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tsuomela : fairness   51

Don’t Mention the War | Jacobin
"With a vacuous social vision, economics confronts the “return of the social question” woefully unprepared."
economics  social  fairness  history  neoclassical 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Marking time, more thoughts - Charlie's Diary
"But beyond the issue of how to keep capitalism creaking along, Poul raised a key point: How do we structure a society where only a dwindling fraction of the potential workforce is required for keeping the wheels on the track? Assuming the point is to structure a society that tries to minimize cruelty, what are our options?"
work  labor  computers  technology-effects  future  economics  fairness  justice  society 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Late Afternoon of the (Academic) Elites | Easily Distracted
"So let’s take the one small corner of American life that’s at stake in the exchange between Bérubé and his commenter: the training, hiring, and continuing employment of faculty in higher education."
academia  work  meritocracy  jobs  phd  fairness 
april 2013 by tsuomela
All Trials: working with the public to reform science | Alice Bell | Science |
" But they are life-and-death issues that have traditionally been kept at some distance from the public. It's esoteric stuff, even for a skilled writer like Goldacre. And that's one of the most interesting things about Goldcare's latest book (just out in America) and the subsequent All Trials campaign: it takes what has previously been seen as an internal debate within medicine and puts it squarely in the public realm, inviting a broader set of people to be interested, and publicly express that interest."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Health Care’s Trick Coin -
"The best evidence shows that half of all the clinical trials ever conducted and completed on the treatments in use today have never been published in academic journals. Trials with positive or flattering results, unsurprisingly, are about twice as likely to be published — and this is true for both academic research and industry studies."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health  health-care 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Bruce Bartlett: Tax Code Not Aligned With Basic Principles -
We can see, then, that the tax system in the United States violates the fundamental principles of income taxation. Those are “vertical equity,” which says that those with upper incomes should pay a higher effective tax rate than those with modest incomes — as far back as Adam Smith, ability to pay has always been a core principle of taxation — and “horizontal equity,” which says that those with roughly the same income ought to pay roughly the same taxes.
politics  government  taxes  income  fairness  principles 
february 2012 by tsuomela
How I Learned to Love the Goddamn Hippies - The Daily Beast
Andrew Sullivan on how he learned to love the ‘goddam hippies’—and why their protests aren’t going to end.
politics  wall-street  activism  hippies  protests  fairness  via:deusx 
november 2011 by tsuomela
Is protest in America at a turning point?
"Many journalists, it seems, pay lip service to the First Amendment, but turn their backs or grow disdainful when people actually exercise these rights in the streets. In such a climate, idealistic activists such as those at the tar sands pipeline and Wall Street protests, obviously, can be safely ignored by the major news media or condescended to as not being rooted in the practical, real world. Real grown-ups don’t need to protest."
media  media-reform  journalism  failure  protests  activism  wall-street  progressive  fairness  first-amendment  american 
october 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Social justice and democratic stability
"the theory of the moral economy. In its essence, the theory holds that the fact of sustained violation of a person's moral expectations of the society around him or her is a decisive factor in collective mobilization in many historical circumstances. Later theorists of political activism have downplayed the idea of moral outrage, preferring more material motivations based on self-interest. But the current round of activism and protest around the globe seems to point back in the direction of these more normative motivations -- combined, of course, with material interests. So it is worth reexamining the idea that a society that badly offends the sense of justice of segments of its population is likely to stimulate resistance."
economics  morality  rebellion  political-science  sociology  activism  motivation  fairness  justice  social-justice 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Making Light: It’s good to be all the king’s men
Did Congress declare Educate the Public About the Hierarchy of Justice Week and I missed the announcement? Because the past few days have drawn a very clear diagram of the modern American law-enforcement privilege pyramid.
police  power  law  fairness  justice  abuse 
november 2010 by tsuomela
“I’m committed to the destruction of the old media guard.” ABC News and Andrew Breitbart. » Pressthink
But this deluded and criminally naive estimate could only move forward because pro journalists equate “we are not allowing ourselves to think politically” with a commitment to truth, fairness and informational integrity. That equation is false, its reasoning rotten. The American press simply has to wake up to the fact that it has enemies within the political culture. Why is this so hard to grasp? Agnew was one, and the children of Agnew are now many. Culture war and the paranoid style in American politics cannot operate without elites to rage against. A growing portion of the Republican coalition has thus incorporated into its day-to-day agenda an attack on the establishment press. That’s what being “committed to the destruction of the old media guard” means.
news  journalism  media  culture-war  right-wing  conservatism  fairness  ideology  enemies 
november 2010 by tsuomela Scary New Wage Data
The new data hold important lessons for economic growth and tax policy and take on added meaning when examined in light of tax return data back to 1950.

The story the numbers tell is one of a strengthening economic base with income growing fastest at the bottom until, in 1981, we made an abrupt change in tax and economic policy. Since then the base has fared poorly while huge economic gains piled up at the very top, along with much lower tax burdens.
money  wealth  work  jobs  wages  income-distribution  fairness 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: "Scroungers" and exploiters
The embarrassment here for Marxists is that public opposition to “welfare scroungers” is similar to their (our) opposition to capitalism. Both appeal to a concept of exploitation. Marxists say that capitalism requires workers to work longer than necessary in order to give bosses profits. But one could equally well claim that workers have to work longer than necessary in order to pay taxes to keep “scroungers.” “Scroungers” and bosses both exploit workers.
This raises the question: why is there so much popular hostility to exploitation by scroungers and so little to exploitation by bosses (bankers excepted)?
marx  karl  marxism  exploitation  work  welfare  fairness  business 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Dangerous Trader Mentality and Financial Reform » New Deal 2.0
A former Goldman Sachs employee gives us a window into the mind of a typical trader. Things you won’t find: an interest in fairness, transparency, and social utility.
wall-street  finance  financial-services  derivatives  traders  capitalism  fairness  morality  money  politics 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Findings - Researchers in the Market for Fair-Minded People -
In explaining attitudes toward fairness, Dr. Henrich and his colleagues found that the strongest predictor was the community’s level of “market integration,” which was measured by the percentage of the diet that was purchased. The people who got all or most of their food by hunting, fishing, foraging or growing it themselves were less inclined to share a prize equally.

Grocery shopping may seem an unlikely form of moral education, but the researchers argue in Science that the development of “market norms” promotes general levels of “trust, fairness and cooperation” with strangers.
fairness  morality  culture  ethics  psychology  evolution  cooperation  science  markets  anthropology  cross-culture 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Democracy & the left
The thing is, the left should be ambivalent about democracy, at least in its current forms, for two reasons.
First, in prioritizing stated preferences over justice, it gives too much weight to the interests of the noisy but wrongly discontented privileged and not enough weight to those of the silent poor who have resigned themselves to their fate.
Secondly, cognitive biases research has shown that Marx was wholly correct on an important point. There are mechanisms which generate false beliefs, and these beliefs tend to support the existing order and hostility to the worst-off.
democracy  leftism  liberal  critique  poverty  utility  economics  justice  fairness 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Privilege, poverty & adaptation
Unfortunately, our pseudo-democracy does just this. It gives too little weight to the quietly oppressed, and too much to the noisy but discontented privileged.
economics  politics  justice  fairness  income  utility  utilitarianism  democracy  power  poverty  happiness 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Justice
Now, I don’t mean to disrepect the JRF’s research here. All I’m saying is that there’s no reason to suppose that public opinion about justice should coincide with what is actually just. After all, if it did we could ditch 2500 years of political philosophy and use opinion polls instead.
public-opinion  polls  justice  psychology  bias  fairness  politics 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: Fairness vs. Goodness
"Life doesn't always hand you fair games, and the best we can do for each other is play them positive-sum." illustrated with a bit of history from game theory.
game-theory  history  fairness  prisoners-dilemma  asymmetrical  payoff  utility 
february 2009 by tsuomela
TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | A Political System Utterly Unresponsive to the Poor
The eminent political scientist Robert Dahl once suggested that "a key characteristic of a democracy is the continued responsiveness of the government to the preferences of its citizens, considered as political equals." By that standard, contemporary America hardly seems to qualify. While cynics will not be surprised to hear that poor people are less than equal in our political system, even they should be shocked and disturbed by the strength of the empirical evidence suggesting that the views of millions of poor Americans are utterly ignored by their elected representatives.
politics  political-science  american  poverty  fairness  justice  class  class-war 
december 2008 by tsuomela
slacktivist: Doggie justice
It's not surprising that they would argue such a thing. Of course they don't believe there's any such thing as justice in this life or any other. That's what they're banking on. Envy they accept as real. Justice they regard as mere superstition.
dogs  ethics  envy  justice  psychology  evolution  animals  fairness 
december 2008 by tsuomela

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