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tsuomela : formal   5

Levine, C.: Forms: Whole, Rhythm, Hierarchy, Network (Paperback and eBook) | Princeton University Press
"Forms offers a powerful new answer to one of the most pressing problems facing literary, critical, and cultural studies today—how to connect form to political, social, and historical context. Caroline Levine argues that forms organize not only works of art but also political life—and our attempts to know both art and politics. Inescapable and frequently troubling, forms shape every aspect of our experience. Yet, forms don't impose their order in any simple way. Multiple shapes, patterns, and arrangements, overlapping and colliding, generate complex and unpredictable social landscapes that challenge and unsettle conventional analytic models in literary and cultural studies. Borrowing the concept of "affordances" from design theory, this book investigates the specific ways that four major forms—wholes, rhythms, hierarchies, and networks—have structured culture, politics, and scholarly knowledge across periods, and it proposes exciting new ways of linking formalism to historicism and literature to politics. Levine rereads both formalist and antiformalist theorists, including Cleanth Brooks, Michel Foucault, Jacques Rancière, Mary Poovey, and Judith Butler, and she offers engaging accounts of a wide range of objects, from medieval convents and modern theme parks to Sophocles's Antigone and the television series The Wire. The result is a radically new way of thinking about form for the next generation and essential reading for scholars and students across the humanities who must wrestle with the problem of form and context."
book  publisher  forms  formal  literary-criticism  methods  social  analysis 
may 2018 by tsuomela
[1212.0018] Evidence for Non-Finite-State Computation in a Human Social System
"Finite-State Machines are a basic model of computation, forming one of the simplest classes in the computational hierarchy. When given a probabilistic transition structure, they are one of the most common methods for description and prediction of symbolic time-series in the biological and social sciences. Here we show how a generalization of a central result for finite-state machines, the pumping lemma, to the probabilistic case, leads to a crucial constraint: sufficiently long sequences will be exponentially suppressed for finite-state processes. We apply the probabilistic pumping lemma to an analysis of behavioral patterns in the distributed, open-source Wikipedia community to demonstrate strong evidence for the emergence of functional powers over and above the regular grammars, and provide evidence to associate these with fundamentally interpersonal and social phenomena."
wikipedia  collaboration  modeling  computer-science  formal  complexity  self-organized 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Formal definitions are less useful than you think
In short, you do not need shared formal definitions to be productive as a group. A good research paper does not need to introduce formal definitions.
meaning  computer  computer-science  science  formal  definition  collaboration 
april 2009 by tsuomela

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