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tsuomela : marxism   62

A litmus test for technology critics | ROUGH TYPE
"As someone who approaches the question of technology, of tool-making and tool use, from a very different angle than the one Morozov takes, I’d like to respond with a word or two in defense of an open and pluralistic approach to technology criticism, rather than the closed and doctrinaire approach that Morozov advocates."
technology  technology-critique  phenomenology  politics  marxism 
march 2015 by tsuomela
May Day Marxism: Capitalism is looking pretty shabby.
"You see a rising tide of Rand-inflected moralism about market outcomes and a reduced emphasis on Friedman-style pragmatism. You also see a sharply reduced emphasis on belief in any kind of macroeconomic stabilization policy, in favor of a "let them eat cake slash move to North Dakota" moralism about unemployment. Last but by no means least, it really has become the conventional wisdom among American elites that the appropriate policy response to fiscal imbalance in a time of high and rising income inequality is restore balance by reducing the scope and generosity of social insurance programs."
economics  politics  marxism  class  class-war  capitalism 
may 2013 by tsuomela
Book Review: David Harvey’s Rebel Cities « Ph.D. Octopus
"David Harvey’s new book, Rebel Cities, is the latest entry in his life-long interest in uncovering the intersection between capitalism and urbanization. It’s a collection of previously published, but updated and revised, essays and articles. They are all particularly important to our understanding of both the long fall out of 2008’s economic crash and the rise of urban revolts in Egypt, Greece, New York and elsewhere. "
book  review  urban  urbanism  cities  marxism  capitalism  economics  growth  accumulation  creative-class 
april 2012 by tsuomela
John Lanchester · Marx at 193 · LRB 5 April 2012
"Capitalism’s greatest crisis is upon us, and it is predicated on the unavoidable fact that nature is finite. This is a point that Marxists for the most part have been reluctant to address, and for a very good reason: the problem of resources in the world today, whether food or water or power, power in all senses, are to do with inequitable distribution and not with the total supply. There is more than enough of all those things for all of us. Writers and activists in the Marxist tradition have tended to stress that point, and they’re right to do so, but we need also to face the fact that the world is heading towards ever greater consumption of and demand for resources on the part of everybody. Everybody simultaneously. That fact is capitalism’s most deadly opponent. To give just one example in relation to one resource only, the American average consumption of water is one hundred gallons per person per day. There isn’t enough fresh water on the planet for everyone to live like that."
marxism  history  capitalism  economics 
march 2012 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: “You Can’t Say That”: A Reply to Michael Fisher
"We still inhabit a world dominated by disease, hunger, and poverty. But withdrawal is not an option, not anymore, because we know how to deliver the goods to everyone: we know that scarcity, whether economic or emotional, is socially contrived and culturally enforced. We’ve long since solved the problem of production; we haven’t even begun with the problem of consumption because we’re so afraid of what it will cost us in the currencies that underwrite our “character.” We can finally afford to be our brother’s keeper—we can live by the ancient criterion of need, and, in doing so, we can live up to the original challenge of Christianity. We don’t yet know how because we’re still too afraid of the material abundance that enables consumer culture. My purpose in writing Against Thrift was to lay these fears to rest—or rather to explain them, to myself among other adults made anxious by the extremities of very late capitalism. "
consumerism  capitalism  book  review  marxism 
march 2012 by tsuomela
Marx, Anarchism, and Web Standards - Literate Programming
"This tendency means that most language that's specific to a domain will generally trend towards the usable at the expense of the learnable. The impact this has on individuals new to the domain, however, is that of a wall. An impediment. Overcoming this obstacle requires a bit of good faith on the part of the beginner
language  learning  usability  expertise  community  community-of-practice  anarchism  marxism  standards  jargon 
february 2012 by tsuomela
Politics averted: thoughts on the 'Occupy X' movement | Workers Solidarity Movement
"One of the major victories of neoliberalism is the eradication of the working-class from the popular consciousness. One of the results of this is the prevalence of the idea among certain sections of the left that the working-class is no longer relevant to understanding power in the modern world - an outdated idea clung to by old-left dinosaurs. This is reflected in the idea of 'the 99%' which has become the slogan of the 'Occupy X' movement, which expresses a very crude understanding of class, where the ruling class are an arbitrarily defined proportion of the wealthiest people in society."
wall-street  activism  protests  class  marxism  capitalism  class-war  rhetoric 
october 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Marx's critique
"I think that Marx's critique of 19th-century capitalist society can be summarized in three words: exploitation, domination, and alienation. These are simple ideas, but they invoke large and somewhat separate theories. The first has to do with economic relations in capitalism, in which one group extracts wealth from the work of another group. The second has to do with political relations in which one group has the power to compel subordination on the part of another group. And the third has to do with consciousness and the social psychology of the members of capitalist society."
economics  power  sociology  ideology  marxism  alienation  dominance  exploitation  philosophy 
july 2011 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: The Frankfurt School, Right-Wing Conspiracy Theories, and American Conservatism
"Neiwert goes on to note that the idea of "Cultural Marxism" has already filtered into much more mainstream conservative circles in this country. In particular, Republican dirty trickster Andrew Breitbart has become a major vector for the idea of "Cultural Marxism" and the supposed iniquity of the Frankfurt School."
right-wing  conspiracy  conservatism  history  political-correctness  marxism  critical-theory 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Class, power
"We cannot have a reasonable debate about class, because cognitive biases such as these are ubiquitous. Successful power structures persist in large part because the way in which power is exercised is hidden from us. The importance of class and the lack of discussion of it are two sides of the same fact."
politics  marxism  ideology  power  class  class-war  economics  explanation  bias 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Marxism, liberalism
"Herein, though, lies a reason why Marxism is so much more insightful than other political perspectives. Marxism is not so much a theory of an ideal government - Marx was notoriously silent on this - as a theory about why we don’t have such an ideal."
marxism  history  ideals  idealism  politics 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Marxism, Liquidated | Savage Minds
Comments discuss the place of Marx in anthropology and social sciences.
anthropology  marxism  class  ethnography  banking  theory  comments  discussion  social-science 
march 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: History of economic thought and the present
"An important point that Adler makes is that the social sciences have historically defined their research topics in close relationship to important contemporary social problems
economics  sociology  history  research  agenda  marxism 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Dissent Magazine - Winter 2011 Issue - Real Men Find Real Uto...
Negative review by Russell Jacoby of Envisioning Real Utopias by Erik Olin Wright Verso, 2010, 394 pp.
sociology  utopia  ideology  review  book  academic  marxism 
january 2011 by tsuomela
LRB · Benjamin Kunkel · How Much Is Too Much?
Review of:
The Enigma of Capital: And the Crises of Capitalism by David Harvey
A Companion to Marx’s ‘Capital’ by David Harvey
Plus comments on The Limits of Capital
book  review  marxism  about(KarlMarx)  economics  capitalism  capital  crisis 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Ralph Dumain: "The Autodidact Project": Marx and Marxism Web Guide
"Web resources on Marx and Marxism comprise too huge a category to document comprehensively. The focus here is Marxology and Marxist philosophy, theory, and history, primarily resources in the English language. "
marxism  communism  reference  online 
january 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Merchant capital
"Karl Marx was very interested in capital -- an abstract concept referring to society's wealth. And he was interested in the persons who owned and controlled capital -- the capitalists. But the primary focus of his lifelong analysis was upon one particular species of capital, what he referred to as "industrial capital." This is the form of wealth involved in the production process -- factories, mines, railroads. He had less to say about the aspect of capital that designated the exchange process -- what he referred to as "merchant capital" and finance capital. This selective focus reflected one of Marx's main historical opinions -- the idea that history moves forward through the development of the "productive forces," and that industrial capitalists (as well as the industrial proletariat) are the agents of this kind of economic change. "
capital  capitalism  marxism  history  merchant  industrial 
december 2010 by tsuomela
In the thirty years or so after Sraffa's little book appeared, an extraordinary world-wide theoretical discussion arose among well-trained theoretical economists who were sympathetic to the classical and Marxian programme, and were disenchanted with the General Equilibrium models then all the rage.
marxism  economics  mathematics 
december 2010 by tsuomela
The Philosopher's Stone: CREDO
The foundation of my politics is the recognition of our collective interdependence. In the complex world that we have inherited from our forebears, it is often difficult to see just how to translate that fundamental interdependence into laws or public policies, but we must always begin from the acknowledgement that we are a community of men and women who must care for one another, work with one another, and treat the needs of each as the concern of all.

If all of this must be rendered in a single expression, let it be: From each of us according to his or her ability; to each of us according to his or her need.
politics  belief  marxism 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Busted: Stories of the Financial Crisis | The Nation
I.O.U. Why Everyone Owes Everyone and No One Can Pay. By John Lanchester.
13 Bankers The Wall Street Takeover and the Next Financial Meltdown. By Simon Johnson and James Kwak.
A Companion to Marx's "Capital" By David Harvey.
On 13 Bankers - "The authors seem, in that instant, on the verge of realizing that the problem is the dynamic itself—that the choice between greed and regulation is a false one, that the dance of bankers and regulators is exactly what ends in a tangle on the floor, with the markets a shambles, liquidity in drought and real unemployment trending toward 20 percent."
books  review  economics  capitalism  crisis  marxism  marx  karl  recession  finance 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: "Scroungers" and exploiters
The embarrassment here for Marxists is that public opposition to “welfare scroungers” is similar to their (our) opposition to capitalism. Both appeal to a concept of exploitation. Marxists say that capitalism requires workers to work longer than necessary in order to give bosses profits. But one could equally well claim that workers have to work longer than necessary in order to pay taxes to keep “scroungers.” “Scroungers” and bosses both exploit workers.
This raises the question: why is there so much popular hostility to exploitation by scroungers and so little to exploitation by bosses (bankers excepted)?
marx  karl  marxism  exploitation  work  welfare  fairness  business 
july 2010 by tsuomela
n+1: On Your Marx
The motor of accumulation has been sputtering for nearly four decades, and its coughs can be heard again now that the roar of combusting paper wealth is dying down. This doesn’t mean capitalism or even growth is at an end. Economists of all kinds have pinned their hopes on the transformation of laboring and saving Chinese into hardy consumers. In any case, the US consumer—a ravening appetite in a paper house—appears to be finished as the world’s buyer of last resort. It would add a nice dialectical twist to the future history of our period if it could be said that, around the time the post-Maoist Chinese took up shopping, the post-bubble Americans turned to studying Marx.
economics  recession  marxism  marx  karl  ideas  history  left 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Books of The Times - ‘Marx’s General’ by Tristram Hunt - Humanizing Engels - Review -
In his new book, “Marx’s General: The Revolutionary Life of Friedrich Engels,” Tristram Hunt argues that Engels has become a convenient scapegoat, too easily blamed for the state crimes of the Soviet Union and Communist Southeast Asia and China.
marxism  history  communism  19c  revolution  capitalism  about(KarlMarx) 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Marxism
Is there a difference any more between Marxism and orthodox social science? - plus evidence that Marxism converges with neoclassical and behavioral economics.
sociology  political-science  economics  about(KarlMarx)  marxism  mainstream 
july 2009 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Marx's theory of political behavior
What assumptions underlie Marx's analysis of the political behavior of class? I would say that his theory comes down to three elements: a theory of individual means-end rationality, a theory of ideology, and a theory of class consciousness.
marxism  about(KarlMarx)  social  action  politics  19c 
july 2009 by tsuomela
New Left Review - Michael Denning: Wageless Life
"Under capitalism, the only thing worse than being exploited is not being exploited. Since the beginnings of the wage-labour economy, wageless life has been a calamity for those dispossessed of land, tools and means of subsistence. Expelled from work, the wageless also became invisible to science: political economy, as Marx noted in the earliest formulations of his critique of the discipline, ‘does not recognize the unemployed worker’"
work  labor  marxism  history  unemployment  third-world 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Miles from Marx
critical of G20 protests...they “served a therapeutic rather than a political function.” ... they were irrelevant to ordinary people.
I agree. What they showed for me, though, is just how very far we are from any Marxist notion of revolution
liberal  leftism  marxism  economics  bailout  alternative  politics 
april 2009 by tsuomela

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