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International Commission on Stratigraphy
"The International Commission on Stratigraphy is the largest and oldest constituent scientific body in the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). Its primary objective is to precisely define global units (systems, series, and stages) of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart that, in turn, are the basis for the units (periods, epochs, and age) of the International Geologic Time Scale; thus setting global standards for the fundamental scale for expressing the history of the Earth."
geology  classification  stratification  time  deep-time  international  standards 
july 2018 by tsuomela
Quinn Slobodian – Globalists — Crooked Timber
"Quinn Slobodian’s fantastic intellectual history of neo-liberalism in the international arena, Globalists: The End of Empire and the Birth of Neoliberalism. "
book  review  neoliberalism  history  20c  political-science  international  institutions 
may 2018 by tsuomela
Water Data Portal
"The International Water Management Institute (IWMI) has been doing research on water for the last 30 years. Being a non-profit research organization all the research outputs and data used for the research are shared with researchers across the globe as a global public goods (GPGs). The Water Data Portal (WDP), following "one-stop shop" approach, provides access to a large amount of data related to water and agriculture. WDP contains meteorological, hydrological, socio-economic, spatial data layer, satellite images as well as hydrological model setups. The data in the WDP, both spatial & non-spatial, are supported by the standardized metadata and are available for download by user including academia, scientists, researchers and decision makers. However, access is provided in compliance with copyrights, intellectual property rights and data agreements with our partners."
data-sources  data-curation  preservation  international  weather  meteorology 
november 2016 by tsuomela
The International Data Rescue (I-DARE) Portal | I-DARE
"This International Data Rescue (I-DARE) Portal provides a single point of entry for information on the status of past and present worldwide to be rescued data and data rescue projects, on best methods and technologies involved in data rescue, and on metadata for data that need to be rescued."
data-sources  data-curation  preservation  international  cooperation 
november 2016 by tsuomela
ISO 14721:2012 - Space data and information transfer systems -- Open archival information system (OAIS) -- Reference model
"ISO 14721:2012 defines the reference model for an open archival information system (OAIS). An OAIS is an archive, consisting of an organization, which may be part of a larger organization, of people and systems that has accepted the responsibility to preserve information and make it available for a designated community. It meets a set of such responsibilities as defined in this International Standard, and this allows an OAIS archive to be distinguished from other uses of the term "archive". The term "open" in OAIS is used to imply that ISO 14721:2012, as well as future related International Standards, are developed in open forums, and it does not imply that access to the archive is unrestricted."
standards  archives  reference  international  iso  information-science 
february 2015 by tsuomela
The Case for Dividing the World Into 'Fat' and 'Lean' Countries - Uri Friedman - The Atlantic
"The key insight of Olopade's new book, The Bright Continent: Breaking Rules & Making Change in Modern Africa, is that being a fat country isn't necessarily good, and being a lean country isn't necessarily bad."
book  review  economics  international  third-world  poverty 
march 2014 by tsuomela
Global Voices · Citizen media stories from around the world
"Global Voices is an international community of bloggers who report on blogs and citizen media from around the world."
news  international  weblog 
september 2013 by tsuomela
The Citizen Lab - University of Toronto
"The Citizen Lab is an interdisciplinary laboratory based at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, Canada focusing on advanced research and development at the intersection of digital media, global security, and human rights. We are a “hothouse” that combines the disciplines of political science, sociology, computer science, engineering, and graphic design. Our mission is to undertake advanced research and engage in development that monitors, analyses, and impacts the exercise of political power in cyberspace. We undertake this mission through collaborative partnerships with leading edge research centers, organizations, and individuals around the world, and through a unique “mixed methods” approach that combines technical analysis with intensive field research, qualitative social science, and legal and policy analysis methods undertaken by subject matter experts."
school(UToronto)  online  internet  research  academic-lab  security  political-science  international  foreign-affairs 
july 2013 by tsuomela
ITU Phobia: Why WCIT was derailed | IGP Blog
"We now know more about what led to the impasse at the WCIT, and the scope of the fissure that it created. It is clear that nations will split 2 to 1 in favor of signing the ITR treaty. The majority of the signatories are the developing countries in Africa, Asia (including China), the Middle East, Latin America, and of course Russia. The refuseniks are primarily developed, western economies; they are concentrated in North America, Europe and Japan, although they were joined by India and some other developing countries. Though smaller in number, refuseniks account for probably two-thirds of the telecommunications and Internet economy. Politically, this is a troublesome bifurcation, although its implications for internet governance may not be all that bad."
internet  governance  international  treaties  telecommunications  standards 
december 2012 by tsuomela
A History of Future Cities | W. W. Norton
"A pioneering exploration of four cities where East meets West and past becomes future: St. Petersburg, Shanghai, Mumbai, and Dubai.

On May 27, 1703, Tsar Peter the Great founded a new capital on a barren Baltic marsh. Modeled on Amsterdam, he believed it would erase Russian backwardness and usher in a modernized, Westernized future. In the nineteenth-century Age of Imperialism, the British rebuilt Bombay as a tropical London, while three Western powers made Shanghai look just like home. And in our own time, the sheikh of Dubai has endeavored to transform his desert city into a Vegas-esque skyscraper-studded global hub. The cultural and historical threads that connect these cities and their conflicted embrace of modernity are brought into relief in Daniel Brook’s captivating mix of history and reportage—a story of architects and authoritarians, artists and revolutionaries who take these facsimiles of the West and turn them into crucibles of non-Western modernity. A History of Future Cities is both a crucial reminder of globalization’s long march and an inspiring look into the possibilities of our Asian Century."
book  publisher  cities  urban  international  history 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Delivering Data in Science - Chemistry International -- Newsmagazine for IUPAC
"On 5 March 2012 ICSTI, the International Council for Scientific and Technical information, convened a one-day workshop, held at ICSU headquarters in Paris, on "Delivering Data in Science" to survey some of the most pressing issues."
data-curation  international  workshop  review  science  big-data 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Privacy in the developing world: a global research agenda | Privacy International
Privacy is internationally recognized as a fundamental right. Yet the confines of the right to privacy are subject to never-ending games of tug-of-war between individuals, governments and corporations. These games are rarely fair – individuals are often under-informed and lack the capacity to assert and protect their privacy, while those who seek to erode it are increasingly overbearing and secretive. This is particularly the case in developing countries, where the absence of adequate legal and institutional frameworks and safeguards facilitates unhindered corporate intrusion into privacy.
privacy  world  international  law  legal  developing 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Taxes: How low can you go? | Chrystia Freeland | Analysis
But the really surprising thing about the no-more-tax consensus is how much of an outlier it makes the United States compared both with the rest of the world and with itself in recent history. When it comes to foreign policy or to global economic dominance, American exceptionalism may indeed be in jeopardy. But when it comes to taxes, the United States is quite different from most other Western industrialized economies.
economics  politics  taxes  tax-cuts  ideology  international  comparison 
may 2012 by tsuomela
International land deals: who is investing and where | Claire Provost | Global development | guardian.co.uk
The Land Matrix database is now the most comprehensive public source for information on international land deals – but it is not perfect. Some countries, for example, may be over-represented in the data simply because they are more transparent and routinely publish contract information. In other cases, the data may be skewed towards investors or countries that have featured in more media reports.
data  land-use  market  economics  exchange  international 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Is science fiction literature's first international language? | Books | guardian.co.uk
"It's as a response to that cultural void that science fiction becomes genuinely interesting. In the midst of an ever accelerating technological revolution, science fiction has emerged as the literature best able to articulate the relentless pace of social change. And as that technological revolution has spread outward from the western world, so the symbols and archetypes of science fiction have become a shared language for understanding the new world we are entering."
sf  fiction  literature  international  geek  culture  symbols  language 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Steve Rattner, Card Carrying Member of Top 1%, Tells Us We Should Lie Back and Enjoy Much Lower Wages Resulting From Globalization « naked capitalism
"Until the 2000s, in every economic expansion, labor got the bulk of the increase in GDP, typically over 60%, via more jobs and increased pay. Post 2000, there was an astonishing change, a shift from labor share, which fell to below 30%, and a massive increase in corporate profits. In other words, there was huge shift away from labor to capital. This has little to do with globalization and much to do with the weakened bargaining power of US workers. As much as it has become fashionable to look down on unions (and their corruption and short-sightedness hasn’t helped), having well paid blue collar workers helped the negotiating position of non-unionized white collar employees."
economics  capital  labor  outsourcing  international  free-trade 
october 2011 by tsuomela
How Many Slaves Are Working For You? | Fast Company
"A new website and mobile app looks at your purchases and determines the amount of forced labor that's gone into everything you own. "
slave  economics  products  capitalism  international  contemporary 
september 2011 by tsuomela
The Cause Of Riots And The Price of Food - Technology Review
"In other words, high food prices lead to a kind of tipping point when almost anything can trigger a riot, like a lighted match in a dry forest."
riots  protests  food  economics  pricing  international 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Polity IV Project: Home Page
"The Polity conceptual scheme is unique in that it examines concomitant qualities of democratic and autocratic authority in governing institutions, rather than discreet and mutually exclusive forms of governance. This perspective envisions a spectrum of governing authority that spans from fully institutionalized autocracies through mixed, or incoherent, authority regimes (termed "anocracies") to fully institutionalized democracies. The "Polity Score" captures this regime authority spectrum on a 21-point scale ranging from -10 (hereditary monarchy) to 10 (consolidated democracy). "
political-science  statistics  authority  scale  global  international 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Breakthrough Journal: Vaclav Smil : THE MANUFACTURING OF DECLINE
Popular fears that America is an empire in decline rise and fall with the business cycle -- or, more recently, the bubble cycle. One can only hope that, as the economy recovers, the surfeit of excited comparisons between the United States and ancient Rome will dissipate, allowing more sober assessments of America's future to take center stage. In a recent book, Why America is Not a New Rome, I observed that American decline after 1945 was inevitable, but that the US trade deficit and the significant relative retreat of manufacturing were not. This essay takes a closer look at the rapid decline of American manufacturing in comparison to other wealthy nations, challenges the reasons given for why Americans need not worry, and argues that for the United States to overcome its economic straits it must increase its export of manufactured goods.
economics  manufacturing  business  business-cycle  international 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
Home  About IODPAbout IODP  The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) is an international marine research program that explores Earth's history and structure recorded in seafloor sediments and rocks, and monitors subseafloor environments. IODP builds upon the earlier successes of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), which revolutionized our view of Earth history and global processes through ocean basin exploration. IODP greatly expands the reach of these previous programs by using multiple drilling platforms, including riser, riserless, and mission-specific, to achieve its scientific goal.
oceanography  oceans  science  collaboration  international  project  big-science  environment  earth-science 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Global Commission on Drug Policy
The purpose of The Global Commission on Drug Policy is to bring to the international level an informed, science-based discussion about humane and effective ways to reduce the harm caused by drugs to people and societies.
politics  policy  drugs  international  reports  global 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Red Cross EHL | Home
"The Exploring Humanitarian Law curriculum gives teachers easy-to-use materials to help students understand the rules governing war and their impact on human life and dignity."
law  war  civil-rights  humanitarian  military  genocide  international 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Oxford University Press: The Global Covenant: Robert Jackson
"The Global Covernant is a ground-breaking work by one of the leading scholars in international relations that rejuvenates the classical international society approach, and brings it into contact with the new era of world politics."
book  publisher  international  politics  political-science  global  objects  society 
march 2011 by tsuomela
International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA)
"The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) is the leading international body representing the interests of library and information services and their users. It is the global voice of the library and information profession."
professional-association  libraries  library  international  information-science 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Low-wage East meets high-quality West: New firm-level evidence from France | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
"With exports from low-wage countries like China on the rise, the question of what this means for trade and jobs in developed countries is a furious war of words. This column, using firm-level data for France between 1995 and 2005, shows that competition from low-wage markets actually boosts the sales of high-quality goods – but it concedes the benefits are not universal."
econometrics  economics  comparison  international  trade  wages  income 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Mosh Pit Diplomacy - NYTimes.com
"The would-be foreign policy prodigy Parag Khanna made a splash with his first book, “The Second World,” in 2008, by announcing with great fanfare — including a lengthy adaptation in The New York Times Magazine — what everyone already knew: that the international order was changing. The book was Khanna’s version of the fall of the West and the rise of the rest. Having described this grave new world, Khanna now wants to tell us how to run it. The result is another easy, breezy book that dispenses platitudes as though they were original insights and in the process fails to examine their actual significance. "
book  review  diplomacy  foreign-policy  foreign-affairs  globalization  politics  international 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Americans Are of Two Minds on Trade - Pew Research Center
The public is of two minds when it comes to trade with other countries. Most Americans say that increased trade with Canada, Japan and European Union countries -- as well as India, Brazil and Mexico -- would be good for the United States. But reactions are mixed to increased trade with South Korea and China.

More generally, there is increased skepticism about the impact of trade agreements such as NAFTA and the policies of the World Trade Organization. Roughly a third (35%) say that free trade agreements have been good for the United States, while 44% say they have been bad for the U.S.
polling  poll  trade  international  free-trade  american 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Cosmopolitan social democracy — Crooked Timber
The left needs to offer a transformational vision of a better society if it is to motivate the kind of enthusiasm needed to overcome a rightwing politics of tribalism and (often misperceived) self-interest. The 19th/20th century vision of socialism and class solidarity provides a model and a starting point, but that model is no longer adequate, and the political movements it gave rise to are in disarray. We need, a world view that extends the solidarity of social democracy to the whole of humanity
politcal-science  politics  liberal  liberalism  cosmopolitanism  international 
october 2010 by tsuomela
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