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tsuomela : justice   65

What John Rawls Missed | The New Republic
book  review  political-science  philosophy  intellectual  history  justice 
20 days ago by tsuomela
A Short History of Distributive Justice — Samuel Fleischacker | Harvard University Press
"Distributive justice in its modern sense calls on the state to guarantee that everyone is supplied with a certain level of material means. Samuel Fleischacker argues that guaranteeing aid to the poor is a modern idea, developed only in the last two centuries. Earlier notions of justice, including Aristotle’s, were concerned with the distribution of political office, not of property. It was only in the eighteenth century, in the work of philosophers such as Adam Smith and Immanuel Kant, that justice began to be applied to the problem of poverty. To attribute a longer pedigree to distributive justice is to fail to distinguish between justice and charity. Fleischacker explains how confusing these principles has created misconceptions about the historical development of the welfare state. Socialists, for instance, often claim that modern economics obliterated ancient ideals of equality and social justice. Free-market promoters agree but applaud the apparent triumph of skepticism and social-scientific rigor. Both interpretations overlook the gradual changes in thinking that yielded our current assumption that justice calls for everyone, if possible, to be lifted out of poverty. By examining major writings in ancient, medieval, and modern political philosophy, Fleischacker shows how we arrived at the contemporary meaning of distributive justice."
book  publisher  economics  history  political-science  poverty  justice  distribution  wealth  government 
september 2016 by tsuomela
Marking time, more thoughts - Charlie's Diary
"But beyond the issue of how to keep capitalism creaking along, Poul raised a key point: How do we structure a society where only a dwindling fraction of the potential workforce is required for keeping the wheels on the track? Assuming the point is to structure a society that tries to minimize cruelty, what are our options?"
work  labor  computers  technology-effects  future  economics  fairness  justice  society 
august 2013 by tsuomela
DNA analysis: far from an open-and-shut case | Science | The Observer
"The case has become a blot in the history book of forensic science but the lessons extend far beyond the procedures of criminal investigation. If nothing else, the Phantom of Heilbronn demonstrates the amazing psychological power of DNA evidence. The belief that DNA samples mark out individuals like an infallible biological barcode is so powerful that people will begin to hypothesise invincible, transsexual, border-hopping serial killers just to keep the story coherent with the genetic evidence."
crime  evidence  justice  law  science  technology  dna  biology  forensics 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Perverted Justice - Reason Magazine
"Sex offender laws represent the triumph of outrage over reason."
law  justice  sex  outrage  anger  punishment  america 
august 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Social justice and democratic stability
"the theory of the moral economy. In its essence, the theory holds that the fact of sustained violation of a person's moral expectations of the society around him or her is a decisive factor in collective mobilization in many historical circumstances. Later theorists of political activism have downplayed the idea of moral outrage, preferring more material motivations based on self-interest. But the current round of activism and protest around the globe seems to point back in the direction of these more normative motivations -- combined, of course, with material interests. So it is worth reexamining the idea that a society that badly offends the sense of justice of segments of its population is likely to stimulate resistance."
economics  morality  rebellion  political-science  sociology  activism  motivation  fairness  justice  social-justice 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Making Light: It’s good to be all the king’s men
Did Congress declare Educate the Public About the Hierarchy of Justice Week and I missed the announcement? Because the past few days have drawn a very clear diagram of the modern American law-enforcement privilege pyramid.
police  power  law  fairness  justice  abuse 
november 2010 by tsuomela
The Question | Corrente
The Democrats who are wringing their hands over the costs of the Tea Party, are really already getting ahead of the game of kicking their own populists. The Democratic Party needed Obama himself to come out and kick his own base, repeatedly. That base, once kicked, stayed down. With the results seen in the election. The old voted, and largely as they have voted for the last 10 years: in favor of gray fascism. The young did not vote. In only two years, Obama had lost them

But this is mirrored across the developed world: in the UK, the budget will be balanced on the backs of the young, including in University fees. In France, retirement age increases were pushed through by a government with less than 30% approval. In Germany a right wing coalition imposes austerity on all of Europe, to keep the currency reigned in. The global old, are in firm control of the future, and since they do not have much future, they are voting to strip it bare.
politics  generation  intergenerational  justice  economics  democrats  progressive  failure  age 
november 2010 by tsuomela
World Justice Project
A worldwide Rule of Law deficit undermines efforts to make societies safe, lift people from poverty and build economic prosperity, reduce corruption, improve public health and enhance education. The WJP is tapping into a broad recognition that the Rule of Law is essential to thriving communities and to the success of virtually all fields of endeavor
law  world  international  justice 
october 2010 by tsuomela
The Importance of Being Judgmental—By Scott Horton (Harper's Magazine)
One of the most serious distortions of liberalism in modern American thought could be reduced to a simple, oft-repeated phrase: don’t be so judgmental. The argument is that it’s healthy for citizens in a modern society to collect information and suspend the process of forming judgments. A core aspect of this approach is doubtless correct: as Count Tolstoy observed in What Is Art, even sophisticated minds are prone to fail to grasp essential facts if those facts contradict some conclusions they have already drawn. But this doesn’t mean that judgment should be suspended indefinitely. To the contrary, judgment is sometimes a moral imperative. Without judgment, there is no justice.
liberal  liberalism  judgment  justice  euphemism  language  politics  political-correctness 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Overkill: The Rise of Paramilitary Police Raids in America | Radley Balko | Cato Institute: White Paper
Americans have long maintained that a man's home is his castle and that he has the right to defend it from unlawful intruders. Unfortunately, that right may be disappearing. Over the last 25 years, America has seen a disturbing militarization of its civilian law enforcement, along with a dramatic and unsettling rise in the use of paramilitary police units (most commonly called Special Weapons and Tactics, or SWAT) for routine police work. The most common use of SWAT teams today is to serve narcotics warrants, usually with forced, unannounced entry into the home.
crime  justice  law  america  civil-liberties  freedom  libertarian  privacy  police  militarization  paramilitary 
july 2010 by tsuomela
American Exception - The New York Times
Articles in this series will examine commonplace aspects of the American justice system that are virtually unique in the world.
law  punishment  america  history  justice  judicial 
june 2010 by tsuomela / Comment / Opinion - On the brink of a new age of rage
by Simon Schama - "Historians will tell you there is often a time-lag between the onset of economic disaster and the accumulation of social fury. In act one, the shock of a crisis initially triggers fearful disorientation; the rush for political saviours; instinctive responses of self-protection, but not the organised mobilisation of outrage. Whether in 1789 or now, an incoming regime riding the storm gets a fleeting moment to try to contain calamity. If it is seen to be straining every muscle to put things right it can, for a while, generate provisional legitimacy."
economics  recession  crisis  business  banking  finance  justice  revolution  anger  emotion  politics  history 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Brennan Center for Justice
The Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law is a non-partisan public policy and law institute that focuses on fundamental issues of democracy and justice. Our work ranges from voting rights to redistricting reform, from access to the courts to presidential power in the fight against terrorism. A singular institution—part think tank, part public interest law firm, part advocacy group—the Brennan Center combines scholarship, legislative and legal advocacy, and communications to win meaningful, measurable change in the public sector.
law  politics  research  academic  justice 
february 2010 by tsuomela
The Prize in Economics 1998 - Press Release
Press release for Amartya Sen 1998 economics Nobel Prize.
nobelprize  economics  1998  justice  distribution  welfare 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Democracy & the left
The thing is, the left should be ambivalent about democracy, at least in its current forms, for two reasons.
First, in prioritizing stated preferences over justice, it gives too much weight to the interests of the noisy but wrongly discontented privileged and not enough weight to those of the silent poor who have resigned themselves to their fate.
Secondly, cognitive biases research has shown that Marx was wholly correct on an important point. There are mechanisms which generate false beliefs, and these beliefs tend to support the existing order and hostility to the worst-off.
democracy  leftism  liberal  critique  poverty  utility  economics  justice  fairness 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Privilege, poverty & adaptation
Unfortunately, our pseudo-democracy does just this. It gives too little weight to the quietly oppressed, and too much to the noisy but discontented privileged.
economics  politics  justice  fairness  income  utility  utilitarianism  democracy  power  poverty  happiness 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Charlie's Diary: Merciless
Charles Stross on crime, health care, and mercy in America.
mercy  crime  politics  justice  america  punishment 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Just-world phenomenon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The just-world phenomenon, also called the just-world theory, just-world fallacy, just-world effect, or just-world hypothesis, refers to the tendency for people to want to believe that the world is "just" so strongly that when they witness an otherwise inexplicable injustice they will rationalize it by searching for things that the victim might have done to deserve it. This deflects their anxiety, and lets them continue to believe the world is a just place, but at the expense of blaming victims for things that were not, objectively, their fault.
ethics  justice  perception  bias  explanation  rationality  philosophy  psychology 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Justice
Now, I don’t mean to disrepect the JRF’s research here. All I’m saying is that there’s no reason to suppose that public opinion about justice should coincide with what is actually just. After all, if it did we could ditch 2500 years of political philosophy and use opinion polls instead.
public-opinion  polls  justice  psychology  bias  fairness  politics 
june 2009 by tsuomela » The Rights of Future Generations
These principles amount to an Intergenerational Golden Rule: When making decisions about our world, we should do unto our children as we wish our parents had done unto us.
philosophy  generation  intergenerational  justice  future  rights  environment  commons  law 
may 2009 by tsuomela
TPMCafe | Talking Points Memo | A Political System Utterly Unresponsive to the Poor
The eminent political scientist Robert Dahl once suggested that "a key characteristic of a democracy is the continued responsiveness of the government to the preferences of its citizens, considered as political equals." By that standard, contemporary America hardly seems to qualify. While cynics will not be surprised to hear that poor people are less than equal in our political system, even they should be shocked and disturbed by the strength of the empirical evidence suggesting that the views of millions of poor Americans are utterly ignored by their elected representatives.
politics  political-science  american  poverty  fairness  justice  class  class-war 
december 2008 by tsuomela
slacktivist: Doggie justice
It's not surprising that they would argue such a thing. Of course they don't believe there's any such thing as justice in this life or any other. That's what they're banking on. Envy they accept as real. Justice they regard as mere superstition.
dogs  ethics  envy  justice  psychology  evolution  animals  fairness 
december 2008 by tsuomela
Analysing capitalism — Crooked Timber
The events of the last weeks have made me wonder about the agenda of contemporary analytical political philosophy. There are many ways to describe the current financial crisis, but it’s not implausible to say that the foundations of capitalism are shaking. Yet I find little help in contemporary analytical political philosophy to help me understand what’s going on.
economics  bailout  2008  philosophy  analytic-philosophy  justice 
october 2008 by tsuomela
Economist's View: "The Predator State: How Conservatives Abandoned the Free Market and Why Liberals Should Too"
There is a way out, but it is not easy. Historically, regulation and standards have required acceptance by progressive business—those firms that recognized they would lose in races to the bottom. Today, corporate and public policy alike are run by the m
economics  policy  politics  justice  regulation 
june 2008 by tsuomela » Risk, Inequality and the Economics of Disaster
Marcellus Andrews explains how climate change will force us to confront the inequalities that market fundamentalism produces.
commons  environment  economics  justice  distribution  resources  markets 
june 2008 by tsuomela
Social Watch
Social Watch is an international NGO watchdog network monitoring poverty eradication and gender equality.
activism  development  economics  international  justice  non-profit  social  society  sustainability  world  politics 
march 2008 by tsuomela
Ancient income inequality | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from Europe's leading economists
Some key aspects of inequality have been uncovered by this initial look at ancient societies.4 On the average, income inequality in today’s countries is not very different than it was in distant times. However, the extraction ratio – how much of poten
economics  history  inequality  justice  ancient 
december 2007 by tsuomela

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