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tsuomela : ignorance   30

Understanding Ignorance | The MIT Press
"An exploration of what we can know about what we don't know: why ignorance is more than simply a lack of knowledge. Ignorance is trending. Politicians boast, “I'm not a scientist.” Angry citizens object to a proposed state motto because it is in Latin, and “This is America, not Mexico or Latin America.” Lack of experience, not expertise, becomes a credential. Fake news and repeated falsehoods are accepted and shape firm belief. Ignorance about American government and history is so alarming that the ideal of an informed citizenry now seems quaint. Conspiracy theories and false knowledge thrive. This may be the Information Age, but we do not seem to be well informed. In this book, philosopher Daniel DeNicola explores ignorance—its abundance, its endurance, and its consequences. DeNicola aims to understand ignorance, which seems at first paradoxical. How can the unknown become known—and still be unknown? But he argues that ignorance is more than a lack or a void, and that it has dynamic and complex interactions with knowledge. Taking a broadly philosophical approach, DeNicola examines many forms of ignorance, using the metaphors of ignorance as place, boundary, limit, and horizon. He treats willful ignorance and describes the culture in which ignorance becomes an ideological stance. He discusses the ethics of ignorance, including the right not to know, considers the supposed virtues of ignorance, and concludes that there are situations in which ignorance is morally good. Ignorance is neither pure nor simple. It is both an accusation and a defense (“You are ignorant!” “Yes, but I didn't know!”). Its practical effects range from the inconsequential to the momentous. It is a scourge, but, DeNicola argues daringly, it may also be a refuge, a value, even an accompaniment to virtue. Hardcover Out of Print ISBN: 9780262036443 264 pp. | 6 in x 9 in August 2017 Paperback $17.95 T | £13.99 ISBN: 9780262536035 264 pp. | 6 in x 9 in September 2018 Share Share "
book  publisher  epistemology  philosophy  truth  ignorance  agnotology 
november 2018 by tsuomela
Routledge International Handbook of Ignorance Studies (Hardback) - Routledge
"Once treated as the absence of knowledge, ignorance today has become a highly influential topic in its own right, commanding growing attention across the natural and social sciences where a wide range of scholars have begun to explore the social life and political issues involved in the distribution and strategic use of not knowing. The field is growing fast and this handbook reflects this interdisciplinary field of study by drawing contributions from economics, sociology, history, philosophy, cultural studies, anthropology, feminist studies, and related fields in order to serve as a seminal guide to the political, legal and social uses of ignorance in social and political life."
book  publisher  ignorance  philosophy  agnotology 
september 2016 by tsuomela
The Production of Nonknowledge « through the looking glass
"UCL’s Science and Society reading group discussed an interesting paper on the production of non-knowledge, what science decides not to look at, why and how. It’s interesting because the growing literature on the sociology of ignorance – e.g. agnotology – often sees it as a problem, but as this paper points out, it’s a routine part of science. I thought I’d share my notes. "
science  knowledge  bias  controversy  public-understanding  agnotology  ignorance  forbidden  risk 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Language Log » Ignorance about ignorance
"My conclusions: When you read or hear in the mass media that "Only X% of Americans know Y", don't believe it without checking the references — it's probably false even as a report of the survey statistics. When you read survey results claiming that "Only X% of Americans know Y", don't believe the claims unless the survey publishes (a) the exact questions asked; (b) the specific coding instructions used to score the answers; (c) a measure of inter-annotator agreement in blind tests; and (d) the raw response transcripts."
american  society  knowledge  surveys  ignorance  media  methods 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Irresponsible Skepticism: Lessons Learned From the Climate Disinformation Campaign - Climate Ethics
"This is the fourth and last entry in a series that has examined the climate change disinformation campaign as an ethical matter. The purpose of this series has been to distinguish between responsible scientific skepticism, an approach to climate change science that should be encouraged, and the tactics of the climate change disinformation campaign, strategies deployed to undermine mainstream climate change science that are often deeply ethically offensive. "
climate-change  climate  science  denial  ethics  skepticism  disinformation  agnotology  ignorance  propaganda 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Shibboleths — Crooked Timber
"My feeling (derived largely from observations on climate change and creationism, which raise similar questions) is that we can distinguish numerous different belief states that go along with birtherist answers to opinion poll questions."
agnotology  ignorance  politics  epistemology  epistemic-closure  conservatism  opinion  obama 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Dissonance, ignorance & Lib Dems
What’s going on here is a form of dissonance reduction. People have two conflicting beliefs: “I want to make money” and “I’m a fair person.” One way to reconcile these beliefs and reduce dissonance is simply to choose not to know the effects of one’s actions upon other people - which allows one to believe that a selfish choice was in fact “fair“.  People use strategic ignorance to reduce dissonance.
This doesn’t just happen in laboratories. The classic example was General Tommy Franks’ statement in the Iraq war: “We don’t do body counts.”  This was an attempt to save him from the dissonance that would have arisen from trying to reconcile the belief that the war was justified with the evidence that tens of thousands were dying.
politics  cognitive-dissonance  bias  thinking  rationalization  ignorance 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Joe Bageant: Understanding America's Class System
After decades of hyper-militant consumerism and its attending alienation, and a national consciousness spun from pure capitalist bullshit and mirrors, it is testimony to the American people that they can still see to piss straight, much less recognize any sort of truth whatsoever. Yet, a portion of Americans are beginning to grasp the truth about what has happened to their country -- that it has been bought and paid for by an elite class in a nation that is supposed to be classless. They are beginning to realize that, when it comes to actually governing our country, we are powerless as individuals -- even members of the political class -- and serve the overall will of its true owners. It's been that way so long we've become conditioned to accept it as a natural state, something we cannot change, and do not even know how to question, because, like the atmosphere, it's just there.
politics  america  ideology  class  ignorance  propaganda  capitalism 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Manufactured Ignorance » American Scientist
There are other books treating the history of manufactured ignorance: Think of David Michaels’s Doubt Is Their Product (2008), Ross Gelbspan’s The Heat Is On (1997), James Hoggan’s Climate Cover-Up (2009), Chris Mooney’s The Republican War on Science (2009), David Rosner and Gerald Markowitz’s Deceit and Denial (2002), my own book Cancer Wars (1995), and a book I coedited with Londa Schiebinger—Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance (2008). But Oreskes and Conway’s book is the most powerful exploration to date of how climate-change denialists managed to infiltrate high ranks of the Republican establishment and to block the translation of scientific facts into intelligent action.
book  review  ignorance  agnotology  opinion  propaganda  denial  climate  global-warming  history  conservative  environment 
august 2010 by tsuomela
The Anosognosic’s Dilemma: Something’s Wrong but You’ll Never Know What It Is (Part 1) - Opinionator Blog - NYTimes.com
David Dunning, in his book “Self-Insight,” calls the Dunning-Kruger Effect “the anosognosia of everyday life.”[10] When I first heard the word “anosognosia,” I had to look it up.  Here’s one definition:

Anosognosia is a condition in which a person who suffers from a disability seems unaware of or denies the existence of his or her disability
knowledge  self-knowledge  self-perception  ignorance  awareness  anosognosia  dunning-kruger-effect 
june 2010 by tsuomela
John Quiggin » Ideology and agnotology
The unifying feature of the right in the 21st century is not so much ideology as an embrace of ignorance, represented most obviously by the leading figures on the right in the US, Rush Limbaugh and Sarah Palin. Rather than reflecting an even partially coherent world view and political program, rightwing politics now consists of the restatement of talking points in favor of a set of policy positions that represent affirmations of tribal identity, rather than elements of a coherent program.
conservatism  politics  ideology  agnotology  philosophy  ignorance  right-wing 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Growthology: Three Cheers for Ignorance
Bill Maher says Americans are stupid, Tim Kane responds with some Bryan Caplan "Myth of the Rational Voter" style analysis.
ignorance  democracy  rationality  voting  america 
august 2009 by tsuomela
How the media made this summer's political insanity inevitable | Media Matters for America
In fact, it is the media's behavior that has made this summer's madness inevitable. When they let the loudest yellers and most audacious liars drive the discourse, they guarantee that people who can't win on the merits will yell and lie. When they focus on politics rather than policy, they guarantee the public will remain in the dark about basic facts.
media  media-reform  politics  ignorance  failure  journalism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
slacktivist: Category 4 cynicism
Fred Clark continues his typology of cynicism to include: cynical manipulation
fake-outrage  cynicism  ignorance  willful  self-deception  religion  propaganda  extremism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
slacktivist: GooFi videos
Fred Clark tries to develop a typology of cynicism and willful ignorance using..."The videos on Good Fight Theater -- all narrated by Breathless Stoner Dude -- present a barrage of falsehoods and bogus claims. Some of those claims seem to stem from a kind of innocent stupidity, others seem like something else." Range - mostly innocent, suspect, mostly malicious.
fake-outrage  cynicism  ignorance  willful  self-deception  religion  propaganda  extremism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Clive Thompson on How More Info Leads to Less Knowledge
"But ignorance also comes from people literally suppressing truth—or drowning it out—or trying to make it so confusing that people stop caring about what's true and what's not."
knowledge  ignorance  propaganda  agnotology  sts 
february 2009 by tsuomela

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