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tsuomela : framing   60

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"There is often a curious distinction between what the scientific community and the general population believe to be true of dire scientific issues, and this skepticism tends to vary markedly across groups. For instance, in the case of climate change, Republicans (conservatives) are especially skeptical of the relevant science, particularly when they are compared with Democrats (liberals). What causes such radical group differences? We suggest, as have previous accounts, that this phenomenon is often motivated. However, the source of this motivation is not necessarily an aversion to the problem, per se, but an aversion to the solutions associated with the problem. This difference in underlying process holds important implications for understanding, predicting, and influencing motivated skepticism. In 4 studies, we tested this solution aversion explanation for why people are often so divided over evidence and why this divide often occurs so saliently across political party lines. Studies 1, 2, and 3—using correlational and experimental methodologies—demonstrated that Republicans’ increased skepticism toward environmental sciences may be partly attributable to a conflict between specific ideological values and the most popularly discussed environmental solutions. Study 4 found that, in a different domain (crime), those holding a more liberal ideology (support for gun control) also show skepticism motivated by solution aversion."
psychology  political-science  ideology  framing  climate-change  global-warming  environment  gun-control  solutions  motivated-cognition 
november 2014 by tsuomela
Looking Across and Looking Beyond the Knowledge Frontier: Intellectual Distance and Resource Allocation in Science by Kevin J. Boudreau, Eva Guinan, Karim Lakhani, Christoph Riedl :: SSRN
"Selecting among alternative innovative projects is a core management task in all innovating organizations. In this paper, we focus on the evaluation of frontier scientific research projects. We argue that the “intellectual distance” between the knowledge embodied in research proposals and an evaluator’s own expertise systematically relates to the evaluations given (and consequent resource allocation). We empirically evaluate effects in data collected from a grant proposal process at a leading research university in which we randomized the assignment of evaluators and proposals to generate 2,130 evaluator-proposal pairs. We find evaluators systematically give lower scores to research proposals closer to their own areas of expertise, and to highly novel research proposals. We interpret the empirical patterns in relation to a range of theoretical mechanisms and discuss implications for policy, managerial intervention and allocation of resources in the ongoing accumulation of scientific knowledge."
creativity  innovation  framing  communication  novelty  expertise  experts  research  science 
october 2014 by tsuomela
Climate Science Communication and the Measurement Problem by Dan M. Kahan :: SSRN
"This paper examines the science-of-science-communication measurement problem. In its simplest form, the problem reflects the use of externally invalid measures of the dynamics that generate cultural conflict over risk and other policy-relevant facts. But at a more fundamental level, the science-of-science-communication measurement problem inheres in the phenomena being measured themselves. The “beliefs” individuals form about a societal risk such as climate change are not of a piece; rather they reflect the distinct clusters of inferences that individuals draw as they engage information for two distinct ends: to gain access to the collective knowledge furnished by science, and to enjoy the sense of identity enabled by membership in a community defined by particular cultural commitments. The paper shows how appropriately designed “science comprehension” tests — one general, and one specific to climate change — can be used to measure individuals’ reasoning proficiency as collective-knowledge acquirers independently of their reasoning proficiency as cultural-identity protectors. Doing so reveals that there is in fact little disagreement among culturally diverse citizens on what science knows about climate change. The source of the climate-change controversy and like disputes is the contamination of education and politics with forms of cultural status competition that make it impossible for diverse citizens to express their reason as both collective-knowledge acquirers and cultural-identity protectors at the same time."
climate-change  global-warming  framing  communication  identity  cognition  motivated-cognition  psychology 
september 2014 by tsuomela
Narratomania | berfrois
"In my view, stories are important not because they make us behave morally but because, on the one hand, they encourage us to confront the barrier between the imaginative and actual universe and, on the other, they discourage us from adopting a literalist view of this universe."
narrative  story-telling  non-fiction  publishing  habit  media  television  framing  personality 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Twitter, NPR’s Morning Edition, and Dreams of Flatland | metaLAB (at) Harvard
Here’s the thing: Twitter is part of the “real world.” The Internet is part of the world.

In association with Wellman et al.’s work on the geography of networks, a rich and informative research domain takes shape. With Morning Edition we want a broad reading of Internet scholarship
twitter  social-media  internet  media  journalism  framing  description  social-science  research  geography 
february 2012 by tsuomela
The End of Loser Liberalism: Making Markets Progressive
"Progressives need a fundamentally new approach to politics. They have been losing not just because conservatives have so much more money and power, but also because they have accepted the conservatives’ framing of political debates. They have accepted a framing where conservatives want market outcomes whereas liberals want the government to intervene to bring about outcomes that they consider fair.

This is not true. Conservatives rely on the government all the time, most importantly in structuring the market in ways that ensure that income flows upwards. The framing that conservatives like the market while liberals like the government puts liberals in the position of seeming to want to tax the winners to help the losers. "
politics  economics  framing  power  markets  government  conservative  progressive 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Tomgram: Rebecca Solnit, The Earthquake Kit | TomDispatch
"Who, then, does it serve to imagine that we are wolves and sheep, fools and savages? Lee Clarke, a disaster sociologist and professor at Rutgers, wrote after Hurricane Katrina, “Disaster myths are not politically neutral, but rather work systematically to the advantage of elites. Elites cling to the panic myth because to acknowledge the truth of the situation would lead to very different policy prescriptions than the ones currently in vogue.” That is to say, if we are wolves and sheep, and so not to be trusted, then they are the shepherds and the wolf-killers."
disaster  media  metaphor  propaganda  militarism  government  framing  crisis  earthquake  country(Japan) 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Metaphors Matter: Disaster Myths, Media Frames, and Their Consequences in Hurricane Katrina
"It has long been understood by disaster researchers that both the general public and organizational actors tend to believe in various disaster myths. Notions that disasters are accompanied by looting, social disorganization, and deviant behavior are examples of such myths. Research shows that the mass media play a significant role in promulgating erroneous beliefs about disaster behavior. Following Hurricane Katrina, the response of disaster victims was framed by the media in ways that greatly exaggerated the incidence and severity of looting and lawlessness. Media reports initially employed a “civil unrest” frame and later characterized victim behavior as equivalent to urban warfare. The media emphasis on lawlessness and the need for strict social control both reflects and reinforces political discourse calling for a greater role for the military in disaster management. Such policy positions are indicators of the strength of militarism as an ideology in the United States. "
disaster  media  metaphor  propaganda  militarism  government  framing  crisis  law 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Defeat the Right in Three Minutes | Conceptual Guerilla
"Cheap labor". That's their whole philosophy in a nutshell – which gives you a short and pithy "catch phrase" that describes them perfectly. You've heard of "big-government liberals". Well they're "cheap-labor conservatives".
conservatism  politics  republicans  labor  framing  rhetoric 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Text of Remarks on "Re-Imagining University Science Media" : Framing Science
Matthew Nisbet remarks to University Research Magazine Association. "The shift over the past decade has been away from a transmission and science literacy model to a view focused on public engagement, which means empowering, enabling, motivating, informing, and educating the public around not just the technical but also the political and social dimensions of science....but remembering what the public does with the acquired knowledge, motivation, skills, and resources and how they participate on the issue, is up to them."
science  communication  journalism  media  academic  publicity  publishing  framing  magazine 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Do Scientists Understand the Public?
Essay by Chris Mooney, published by American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
science  communication  framing  public  understanding  sts  project(Utenn) 
july 2010 by tsuomela
The Conspiracy to Destroy Conspiracy « Easily Distracted
Sunstein’s paper exemplifies what I was writing about last week, about the inauthenticity of political and social life at the moment. As I said then, it’s not just Sunstein’s problem. Far too much public conversation is driven by a similar conceit, a belief that you can move obstacles to your favored goals by pushing constantly at them with half-truths and manipulations
politics  politicians  framing  conspiracy  propaganda  lying 
january 2010 by tsuomela
In the Good Old Days They Had a Meta-Narrative | The Agonist
Here's the deal: As a culture, we have no over-arching meta-narrative.

Not since John Kennedy challenged Americans to make it to the moon in ten years have Americans had a shared and worthy goal to work toward together.
american  politics  rhetoric  narrative  meta-narrative  goals  mythology  framing  shared 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Matthew Yglesias » Grayson Breaks the Rules
I think the real issue—and the real import—of Grayson’s statement is that it involved breaking one of the unspoken rules of modern American politics. The rule is that conservatives talk about their causes in stark, moralistic terms and progressives don’t. Instead, progressives talk about our causes in bloodless technocratic terms.
progressive  framing  liberalism  morality  rhetoric  politics  democrats 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Blended Spaces--Making Sense of Partial Perceptions Of Obama
There is, I think, a very good argument to be made that Obama should be seen as similar to Tony Blair. Blair's argument was that Labor could do a better job of implementing the Tory agenda than the Tories could themselves. This was actually the same argument that Eisenhower made regarding the New Deal. And while Obama's political ideology makes him almost Blair's doppelganger, it's the example of Eisenhower that is most revealing, because Eisenhower was a Republican President in a Democratic era, who was elected as a war hero, not for his politics.
about(BarackObama)  politics  liberal  framing  progressive  infrastructure  instinct  intellect  about(GeorgeLakoff) 
july 2009 by tsuomela | Obama's timid liberalism
The fundamental barrier today is the way that the issues are framed, by Democrats and Republicans alike. Thus the problem is defined not as making credit available for individuals and businesses, but as saving the banks and the shadow banking system. The goal is not to provide healthcare to all citizens, but to enable all citizens to purchase private health insurance. The objective is not to ensure universal access to higher education
liberal  politics  framing  public-goods  government  obama 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Economic Principals » Blog Archive » More Than Two Aspirin
"The heart of hangover theory, wrote Krugman, is the idea of overinvestment — 'the idea that slumps are the price we pay for booms, that the suffering the economy experiences during a recession are the price we pay for the excesses of the previous expansion.'" - seems akin to Lakoff's Moral Politics analysis.
economics  explanation  hangover-theory  story  language  label  framing 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Metcalf Institute for Marine and Environmental Reporting
Scientists and journalists have been known to talk past each other, both using language rooted in professional shorthand...

Thanks to a series of Metcalf Institute workshops funded by the National Science Foundation, journalists and climate scientists have been able to address these barriers and develop recommendations for effective communication.
climate  environment  journalism  media  communication  framing 
january 2009 by tsuomela
IFTF's Future Now: Climate change knowledge and action: Less connection than we would expect?
Political scientists at Texas A&M recently published an article arguing that public campaigns to educate the public about the dangers of global warming may make people less, not more, worried about climate change.
public  science  communication  framing 
april 2008 by tsuomela
Paul R Brewer
My research focuses on the following areas:
Media frames and their effects on public opinion
Public opinion about world affairs
Public opinion about gay rights
Public trust in government, people, foreign nations, and the media
Soft news media (partic
people  communication  faculty  uwisc  framing 
april 2008 by tsuomela
IPR People: James Druckman
James Druckman's research focuses on political preference formation and communication. His most recent work examines how citizens make political, economic, and social decisions in various different contexts
people  academic  politcal-science  framing  rhetoric  policy 
april 2008 by tsuomela
PressThink: "When I’m Reporting, I am a Citizen of the World.”
Interesting essay on the framing and ideology deployed by journalism in its own defense.
media  bias  framing  ideology  journalism 
june 2005 by tsuomela

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