daunting places. It is also an edible delicacy in Japan, where it sometimes commands astronomical prices. In all its contradictions, matsutake offers insights into areas far beyond just mushrooms and addresses a crucial question: what manages to live in the ruins we have made? A tale of diversity within our damaged landscapes, The Mushroom at the End of the World follows one of the strangest commodity chains of our times to explore the unexpected corners of capitalism. Here, we witness the varied and peculiar worlds of matsutake commerce: the worlds of Japanese gourmets, capitalist traders, Hmong jungle fighters, industrial forests, Yi Chinese goat herders, Finnish nature guides, and more. These companions also lead us into fungal ecologies and forest histories to better understand the promise of cohabitation in a time of massive human destruction. By investigating one of the world’s most sought-after fungi, The Mushroom at the End of the World presents an original examination into the relation between capitalist destruction and collaborative survival within multispecies landscapes, the prerequisite for continuing life on earth."
book  publisher  commodities  food  capitalism  exchange  trade  environment 
july 2016 by tsuomela
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