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tsuomela : linguistics   78

Gretchen McCulloch – Internet Linguist
"I’m an internet linguist: I analyze the language of the internet, for the people of the internet. I’m the author of the New York Times bestselling Because Internet: Understanding the New Rules of Language, "
author  internet  linguistics 
14 days ago by tsuomela
Quantitative Corpus Linguistics with R: A Practical Introduction (Paperback) - Routledge
"The first textbook of its kind, Quantitative Corpus Linguistics with R demonstrates how to use the open source programming language R for corpus linguistic analyses. Computational and corpus linguists doing corpus work will find that R provides an enormous range of functions that currently require several programs to achieve – searching and processing corpora, arranging and outputting the results of corpus searches, statistical evaluation, and graphing."
book  publisher  linguistics  digital-humanities  statistics  r 
november 2016 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: Linguistic Traces of a Scientific Fraud: The Case of Diederik Stapel
"When scientists report false data, does their writing style reflect their deception? In this study, we investigated the linguistic patterns of fraudulent (N = 24; 170,008 words) and genuine publications (N = 25; 189,705 words) first-authored by social psychologist Diederik Stapel. The analysis revealed that Stapel's fraudulent papers contained linguistic changes in science-related discourse dimensions, including more terms pertaining to methods, investigation, and certainty than his genuine papers. His writing style also matched patterns in other deceptive language, including fewer adjectives in fraudulent publications relative to genuine publications. Using differences in language dimensions we were able to classify Stapel's publications with above chance accuracy. Beyond these discourse dimensions, Stapel included fewer co-authors when reporting fake data than genuine data, although other evidentiary claims (e.g., number of references and experiments) did not differ across the two article types. This research supports recent findings that language cues vary systematically with deception, and that deception can be revealed in fraudulent scientific discourse."
science  fraud  text-analysis  linguistics  language  detection 
november 2014 by tsuomela
Shaka, When the Walls Fell - Ian Bogost - The Atlantic
"A charming sentiment, and a move that always works for Star Trek—the juxtaposition of classical antiquity and science-fictional futurism. But Picard gets it wrong one last time. To represent the world as systems of interdependent logics we need not elevate those logics to the level of myth, nor focus on the logics of our myths. Instead, we would have to meditate on the logics in everything, to see the world as one built of weird, rusty machines whose gears squeal as they grind against one another, rather than as stories into which we might write ourselves as possible characters. It’s an understandable mistake, but one that rings louder when heard from the vantage point of the 24th century. For even then, stories and images take center stage, and logics and processes wait in the wings as curiosities, accessories. Perhaps one day we will learn this lesson of the Tamarians: that understanding how the world works is a more promising approach to intervention within it than mere description or depiction. Until then, well: Shaka, when the walls fell."
title(StarTrek)  language  linguistics  metaphor  logic  philosophy  culture  television 
june 2014 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach
"We analyzed 700 million words, phrases, and topic instances collected from the Facebook messages of 75,000 volunteers, who also took standard personality tests, and found striking variations in language with personality, gender, and age. In our open-vocabulary technique, the data itself drives a comprehensive exploration of language that distinguishes people, finding connections that are not captured with traditional closed-vocabulary word-category analyses. Our analyses shed new light on psychosocial processes yielding results that are face valid (e.g., subjects living in high elevations talk about the mountains), tie in with other research (e.g., neurotic people disproportionately use the phrase ‘sick of’ and the word ‘depressed’), suggest new hypotheses (e.g., an active life implies emotional stability), and give detailed insights (males use the possessive ‘my’ when mentioning their ‘wife’ or ‘girlfriend’ more often than females use ‘my’ with ‘husband’ or 'boyfriend’). To date, this represents the largest study, by an order of magnitude, of language and personality."
social-networks  social-media  big-data  facebook  psychology  linguistics  mood  personality  gender  language 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Mapping the Origins and Expansion of the Indo-European Language Family
"There are two competing hypotheses for the origin of the Indo-European language family. The conventional view places the homeland in the Pontic steppes about 6000 years ago. An alternative hypothesis claims that the languages spread from Anatolia with the expansion of farming 8000 to 9500 years ago. We used Bayesian phylogeographic approaches, together with basic vocabulary data from 103 ancient and contemporary Indo-European languages, to explicitly model the expansion of the family and test these hypotheses. We found decisive support for an Anatolian origin over a steppe origin. Both the inferred timing and root location of the Indo-European language trees fit with an agricultural expansion from Anatolia beginning 8000 to 9500 years ago. These results highlight the critical role that phylogeographic inference can play in resolving debates about human prehistory."
languages  linguistics  modeling  bayes  statistics  geography  anthropology 
august 2012 by tsuomela
Are Women Really More Talkative Than Men?
"Women are generally assumed to be more talkative than men. Data were analyzed from 396 participants who wore a voice recorder that sampled ambient sounds for several days. Participants' daily word use was extrapolated from the number of recorded words. Women and men both spoke about 16,000 words per day."
linguistics  gender  psychology  talk  conversation 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Sapping Attention
Digital Humanities: Using tools from the 1990s to answer questions from the 1960s about 19th century America.
weblog-individual  digital-humanities  statistics  language  linguistics  history  visualization 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Naturalism without Mirrors // Reviews // Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Price's naturalism is "without mirrors" because the rejection of representationalism is a rejection of the idea that thought or language mirrors the world in such a way that we can read off significant ontological or metaphysical truths from the structure of language or thought. Language is not a mirror of nature. Price thus stands in general solidarity with Dewey, Wittgenstein, Rorty, and Brandom."
book  review  philosophy  metaphysics  pragmatism  representation  language  linguistics  realism 
september 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Searle on social ontology
"Searle thinks that rules, institutions, and collective intentions are the fundamental "atoms" of social phenomena
social  ontology  philosophy  theory  sociology  explanation  language  linguistics  speech 
march 2011 by tsuomela
The Information Palace by James Gleick | NYRBlog | The New York Review of Books
The word “information” has grown urgent and problematic—a signpost seen everywhere, freighted with new meaning and import. We hardly need the lexicographers of the Oxford English Dictionary to tell us that, but after all, this is what they live for. It is a word, they tell us, “exhibiting significant linguistic productivity,” a word that “both reflects and embodies major cultural and technological change,” therefore a word crying out for their attention.
information  language  definition  dictionary  history  words  linguistics 
december 2010 by tsuomela
This Is Your Brain on Metaphors - NYTimes.com
But if the brain confusing reality and literalness with metaphor and symbol can have adverse consequences, the opposite can occur as well.
metaphor  language  brain  neurology  evolution  psychology  behavior  linguistics  cognition  reality  literalism  philosophy 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Evolution and Economics as Different Paradigms XI: Market Fundamentalism : Evolution for Everyone
The term "market fundamentalism" was popularized by George Soros in his 1998 book The Crisis of Global Capitalism and has led a lively existence ever since. It's a great epithet, but what does it really mean to call a set of beliefs fundamentalist? Can the claim be proven? And what's wrong with subscribing to fundamentalist beliefs?
markets  evolution  fundamentalism  philosophy  linguistics  language  altruism  language-analysis 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Criticisms of Lakoff’s Theory of Metaphor « Apperceptual
Lakoff’s theory of metaphor has been both highly praised and highly criticized. My own thinking about how the mind works has been greatly influenced by Lakoff’s books, yet I also agree with much of what his critics say. I would like to make a case here that his books are worth reading, although much of the criticism is correct.
metaphor  linguistics  language  philosophy  cognition  analogy  debate  review  about(GeorgeLakoff) 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Apperceptual
Peter D. Turney
Institute for Information Technology
National Research Council Canada
weblog-individual  ai  computer-science  language  linguistics  machine  learning 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Oxford University Press: Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary: Christian Kay
A 40-year project in the making, the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary is the first historical thesaurus to include almost the entire vocabulary of English, from Old English to the present day. Conceived and compiled by the English Language Department of the University of Glasgow, the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary is a groundbreaking analysis of the historical inventory of English, allowing users to find words connected in meaning throughout the history of the language.
book  reference  publisher  thesaurus  long-term  linguistics  etymology  history 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Welcome - The Rosetta Project
The Rosetta Project is a global collaboration of language specialists and native speakers working to build a publicly accessible digital library of human languages.
languages  linguistics  library  archive 
may 2009 by tsuomela
Many Eyes: Phrase Net
A phrase net diagrams the relationships between different words used in a text. It uses a simple form of pattern matching to provide multiple views of the concepts contained a book, speech, or poem.
visualization  language  corpus  linguistics  computer 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Welcome to Cogprints - Cogprints
CogPrints, an electronic archive for self-archive papers in any area of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Linguistics, and many areas of Computer Science (
psychology  philosophy  brain  science  linguistics  research  articles  preprints  neuroscience  computer-science 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Suzette Haden Elgin @ women writers
In writing Native Tongue I tried to set out a number of those measures for the reader. The incidents that you mention in your question were examples. There are the legislative methods for subjugation and oppression, as in the two Constitutional changes
author  interview  sf  linguistics  feminism  radical  politics 
october 2008 by tsuomela
TextSTAT - Free concordance software for Windows and Linux
TextSTAT is a simple programme for the analysis of texts. It reads ASCII/ANSI texts (in different encodings) and HTML files (directly from the internet) and it produces word frequency lists and concordances from these files.
linguistics  software  analysis  text  writing  corpus  academic 
august 2008 by tsuomela
WordNet - Princeton University Cognitive Science Laboratory
WordNet® is a large lexical database of English, developed under the direction of George A. Miller. Nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs are grouped into sets of cognitive synonyms (synsets), each expressing a distinct concept.
language  reference  linguistics  database  research  natural-language-processing 
july 2008 by tsuomela
EUROPA-Languages-Home
This portal is your point of entry to information about languages from the European Union.

The European Union has 27 Member States and 23 official languages. Each Member State, when it joins the Union, stipulates which language or languages it wants to
language  linguistics  europe 
june 2008 by tsuomela
Idiom Shortage Leaves Nation All Sewed Up In Horse Pies | The Onion - America's Finest News Source
A crippling idiom shortage that has left millions of Americans struggling to express themselves spread like tugboat hens throughout the U.S. mainland Tuesday in an unparalleled lingual crisis that now has the entire country six winks short of an icicle.
humor  linguistics  language  the-onion 
march 2008 by tsuomela
The poet who could smell vowels - Times Literary Supplement
[Saussure] novel contribution was to imagine the sound side of language on the one hand, and the conceptual side on the other, as perfectly alike in their nature and mental operation.
philosophy  linguistics  history  people-saussure  structuralism 
december 2007 by tsuomela
The International Association for Computing and Philosophy
The IACAP exists to promote scholarly dialogue and research on all aspects of the computational and informational turn, and on the use of information and communication technologies in the service of philosophy.
philosophy  linguistics  computer-science  professional-association  computer 
october 2007 by tsuomela
Semantic analysis: Making sense of the chaos of free text « Matt’s Musings
You can use this same approach for any set of free-text. Analyse the sentence, look for the nouns, group the nouns using card sorting and viola! - you have a taxonomy.
web  taxonomy  information-architecture  linguistics 
june 2007 by tsuomela
Peter Ludlow
also speaking at cpmr and phil conference
people  umich  philosophy  linguistics 
february 2006 by tsuomela
World Wide Words
Language and word origin site
linguistics 
october 2004 by tsuomela

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