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Book Summary: "Range" by David Epstein - Heterodox Academy
"David Epstein (2019). Range: Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World. New York, NY: Riverhead Books."
book  review  generalist  innovation 
october 2019 by tsuomela
Understanding Society: The research university
"Jason Owen-Smith's recent Research Universities and the Public Good: Discovery for an Uncertain Future "
book  review  university  research  innovation 
january 2019 by tsuomela
Who Are the New Yuppies? | New Republic
"THE SUM OF SMALL THINGS by Elizabeth Currid-Halkett Princeton University Press, 272 pp., $29.95 THE COMPLACENT CLASS by Tyler Cowen Columbia University Press, 128 pp., $26.00"
book  review  class  america  innovation  inequality  signals 
august 2017 by tsuomela
"Otherlab is a dynamic lab with a variety of enterprises in various stages of development, from projects in the initial research and development phase, to full blown companies that have spun out."
business  innovation  design 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Reinvent | Gathering top innovators in video conversations to reinvent our world
"Reinvent gathers top innovators in important conversations about how to fundamentally reinvent our world. We connect up a mix of smart, knowledgeable, innovative people from a wide range of fields to work on solving the big challenges of our time. We often use the powerful new medium of interactive group video to bring together our network, but we physically gather people too. We open up these in-depth conversations to audiences who appreciate the complexity of the issues and the sophisticated discussion of possible solutions. We then take the best insights and ideas to emerge from the conversations and produce compelling short videos, powerful graphics and written posts that can reach broader audiences."
business  information  innovation  design 
november 2016 by tsuomela
The Entrepreneurial State (USA) | MARIANA MAZZUCATO
"The Entrepreneurial State: debunking public vs. private sector myths is stirring up much-needed debate worldwide about the role of the state in fostering long-run, innovation led economic growth. A new US edition was published by Public Affairs in 2015, with revisions that include a new introduction in which Professor Mazzucato argues that American politicians need to think big, and have the courage to develop a more confident story about the state's role in the economy, in the run up to the 2016 Presidential elections. You can read the new introduction here. Her book comprehensively debunks the myth of a lumbering, bureaucratic state versus a dynamic, innovative private sector. In a series of case studies—including IT, biotech and nanotech—Professor Mazzucato shows that the opposite is true: the private sector only finds the courage to invest after an entrepreneurial state has made the high-risk investments. In an intensely researched chapter, she reveals that every technology that makes the iPhone so ‘smart’ was government funded: the Internet, GPS, its touch-screen display and the voice-activated Siri. And in another chapter she argues that the green revolution is today is missing the kind of patient public sector financing, and de-financialized private sector, that got the IT revolution off the ground. "
book  economics  innovation  private  privatization  government  research  r&d 
september 2016 by tsuomela
2015 UK report on connections between research academics and industry.
academia  industry  innovation  business  intellectual-property 
july 2015 by tsuomela
Atlanta Conference |
"The Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy provides a showcase for the highest quality scholarship addressing the multidimensional challenges and interrelated characteristics of science and innovation policy and processes."
science  policy  innovation  conference  academic 
february 2015 by tsuomela
Does innovation arc toward decadence? | ROUGH TYPE
Interesting overlay of innovation and Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
innovation  psychology  human-needs  hierarchy  luxury 
january 2015 by tsuomela
Looking Across and Looking Beyond the Knowledge Frontier: Intellectual Distance and Resource Allocation in Science by Kevin J. Boudreau, Eva Guinan, Karim Lakhani, Christoph Riedl :: SSRN
"Selecting among alternative innovative projects is a core management task in all innovating organizations. In this paper, we focus on the evaluation of frontier scientific research projects. We argue that the “intellectual distance” between the knowledge embodied in research proposals and an evaluator’s own expertise systematically relates to the evaluations given (and consequent resource allocation). We empirically evaluate effects in data collected from a grant proposal process at a leading research university in which we randomized the assignment of evaluators and proposals to generate 2,130 evaluator-proposal pairs. We find evaluators systematically give lower scores to research proposals closer to their own areas of expertise, and to highly novel research proposals. We interpret the empirical patterns in relation to a range of theoretical mechanisms and discuss implications for policy, managerial intervention and allocation of resources in the ongoing accumulation of scientific knowledge."
creativity  innovation  framing  communication  novelty  expertise  experts  research  science 
october 2014 by tsuomela
Can Creativity Be Learned? - ​Cody C. Delistraty - The Atlantic
"Prevailing theories on creativity focus on methodology, or amount of practice. But new studies suggest artistic talent may be more hard-wired than we thought."
creativity  innovation  psychology  personality  talent 
july 2014 by tsuomela
Presidential Innovation Fellows | The White House
"The Presidential Innovation Fellows (PIF) program brings the principles, values, and practices of the innovation economy into government through the most effective agents of change we know: our people. This highly-competitive program pairs talented, diverse individuals from the innovation community with top civil servants to tackle many of our Nation’s biggest challenges, and to achieve a profound and lasting social impact. These teams of government experts and private-sector doers are taking a “lean startup” approach and applying methods like user-centered design to achieve results for the American people in months, not years."
fellowships  government  innovation  data  e-democracy 
march 2014 by tsuomela
We need to talk about TED | Benjamin Bratton | Comment is free |
"TED of course stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design, and I'll talk a bit about all three. I Think TED actually stands for: middlebrow megachurch infotainment."
popularize  technology  futurism  futures  critique  innovation 
january 2014 by tsuomela
Atul Gawande: How Do Good Ideas Spread? : The New Yorker
"In our era of electronic communications, we’ve come to expect that important innovations will spread quickly. Plenty do: think of in-vitro fertilization, genomics, and communications technologies themselves. But there’s an equally long list of vital innovations that have failed to catch on. The puzzle is why."
innovation  diffusion  ideas  novelty  communication  p2p 
august 2013 by tsuomela
How Paris Gave Rise to Cubism (and Picasso): Ambiguity and Fragmentation in Radical Innovation
"In structural analyses of innovation, one substantive question looms large: What makes radical innovation possible if peripheral actors are more likely to originate radical ideas but are poorly positioned to promote them? An inductive study of the rise of Cubism, a revolutionary paradigm that overthrew classic principles of representation in art, results in a model where not only the periphery moves toward the core through collective action, as typically asserted, but the core also moves toward the periphery, becoming more receptive to radical ideas. The fragmentation of the art market in early 20th-century Paris served as the trigger. The proliferation of market niches and growing ambiguity over evaluation standards dramatically reduced the costs of experimentation in the periphery and the ability of the core to suppress radical ideas. A multilevel analysis linking individual creativity, peer networks, and the art field reveals how market developments fostered Spanish Cubist Pablo Picasso's experiments and facilitated their diffusion in the absence of public support, a coherent movement, and even his active involvement. If past research attests to the importance of framing innovations and mobilizing resources in their support, this study brings attention to shifts in the structure of opportunities to do so."
art  innovation  culture  context  creativity  modern-art 
august 2013 by tsuomela
The Picasso Effect — Medium
"It’s not that Picasso’s talent was immaterial to Cubism’s success – far from it. It’s that his talents were perfectly suited to the movement of the market. In a world that was increasingly rewarding experimentation, he was more energetically experimental than his peers: he made over seven hundred sketches of Les Demoiselles before settling on one that satisfied him. In an art scene that was becoming more open to diverse influences, he looked further afield than most of his competitors, to ancient Etruscan and African art. In a milieu that romanticised the exotic, he was a mysterious, black-eyed Spanish immigrant who spoke barely any French. At a time when it was cool to bend the rules of art, Picasso smashed every one. For radical innovation to succeed, the moment has to be moving towards the innovator. But the innovator must still reach out and seize the moment."
art  innovation  culture  context  creativity  modern-art 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Henry Sauermann | Georgia Tech - Scheller College of Business
"Dr. Henry Sauermann joined the College in 2008. His research focuses on individuals’ motives and incentives, and how they interact with organizational and institutional mechanisms in shaping innovative activity. In particular, he studies how scientists’ motives and incentives relate to important outcomes such as innovative performance in firms, patenting in academia, or career choices and entrepreneurial intentions. This stream of research also explores important differences in these mechanisms across contexts such as industrial versus academic science or startups versus large established firms. In new projects, Dr. Sauermann studies the dynamics of motives and incentives over time, and explores non-traditional innovative institutions such as “Crowd Science” or “Citizen Science” (e.g., Additional work is underway to gain deeper insights into scientific labor markets and to derive implications for junior scientists, firms, and policy makers."
people  academic  business  motivation  citizen-science  innovation  incentives 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Telecommuting, Serendipity, and Innovation - IEEE Spectrum
"That’s an example given in a new working paper from the University of Michigan’s Ross School of Business, entitled “Zone Overlap and Collaboration in Academic Biomedicine.” Its authors developed a notion they call the "functional zone” and found that pairs of workers are more likely to collaborate the more their paths and areas overlap."
collaboration  space  proximity  location  office  serendipity  innovation 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Minerva Project Announces Annual $500,000 Prize for Professors -
"The Minerva Project, a San Francisco venture with lofty but untested plans to redefine higher education, said on Monday that starting next year it would award an annual $500,000 prize to a faculty member at any institution in the world who has demonstrated extraordinary, innovative teaching."
education  prize  innovation  change 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Patent Producers Clustered in Only a Few Cities -
"Patents, for all their flaws, are a widely used proxy for innovation. And a new study from the Brookings Institution shows just how clustered patent-related innovation is in America."
patent  cities  innovation  creativity  urbanism  geography 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Apple After Steve Jobs: Does a Closed Software Company Need a Genius? : The New Yorker
"So what’s a technology firm to do? Each faces the open/closed question, and here is how to answer it. First and foremost, there will always be a complex tradeoff between closed and open designs, so there is no use being too religious in either direction. It is easy to underestimate open designs (no one thought Wikipedia would work), but even open systems need some points of control. In the end, the better your vision and design skills, the more closed you can try to be. If you think your product designers can duplicate the nearly error-free performance of Jobs over the past twelve years, go for it. But if mere mortals run your firm, or if you’re facing an extremely unpredictable future, the economics of error suggest an open system is safer. Maybe rely on this test: wake up, look in the mirror, and ask yourself, Am I Steve Jobs?"
business  management  open  closed  business-model  innovation  technology  open-source 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Is U.S. Economic Growth Over? Faltering Innovation Confronts the Six Headwinds
"This paper raises basic questions about the process of economic growth. It questions the assumption, nearly universal since Solow’s seminal contributions of the 1950s, that economic growth is a continuous process that will persist forever. There was virtually no growth before 1750, and thus there is no guarantee that growth will continue indefinitely. Rather, the paper suggests that the rapid progress made over the past 250 years could well turn out to be a unique episode in human history. The paper is only about the United States and views the future from 2007 while pretending that the financial crisis did not happen. Its point of departure is growth in per-capita real GDP in the frontier country since 1300, the U.K. until 1906 and the U.S. afterwards. Growth in this frontier gradually accelerated after 1750, reached a peak in the middle of the 20th century, and has been slowing down since. The paper is about “how much further could the frontier growth rate decline?” "
economics  growth  econometrics  future  capitalism  innovation 
october 2012 by tsuomela
“What Makes a Technology Cool,” According to Neil deGrasse Tyson
"Tyson’s theory is that technology retains its coolness factor so long as it remains best-in-class. Therefore, whenever the coolest objects in a particular technology are decades old, that’s an immediate notice that we have essentially abandoned that technology. If we had ever invented bigger rockets or faster aircraft, then we’d consider the Saturn V and Blackbird to be historical artifacts, much like the Wright Flyer — which I think is visually interesting, but I wouldn’t want to board. Extending Tyson’s idea, perhaps I still think the Bell X-1 is pretty cool because I’ve never flown on a commercial plane exceeding Mach 1, and I don’t ever expect to do so."
technology  fashion  cool  future  vision  innovation 
october 2012 by tsuomela
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