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Rising Together: A Corrective to Hanna Rosin's "The End of Men" - The Los Angeles Review of Books
"The End of Men and the Rise of Women author: Hanna Rosin publisher: Riverhead pub date: 09.11.2012 pp: 320"
book  review  feminism  gender 
may 2015 by tsuomela
Styles for Him—and Her | Boston Review
"Sex and Unisex: Fashion, Feminism, and the Sexual Revolution Jo B. Paoletti Indiana University Press"
book  review  history  fashion  clothing  gender  2h20c  20c 
april 2015 by tsuomela
Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students
"Despite efforts to recruit and retain more women, a stark gender disparity persists within academic science. Abundant research has demonstrated gender bias in many demographic groups, but has yet to experimentally investigate whether science faculty exhibit a bias against female students that could contribute to the gender disparity in academic science. In a randomized double-blind study (n = 127), science faculty from research-intensive universities rated the application materials of a student—who was randomly assigned either a male or female name—for a laboratory manager position. Faculty participants rated the male applicant as significantly more competent and hireable than the (identical) female applicant. These participants also selected a higher starting salary and offered more career mentoring to the male applicant. The gender of the faculty participants did not affect responses, such that female and male faculty were equally likely to exhibit bias against the female student. Mediation analyses indicated that the female student was less likely to be hired because she was viewed as less competent. We also assessed faculty participants’ preexisting subtle bias against women using a standard instrument and found that preexisting subtle bias against women played a moderating role, such that subtle bias against women was associated with less support for the female student, but was unrelated to reactions to the male student. These results suggest that interventions addressing faculty gender bias might advance the goal of increasing the participation of women in science."
science  gender  bias  career  resume 
september 2014 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: Survey of Academic Field Experiences (SAFE): Trainees Report Harassment and Assault
"Little is known about the climate of the scientific fieldwork setting as it relates to gendered experiences, sexual harassment, and sexual assault. We conducted an internet-based survey of field scientists (N = 666) to characterize these experiences. Codes of conduct and sexual harassment policies were not regularly encountered by respondents, while harassment and assault were commonly experienced by respondents during trainee career stages. Women trainees were the primary targets; their perpetrators were predominantly senior to them professionally within the research team. Male trainees were more often targeted by their peers at the research site. Few respondents were aware of mechanisms to report incidents; most who did report were unsatisfied with the outcome. These findings suggest that policies emphasizing safety, inclusivity, and collegiality have the potential to improve field experiences of a diversity of researchers, especially during early career stages. These include better awareness of mechanisms for direct and oblique reporting of harassment and assault and, the implementation of productive response mechanisms when such behaviors are reported. Principal investigators are particularly well positioned to influence workplace culture at their field sites."
science  gender  harassment  sexual-assault  fieldwork 
september 2014 by tsuomela
Pink Collar | Jacobin
"When writers attack bad PR, the unspoken heart of their criticism is the failure on the part of the publicist to adequately conceal that she is performing emotional work for money. "
public-relations  publicity  emotion  labor  work  gender  women 
july 2014 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach
"We analyzed 700 million words, phrases, and topic instances collected from the Facebook messages of 75,000 volunteers, who also took standard personality tests, and found striking variations in language with personality, gender, and age. In our open-vocabulary technique, the data itself drives a comprehensive exploration of language that distinguishes people, finding connections that are not captured with traditional closed-vocabulary word-category analyses. Our analyses shed new light on psychosocial processes yielding results that are face valid (e.g., subjects living in high elevations talk about the mountains), tie in with other research (e.g., neurotic people disproportionately use the phrase ‘sick of’ and the word ‘depressed’), suggest new hypotheses (e.g., an active life implies emotional stability), and give detailed insights (males use the possessive ‘my’ when mentioning their ‘wife’ or ‘girlfriend’ more often than females use ‘my’ with ‘husband’ or 'boyfriend’). To date, this represents the largest study, by an order of magnitude, of language and personality."
social-networks  social-media  big-data  facebook  psychology  linguistics  mood  personality  gender  language 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Why Men Work So Many Hours - Joan C. Williams - Harvard Business Review
"Why are workplace flexibility programs so hard to sustain? The business case for such programs' benefits is well known. The elimination of ROWE is particularly striking because the path-breaking work of Erin Kelly, Phyllis Moen, and their colleagues, has produced rigorous regressions that ROWE reduced turnover and turnover intentions, reduced employees' interruptions at work, reduced time employees' engaged in work of little value to the company, and increased employee's sense of job involvement, using rigorous social science methodology. But the issue here is not money. At issue are manliness and morality. For upper-middle class men, notes sociologist Michèle Lamont, ambition and a strong work ethic are "doubly sacred. . . as signals of both moral and socioeconomic purity.""
work  labor  gender  time  men  women  reputation  psychology  iron-cage 
july 2013 by tsuomela
In Memoriam: Domesticity, Gender, and the 1977 Apple II Personal Computer
"This paper considers one of the first personal computers to be marketed to a mainstream American audience in the late 1970s: the Apple II. Lewis Mumford's notion of 'ideological and social preparation' is adapted to describe this period as a preparatory phase for the later ubiquity and absorbing quality of our relationship with personal computers. In examining the Apple II's design alongside a key marketing image we can discern that domesticity and gender were crucial points of negotiation during this period. In the late 1970s marketing for Apple the image of idyllic domesticity quickly became a major context for computer promotion, a development that had gendered implications. The example of 1930s streamlining in the design of domestic household appliances is used as a parallel with the Apple II's startling application of a plastic case: the concealing plastic exterior simultaneously simplified and obscured the device, transforming it from a 'machine' into a 'personal appliance.'"
paper  computers  history  sts  computer-science  gender  apple 
july 2013 by tsuomela
302 Found
"The omission of women from the history of computer science perpetuates misconceptions of women as uninterested or incapable in the field. This article retells the history of ENIAC's "invention" with special focus on the female technicians whom existing computer histories have rendered invisible. In particular, it examines how the job of programmer, perceived in recent years as masculine work, originated as feminized clerical labor. The story presents an apparent paradox. It suggests that women were somehow hidden during this stage of computer history while the wartime popular press trumpeted just the opposite--that women were breaking into traditionally male occupations within science, technology, and engineering. A closer look at this literature explicates the paradox by revealing widespread ambivalence about women's work. While celebrating women's presence, wartime writing minimized the complexities of their actual work. While describing the difficulty of their tasks, it classified their occupations as subprofessional. While showcasing them in formerly male occupations, it celebrated their work for its femininity. Despite the complexities--and often pathbreaking aspects--of the work women performed, they rarely received credit for innovation or invention. "
paper  computers  history  sts  computer-science  gender  culture  technology 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Feminism’s Tipping Point: Who Wins from Leaning in? | Dissent Magazine
"The loser in the Lean In vision of work isn’t one version of feminism or another—other feminist organizations and publications will continue to flourish alongside Lean In, though they may receive less media attention—but uncapitalized, unmonetized life itself. Just as Facebook relies on users to faithfully upload their data to drive site growth, Facebook relies on its employees to devote ever greater time to growing Facebook’s empire."
book  review  feminism  facebook  work  economics  gender 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Sex, Lies, and Separating Science From Ideology - Alice Dreger - The Atlantic
"Margaret Mead saw in Samoa the possibility of loosening social strictures on sexuality -- something she suggested could lead to more pleasure, and less pain and suffering. She and her work were attacked and discredited, but nearly a century later, questions of the motives and integrity of her dissenters remain relevant."
anthropology  gender  feminism  sex  scholarship  motivation  ideology  ethnography 
february 2013 by tsuomela
The Mumpsimus: Game, Life, Class
"By now, you've probably seen John Scalzi's post "Straight White Male: The Lowest Difficulty Setting There Is" (and perhaps John's amusing commentary on deleted comments and follow-up post in response to some responses).

My post here is simply to point you toward three responses among the many, many, many that the post has drawn. Excerpts are here merely to entice you to read more, not to suggest that they are the only things you need to read from these excellent writers."
race  gender  sex  privilege  power  life 
june 2012 by tsuomela
EYH Home - Expanding Your Horizons
Expanding Your Horizons in Science and Mathematics™ conferences nurture girls' interest in science and math courses to encourage them to consider careers in science, technology, engineering, and math
science  mathematics  feminism  gender  STEM  education 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Are Women Really More Talkative Than Men?
"Women are generally assumed to be more talkative than men. Data were analyzed from 396 participants who wore a voice recorder that sampled ambient sounds for several days. Participants' daily word use was extrapolated from the number of recorded words. Women and men both spoke about 16,000 words per day."
linguistics  gender  psychology  talk  conversation 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Reproductive Rights and the Long Hand of Slave Breeding | The Nation
"Bridgewater argues that because slavery depended on the slaveholder’s right to control the bodies and reproductive capacities of enslaved women, coerced reproduction was as basic to the institution as forced labor. At the very least it qualifies among those badges and incidents, certainly as much as the inability to make contracts. Therefore, sexual and reproductive freedom is not simply a matter of privacy
feminism  slave  history  reproduction  sex  gender  american-studies 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Ashley Judd Slaps Media in the Face for Speculation Over Her ‘Puffy’ Appearance - The Daily Beast
"Ashley Judd’s 'puffy' appearance sparked a viral media frenzy. But, the actress writes, the conversation is really a misogynistic assault on all women. P"
feminism  media  celebrity  gender  body 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Shanghai Scrap » Unnatural Selection: Missing Girls, Abortion, and the Perversion of Choice
"Skewed sex ratios at birth are now found in many countries with no tradition of infanticide and no one-child policy. By and large, the gap is the result of sex selective abortion."
abortion  unintended-consequences  population  technology  technology-effects  country(China)  gender  sex 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Gender Is Dead! Long Live Gender! : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture : NPR
"The significance of studies such as these cuts in different directions. It suggests that you won't find a legitimation of our self-categories in neurobiology. If biology is the measure of all things, then many of the categories we use to group ourselves into kinds of person — man, woman, gay, straight, black, white, professor, cheerleader — are, in fact, unreal. You don't find them in nature as it is apart from our attitudes and beliefs about that nature. At the same time, what could be more real than the way we experience ourselves as being?"
philosophy  self  language  description  existentialism  gender  sex  psychology 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Gender and performance under pressure: new evidence | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
"Women are under-represented in top management positions on both sides of the Atlantic. The academic literature suggests a number of explanations for this underrepresentation, including self-selection, investment in family and child bearing, lower female human capital investment, or gender discrimination. Some countries have responded by setting minimum quotas for female managers.

A new strand of research considers another hypothesis – that the sexes perform differently under competitive pressures, even if these differences do not exist in non-competitive settings. "
economics  performance  gender  competition 
may 2011 by tsuomela
Radical Culture in Ruby: The Gender, Fetish and Race of Programming « Shanley's Place to Share Things
"This a thought experiment in examining programming communities as cultural, semiotic and socioeconomic artifacts. The main goal is to explore the analysis of emerging languages outside of technical criteria, which while imperative, often fail to explain the complex causes and consequences of trends in our sector. It focuses on Ruby as an example of radical culture functioning as a constructive agent of code. "
computer  programming  objects  sts  gender 
march 2011 by tsuomela - Cultural Cognition Papers by Date - Culture and Identity-Protective Cognition: Explaining the White Male Effect
"The "white male effect" refers to the until-now unexplained tendency of white males to fear all manner of risk less than women and minorities. Published in the Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, this paper reports the results of an empirical study finding that that "the white male effect" derives from the tendency of individuals to form risk perceptions protective of identities they enjoy by virtue of cultural norms that feature race- and gender-differentiation in roles relating to putatively dangerous activities."
culture  cognition  social-psychology  optimism  race  gender  psychology  bias 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Gentlemen and Amazons : Cynthia Eller - University of California Press
"Gentlemen and Amazons traces the nineteenth-century genesis and development of an important contemporary myth about human origins: that of an original prehistoric matriarchy. Cynthia Eller explores the intellectual history of the myth, which arose from male scholars who mostly wanted to vindicate the patriarchal family model as a higher stage of human development. Eller tells the stories these men told, analyzes the gendered assumptions they made, and provides the necessary context for understanding how feminists of the 1970s and 1980s embraced as historical “fact” a discredited nineteenth-century idea."
book  publisher  history  anthropology  myth  matriarchy  gender  prehistory 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Choices -- not discrimination -- determine success for women scientists, experts argue
It's not discrimination in these areas, but rather differences in resources attributable to career and family-related choices that set women back in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields,
science  gender  bias  discrimination  success  choice  academic 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Sexual Cues Emanating From the Anchorette Chair: Implications for Perceived Professionalism, Fitness for Beat, and Memory for News — Communication Research
"The experimental study reported here employed one of the most compelling visual cues of female sexual attractiveness (low waist-to-hip ratio) to test the influence of news anchor sexualization on audience evaluations of her as a professional and their memory for the news that she presents. "
gender  media  journalism  research  experiments 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Relationship Cues: Sensing the Unspoken - Deep Glamour: At the Intersection of Imagination
"Timothy Perper published research based on thousands of hours spent observing interactions between men and women in places like bars and dance halls. His observation teams discovered that women used predictable patterns of visual and tactile cues to signal a man that they would be receptive to his attention. These “contact-ready” cues were so subtle most men weren’t consciously aware of receiving them, even when they responded to them.

Perper’s research found that about 90% of women were aware that women sent such cues and could spot other women giving them, whereas only about 5 to 10% of men were consciously aware of them."
relationship  gender  perception  sex 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Gender inequality & overconfidence
Why are there so few women in company boardrooms? There are, of course, many reasons. But a new paper highlights one that’s overlooked:

Gender differences in overconfidence concerning their own performance explains a significant proportion of the lack of female leadership
leadership  business  management  confidence  gender  men  women  self-knowledge  psychology  economics 
november 2010 by tsuomela
SSRN-Gender and Philosophical Intuition by Wesley Buckwalter, Stephen Stich
In recent years, there has been much concern expressed about the under-representation of women in academic philosophy. Our goal in this paper is to call attention to a cluster of phenomena that may be contributing to this gender gap. The findings we review indicate that when women and men with little or no philosophical training are presented with standard philosophical thought experiments, in many cases their intuitions about these cases are significantly different. In section 1 we review some of the data on the under-representation of women in academic philosophy. In section 2 we explain how we use the term 'intuition'. and offer a brief account of how intuitions are invoked in philosophical argument and philosophical theory building. In the third section we set out the evidence for gender differences in philosophical intuition and mention some evidence about gender differences in decisions and behaviors that are (or should be) of considerable interest to philosophers..
philosophy  education  gender 
october 2010 by tsuomela
A Rant About Women « Clay Shirky
There is no upper limit to the risks men are willing to take in order to succeed, and if there is an upper limit for women, they will succeed less. They will also end up in jail less, but I don’t think we get the rewards without the risks.
gender  personality  expertise  arrogance  risk 
january 2010 by tsuomela
The Bunny Revolution | The New Republic
Playboy and the Making of the Good Life in Modern America
by Elizabeth Fraterrigo
book  review  america  culture  2h20c  sex  gender  media  class 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Republican Gommorrah: Max Blumenthal & The GOP's Heart of Darkness
Riffs on book by Max Blumenthal: "Republican Gomorrah shows that many of the movement's leading figures have more in common than just the power they command within conservative ranks. Their personal lives have been stained by crisis and scandal: depression, mental illness, extra-marital affairs, struggles with homosexual urges, heavy medication, addiction to pornography, serial domestic abuse, and even murder. Inspired by the work of psychologists Erich Fromm, who asserted that the fear of freedom propels anxiety-ridden people into authoritarian settings, Blumenthal explains in a compelling narrative how a culture of personal crisis has defined the radical right, transforming the nature of the Republican Party for the next generation and setting the stage for the future of American politics."
republicans  conservative  evangelical  fundamentalism  religion  psychology  power  family  sex  psychoanalysis  masculinity  gender  disicpline  physical  children 
september 2009 by tsuomela
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