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tsuomela : medicine   175

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Stumbling and Mumbling: Populists as snake oil sellers
Recap of research on why snake oil medicine cures were so popular in 19c.
political-science  success  failure  medicine  19c  fake-news  marketing 
april 2019 by tsuomela
Silent Minds | The New Yorker
About minimally conscious and vegetative patients who may be more aware than expected.
neurology  neuroscience  consciousness  medicine 
july 2017 by tsuomela
A General Feeling of Disorder by Oliver Sacks | The New York Review of Books
A short and brilliant description by Sacks of feeling "unwell" after a migraine and after treatment for liver cancer.
medicine  health  essay  memoir  illness  feeling  phenomenology 
april 2015 by tsuomela
The Blood Harvest - The Atlantic
"Each year, half a million horseshoe crabs are captured and bled alive to create an unparalleled biomedical technology."
biology  animals  products  medicine  health  evolution  technology 
october 2014 by tsuomela
Somatosphere | Science, Medicine, and Anthropology
"A collaborative website covering the intersections of medical anthropology, science and technology studies, cultural psychiatry, psychology and bioethics. Skip to content "
sts  science  biology  medicine  psychology 
august 2014 by tsuomela
Raw Personal Data: Providing Access
"Heated debates on responsibilities in biomedical research currently focus on the end of the data and information pipeline: They revolve around issues of returning results to participants and patients. Although these debates are timely, they miss a crucial point at the beginning of the pipeline: the question of whether sample donors are able to access the raw data derived directly from their stored sample. The U.S. Presidential Commission recently reviewed 32 reports from the United States and worldwide on returning of findings in diverse contexts; it is striking that access to raw data by participants was not addressed in any of them."
research  ethics  data  participation  medicine  health  personal  biological-sciences 
january 2014 by tsuomela
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"According to the ‘hygiene hypothesis’, the decreasing incidence of infections in western countries and more recently in developing countries is at the origin of the increasing incidence of both autoimmune and allergic diseases. The hygiene hypothesis is based upon epidemiological data, particularly migration studies, showing that subjects migrating from a low-incidence to a high-incidence country acquire the immune disorders with a high incidence at the first generation. However, these data and others showing a correlation between high disease incidence and high socio-economic level do not prove a causal link between infections and immune disorders. Proof of principle of the hygiene hypothesis is brought by animal models and to a lesser degree by intervention trials in humans. Underlying mechanisms are multiple and complex. They include decreased consumption of homeostatic factors and immunoregulation, involving various regulatory T cell subsets and Toll-like receptor stimulation. These mechanisms could originate, to some extent, from changes in microbiota caused by changes in lifestyle, particularly in inflammatory bowel diseases. Taken together, these data open new therapeutic perspectives in the prevention of autoimmune and allergic diseases."
health  medicine  allergies  immunology  diseases 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Ian Hacking reviews ‘DSM-5’ by the American Psychiatric Association · LRB 8 August 2013
"DSM-5: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition by the American Psychiatric Association American Psychiatric Publishing, 947 pp, £97.00, May, ISBN 978 0 89042 555 8"
book  review  psychology  classification  standards  history  mental-illness  medicine 
august 2013 by tsuomela
PLOS Medicine: Adapting Standards: Ethical Oversight of Participant-Led Health Research
"Online social media and digital technologies have facilitated formation of communities of individuals engaged in establishing and conducting health research projects. The results of such participant-led research (PLR) have already appeared in leading biomedical journals. These projects involve research with human participants. Hence, what are the requirements for ethical oversight? To what extent is standard ethics review also suitable for PLR?"
medicine  participation  research  ethics  citizen-science 
march 2013 by tsuomela
BBC News - Citizen Science: Public to join cancer cure hunt
"Giants of the technology world and cancer researchers are teaming up to come up with ways to let the general public hunt for cures for cance"
citizen-science  medicine  health  cancer  patterns  human  science  biology  biological-sciences 
march 2013 by tsuomela
All Trials: working with the public to reform science | Alice Bell | Science | guardian.co.uk
" But they are life-and-death issues that have traditionally been kept at some distance from the public. It's esoteric stuff, even for a skilled writer like Goldacre. And that's one of the most interesting things about Goldcare's latest book (just out in America) and the subsequent All Trials campaign: it takes what has previously been seen as an internal debate within medicine and puts it squarely in the public realm, inviting a broader set of people to be interested, and publicly express that interest."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Health Care’s Trick Coin - NYTimes.com
"The best evidence shows that half of all the clinical trials ever conducted and completed on the treatments in use today have never been published in academic journals. Trials with positive or flattering results, unsurprisingly, are about twice as likely to be published — and this is true for both academic research and industry studies."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health  health-care 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Curing chemophobia: Don’t buy the alternative medicine in “The Boy With a Thorn in His Joints.” - Slate Magazine
"The simple names favored by the alternative medicine community provide an illusion of safety and comprehensibility that the chemical names can’t match. Another common chemical name for methotrexate is amethopterin, which comes from the roots meth, Greek for wine, which I might stretch to spirits, and pterin, Greek for feathers. And naproxen is a chemical analog of salicylic acid, which can be extracted from willow bark. I strongly suspect that if Shepherd’s rheumatologist had called what he prescribed spirits of feathers and an extract of willow, rather than methotrexate and naproxen, Meadows would have been happier."
chemistry  medicine  communication  language  name  fear  sts  alternative 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Idea for supply chains of flying drones takes off - SciDev.Net
"A fleet of small flying drones could speed up the delivery of medicines and other supplies to remote areas, and even provide a cheaper alternative to a road network, according to Matternet, a start-up company in the United States."
drones  technology  third-world  supply-chain  medicine  drugs 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Doctors Really Do Die Differently « Zócalo Public Square
While the article rarely provoked hostility, it did, among some readers, prompt skepticism. I’d written the article in a personal, anecdotal style, so I rarely made use of numbers, studies, or charts. For example, Ezra Klein, writing in The Washington Post, wanted to see more evidence for my assertions. “Does anyone know of data on end-of-life spending for doctors?” he asked. “Or even on the percentage of medical professionals who have signed living wills?”
This essay is an attempt to address such questions. Perhaps it should be viewed as a set of endnotes to “How Doctors Die.” For every assertion of mine that was based on observation, I’ve looked for relevant scholarly evidence that might support or refute it. Here is what I found:
health  health-care  medicine  doctors  attitude  death 
july 2012 by tsuomela
The Abundance Builders | World Future Society
A techno-optimist portrait of the future that still thinks the internet of things, personal fabrication, medicine-on-a-chip, and nanotechnology will 'build abundance for all.'
future  futurism  optimism  nanotechnology  medicine  fabrication  networks  abundance 
july 2012 by tsuomela
AMA Addresses Light Pollution - News Blog - SkyandTelescope.com
"the American Medical Association recently released a report entitled “Light Pollution: Adverse Health Effects of Nighttime Lighting.” It’s a review of some of the available research literature on nighttime lighting’s effect on people
astronomy  medicine  health  light-pollution  biology 
july 2012 by tsuomela
How Thoughts Become a Psychiatric Diagnosis - Lloyd Sederer
Diagnosing disorders of the mind is a difficult business. As a medical specialty, psychiatry currently lacks blood, imaging and genetic tests that can validly establish a diagnosis for its vast predominance of major illnesses. While there are spectacular advances in functional brain imaging, genomic analysis, and cognitive neuroscience, these research findings have not yet meaningfully added to our understanding of how the brain's malfunctions produce its myriad of mental pathologies.
psychology  psychiatry  medicine  technology  diagnosis  mental-illness 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Game on! UCLA researchers use online crowd-sourcing to diagnose malaria / UCLA Newsroom
"Working on the assumption that large groups of public non-experts can be trained to recognize infectious diseases with the accuracy of trained pathologists, researchers from the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science and the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA have created a crowd-sourced online gaming system in which players distinguish malaria-infected red blood cells from healthy ones by viewing digital images obtained from microscopes."
crowdsourcing  medicine  health  diseases  diagnosis  citizen-science  distributed 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Allergies 101: Part the Third : We Beasties
"I know this post has been a long time coming. In the first part of this series, I told you that allergies are the result of an immune response against an external, but normally not harmful substance. In part 2, I told you that allergies are the result of a specific type of immune response called "Th2," which leads to the production of IgE antibodies, and that this immune response is thought to have evolved to combat infections caused by worms. But what makes your immune system think it's supposed to be battling a worm?"
biology  allergies  health  medicine 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Top five regrets of the dying | Life and style | guardian.co.uk
"There was no mention of more sex or bungee jumps. A palliative nurse who has counselled the dying in their last days has revealed the most common regrets we have at the end of our lives. And among the top, from men in particular, is 'I wish I hadn't worked so hard'."
death  hope  psychology  health  medicine 
april 2012 by tsuomela
HealthMap | Global Health, Local Knowledge
HealthMap, a team of researchers, epidemiologists and software developers at Children's Hospital Boston founded in 2006, is an established global leader in utilizing online informal sources for disease outbreak monitoring and real-time surveillance of emerging public health threats. The freely available Web site 'healthmap.org' and mobile app 'Outbreaks Near Me' deliver real-time intelligence on a broad range of emerging infectious diseases for a diverse audience including libraries, local health departments, governments, and international travelers. HealthMap brings together disparate data sources, including online news aggregators, eyewitness reports, expert-curated discussions and validated official reports, to achieve a unified and comprehensive view of the current global state of infectious diseases and their effect on human and animal health. Through an automated process, updating 24/7/365, the system monitors, organizes, integrates, filters, visualizes and disseminates online information about emerging diseases in nine languages, facilitating early detection of global public health threats.
health  maps  disease  mashup  health-care  medicine  data-curation  diseases 
march 2012 by tsuomela
What single quality predicts a good doctor? | Unofficial Prognosis, Scientific American Blog Network
"According to Dr. Fitzgerald, there is a single trait underlying both the desire to learn in the classroom and to be empathetic on the wards. She writes:

“What is kindness, as perceived by patients? Perhaps it is curiosity: ‘How are you? Who are you? How can I help you? Tell me more. Isn’t that interesting?’ And patients say, ‘He asked me a lot of questions’
medicine  success  education  curiosity  quality  health-care 
march 2012 by tsuomela
Trust key in healthcare | Otago Daily Times Online News : Otago, South Island, New Zealand
Increasing regulation is not the way to make sure doctors and other health professionals behave well, the dean of the University of Otago's law school, Prof Mark Henaghan, says.
Instead, too much regulation could be counter-productive, undermining the trust that should underpin the patient-health professional relationship.

In a recently published book Health Professionals and Trust: The Cure for Healthcare Law and Policy, Prof Henaghan says external regulation and surveillance may lead to compliance but such behaviour is not likely to be as enduring as a professional commitment to act in trustworthy ways.
medicine  health-care  trust  communication  law 
february 2012 by tsuomela
Treating a Nation of Anxious Wimps
We’ve become a nation of hypochondriacs. Every sneeze is swine flu, every headache a tumor. And at great expense, we deliver fantastically prompt, thorough and largely unnecessary care. There is tremendous financial pressure on physicians to keep patients happy. But unlike business, in medicine the customer isn’t always right. Sometimes a doctor needs to show tough love and deny patients the quick fix. A good physician needs to have the guts to stand up to people and tell them that their baby gets ear infections because they smoke cigarettes. That it’s time to admit they are alcoholics. That they need to suck it up and deal with discomfort because narcotics will just make everything worse. That what’s really wrong with them is that they are just too damned fat.  Unfortunately, this type of advice rarely leads to high patient satisfaction scores.  
medicine  health  health-care  cost  risk  expectation 
january 2012 by tsuomela
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