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tsuomela : judgment   29

Why Our Definition Of "Failure" Gets An F | Co.Exist: World changing ideas and innovation
"New tools like Kickboard Wireless Generation, and ClassDojo have the potential to help teachers capture far more fine-grained data about students’ day-to-day performance and interactions, which besides being good for teaching, could eventually be made the basis of a more nuanced picture of what happens in schools. But this data needs to be paired with nuanced judgments by politicians and the public."
education  reform  measurement  metrics  automation  digital  judgment  values 
september 2012 by tsuomela
Suspended Judgment: Humanity on full display
"The problem, or difference, that everyone was trying to point to is that India has not developed the practices and philosophies of hiding to the extent that America, and in other ways Europe, has. America is so good at hiding that even the claims to acknowledge injustice are themselves a hiding of American injustice: not only is the noting of poverty, caste, and pollution a displacing of subjectivity, it is also a hiding of American poverty, class, and consumptive pollution. So the differential problem is not Indian injustice and violence, which exists in equal measure in America, but that India does not hide a human essence towards violence and injustice, it has not developed the practices or philosophies to withdraw our injustice and violent essence from public view. It is, in other words, not modern in a Weberian, Protestant-rationalized way. "
american  culture  modernity  poverty  visibility  judgment  humanity 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Higher social class predicts increased unethical behavior
Seven studies using experimental and naturalistic methods reveal that upper-class individuals behave more unethically than lower-class individuals. In studies 1 and 2, upper-class individuals were more likely to break the law while driving, relative to lower-class individuals. In follow-up laboratory studies, upper-class individuals were more likely to exhibit unethical decision-making tendencies (study 3), take valued goods from others (study 4), lie in a negotiation (study 5), cheat to increase their chances of winning a prize (study 6), and endorse unethical behavior at work (study 7) than were lower-class individuals. Mediator and moderator data demonstrated that upper-class individuals’ unethical tendencies are accounted for, in part, by their more favorable attitudes toward greed.
psychology  lying  behavior  morality  ethics  class  income  money  socioeconomic  status  judgment  self-interest 
february 2012 by tsuomela
[1106.1915] Abstract art grandmasters score like class D amateurs
"Hawley-Dolan and Winner had asked the art students to compare paintings by abstract artists with paintings made by a child or by an animal. In 67% of the cases, art students said that the painting by a renowned artist is better. I compare this with the winning probability of the chessplayers of different ratings. I conclude that the great artists score on the level of class D amateurs. "
art  amateur  professional  judgment  abstract-art  modern-art 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Seeing the Mind Behind the Art - People can distinguish abstract expressionist paintings from highly similar paintings by children, chimps, monkeys, and elephants
Museumgoers often scoff that costly abstract expressionist paintings could have been made by a child and have mistaken paintings by chimpanzees for professional art. To test whether people really conflate paintings by professionals with paintings by children and animals, we showed art and nonart students paired images, one by an abstract expressionist and one by a child or animal, and asked which they liked more and which they judged as better. The first set of pairs was presented without labels
psychology  experiments  art  modern-art  abstract-art  aesthetics  judgment  value  visual  perception 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Keeping the Keys to the Kingdom « Easily Distracted
"Some of them add that they do not trust individuals to arrive at the same goals through repeated exercises in discretionary judgment. The system must do the work automatically, it must create a blanket of rules and laws, in order for projects like diversity or sustainability to avoid subversion and accident at the hands of individuals.

That push comes from a lot of places: an embedded haze of perpetual suspicion that suffuses academia, an inability or unwillingness to investigate whether some goals are hard to achieve whether or not anyone opposes or impedes them, and most of all, a touching but naive faith in the power of institutions to do anything if only we can find the correct systems to secure an objective. "
institutions  dreams  proceduralism  action  judgment 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Experimental Philosophy and the Problem of Free Will
"Many philosophical problems are rooted in everyday thought, and experimental philosophy uses social scientific techniques to study the psychological underpinnings of such problems. In the case of free will, research suggests that people in a diverse range of cultures reject determinism, but people give conflicting responses on whether determinism would undermine moral responsibility. When presented with abstract questions, people tend to maintain that determinism would undermine responsibility, but when presented with concrete cases of wrongdoing, people tend to say that determinism is consistent with moral responsibility. It remains unclear why people reject determinism and what drives people’s conflicted attitudes about responsibility. Experimental philosophy aims to address these issues and thereby illuminate the philosophical problem of free will. "
philosophy  experimental  free-will  freedom  near-far  construal-level-theory  choice  judgment  morality  ethics  abstraction 
march 2011 by tsuomela
You can draw, and probably better than I can - Roger Ebert's Journal
"She said everyone can draw until we are told or convince ourselves that we cannot. We start out drawing everything we see until that day comes when it is pointed out that our drawing of a dog, for example, looks nothing like a dog. Then we begin to believe we cannot draw.

Some few people actually can draw very well, if by that you mean "realistically and accurately." They can draw a dog that looks exactly like a dog. I respect and envy them. It is worth saying however that from a philosophical viewpoint their dog looks no more like a dog than mine does, because their drawing is a two-dimensional representation of the real animal, rendered in either various color choices or some version of monotones. Nor does a photograph look like a dog. You see my point."
drawing  art  skill  perception  hobbies  judgment  realism  children  aesthetics 
march 2011 by tsuomela
You Know More Than You Know | Wired Science |
There’s a fascinating new paper in Psychological Science by the Dutch psychologist Ap Dijksterhuis on the virtues of unconscious thought when it comes to predicting the outcome of soccer matches. It turns out that the conscious brain – that rational voice in your head deliberating over the alternatives – gets in the way of expertise. Although we tend to think of experts as being weighted down by information, their intelligence dependent on a vast set of explicit knowledge, this experiment suggests that successful experts don’t consciously access these facts. When they evaluate a situation, they don’t systematically compare all the available soccer teams or analyze the relevant players. They don’t rely on elaborate spreadsheets or athletic statistics or long lists of pros and cons. Instead, Dijksterhuis’ study suggests that the best experts naturally depend on their unconscious mind, on that subterranean warehouse of feelings, hunches and instincts.
psychology  unconscious  expertise  judgment 
october 2010 by tsuomela
When the future feels worse than the past: A temporal inconsistency in moral judgment. PsycNET - When the future feels worse than the past: A temporal inconsistency in moral judgment. by Caruso, Eugene M.
Logically, an unethical behavior performed yesterday should also be unethical if performed tomorrow. However, the present studies suggest that the timing of a transgression has a systematic effect on people's beliefs about its moral acceptability. Because people's emotional reactions tend to be more extreme for future events than for past events, and because such emotional reactions often guide moral intuitions, judgments of moral behavior may be more extreme in prospect than in retrospect.
psychology  bias  research  moral  judgment  future  past 
october 2010 by tsuomela
The Importance of Being Judgmental—By Scott Horton (Harper's Magazine)
One of the most serious distortions of liberalism in modern American thought could be reduced to a simple, oft-repeated phrase: don’t be so judgmental. The argument is that it’s healthy for citizens in a modern society to collect information and suspend the process of forming judgments. A core aspect of this approach is doubtless correct: as Count Tolstoy observed in What Is Art, even sophisticated minds are prone to fail to grasp essential facts if those facts contradict some conclusions they have already drawn. But this doesn’t mean that judgment should be suspended indefinitely. To the contrary, judgment is sometimes a moral imperative. Without judgment, there is no justice.
liberal  liberalism  judgment  justice  euphemism  language  politics  political-correctness 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Open Left:: David Weigel and the death spiral of American journalism
Paul Rosenberg builds off of this Brad DeLong quote. "the Washington Post never wanted to be perceived as impartial in the sense of an umpire with good eyesight who called balls and strikes as he or she saw them. The Washington Post wanted to be perceived as neutral in that roughly half its calls would go for the establishment Democrats and half its calls would go to the establishment Republicans."
media  journalism  newspapers  neutrality  impartial  judgment  bias  media-reform 
july 2010 by tsuomela
It's Complicated David Souter finally tells Americans to grow up.
Dahlia Lithwick comments on Souter's 2010 commencement speech at Harvard.
But the striking aspect of Souter's remarkable speech is that it rejected virtually all of these easy ideological labels and addressed itself to two much simpler questions: Is the meaning of the Constitution clear? And is the task of divining that meaning easy? These incisive questions themselves beg an even more pressing constitutional question: Why must justices first leave the bench before they can speak seriously about the importance of the court?
supreme-court  law  judicial  judgment  fair-reading  constitution  america 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Taste for Makers
by Paul Graham in 2002. "Good design looks easy. Like great athletes, great designers make it look easy. Mostly this is an illusion. The easy, conversational tone of good writing comes only on the eighth rewrite."
design  creativity  art  philosophy  programming  aesthetics  judgment  style  taste 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Blographia Literaria: The Millions List: Judging the Judges
The writer-heaviness of the list accounts, I think, for the high number of short story collections included. I have my own opinions of the relative merit of story collections to novels, but suffice it to say that I find writers' rapturous passions over a competent short story to be a little overheated. The "ZOMG every word is perfect" aesthetic just grates on me. Sorry.

The writer-heaviness also, I think, accounts for why so many of the works included are of the hybrid variety—"literary fiction" that cleverly incorporate genre (SFF, thriller) elements—while there are so few (actually none) books which are actually categorized as genre fiction.
writing  lists  best-of-the-year  criticism  judgment  literature  fiction 
september 2009 by tsuomela
The Atlantic Online | Fiction 2009 | Telling Tails | Tim O’Brien
The problem with unsuccessful stories is usually simple: they are boring, a consequence of the failure of imagination. To vividly imagine and to vividly render extraordinary human events, or sequences of events, is the hard-lifting, heavy-duty, day-by-day, unending labor of a fiction writer.
writing  fiction  literature  story  creativity  howto  judgment  aesthetics 
august 2009 by tsuomela
I cite: Judge
One of the weaknesses of left and liberal political theory over the past decades is the forfeiture of judgment. Politically correct theorists use the term 'judgmental' critically, as if making a judgment were a kind of failing.
political-correctness  judgment  ethics  academia 
august 2009 by tsuomela
The Epistemology of Elitism - PostClassic
Lists some of the virtues of music/art: innovation, craftsmanship, emotional truth, sensuousness, clarity, simplicity, intellectualism, memorability, physicality, theoretical rigor... Annotated link
music  experience  philosophy  aesthetics  value  judgment  virtue  elitism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Scientists Know Better Than You--Even When They're Wrong: Scientific American
How do you distinguish the people who can and can't contribute to a specialized field?
The key to the whole thing is whether people have had access to the tacit knowledge of an esoteric area—tacit knowledge is know-how that you can't express in words.
science  sts  science-wars  expertise  experience  evaluation  judgment  knowledge  implicit  specialization 
april 2009 by tsuomela

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