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The Governance and Recordkeeping Around the World Newsletter - Library and Archives Canada
"Governance and Recordkeeping Around The World is a free, online newsletter that explores and highlights issues pertaining to government and recordkeeping practices in the public and private sector. It will help readers stay up-to-date with the latest news, events, trends, products and publications in the field of public administration and recordkeeping."
newsletter  government  information  archives 
january 2018 by tsuomela
Calling Bullshit
"The world is awash in bullshit. Politicians are unconstrained by facts. Science is conducted by press release. Higher education rewards bullshit over analytic thought. Startup culture elevates bullshit to high art. Advertisers wink conspiratorially and invite us to join them in seeing through all the bullshit — and take advantage of our lowered guard to bombard us with bullshit of the second order. The majority of administrative activity, whether in private business or the public sphere, seems to be little more than a sophisticated exercise in the combinatorial reassembly of bullshit. We're sick of it. It's time to do something, and as educators, one constructive thing we know how to do is to teach people. So, the aim of this course is to help students navigate the bullshit-rich modern environment by identifying bullshit, seeing through it, and combating it with effective analysis and argument."
bullshit  information  literacy  data  syllabi 
april 2017 by tsuomela
How the Chinese Government Fabricates Social Media Posts for Strategic Distraction, not Engaged Argument | Gary King
"The Chinese government has long been suspected of hiring as many as 2,000,000 people to surreptitiously insert huge numbers of pseudonymous and other deceptive writings into the stream of real social media posts, as if they were the genuine opinions of ordinary people. Many academics, and most journalists and activists, claim that these so-called "50c party" posts vociferously argue for the government's side in political and policy debates. As we show, this is also true of the vast majority of posts openly accused on social media of being 50c. Yet, almost no systematic empirical evidence exists for this claim, or, more importantly, for the Chinese regime's strategic objective in pursuing this activity. In the first large scale empirical analysis of this operation, we show how to identify the secretive authors of these posts, the posts written by them, and their content. We estimate that the government fabricates and posts about 448 million social media comments a year. In contrast to prior claims, we show that the Chinese regime's strategy is to avoid arguing with skeptics of the party and the government, and to not even discuss controversial issues. We infer that the goal of this massive secretive operation is instead to regularly distract the public and change the subject, as most of the these posts involve cheerleading for China, the revolutionary history of the Communist Party, or other symbols of the regime. We discuss how these results fit with what is known about the Chinese censorship program, and suggest how they may change our broader theoretical understanding of "common knowledge" and information control in authoritarian regimes."
information  propaganda  political-science  country(China) 
january 2017 by tsuomela
Reinvent | Gathering top innovators in video conversations to reinvent our world
"Reinvent gathers top innovators in important conversations about how to fundamentally reinvent our world. We connect up a mix of smart, knowledgeable, innovative people from a wide range of fields to work on solving the big challenges of our time. We often use the powerful new medium of interactive group video to bring together our network, but we physically gather people too. We open up these in-depth conversations to audiences who appreciate the complexity of the issues and the sophisticated discussion of possible solutions. We then take the best insights and ideas to emerge from the conversations and produce compelling short videos, powerful graphics and written posts that can reach broader audiences."
business  information  innovation  design 
november 2016 by tsuomela
U.S. Energy Data
Very well-done energy flow graph showing where US energy is produced and how it is used.
energy  environment  information  visualization 
november 2016 by tsuomela
The Science of Information, ca. 1870-1945: The Universalization of Knowledge in a Utopian Age
"Between about 1870 and 1945, for visionaries and planners around the world, projects for assembling universal knowledge and projects for effecting a universal political order went hand-in-hand. This symposium will investigate the development of intertwining utopianisms in internationalist politics and in the science of information during this period. This span of years stretches from the onset of modern war, in America and Western Europe, to its most horrific climax in World War II. It is also the period during which global transportation and communications systems were constructed, the modern global economy was knit together, and both scientific and humanistic scholarship became a professional and global enterprise. Such developments made the collection and sharing of information and the establishment of accord among nation-states especially urgent, the stuff of utopian speculation, pacifist dreams, and, sometimes, pragmatic nightmares. A striking measure of this urgency was the formation in 1922 of the League of Nations’ International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation, the primary aim of which was to address and resolve issues at the intersection of information and diplomacy."
conference  sts  history  information 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Policy Press | Transparency and the open society - Practical lessons for effective policy By Roger Taylor By Tim Kelsey
"Greater transparency is increasingly seen as the answer to a wide range of social issues by governments, NGOs and businesses around the world. However, evidence of its impact is mixed. Using case studies from around the world including India, Tanzania, the UK and US, Transparency and the open society surveys the adoption of transparency globally, providing an essential framework for assessing its likely performance as a policy and the steps that can be taken to make it more effective. It addresses the role of transparency in the context of growing use by governments and businesses of surveillance and database driven decision making. The book is written for anyone involved in the use of transparency whether campaigning from outside or working inside government or business to develop policies."
book  publisher  transparency  government  information  open-government 
september 2016 by tsuomela
IVMOOC: Information Visualization MOOC 2016
"This course provides an overview about the state of the art in information visualization. It teaches the process of producing effective visualizations that take the needs of users into account. The course can be taken for three Indiana University credits as part of the Online Data Science Program, as part of the Information and Library Science M.S. program, and as part of the online Data Science M.S. Program offered by the School of Informatics and Computing. "
mooc  visualization  visual-thinking  literacy  information 
june 2016 by tsuomela
Information Services - NFAIS
"Whether you're looking for answers to the challenges your organization faces in expanding the future of information services or seeking trustworthy, high-quality information that will impact your organization's success, the National Federation of Advanced Information Services (NFAIS™) is the premier membership association for organizations that create, organize and facilitate access to reliable information. A membership in NFAIS offers the opportunity for collaboration with others in the development of effective solutions to the challenges and opportunities of the digital information age."
professional-association  information  libraries  organizations 
june 2016 by tsuomela
xkcd: Tasks
"In CS, it can be hard to explain the difference between the easy and the virtually impossible."
humor  comic  expectation  information  technology 
may 2016 by tsuomela
Change of State | The MIT Press
"As the informational state replaces the bureaucratic welfare state, control over information creation, processing, flows, and use has become the most effective form of power. In Change of State Sandra Braman examines the theoretical and practical ramifications of this "change of state." She looks at the ways in which governments are deliberate, explicit, and consistent in their use of information policy to exercise power, exploring not only such familiar topics as intellectual property rights and privacy but also areas in which policy is highly effective but little understood. Such lesser-known issues include hybrid citizenship, the use of "functionally equivalent borders" internally to allow exceptions to U.S. law, research funding, census methods, and network interconnection. Trends in information policy, argues Braman, both manifest and trigger change in the nature of governance itself.After laying the theoretical, conceptual, and historical foundations for understanding the informational state, Braman examines 20 information policy principles found in the U.S Constitution. She then explores the effects of U.S. information policy on the identity, structure, borders, and change processes of the state itself and on the individuals, communities, and organizations that make up the state. Looking across the breadth of the legal system, she presents current law as well as trends in and consequences of several information policy issues in each category affected. Change of State introduces information policy on two levels, coupling discussions of specific contemporary problems with more abstract analysis drawing on social theory and empirical research as well as law. Most important, the book provides a way of understanding how information policy brings about the fundamental social changes that come with the transformation to the informational state."
book  publisher  information  policy  governance  government  law  social  state 
september 2015 by tsuomela
Introduction to Peter Morville book - Interwingled.
book  excerpt  complexity  ecology  information  metaphor 
october 2014 by tsuomela
"When I teach the intersections between freedom of speech and privacy, I like to introduce the concept of information fiduciaries in order to explain what is at stake. The concept of an information fiduciary helps us understand how we might protect digital privacy while not running afoul of the First Amendment. It helps us understand how we might adjust the third party doctrine of Smith v. Maryland without abolishing the doctrine altogether.  And it also has applications in other areas of cyberlaw."
social-media  online  business  big-data  information  fiduciary  ethics 
july 2014 by tsuomela
Conspiracy Theories by Cass R. Sunstein, Adrian Vermeule :: SSRN
"Many millions of people hold conspiracy theories; they believe that powerful people have worked together in order to withhold the truth about some important practice or some terrible event. A recent example is the belief, widespread in some parts of the world, that the attacks of 9/11 were carried out not by Al Qaeda, but by Israel or the United States. Those who subscribe to conspiracy theories may create serious risks, including risks of violence, and the existence of such theories raises significant challenges for policy and law. The first challenge is to understand the mechanisms by which conspiracy theories prosper; the second challenge is to understand how such theories might be undermined. Such theories typically spread as a result of identifiable cognitive blunders, operating in conjunction with informational and reputational influences. A distinctive feature of conspiracy theories is their self-sealing quality. Conspiracy theorists are not likely to be persuaded by an attempt to dispel their theories; they may even characterize that very attempt as further proof of the conspiracy. Because those who hold conspiracy theories typically suffer from a crippled epistemology, in accordance with which it is rational to hold such theories, the best response consists in cognitive infiltration of extremist groups. Various policy dilemmas, such as the question whether it is better for government to rebut conspiracy theories or to ignore them, are explored in this light."
conspiracy  psychology  information  information-cascade 
may 2014 by tsuomela
Why do we love to organise knowledge into trees? - 07 April 2014 - New Scientist
"The Book of Trees: Visualizing branches of knowledge by Manuel Lima Published by: Princeton Architectural Press Price: $29.95"
book  review  visualization  visual-thinking  data  information  trees 
april 2014 by tsuomela
The Information Counter-Revolution | Common Dreams
"In 2014, we’re experiencing a new age of “strategic data,” says Ian Bremmer, president of the Eurasia Group, which earlier this month released its annual list of the top political risks worldwide. For Bremmer, strategic data involves seizing power over our online information. “It’s about states using data to engage in surveillance on their populations domestically and internationally.” It’s top-down, and it’s not only about official use of personal data to protect national security. Governments and corporations are mining our data for more benign practices, too, like predicting traffic patterns or monitoring the spread of diseases."
data  information  big-data  state  government  privacy  spying  participation  protests 
january 2014 by tsuomela
The Knowledge Pyramid: A Critique of the DIKW Hierarchy - The University of Arizona Campus Repository
"The paper evaluates the Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom (DIKW) Hierarchy. This hierarchy is part of the canon of information science and management. The paper considers whether the hierarchy, also known as the ‘Knowledge Hierarchy’, is a useful and intellectually desirable construct to introduce, whether the views expressed about DIKW are true and have evidence in favour of them, and whether there are good reasons offered or sound assumptions made about DIKW. Arguments are offered that the hierarchy is unsound and methodologically undesirable. The paper identifies a central logical error that DIKW makes. The paper identifies the dated and unsatisfactory philosophical positions of operationalism and inductivism as the philosophical backdrop to the hierarchy. The paper concludes with a sketch of some positive theories, of value to information science, on the nature of the components of the hierarchy: that data is anything recordable in a semantically and pragmatically sound way, that information is what is known in other literature as ‘weak knowledge’, that knowledge also is ‘weak knowledge’ and that wisdom is the possession and use."
data  information  knowledge  wisdom  hierarchy  theory  information-science 
september 2013 by tsuomela
The Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom Hierarchy and its Antithesis - The University of Arizona Campus Repository
"The now taken-for-granted notion that data lead to information, which leads to knowledge, which in turn leads to wisdom was first specified in detail by R. L. Ackoff in 1988. The Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom hierarchy is based on filtration, reduction, and transformation. Besides being causal and hierarchical, the scheme is pyramidal, in that data are plentiful while wisdom is almost nonexistent. Ackoffâ s formula linking these terms together this way permits us to ask what the opposite of knowledge is and whether analogous principles of hierarchy, process, and pyramiding apply to it. The inversion of the Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom hierarchy produces a series of opposing terms (including misinformation, error, ignorance, and stupidity) but not exactly a chain or a pyramid. Examining the connections between these phenomena contributes to our understanding of the contours and limits of knowledge."
data  information  knowledge  wisdom  hierarchy  theory  information-science 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Jaron Lanier Discusses Power Laws, Centralized Publishing, and the Social Perils of Free Information | The Scholarly Kitchen
"Overall, it’s a fascinating interview that touches on a number of topics in the wind currently. I plan to read the book, and do some thinking about these issues. “Free” is a price that has consequences. As we see what happens when information remains or becomes free, those consequences become clearer and require more serious thought. Ultimately, “free” could make us less free."
interview  value  online  intellectual-property  copyright  internet  economics  technology-effects  information  freedom  ideology 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Project MUSE - Configurations - Our Posthuman Past: Victorian Realism, Cybernetics, and the Problem of Information
"This essay argues that Victorian realism pre-imagines the conditions of early artificial intelligence by reading Elizabeth Gaskell’s Cranford (1853) alongside key cybernetic texts. In doing so, it claims that Victorian realism influences twentieth-century definitions of what it means to be human—definitions that have sparked contemporary debate about information and embodiment. By examining realism’s representation practices, information practices can be better understood, not just in the twenty-first century, but as part of an ongoing debate."
sts  history  literature  realism  information  information-science  rhetoric  metaphor 
august 2013 by tsuomela
“Intersections of Scholarly Communication and Information Literacy”
"ACRL announces the publication of a new white paper, “Intersections of Scholarly Communication and Information Literacy: Creating Strategic Collaborations for a Changing Academic Environment,” written by a working group of leaders from many areas of the association. This white paper explores and articulates three intersections between scholarly communication and information literacy:"
scholarly-communication  information-literacy  literacy  information  libraries  white-paper  report 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Common Ground at the Nexus of Information Literacy and Scholarly Communication - Books / Professional Development - Books for Academic Librarians - New Products - ALA Store
"Common Ground at the Nexus of Information Literacy and Scholarly Communication presents concepts, experiments, collaborations, and strategies at the crossroads of the fields of scholarly communication and information literacy. The seventeen essays and interviews in this volume engage ideas and describe vital partnerships that enrich both information literacy and scholarly communication programs within institutions of higher education. Contributions address core scholarly communication topics such as open access, copyright, authors’ rights, the social and economic factors of publishing, and scholarly publishing through the lens of information literacy. This volume is appropriate for all university and college libraries and for library and information school collections."
book  publisher  scholarly-communication  information-literacy  literacy  information  libraries 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Why information can’t be the basis of reality | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network
"A growing number of scientists, Gleick writes, are beginning to wonder whether information "may be primary: more fundamental than matter itself." This notion has inspired other recent books, including Programming the Universe by Seth Lloyd (Vintage 2007), Decoding the Universe by Charles Seife (Penguin 2007), Decoding Reality by Vlatko Vedral (Oxford 2010) and Information and the Nature of Reality, a collection of essays edited by Paul Davies (Cambridge 2010). But the everything-is-information meme violates common sense."
science  information  information-theory  metaphysics  philosophy  reality 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Joho the Blog » [2b2k] My world leader can beat up your world leader
"On the other hand, information is now passed around if it is made interesting, sometimes in jokey, demeaning ways, like an article that steers us toward beefcake (although the president of Ireland does make it up quite high in the Reddit thread). The information that gets propagated through this system is thus spotty and incomplete. It only becomes an occasion for serendipity if it is interesting, not simply because it’s worthwhile. But even jokey, demeaning posts can and should have links for those whose interest is piqued."
information-science  dissemination  news  journalism  information  facts  gossip  novelty 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Frictionless sharing’s dirty little secret – George Osborn – The Kernel
"Why? Because “sharing”, in actual human society, is almost entirely based around careful selection and curation of certain things to fit into certain contexts. This is what a New York Times survey into the online sharing habits of active social media users uncovered. Rather than a desire for constant, unfiltered noise, out of the 2,500 participants, 94 per cent said that they only share information that they consider useful to others."
sharing  online  behavior  information  social-media  frictionless  facebook 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Visual Strategies
"Welcome to the VISUAL STRATEGIES website, the “live” virtual extension of our book, VISUAL STRATEGIES, A Practical Guide to Graphics for Scientists and Engineers. (Yale University Press, Spring 2012)."
book  website  visualization  visual-thinking  science  information  design 
september 2012 by tsuomela
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