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tsuomela : mental   57

What's the five-a-day for your mind? | Healthcare Network | Guardian Professional
"I started Mindapples to encourage people to think positively about the health of their minds. I wanted to create a campaign that did for mental health what the five-a-day campaign has done for physical health: to make taking care of our minds a normal, natural thing for all of us."
psychology  mental  health  mental-illness  mood 
april 2012 by tsuomela
"Mindapples helps people look after their minds. We encourage people to take better care of themselves, and educate the public about how our minds work and how to manage them. We want to make looking after our minds as natural as brushing our teeth, by asking everyone: “What's the 5-a-day for your mind?”"
mind  mental  health  psychology  happiness  well-being 
april 2012 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: David Harvey’s “Mental Conceptions”
"Harvey calls these cultural norms and belief systems our “mental conceptions of the world,” one of seven “distinctive activity spheres” that comprise the historical development of capitalism. All seven in Harvey’s words:

1. Technologies and organizational forms
2. Social relations
3. Institutional and administrative arrangements
4. Production and labor processes
5. Relations to nature
6. The reproduction of daily life and the species
7. Mental conceptions of the world"
sociology  social  structure  philosophy  concepts  mental 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Offloading Memory: Good or Bad for the Brain? - Edward Tenner - Technology - The Atlantic
"Technology is indeed our friend, but it can become a dangerous flatterer, creating an illusion of control. Professors and librarians have been disappointed by the actual search skills even of elite college students, as I discussed here. We need quite a bit in our wetware memory to help us decide what information is best to retrieve. I've called this the search conundrum.

The issue isn't whether most information belongs online rather than in the head. We were storing externally even before Gutenberg. It's whether we're offloading the memory that we need to process the other memory we need. Strangely enough, Google Book Search still doesn't display a full copy of Malton's over 200-year-old masterpiece. Let's have it online soon. But let's not forget that healthy sense of "insufficiency.""
augmentation  mental  language  technology  google  psychology  mind  memory  technology-effects 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Derrick de Kerckhove: The Complete Interview « 40kBooks
"The Augmented Mind looks at the three eras of language (carried by the human body, then by literacy and now by electricity) and how the globalization and interconnectivity of today's world has impacted our development and growth."
interview  augmentation  mental  language  technology 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Theory of mind and the belief in God. - By Jesse Bering - Slate Magazine
Either way, this cognitive capacity, this theory of mind, has baked itself into our heads when it comes to our pondering of life's big questions. Unlike any science-literate generation that has come before, we now possess the intellectual tools to observe our own minds at work and to understand how God came to be there. And we alone are poised to ask, "Has our species' unique cognitive evolution duped us into believing in this, the grandest mind of all?"
psychology  mind  mental  theory  belief  religion  evolution  atheism 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : Layers of Delusion
Robin Hanson's speculative hierarchy of bias ordered by evolutionary history, from animal, to forager, to emulated intelligence.
bias  mental  evolution 
june 2010 by tsuomela
OnFiction: Actor and Observer
Actor-observer bias is a concept used by psychologists to indicate how we tend to see others and ourselves in different ways.... So although this trait may be called a bias, often it's a complete discrepancy between the way we see others and the way we see ourselves. The idea is related to the so-called fundamental attribution error in which, when we observe another person, we tend to make the error of discounting the causes of that person's behaviour that arise from the situation the person is in.
fundamental-attribution-error  psychology  actors  bias  mental  representation  others 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Association for Psychological Science: Building a Science-First Foundation for Psychology
The Association for Psychological Science (previously the American Psychological Society) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of scientific psychology and its representation at the national and international level. Publishes 4 journals:
Psychological Science, the flagship research journal of APS, publishes authoritative articles of interest across all of scientific psychology's subdisciplines.
Current Directions in Psychological Science contains concise reviews spanning all of scientific psychology and its applications.
Psychological Science in the Public Interest provides definitive assessments of topics where psychological science has the potential to inform and improve the well-being of society.
Perspectives on Psychological Science publishes an interesting and intellectually lively mix of theoretical statements, literature reviews, viewpoints or opinions, research presentations, and scholarship.
psychology  professional-association  science  mind  mental  journals  news 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Janice Thomas - The Minds of the Moderns: Rationalism, Empiricism, and Philosophy of Mind - Reviewed by Stephen Puryear, North Carolina State University - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
In this work Thomas surveys the contributions of (pre-Kantian) early modern philosophy to our understanding of the mind. She focuses on the six canonical figures of the period -- Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, and Hume -- and asks what each has to say about five topics within the philosophy of mind. The topics are (1) the ontological status of mind, (2) the scope and nature of self-knowledge, (3) the nature of consciousness, (4) the problem of mental causation, and (5) the nature of representation or intentionality. The overarching aim of the book is to show that the theories articulated by these thinkers are not just historical curiosities, but have much to contribute to our understanding of these topics today.
review  philosophy  book  modern  mind  mental  history 
september 2009 by tsuomela
The Benefits of Vacation - The Daily Dish | By Andrew Sullivan
The reason such travels are useful involves a quirk of cognition, in which problems that feel “close" - and the closeness can be physical, temporal or even emotional - get contemplated in a more concrete manner. (This is known as construal level theory.) As a result, when we think about things that are nearby, our thoughts are delicately constricted, bound by a more limited set of associations. While this habit can be helpful -it allows us to focus on the facts at hand - it also inhibits our imagination.
psychology  bias  travel  imagination  construal-level-theory  distance  mental  vacation  cognition  science  creativity 
september 2009 by tsuomela
The Scope of Human Thought | Forum
It is a spectacular scientific puzzle that human beings are the sole species that seems to be able to think and feel beyond the limits of the scale for their species.
human-nature  human-scale  human  mental  mind  cognition  scale  network  thinking  species  animals 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Slate Magazine - Seeking
by Emily Yoffe. Summary of research by Jaak Panskeep and Kent Berridge into our desire for additional information. Speculates this desire is akin to addiction systems. "How the brain hard-wires us to love Google, Twitter, and texting. And why that's dangerous."
psychology  neuroscience  mental  technology  information  addiction  behavior  seeking  information-overload  information-use  brain  neurology 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Less Wrong: What's In A Name?
The name letter effect is your subconscious preference for things that sound like your own name. This might be expected to mostly apply to small choices like product brand names, but it's been observed in choices of spouse, city of residence, and even career.
bias  cognition  psychology  mental 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Should Creative Workers Use Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs? | Open The Future | Fast Company
For those of you who haven't been watching this trend, the dilemma is that certain pharmaceuticals intended to treat cognitive and neurological disorders--primarily, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy--and, when used by people without these disorders, provide a kind of cognitive boost. This usually means increased focus and concentration, but it can also mean better spatial reasoning, greater alertness, and improved "clarity" of thinking. As a result, it's apparently becoming increasingly common for people in "knowledge work" professions to take these drugs as a way of improving their performance.
drugs  health  mental  brain  neurology  cognitive-enhancement 
may 2009 by tsuomela
Remembering the Past is Like Imagining the Future | Cosmic Variance | Discover Magazine
As it turns out, the way that the human brain goes about the task of “remembering the past” is actually very similar to how it goes about “imagining the future.”
memory  brain-imaging  brain  mental  mind  future  imagination  mri 
april 2009 by tsuomela
OnFiction: Folk Psychology and Narrative
Daniel Hutto has written Folk psychological narratives (2008) to argue against the idea that we each use a theory-of-mind to understand other people.
psychology  cognition  awareness  other  folk-psychology  mental  model 
april 2009 by tsuomela
The Surprising Power of Neighborly Advice -- Gilbert et al. 323 (5921): 1617 -- Science
Two experiments revealed that (i) people can more accurately predict their affective reactions to a future event when they know how a neighbor in their social network reacted to the event than when they know about the event itself and (ii) people do not believe this. Undergraduates made more accurate predictions about their affective reactions to a 5-minute speed date (n = 25) and to a peer evaluation (n = 88) when they knew only how another undergraduate had reacted to these events than when they had information about the events themselves. Both participants and independent judges mistakenly believed that predictions based on information about the event would be more accurate than predictions based on information about how another person had reacted to it.
psychology  philosophy  self-definition  mental  bias  perception  other 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: I'll Be Different
People often wonder what it will be like for them to be old, or married, or with a successful career, etc. They usually conclude they just can't know, and must wait and see. Yet all around them are other folks who are old, married, etc. - why not just accept those experiences as a good predictions of such futures? People usually respond that they are too different from these other folks for their experiences to be a good guide.
philosophy  self-definition  perception  mental  bias  self 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: Beware Detached Detail
Robin Hanson continues his speculation on near/far thoughts. Our effort to appear to have good near thoughts might lead to detatched details that look good but have low impact on near decisions and low resource costs. Annotated link
psychology  perception  future  phenomenology  experience  hypocrisy  mental  management  cognition  religion  decision-making  empathy  escapism 
march 2009 by tsuomela
More Evidence That Intelligence Is Largely Inherited: Researchers Find That Genes Determine Brain's Processing Speed
Intriguing article but frustratingly vague on the measurements used for intelligence testing. Apparently HARDI (High Angular Resolution Diffusion Imaging) can measure the diffusion of water through the brain, especially myelin. In yet another twin study (n=46 pairs) there appears to be a correlation between diffusion speed and intelligence.
neurology  neuroscience  biology  memory  intelligence  mri  brain-imaging  science  sts  mental  psychology 
march 2009 by tsuomela
The Splintered Mind: Is Philosophy All in Our Heads?
mentalist philosophy - finding out about our concepts... extra-mentalist - revealing something about the world beyond our minds
philosophy  mental  mental-process  metaphilosophy  justification 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias: A Tale Of Two Tradeoffs
Robin Hanson posits two mental tradeoffs among social animals and speculates on their interactions. 1) making good decisions and presenting good images to others 2) greater resources required for more detailed descriptions/thoughts. Leads to detail thinking for 'near' objects/events/people etc., and sparse thinking for 'far'. Annotated link
psychology  perception  future  phenomenology  experience  hypocrisy  mental  management  cognition  decision-making  empathy 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Functionalism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. According to functionalism, mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of.
philosophy  mind  mental  functionalism 
january 2009 by tsuomela
Neural Systems Responding to Degrees of Uncertainty in Human Decision-Making -- Hsu et al. 310 (5754): 1680 -- Science
Much is known about how people make decisions under varying levels of probability (risk). Less is known about the neural basis of decision-making when probabilities are uncertain because of missing information (ambiguity). In decision theory, ambiguity about probabilities should not affect choices. Using functional brain imaging, we show that the level of ambiguity in choices correlates positively with activation in the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex, and negatively with a striatal system. Moreover, striatal activity correlates positively with expected reward. Neurological subjects with orbitofrontal lesions were insensitive to the level of ambiguity and risk in behavioral choices. These data suggest a general neural circuit responding to degrees of uncertainty, contrary to decision theory.
neurology  decision-making  ambiguity  risk  psychology  images  mental  brain-imaging 
october 2008 by tsuomela
Pick two (
Very interesting discussion and elaboration of the pick two: good, fast, cheap trilemma.
management  business  cognitive-science  design  mental  structure 
august 2005 by tsuomela

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