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tsuomela : industrial   12

Henrik Spohler | Photography | Hatje Cantz
"Henrik Spohler (*1965) addresses the relationship between human beings and flora in his photographs. He inquires into such matters as the conditions under which food is produced and the landscapes civilization shapes in the process. The images present a global view of endless fields of cultivated plants outdoors or under glass or plastic: areas in Spain, Holland, Germany, and the United States where standardized products flourish under industrial conditions. Photos of research institutions provide even more insight into those places where new breeds are constantly being created and tested, places where man himself ultimately becomes the creator, using genetic technology in order to give the plants even more profitable features."
book  photography  agriculture  industry  industrial 
april 2014 by tsuomela
Hall’s Law: The Nineteenth Century Prequel to Moore’s Law
"Interchangeability of parts breaks the coupling between scaling and manufacturing capacity by substituting supply-chain limits for manufacturing limits. For a rifle, you can build up a stockpile of spare parts in peace time, and deliver an uninterrupted supply of parts to match the breakdown rate. There is no need to predict which part might break down in order to meaningfully anticipate and prepare. You can also distribute production optimally (close to raw material sources or low-cost talent for instance), since there is no need to locate craftsmen near the point-of-use.

So when interchangeability was finally achieved and had diffused through the economy as standard practice (a process that took about 65 years), demand-management complexity moved to the supply chain, and most problems could be solved by distributing inventories appropriately." Annotated link
history  economic  technology  innovation  manufacturing  interchangeable  industrial  18c  19c  country(UnitedStates)  country(GreatBritain)  military  growth  revolution  capitalism  capital  design 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Technology: The Emergence of a Hazardous Concept | Technology and Culture
"The hazardous character of technology—the word, the concept—is a consequence of the history just outlined. As I have argued, the generality of the word—its lack of specificity, the very aspect which evidently enabled it to supplant its more explicit and substantial precursors—also made it peculiarly susceptible to reification. Reification, as the philosopher George Lukacs famously explained, is what occurs when we endow a human activity with the characteristics of a thing or things. It thereby acquires, as he put it, “a ‘phantom-objectivity,’ an autonomy that seems so strictly rational and all-embracing as to conceal every trace of its fundamental nature: the relation between people.”27 In contemporary discourse, private and public, technologies are habitually represented by “things”—by their most conspicuous artifactual embodiments: transportation technology by automobiles, airplanes, and railroads
history  technology  sts  science  language  vocabulary  19c  industrial  definition  abstraction 
may 2011 by tsuomela
Steven Pearlstein - Key to job growth, equality is boosting tradable sector of economy
"In short, what ails the U.S. economy is primarily a structural problem, not a cyclical one that can be effectively dealt with through the magic of short-term Keynesian stimulus. Unless we find a way to dramatically increase the size and scope of the tradable sector, Spence says, we're in for an extended period of slow job growth and rising inequality. And make no mistake: at the heart of this problem is globalization."
economics  america  econometrics  jobs  growth  industry  industrial  policy  government  globalization 
march 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Merchant capital
"Karl Marx was very interested in capital -- an abstract concept referring to society's wealth. And he was interested in the persons who owned and controlled capital -- the capitalists. But the primary focus of his lifelong analysis was upon one particular species of capital, what he referred to as "industrial capital." This is the form of wealth involved in the production process -- factories, mines, railroads. He had less to say about the aspect of capital that designated the exchange process -- what he referred to as "merchant capital" and finance capital. This selective focus reflected one of Marx's main historical opinions -- the idea that history moves forward through the development of the "productive forces," and that industrial capitalists (as well as the industrial proletariat) are the agents of this kind of economic change. "
capital  capitalism  marxism  history  merchant  industrial 
december 2010 by tsuomela

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