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tsuomela : evidence   37

Distant Horizons: Digital Evidence and Literary Change, Underwood
"Just as a traveler crossing a continent won’t sense the curvature of the earth, one lifetime of reading can’t grasp the largest patterns organizing literary history. This is the guiding premise behind Distant Horizons, which uses the scope of data newly available to us through digital libraries to tackle previously elusive questions about literature. Ted Underwood shows how digital archives and statistical tools, rather than reducing words to numbers (as is often feared), can deepen our understanding of issues that have always been central to humanistic inquiry. Without denying the usefulness of time-honored approaches like close reading, narratology, or genre studies, Underwood argues that we also need to read the larger arcs of literary change that have remained hidden from us by their sheer scale. Using both close and distant reading to trace the differentiation of genres, transformation of gender roles, and surprising persistence of aesthetic judgment, Underwood shows how digital methods can bring into focus the larger landscape of literary history and add to the beauty and complexity we value in literature."
book  publisher  digital-humanities  text-mining  evidence 
5 days ago by tsuomela
Defining the Anthropocene : Nature : Nature Publishing Group
"Time is divided by geologists according to marked shifts in Earth’s state. Recent global environmental changes suggest that Earth may have entered a new human-dominated geological epoch, the Anthropocene. Here we review the historical genesis of the idea and assess anthropogenic signatures in the geological record against the formal requirements for the recognition of a new epoch. The evidence suggests that of the various proposed dates two do appear to conform to the criteria to mark the beginning of the Anthropocene: 1610 and 1964. The formal establishment of an Anthropocene Epoch would mark a fundamental change in the relationship between humans and the Earth system."
anthropocene  time  anthropology  geology  chronology  evidence  human  impact  environment 
march 2015 by tsuomela
The Alliance for Useful Evidence
"The Alliance for Useful Evidence champions the use of evidence in social policy and practice.  We are an open–access network of 1,000 individuals from across government, universities, charities, business and local authorities in the UK and internationally."
communication  research  scholarly-communication  policy  government  think-tank  evidence 
september 2013 by tsuomela
DNA analysis: far from an open-and-shut case | Science | The Observer
"The case has become a blot in the history book of forensic science but the lessons extend far beyond the procedures of criminal investigation. If nothing else, the Phantom of Heilbronn demonstrates the amazing psychological power of DNA evidence. The belief that DNA samples mark out individuals like an infallible biological barcode is so powerful that people will begin to hypothesise invincible, transsexual, border-hopping serial killers just to keep the story coherent with the genetic evidence."
crime  evidence  justice  law  science  technology  dna  biology  forensics 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Wheaton College, C.S. Lewis
"When someone defensively prefers the nightmare to the evidence, then we know — we know — that he enjoys the nightmare. We know that it serves some emotional or political need for him — a need so great that reality itself cannot stop him from trying to meet it." Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://www.patheos.com/blogs/slacktivist/2012/07/23/wheaton-college-c-s-lewis-bad-jackie-on-preferring-the-nightmare-to-reality/
evangelical  religion  critique  belief  evil  other  evidence  rationality  fear 
july 2012 by tsuomela
AmericanScience: A Team Blog: Feathered Dinosaurs
"So, what's the relationship between material evidence and imagination in producing these illustrations? Why have our visual renderings of dinosaurs changed so much over time? I think the answer is neither just cultural -- artists are simply making it up as they go along -- nor is it just empirical -- artists are simply following the available evidence. Rather, the two interact with one another in a very deep way."
science  sts  history  paleontology  interpretation  evidence  material 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Technology and Knowledge - PhilSci-Archive
"My aim in this paper is to give a philosophical analysis of how, precisely, technology can be a condition for gaining scientific knowledge. My concern is with what scientists can know in practice, given their particular contingent conditions, including available technology, rather than what can be known “in principle” by a hypothetical entity like Laplace’s Demon. I begin with the observation that what we know depends on what we can do. For example, in science, gaining certain knowledge depends of having certain evidence. This makes the ability to gather that evidence a necessary condition for gaining the knowledge. "
philosophy  science  technology  evidence  pragmatism  knowledge 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Diagnosis: What Doctors Are Missing - The New York Review of Books
Reviews and comments on evidence-based medicine.
Carrying the Heart: Exploring the Worlds Within Us by F. González-Crussi
The Deadly Dinner Party and Other Medical Detective Stories by Jonathan A. Edlow, M.D.
book  review  medicine  health  evidence  scientism 
october 2009 by tsuomela
chaospet » Archive » #143 Zombie Karl Popper
Comic about the efficient market hypothesis and its defenders, especially John Cochrane who said that EMH predicts that no one can predict anything so it must be true.
humor  economics  science  philosophy  efficient-markets-hypothesis  falsifiable  evidence  comic  prediction  geeky 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Clinical Evidence: The international source of the best available evidence for effective health care
So what can Clinical Evidence tell us about the state of our current knowledge? What proportion of commonly used treatments are supported by good evidence, what proportion should not be used or used only with caution, and how big are the gaps in our knowledge? Of around 2500 treatments covered 13% are rated as beneficial, 23% likely to be beneficial, 8% as trade off between benefits and harms, 6% unlikely to be beneficial, 4% likely to be ineffective or harmful, and 46%, the largest proportion, as unknown effectiveness
medicine  health  drugs  evidence  research  meta-analysis 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Joe Bageant: America's White Underclass
Sister, most of us live anecdotal lives in an anecdotal world. We survive by our wits and observations, some casual, others vital to our sustenance. That plus daily experience, be it good bad or ugly as the ass end of a razorback hog. And what we see happening to us and others around us is what we know as life, the on-the-ground stuff we must deal with or be dealt out of the game. There's no time for rigorous scientific analysis. Nor need.
class  labor  underclass  race  poverty  america  statistics  scientism  anecdote  evidence 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Sketchy evidence raises doubt - The Denver Post
Long story about a Colorado murder and the on-off investigation of Tim Masters who was convicted 12 years after the crime based on his "violent" drawings from a notebook he had kept as a teenager.
crime  law  evidence  police  legal  murder 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Science News / Cooling Climate ‘consensus’ Of 1970s Never Was
When global warming skeptics draw misleading comparisons between scientists’ nascent understanding of climate processes in the 1970s and their level of knowledge today, “it’s absolute nonsense,” Schneider says. Back then, scientists were just beginning to study climate trends and their causes, and the probability of finding evidence to disprove a particular hypothesis was relatively high. Nowadays, he contends, “the likelihood of new evidence to overthrow the concept of global warming is small. Warming is virtually certain.”
environment  climate  global-warming  1970s  science  history  modeling  evidence  consensus 
december 2008 by tsuomela

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