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tsuomela : institutions   70

Quinn Slobodian – Globalists — Crooked Timber
"Quinn Slobodian’s fantastic intellectual history of neo-liberalism in the international arena, Globalists: The End of Empire and the Birth of Neoliberalism. "
book  review  neoliberalism  history  20c  political-science  international  institutions 
may 2018 by tsuomela
Blockchains Never Forget
A very interesting piece by Venkatesh Rao that provides the best reason I've seen so far for widespread adoption of blockchain technologies.
blockchain  history  technology-effects  forgetting  forgiveness  memory  institutions  organizations 
may 2017 by tsuomela
Could Climate Change Cause Another Holocaust? | The New Republic
Review of Black Earth: the Holocaust as history and warning by Timothy Snyder.
book  review  holocaust  climate  history  anarchy  politics  state  institutions 
september 2015 by tsuomela
Huskie Commons: From Theory to Action: Good Enough Digital Preservation for Under-Resourced Cultural Heritage Institutions
"Libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural heritage organizations collect, create, and steward a rapidly increasing volume of digital content. Both research conclusions and professionals’ real-life experiences expose the inherent fragility of this content. The cultural heritage and information science communities have developed guidelines, best practices, policies, procedures, and processes that can enable an organization to achieve high levels of digital preservation. However, these protocols are often complex, leaving many practitioners attempting to address the challenge of preserving digital materials feeling overwhelmed. This is particularly true for professionals serving smaller institutions that are often operating with restricted resources like small staff sizes, a lack of specialized expertise, dated technical infrastructures, and/or limited budgets. This white paper is the result of a three year investigation, funded by the Institute of Museum and Library Services, of affordable, scalable digital preservation solutions that can be successfully implemented at under-resourced organizations. It reports the results of large-scale testing of several digital preservation tools and services, suggests pragmatic digital preservation options, including an incremental approach to digital preservation practices, and asserts that communities of practice are key to success."
libraries  archives  digital  web-archive  preservation  economics  resources  institutions 
february 2015 by tsuomela
Our Digital Age: implications for learning and its (online) institutions - E-Learning and Digital Media Volume 9 Number 3 (2012)
"Over the past two decades, the way we learn has changed dramatically. We have new sources of information and new ways to exchange and to interact with information. But our schools and the way we teach have remained largely the same for years, even centuries. What happens to traditional educational institutions when learning also takes place on a vast range of Internet sites, from Pokemon Web pages to Wikipedia? This chapter, excerpted from our book, The Future of Thinking, does not promote change for the sake of change. Implicit in its sincere plea for transformation is an awareness that the current situation needs improvement. In advocating change for learning institutions, this chapter makes assumptions about the deep structure of learning, about cognition, about the way youth today learn about their world in informal settings, and about a mismatch between the excitement generated by informal learning and the routinization of learning common to many of our institutions of formal education. It advocates institutional change because our current formal educational institutions are not taking enough advantage of the modes of digital and participatory learning available to students today."
education  e-learning  online  learning  institutions 
august 2012 by tsuomela
JELIS – Journal of Education in Library and Information Science » Blog Archive » Learning to Teach Online: Creating a Culture of Support for Faculty by Kate Marek
"As online course delivery becomes increasingly prevalent in higher education, it becomes more important to assist faculty in gaining new pedagogical skills. This article scans current literature regarding concerns and best practices in this area, and reports on a study of institutional support for training LIS faculty. The online survey of 16 quantitative and qualitative questions was distributed to all faculty from ALA accredited master’s programs requesting feedback about what support was available and what support was especially needed and/or appreciated by the faculty members. The results of this survey suggest a model of institutional support that includes faculty course release, LIS program level training and support, and structured mentoring. Implementation of such a model will help institutions create a culture of support for online
education  online  lis  library  information  pedagogy  institutions 
may 2012 by tsuomela
James March on Education, Leadership, and Don Quixote: Introduction and Interview « 茫茫戈壁
"Starting off in political science and then moving through several disciplinary domains such as management theory, psychology, sociology, economics, organization and institutional theory, March’s academic career has been focused on understanding and analyzing human decision making and behavior. The basic thesis that he has pursued is that human action is neither optimal (or unboundedly rational) nor random, but nevertheless reasonably comprehensible (March, 1978, 1994, 1999). The ideas that were developed to understand human behavior in organizations in March’s early work in the analysis of how people deal with an uncertain and ambiguous world included, among other things, the concepts of bounded rationality and satisficing "
organizations  rationality  boundaries  limits  institutions  business  management  decision-making 
april 2012 by tsuomela
The Institutional Revolution: Measurement and the Economic Emergence of the Modern World, Allen
"In The Institutional Revolution, Douglas W. Allen offers a thought-provoking account of another, quieter revolution that took place at the end of the eighteenth century and allowed for the full exploitation of the many new technological innovations. Fundamental to this shift were dramatic changes in institutions, or the rules that govern society, which reflected significant improvements in the ability to measure performance—whether of government officials, laborers, or naval officers—thereby reducing the role of nature and the hazards of variance in daily affairs. Along the way, Allen provides readers with a fascinating explanation of the critical roles played by seemingly bizarre institutions, from dueling to the purchase of one’s rank in the British Army."
book  publisher  history  18c  institutions  revolution  organizations 
january 2012 by tsuomela
Chris Hedges: The Myth of The New York Times, in Documentary Form - Film Review - Truthdig
"When you allow an institution to provide you with your identity and sense of self-worth you become an obsequious pawn, no matter how much talent you possess. You live in perpetual fear of what those in authority think of you and might do to you. This mechanism of internalized control—for you always need them more than they need you—is effective. "
media  journalism  norms  behavior  organization  institutions  self-definition  self 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Keeping the Keys to the Kingdom « Easily Distracted
"Some of them add that they do not trust individuals to arrive at the same goals through repeated exercises in discretionary judgment. The system must do the work automatically, it must create a blanket of rules and laws, in order for projects like diversity or sustainability to avoid subversion and accident at the hands of individuals.

That push comes from a lot of places: an embedded haze of perpetual suspicion that suffuses academia, an inability or unwillingness to investigate whether some goals are hard to achieve whether or not anyone opposes or impedes them, and most of all, a touching but naive faith in the power of institutions to do anything if only we can find the correct systems to secure an objective. "
institutions  dreams  proceduralism  action  judgment 
april 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Thinking about disaster
"[Charles Perrow's] current book is truly scary. In The Next Catastrophe: Reducing Our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Disasters he carefully surveys the conjunction of factors that make 21st-century America almost uniquely vulnerable to major disasters -- actual and possible. Hurricane Katrina is one place to start -- a concentration of habitation, dangerous infrastructure, vulnerable toxic storage, and wholly inadequate policies of water and land use led to a horrific loss of life and a permanent crippling of a great American city. The disaster was foreseeable and foreseen, and yet few effective steps were taken to protect the city and river system from catastrophic flooding. And even more alarming -- government and the private sector have taken almost none of the prudent steps after the disaster that would mitigate future flooding."
risk  catastrophe  disaster  regulation  government  centralization  concentration  failure  institutions  technology 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Falling Walls, Burning Buildings, Gutting Budgets « Easily Distracted
"Everywhere the words of bureaucrats, ministers and presidents are sick, cynical, passionless and self-interested jokes designed largely to secure the authority of political classes through the tired rehearsal of well-worn gestures, and everywhere populations know those performances as perverse and unamusing pantomimes. Everywhere the nation-state tends towards bloat, corruption, inflexibility, paralysis. "
politics  nation-state  institutions  failure  bureaucracy 
january 2011 by tsuomela
I love WikiLeaks for restoring distrust in our most important institutions. - By Jack Shafer - Slate Magazine
The idea of WikiLeaks is scarier than anything the organization has leaked or anything Assange has done because it restores our distrust in the institutions that control our lives. It reminds people that at any given time, a criminal dossier worth exposing is squirreled away in a database someplace in the Pentagon or at Foggy Bottom. 
politics  accountability  democracy  institutions  trust  corruption  diplomacy  espionage  wikileaks 
december 2010 by tsuomela
IIIS - International Institute of Informatics and Systemics
To contribute to the identification of synergetic relationships among the areas of The Systems Approach, Cybernetics, and Informatics, as well as between them and society.
systems  communication  cybernetics  professional-association  conference  globalization  institutions 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Award winning SHERPA is investigating issues in the future of scholarly communication. It is developing open-access institutional repositories in universities to facilitate the rapid and efficient worldwide dissemination of research. SHERPA services and the SHERPA Partnership are both based at the Centre for Research Communications at the University of Nottingham.
open-access  scholarly-communication  institutions  repository  archive  publishing  intellectual-property 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Cause and Effect in Fusionism | Bottom-up
So after a half-century of fusionism, conservatives and libertarians are used to taking each others’ arguments seriously especially on “economic issues. In contrast, a half-century of thinking of each other as being on opposite ends of the political spectrum has accustomed liberals and libertarians to dismissing each others arguments out of hand, even on “social issues.” But that asymmetry is largely a result of the fusionist alliance, it’s not a deep fact about political philosophy. And although path-dependency is a powerful force, there’s no reason it needs to be a permanent feature of the American political landscape.
liberal  libertarian  politics  rhetoric  institutions  path-dependency 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Lab Experiments for the Study of Social-Ecological Systems -- Janssen et al. 328 (5978): 613 -- Science
Governance of social-ecological systems is a major policy problem of the contemporary era. Field studies of fisheries, forests, and pastoral and water resources have identified many variables that influence the outcomes of governance efforts. We introduce an experimental environment that involves spatial and temporal resource dynamics in order to capture these two critical variables identified in field research. Previous behavioral experiments of commons dilemmas have found that people are willing to engage in costly punishment, frequently generating increases in gross benefits, contrary to game-theoretical predictions based on a static pay-off function. Results in our experimental environment find that costly punishment is again used but lacks a gross positive effect on resource harvesting unless combined with communication. These findings illustrate the importance of careful generalization from the laboratory to the world of policy.
commons  cooperation  ecology  institutions  ostrom  elinor  economics  science  modeling  evolution  experimental  via:cshalizi 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Who Says : CJR
And journalism, fundamentally, needs an end point. It needs takeaways and conclusions and here-you-gos. What works in literature (endless context, and therefore endless interpretation and inference) simply does not work in journalism—which, as pragmatic narrative, must come to some resolution in order to achieve its ends. Our obsession, in other words, with authors—with writers’ personal identities, with outlets’ institutional biases, with brands’ political proclivities—has compromised the ability of journalism to be an actor in the world, to be a provider for democracy. It has made news reporting—which, at its best, holds a mirror to society so that we might act upon the image it reflects—into, instead, a hall of mirrors. Infinitely reflective. Infinitely refractive. And infinitely reductive.
journalism  media  news  authority  authorship  institutions  narrative  objectivity  goals  theory 
march 2010 by tsuomela
The Monkey Cage: The Economy Structures Everything
More data and research on interaction between trust/approval of government and the economy.
trust  government  american  economics  political-science  institutions  elections 
february 2010 by tsuomela
The Monkey Cage: What Will Make People Trust Goverment Again?
What drives the trend in political trust? By and large, it is the economy. People trust government when times are good. They don’t trust it when times are bad.
trust  government  american  economics  political-science  institutions  elections 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Beyond The Echo: Reshaping Politics Through Networked Progressive Media by Tracy Van Slyke and Jessica Clark
Beyond The Echo Chamber is a book and blog dedicated to changing the national conversation about progressive media and the future of journalism itself.

Co-authored by Jessica Clark and Tracy Van Slyke, Beyond The Echo Chamber: Reshaping Politics Through Networked Progressive Media tells the story of the rise of progressive media from 2004 to today and lays out a clear, hard-hitting theory of ongoing impact.
politics  progressive  book  infrastructure  weblog-group  media  journalism  institutions  networks 
february 2010 by tsuomela
The Problem of Organizations « Easily Distracted
The political and social problem of making institutions renewable and self-repairing without handing them a perpetual license to seek transfers, to be always “too important to fail”, is the real problem of the 21st Century. It applies across market and state, civil society and private life.
institutions  organizations  design  sociology  politcal-science  politics  power  corruption  21c  renewable  time  endurance  sustainability  societies 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Charlie's Diary: Designing society for posterity
So. You, and a quarter of a million other folks, have embarked on a 1000-year voyage aboard a hollowed-out asteroid. What sort of governance and society do you think would be most comfortable, not to mention likely to survive the trip without civil war, famine, and reigns of terror?
sf  fiction  space  space-opera  travel  societies  endurance  time  design  futurism  speculation  organizations  institutions  sociology  social  sustainability 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Taken for Granted: Shocked, Shocked! to Find Disappointment on Campus - Science Careers - Biotech, Pharmaceutical, Faculty, Postdoc jobs on Science Careers
But as the great majority of faculty members learn--quickly or slowly depending on where they end up--the opportunity to do important science and gain major recognition only ever exists for a relative few--overwhelmingly those educated and employed at the most prestigious universities. The real issue in the distribution of recognition and prestige, Hermanowicz's meticulous research shows, is not the ability or drive of individual scientists but, to paraphrase the book's subtitle, "how institutions shape careers."
academia  academic  job  career  science  prestige  expertise  reputation  research  sociology  institutions 
december 2009 by tsuomela
One Man’s Moose « Easily Distracted
On the other hand, there’s a danger to defending the state as an institution by listing its productive integration into everyday life. For one, it’s important for educated elites in the U.S. and Western Europe to seriously consider the degree to which that state, the state that provides services and protections, is an institution to which those elites have privileged access.
government  freedom  liberalism  institutions  elites  power  success 
october 2009 by tsuomela
They call it Theory Monday — Crooked Timber
Michael Berube follows up his CHE essay on cultural studies. "I’m basically arguing like so: one, when cultural studies is seen as nothing more than the (celebratory) study of popular culture, it’s easy to dismiss—and two, the political economy crowd has long had a vested interest in doing so, because cultural studies posed a direct challenge to them." ... "At this point I’m touching on a large (and, for some people, sore) subject—namely, cultural studies’ ambivalence about its own institutionalization."
cultural-studies  definition  academic  institutions  methods  self-definition 
september 2009 by tsuomela » Trust, Fairness, Shared Identity
Mark van Vugt of the VU University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands examines the social psychology of successful commons. His piece, “Triumph of the Commons: Helping the World to Share,” proposes “four key conditions for the successful management of shared environmental resources: information, identity, institutions and incentives,” or what he calls the 4i framework.
commons  values  information  identity  institutions  incentives 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Here we are…there we are going « Connectivism
Antidote to the idea that universities are being undermined by OER. Universities will persist because they provide an institutional counterweight to business and government.
university  education  future  connectivism  open-education  learning  change  college  oer  institutions  power  counterweight 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Shelby Steele -- Affirmative Action Doesn't Solve the Real Problem
Affirmative action has always been more about the restoration of legitimacy to American institutions than the uplift of blacks and other minorities. For 30 years after its inception, no one even bothered to measure its effectiveness in minority progress. Advocates of racial preferences tried to prove that these policies actually helped minorities only after 1996, when California's Proposition 209 banned racial preferences in all state institutions, scaring supporters across the country.
affirmative-action  race  racism  policy  guilt  institutions  history  america 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Being on the left
This optimism about human nature, however, seems to coexist with a pessimism about the scope for institutional change....This “human nature-optimism, institution-pessimism” is, if anything (and to simplify), the mirror image of my view.
leftism  future  institutions  human-nature  change  possibility 
july 2009 by tsuomela
I cite: Emergence? Not again
Short critique of Emergence by Stephen Johnson (and inter alia other emergence popularizations) re: the confusions between small and large scale, face to face with computer mediated communication, and reflexivity.
emergence  complexity  cscw  computer  technology-effects  technology  conversation  reflexivity  mediation  institutions 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Macroeconomics
Macroeconomics has traditionally ignored the inner workings of all companies. It has seen non-financial firms as mere production functions, transforming inputs into output in a stable (and smoothly differentiable) way. Regarding banks as black boxes for converting savings into loans is a natural consequence of paying insufficient heed to institutions.
economics  macroeconomic  failure  institutions 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Streetsblog » Back to the Grid: John Norquist on How to Fix National Transpo Policy
If you look at communities that are really successful and have rich, complex street grids with transit -- or even without transit, but they have street grids -- there’s much more efficiency in the use of pavement. You can go the direction you want to go, you don't have to go out of the way and come back.
transportation  development  environment  urban  urbanism  rules  rule-making  design  institutions 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Less Wrong: Rational Me or We?
I'm much more interested in how we can can join together to believe truth, and it actually seems easier to design institutions which achieve this end than to design institutions to test individual isolated general tendencies to discern truth.
rationality  institutions  organization  individual 
march 2009 by tsuomela
digital digs: the hacker and the (educational) institution
As I see it, the hacker exists in a symbiotic relationship with institutions. No institutions, nothing to hack.
education  hackers  hacking  institutions 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Matthew Yglesias » Presidential Trouble
Garrett Epps has a very interesting article in The Atlantic making the case that the presidency is simply a poorly designed office as currently conceived
politics  political-science  institutions  constitution  america  sociology  analysis 
january 2009 by tsuomela
The John William Pope Center for Higher Education Policy : Skewering the Great Books Movement
But the fame surrounding Great Books came from the public, not the students. The name, complete with capitalization, is familiar to many Americans because of Great Books discussion groups. These started with seminars in downtown Chicago for businessmen and their wives, but by 1947 there were 3,000 groups in the Midwest.
great-books  1950s  20c  culture  lowbrow  class  education  institutions 
december 2008 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Obama Ate the Left, And We Shouldn't Blame Him At All. But What Do We Do Now? the question, in my opinion, is because Obama effectively ate a huge chunk of the left. And really, Obama didn't eat a huge chunk of the left, celebrity did.
politics  2008  election  celebrity  infrastructure  institutions 
december 2008 by tsuomela

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