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tsuomela : influence   36

The Revolution That Wasn’t — Jen Schradie | Harvard University Press
"This surprising study of online political mobilization shows that money and organizational sophistication influence politics online as much as off, and casts doubt on the democratizing power of digital activism. The internet has been hailed as a leveling force that is reshaping activism. From the Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street to Black Lives Matter and #MeToo, digital activism seemed cheap, fast, and open to all. Now this celebratory narrative finds itself competing with an increasingly sinister story as platforms like Facebook and Twitter—once the darlings of digital democracy—are on the defensive for their role in promoting fake news. While hashtag activism captures headlines, conservative digital activism is proving more effective on the ground. In this sharp-eyed and counterintuitive study, Jen Schradie shows how the web has become another weapon in the arsenal of the powerful. She zeroes in on workers’ rights advocacy in North Carolina and finds a case study with broad implications. North Carolina’s hard-right turn in the early 2010s should have alerted political analysts to the web’s antidemocratic potential: amid booming online organizing, one of the country’s most closely contested states elected the most conservative government in North Carolina’s history. The Revolution That Wasn’t identifies the reasons behind this previously undiagnosed digital-activism gap. Large hierarchical political organizations with professional staff can amplify their digital impact, while horizontally organized volunteer groups tend to be less effective at translating online goodwill into meaningful action. Not only does technology fail to level the playing field, it tilts it further, so that only the most sophisticated and well-funded players can compete."
book  publisher  social-media  internet  activism  resources  influence  propaganda 
10 weeks ago by tsuomela
Twilight of theNudges | New Republic
"THE ETHICS OF INFLUENCE: GOVERNMENT IN THE AGE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE by Cass R. Sunstein Cambridge University Press , 234 pp., $29.99"
book  review  nudge  psychology  persuasion  policy  government  influence 
october 2016 by tsuomela
Political Connections and the Informativeness of Insider Trades by Alan D. Jagolinzer, David F. Larcker, Gaizka Ormazabal, Daniel J. Taylor :: SSRN
"This paper examines the relation between political connections and informed trading by corporate insiders in the context of the Financial Crisis. The unprecedented magnitude of government intervention, the substantial impact of this intervention on firm value, and the political nature of the intervention provide a powerful setting to examine the relation between political connections and informed trading. Consistent with political connections providing corporate insiders with an information advantage, we find strong evidence of a relation between political connections and the informativeness of their trades. Consistent with this relation stemming from private information related to government intervention, we find the relation is strongest during the period in which TARP funds were dispersed, and strongest among politically connected insiders at banks that received TARP funds. Examining insider trades around the announcements of TARP infusions, we find evidence of significant trading thirty days in advance of the announcement, and that these trades predict the market reaction to the announcement. Notably, we find these relations are present only for the trades of politically connected insiders. Overall, our results suggest that politically connected insiders had an information advantage during the Crisis and traded to exploit this advantage."
economics  recession  history  2000s  crisis  finance  management  insider  politics  influence 
september 2016 by tsuomela
The Dune in our Heads - Boing Boing
"A problem crops up when filmmakers try to adapt epic fantasy worlds to the big screen—particularly beloved, richly-imagined literary ones. Sacrifices must be made. Characters are cut, and plotlines are re-routed. Scenes and places don’t match what readers have pictured with their minds. Fans of the original book cry foul. In the case of director Alejandro Jodorowsky, he had a vision for Frank Herbert’s masterwork Dune that was so over the top, so surreal (and, at times, so absurd), it probably would have blown the minds of critics before they had a chance to grumble."
sf  fiction  movies  adaptation  imagination  history  literature  influence 
march 2014 by tsuomela
The Meme Hustler | Evgeny Morozov | The Baffler
"The enduring emptiness of our technology debates has one main cause, and his name is Tim O’Reilly. The founder and CEO of O’Reilly Media, a seemingly omnipotent publisher of technology books and a tireless organizer of trendy conferences, O’Reilly is one of the most influential thinkers in Silicon Valley. Entire fields of thought—from computing to management theory to public administration—have already surrendered to his buzzwordophilia, but O’Reilly keeps pressing on. Over the past fifteen years, he has given us such gems of analytical precision as “open source,” “Web 2.0,” “government as a platform,” and “architecture of participation.” O’Reilly doesn’t coin all of his favorite expressions, but he promotes them with religious zeal and enviable perseverance. While Washington prides itself on Frank Luntz, the Republican strategist who rebranded “global warming” as “climate change” and turned “estate tax” into “death tax,” Silicon Valley has found its own Frank Luntz in Tim O’Reilly. "
silicon-valley  personality  influence  memes  technology  criticism  critique  open-source 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Identifying Influential and Susceptible Members of Social Networks
"Identifying social influence in networks is critical to understanding how behaviors spread. We present a method for identifying influence and susceptibility in networks that avoids biases in traditional estimates of social contagion by leveraging in vivo randomized experimentation. Estimation in a representative sample of 1.3 million Facebook users showed that younger users are more susceptible than older users, men are more influential than women, women influence men more than they influence other women, and married individuals are the least susceptible to influence in the decision to adopt the product we studied. Analysis of influence and susceptibility together with network structure reveals that influential individuals are less susceptible to influence than non-influential individuals and that they cluster in the network, which suggests that influential people with influential friends help spread this product."
social-networks  experiments  influence  random  statistics  models  network-analysis 
june 2012 by tsuomela
Music, Modernism, and the Twilight of the Elites
"By now it is becoming hard to remember that, at the peak of its popularity and influence, classical music carried with it an undeniable intellectual and even moral authority, qualities which would rub off on composers and performers such as Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein, Albert Schweitzer, Pierre Boulez, Van Cliburn and Igor Stravinsky, all of whom would, in different ways, play leading roles within the social and cultural landscape of the cold war period."
history  music  expertise  elites  classical  modernism  genre  influence 
april 2012 by tsuomela
PopTech : Duncan Watts - Social contagion: What do we really know?
"Again, we don’t know for sure, but we suspect that the analogy with biological disease is badly flawed. For example, whereas it is probably true that most people are susceptible to HIV, our susceptibility to any particular idea, product, musical artists, etc. varies tremendously, depending on our tastes, backgrounds, and circumstances. Unlike for influenza, to which you’re either exposed or not exposed, even the ideas you do encounter have to compete for attention with everything else that you’re exposed to. And unlike models of disease, which assume that disease spreads exclusively from person to person, information can be disseminated by the media and advertising as well as by word of mouth.

All of these differences, along with many others, could dramatically alter the prospects for social epidemics, as well as introduce other mechanisms entirely by which social change can come about, yet models of social influence reflect very little of this added complexity"
social-contagion  ideas  networks  influence  persuasion  society  epidemics  via:cshalizi 
march 2012 by tsuomela
The Anatomy of Influence - Bloom, Harold - Yale University Press
Featuring extended analyses of Bloom's most cherished poets—Shakespeare, Whitman, and Crane—as well as inspired appreciations of Emerson, Tennyson, Browning, Yeats, Ashbery, and others, The Anatomy of Influence adapts Bloom's classic work The Anxiety of Influence to show us what great literature is, how it comes to be, and why it matters
book  publisher  literature  criticism  influence 
april 2011 by tsuomela
OnFiction: Research Bulletin: Liking, and Becoming Like, Characters
"This study is an exciting demonstration that fiction can influence our self-perceptions, implying that our identification with characters can change the way we see ourselves."
fiction  self-perception  influence  art  psychology 
april 2011 by tsuomela
MINDSPACE: Influencing behaviour through public policy - Institute for Government
"New insights from science and behaviour change could lead to significantly improved outcomes, and at a lower cost, than the way many conventional policy tools are used.

MINDSPACE: Influencing behaviour through public policy (PDF, 1.6MB) was published by the Institute for Government and the Cabinet Office on 2 March. The report explores how behaviour change theory can help meet current policy challenges,"
government  psychology  behavior  persuasion  influence  policy 
january 2011 by tsuomela
[1008.5166] Network Archaeology: Uncovering Ancient Networks from Present-day Interactions
Often questions arise about old or extinct networks. What proteins interacted in a long-extinct ancestor species of yeast? Who were the central players in the social network 3 years ago? Our ability to answer such questions has been limited by the unavailability of past versions of networks. To overcome these limitations, we propose several algorithms for reconstructing a network's history of growth given only the network as it exists today and a generative model by which the network is believed to have evolved.
network-analysis  networks  model  mathematics  archaeology  history  influence 
september 2010 by tsuomela
[1009.0240] Modeling Dynamical Influence in Human Interaction Patterns
We present a new perspective, together with a model and algorithm, on a well-observed property of many social phenomena: the influence strength between individuals changes over time (e.g., friendships break and reform). We propose an unsupervised generative switching model that simultaneously captures the system dynamics as the outcome of both (i) the influence between individuals (each modeled as an HMM), and (ii) the dynamics of the influence itself. We describe here a variational Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm. In our experiments, we illustrate applications of detecting structural change, predicting turn taking by analyzing a real group discussion behavior dataset and understanding flu influence patterns between US states. Results demonstrate that our approach is a strong alternative for modeling complex interacting social systems.
social  interaction  influence  model  mathematics  probability  statistics  markov-chain 
september 2010 by tsuomela
[1005.4882] Predicting Influential Users in Online Social Networks
Who are the influential people in an online social network? The answer to this question depends not only on the structure of the network, but also on details of the dynamic processes occurring on it. We classify these processes as conservative and non-conservative. A random walk on a network is an example of a conservative dynamic process, while information spread is non-conservative. The influence models used to rank network nodes can be similarly classified, depending on the dynamic process they implicitly emulate.
network-analysis  influence  leadership  paper  model 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Joe Bageant: Moving to the Center of Elite Consensus
Put simply, what "Moving to the Center," means is: moving towards power and money.

"Moving to the Center" is not a move to where the center of public opinion is, but it is a move to the center of where elite consensus is. Once the boundaries of that elite consensus are understood, then we can comprehend the limits of our public choices and more importantly what will be allowed within the confines of our electoral system.
politics  discourse  language  america  power  money  influence 
august 2008 by tsuomela

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