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tsuomela : group   44

Are the Left and Right Equally Biased?–Debating Dan Kahan
"My guest was Yale’s Dan Kahan, who was also on the show a year earlier, discussing his cultural cognition model. This is a very powerful and increasingly influential account of how different ideological groups–hierarchs, individualists, egalitarians, communitarians–are biased towards rejecting science on particular topics that are, shall we say, in their emotionally defensive “zones.”

Kahan ascribes this to motivated reasoning--e.g., our preexisting emotional commitments, or group commitments, skew our reading of evidence (scientific or otherwise) and lead us to elaborately defend our prior commitments. And because hierarchical-individualists have a very different vision of the “good” society and how it is organized than do egalitarian-communitarians, they accordingly reason very differently about scientific issues that threaten their values (like global warming) than do those on the other side."
politics  psychology  motivated-cognition  reasoning  group  cognition  bias 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: When consultation fails
"It all hinges upon whether the answer to a question is demonstrable or not. If it is demonstrable, then an expert who knows the answer can prove that he does so by using logic or evidence, and non-experts will defer to him. Consultation will then work, simply by virtue of bringing expertise into play.
But some knowledge is non-demonstrable. The expert might be able to distinguish between Klee and Kandinsky, but he’ll find it harder to demonstrate his expertise to laymen than, say, a mathematician will be able to demonstrate that he knows the solution to an equation. And where knowledge is non-demonstrable, people might follow false experts."
expertise  consulting  collaboration  groupthink  group  behavior  psychology  crowdsourcing 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Toward a Communication Model for the Socialization of Voluntary Members - Communication Monographs
"Because most socialization/assimilation research focuses on employment as the primary membership role in groups and organizations, the accompanying models have failed to consider the unique characteristics of voluntary membership. In addition, those models have been criticized for being too linear and based on concepts of organizations as containers. Using principles of the bona fide group perspective and a case study, this paper develops a model that emphasizes the unique characteristics of the socialization of voluntary members. The multilevel model also examines how membership in various other groups, such as work and family, influence and interact with individuals' voluntary memberships. With a focus on communication, the model emphasizes the fluid process of voluntary associations in organizations with ambiguous boundaries. "
communication  volunteer  amateur  group  membership  socialization  organization 
may 2011 by tsuomela
Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups -- Woolley et al., 10.1126/science.1193147 -- Science
Psychologists have repeatedly shown that a single statistical factor—often called "general intelligence"—emerges from the correlations among people's performance on a wide variety of cognitive tasks. But no one has systematically examined whether a similar kind of "collective intelligence" exists for groups of people. In two studies with 699 individuals, working in groups of two to five, we find converging evidence of a general collective intelligence factor that explains a group's performance on a wide variety of tasks. This "c factor" is not strongly correlated with the average or maximum individual intelligence of group members but is correlated with the average social sensitivity of group members, the equality in distribution of conversational turn-taking, and the proportion of females in the group.
group  intelligence  distributed  cognition  collaboration  research  psychology  science  social  collective-intelligence 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Oct. 1: CMU, MIT and Union Study Shows Collective Intelligence of Groups Exceeds Cognitive Abilities of Individual Group Members - Carnegie Mellon University
When it comes to intelligence, the whole can indeed be greater than the sum of its parts. A new study co-authored by Carnegie Mellon University, MIT and Union College researchers documents the existence of collective intelligence among groups of people who cooperate well, showing that such intelligence extends beyond the cognitive abilities of the groups' individual members, and that the tendency to cooperate effectively is linked to the number of women in a group.
group  intelligence  distributed  cognition  collaboration  research 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Home - Pattern Language of Group Process
We hold a vision of bringing gatherings alive by sharing core wisdom of what makes deliberative group conversations more fulfilling and inspiring, more effective and more whole.
pattern-language  group  groups  collaboration  communication 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Science Blogging Aggregated
There is now no one-stop-shopping place for a daily fill of science and culture – instead, there are dozens of such places. Thus a need arose to aggregate all these networks in a single web page as a starting point leading to all of the diverse places where science is discussed online.

The result of this thinking is the page you are on right now – (also is a new central clearinghouse for all your science needs. Built by Anton Zuiker, Bora Zivkovic and Dave Munger, the page will aggregate RSS feeds from all the major (and some minor) science blogging networks, group blogs, aggregators and services.
weblog-community  weblog-group  aggregator  science  communication  group 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Paul Weirich - Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games - Reviewed by Martin Peterson, Eindhoven University of Technology - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
In Collective Rationality, Paul Weirich presents a very precise account of what collective rationality amounts to, proposes a new generalised equilibrium concept that he argues is more plausible than Nash's, and briefly discusses the implications of his views for other philosophical topics.
philosophy  game-theory  rationality  collective  collective-intelligence  group  decision-making 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Energy Matters
Energy Matters Midwest is a diverse group of businesses and business-focused organizations that want to be informed about the impact of energy policies and emerging energy issues on businesses, consumers, and the regional economy.
energy  environment  midwest  business  group  associations  chamber-of-commerce 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Syntegration is a suite of powerful, science-based processes that optimize large group interaction.

These processes are an unprecedented breakthrough for addressing complex business and social challenges. They greatly accelerate and radically improve planning, decision making and alignment-building, and they elicit changes in behaviour that are necessary for real impact.
collaboration  open-space  group  process  cybernetics  complexity 
october 2009 by tsuomela
CVAS Home Page
The Chippewa Valley Astronomical Society (C.V.A.S.) is an amateur astronomy club in Wisconsin's Chippewa Valley. The society, which currently has more than 50 members, meets at Hobbs Observatory in the Beaver Creek Reserve near Fall Creek Wisconsin.
astronomy  group  state(Wisconsin) 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Infinite Summer
Four writers who have never before read Infinite Jest will do so for the duration of Infinite Summer.
about(DavidFosterWallace)  reading  group  online  literature  novel 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Great Games : Productivity501
So as a reminder to myself of the importance of having fun, we’ve compiled this list of fun group games. If you have any suggestions, please add them in the comments.
games  group  fun 
may 2009 by tsuomela
BPS RESEARCH DIGEST: How to improve group decision making
A new meta-analysis of 72 studies, involving 4,795 groups and over 17,000 individuals has shown that groups tend to spend most of their time discussing the information shared by members, which is therefore redundant, rather than discussing information known only to one or a minority of members. This is important because those groups that do share unique information tend to make better decisions.
groups  group  behavior  groupthink  decision-making  information  crowdsourcing  bias 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Rational group delusions
Benabou shows how groupthink can spread even if individuals are rational. Let’s say your boss and a few of his associates get a damn fool idea ... What do you do?
You could speak up. But the costs of this might be high
psychology  group  behavior  groupthink  bias  rational  economics  business  hierarchy  incentives  whistleblowing  inertia 
march 2009 by tsuomela
SSRN-The N-Effect: More Competitors, Less Competition by Stephen Garcia, Avishalom Tor
The present analysis introduces the N-Effect - the discovery that increasing the number of competitors (N) can decrease competitive motivation. Studies 1a-b found evidence that average test scores (e.g., SAT scores) fall as the average number of test-takers at test-taking venues increases. Study 2 found that individuals trying to finish an easy quiz among the top 20 percent in terms of speed finished significantly faster if they believed they were competing in a pool of 10 versus 100 other people. Using a social comparison orientation (SCO) scale, Study 3 showed the N-Effect occurs strongly among those high in SCO and weakly among those low in SCO. Study 4 directly linked the N-Effect to social comparison, ruling out the "ratio-bias" and finding that social comparison becomes less important as N increases. Finally, Study 5 found the N-Effect is mediated by social comparison. Limitations, future directions, and implications are discussed.
competition  research  motivation  psychology  group 
january 2009 by tsuomela
World Open Space on Open Space 2008
July 21 through July 28, 2008. In San Francisco, CA.
conference  2008  open-space  facilitation  group 
june 2008 by tsuomela
Greater Good Science Center
The Greater Good Science Center is an interdisciplinary research center devoted to the scientific understanding of happy and compassionate individuals, strong social bonds, and altruistic behavior.
psychology  research  academic  happiness  individual  group  altruism 
june 2008 by tsuomela
Dissident Voice : Beware the Psychopath, My Son
Psychopaths have played a disproportionate role in the development of civilization, because they are hard-wired to lie, kill, cheat, steal, torture, manipulate, and generally inflict great suffering on other humans without feeling any remorse, in order t
psychology  group  sociology  pathology  politics 
june 2008 by tsuomela
Rules of Mafia
Rules for group game of mafia.
games  group  mafia 
october 2005 by tsuomela

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