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tsuomela : metaphysics   41

Understanding Society: Bodily cognition
"The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition, edited by Albert Newen, Leon de Brun, and Shaun Gallagher, "
book  review  cognition  extended  philosophy  metaphysics 
february 2019 by tsuomela
Open Humanities Press
"The world is due for a resurgence of original speculative metaphysics. The New Metaphysics series aims to provide a safe house for such thinking amidst the demoralizing caution and prudence of professional academic philosophy. We do not aim to bridge the analytic-continental divide, since we are equally impatient with nail-filing analytic critique and the continental reverence for dusty textual monuments. We favor instead the spirit of the intellectual gambler, and wish to discover and promote authors who meet this description. Like an emergent recording company, what we seek are traces of a new metaphysical 'sound' from any nation of the world. The editors are open to translations of neglected metaphysical classics, and will consider secondary works of especial force and daring. But our main interest is to stimulate the birth of disturbing masterpieces of twenty-first century philosophy."
book  publisher  series  philosophy  metaphysics 
december 2015 by tsuomela
Object Lessons
"Object Lessons is an essay and book series about the hidden lives of ordinary things, from St. Louis to deficiencies, psychologists to rocks. ↻ Series Editors: Ian Bogost and Christopher Schaberg"
books  publisher  objects  object-oriented-ontology  philosophy  metaphysics  infrastructure  series 
september 2015 by tsuomela
An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns Bruno Latour, An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns, Catherine Porter (tr.), Harvard University Press, 2013, 486pp., $39.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780674724990."
book  review  philosophy  metaphysics  existence  inquiry 
march 2014 by tsuomela
Sentience Everywhere: Complexity Theory, Panpsychism & the Role of Sentience in Self-Organization of the Universe | Theise | Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research
"Philosophical understandings of consciousness divide into emergentist positions (when the universe is sufficiently organized and complex it gives rise to consciousness) vs. panpsychism (consciousness pervades the universe). A leading emergentist position derives from autopoietic theory of Maturana and Varela: to be alive is to have cognition, one component of which is sentience.  Here, reflecting autopoietic theory, we define sentience as: sensing of the surrounding environment, complex processing of information that has been sensed, (i.e. processing mechanisms defined by characteristics of a complex system), and generation of a response.  Further, complexity theory, points to all aspects of the universe comprising “systems of systems.” Bringing these themes together, we find that sentience is not limited to the living, but present throughout existence. Thus, a complexity approach shifts autopoietic theory from an emergentist to a panpsychist position and shows that sentience must be inherent in all structures of existence across all levels of scale."
philosophy  metaphysics  ontology  consciousness  emergence  complexity 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Philosopher of Love | The American Conservative
"To live well, Schindler argues, is to live in a way that is proper to our being. Conversely, when a misapprehension of being structures our thinking and actions, we experience unhappiness, brokenness, and poverty in its deepest sense—the absence of meaning. He believes that the modern liberal project from Descartes to Rawls is based on a radical misunderstanding of the nature of reality. Specifically, liberalism fails to apprehend that “love is the basic act and order of things.” Love brings all there is into existence, it is through love that all there is continues in existence, and it is for love that all things exist. Reality is in this sense triadic: all things are in, through, and for love. Being might therefore be said to be an order or “logic” of love."
philosophy  theology  love  belief  metaphysics  liberalism  critique  conservative 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Why information can’t be the basis of reality | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network
"A growing number of scientists, Gleick writes, are beginning to wonder whether information "may be primary: more fundamental than matter itself." This notion has inspired other recent books, including Programming the Universe by Seth Lloyd (Vintage 2007), Decoding the Universe by Charles Seife (Penguin 2007), Decoding Reality by Vlatko Vedral (Oxford 2010) and Information and the Nature of Reality, a collection of essays edited by Paul Davies (Cambridge 2010). But the everything-is-information meme violates common sense."
science  information  information-theory  metaphysics  philosophy  reality 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Is Scientific Materialism “Almost Certainly False”? | Cross-Check, Scientific American Blog Network
"Some scholars, notably philosopher Thomas Nagel, are so unimpressed with science that they are challenging its fundamental assumptions. In his new book Mind and Cosmos: Why the Materialist Neo-Darwinian Conception of Nature Is Almost Certainly False, Nagel contends that current scientific theories and methods can’t account for the emergence of life in general and one bipedal, big-brained species in particular. To solve these problems, Nagel asserts, science needs “a major conceptual revolution,” as radical as those precipitated by heliocentrism, evolution and relativity."
science  philosophy  consensus  materialism  evolution  truth  metaphysics 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Frank Jackson, latter day physicalist | The Philosophers Magazine
"Here is one of the best thought experiments in the whole of the philosophy of mind: “Mary is a brilliant scientist who is, for whatever reason, forced to investigate the world from a black and white room via a black and white television monitor. She specialises in the neurophysiology of vision and acquires, let us suppose, all the physical information there is to obtain about what goes on when we see ripe tomatoes…. What will happen when Mary is released from her black and white room or is given a colour television monitor? Will she learn anything or not?” Well, what do you think? Take your time, because there’s a lot at stake: nothing less than the fundamental metaphysical nature of the universe itself. And don’t worry if you’re not sure what to say, because apparently there’s a lot to be said. There are more than a thousand published papers, innumerable conferences, and even several books addressing the question of what Mary did or didn’t know. It’s Frank Jackson’s knowledge argument, and it appeared in 1982 in a paper with the agreeably strange title, “Epiphenomenal Qualia”."
philosophy  physicalism  dualism  epistemology  perception  representation  metaphysics 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Democracy in Objects: Mereology and Exploded Views « Larval Subjects .
"Exploded view diagrams open up– a little –these black boxes so as to discern the multiple-composition that objects or units are as complexes of relations. What we discover is that every object is both a unit and a crowd of other objects or units."
object-oriented-ontology  objects  metaphysics  ontology  philosophy  world  emergence 
april 2012 by tsuomela
What is a World? « Larval Subjects .
"Tim seems to conceive world as a container that entities are in. For me, by contrast, the world is anything but a container. Ultimately there are no containers, there are just relations between entities. And as a consequence, in the framework of my ontology, a world is nothing but a network of relations between structurally coupled entities. "
object-oriented-ontology  objects  metaphysics  ontology  philosophy  world 
april 2012 by tsuomela
The Splintered Mind: Why Metaphysics Is Always Bizarre
Bizarre views are a hazard endemic to metaphysics. The metaphysician starts, seemingly, with some highly plausible initial commitments or commonsense intuitions -- that there is a prime number between 2 and 5, that I could have had eggs for breakfast, that squeezing the clay statue would destroy the statue but not the lump of clay -- thinks long and hard about what they imply, and then ends up positing a realm of abstract Platonic entities, or the real existence of an infinite number of possible worlds, or a huge population of spatiotemporally coincident things on her mantelpiece.
philosophy  metaphysics  weird 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Quilligan's “Failed Metaphysics Behind Private Property” | David Bollier
"Many people don't recognise that the commons is not just a thing – a physical element of nature or a resource like the Internet – but a distinct metaphysics and epistemology that challenges some deeply rooted premises of contemporary politics and policy. James Quilligan probes this territory with a thoughtful piece in the latest issue of Kosmos magazine. In particular, he explores the “social nature of property”and how its individual, atomistic nature in liberal political philosophy is responsible for “its catastrophic impact on the commons.”"
commons  philosophy  economics  epistemology  metaphysics  environment 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Naturalism without Mirrors // Reviews // Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Price's naturalism is "without mirrors" because the rejection of representationalism is a rejection of the idea that thought or language mirrors the world in such a way that we can read off significant ontological or metaphysical truths from the structure of language or thought. Language is not a mirror of nature. Price thus stands in general solidarity with Dewey, Wittgenstein, Rorty, and Brandom."
book  review  philosophy  metaphysics  pragmatism  representation  language  linguistics  realism 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Mathematical Platonism | Philosophy Now
If one ‘goes Platonic’ with math, one has to face several important philosophical consequences, perhaps the major one being that the notion of physicalism goes out the window.
philosophy  mathematics  objects  metaphysics  physical 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Linda Wetzel - Types and Tokens: On Abstract Objects - Reviewed by Stephen Kearns, Florida State University - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
In her short book, Types and Tokens, Linda Wetzel defends the thesis that types exist. Wetzel's main argument for the existence of types may be summarized as follows. We refer to and quantify over types in many different areas (in everyday life, in linguistics, in physics, etc.). Furthermore, at least some of the claims we make when referring to or quantifying over types are true. This is sufficient for the existence of types. Therefore, types exist. She then counters some nominalist responses to this argument (that, for example, such apparent reference to types is merely a façon de parler) and ends with the beginnings of a positive theory of types and their relation to tokens.
philosophy  ontology  metaphysics  type-token  realism  abstract  objects 
january 2010 by tsuomela
John P. Burgess - Mathematics, Models, and Modality: Selected Philosophical Essays - Reviewed by Thomas Hofweber, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
The collection starts with "Numbers and ideas", a paper based on a talk for a general audience arguing against the position sometimes held by mathematicians and others that numbers exist 'in the world of ideas'. This essay provides an introduction to the topic of the ontology of mathematics.

The next four essays are the ones that are most closely connected in the collection and they form the heart of the book. They are the most influential, they are essentially on the same topic, and they nicely show the development of Burgess' view on the subject of nominalism and ontolog
book  review  philosophy  mathematics  metaphysics  ontology  nominalism 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Abstract Objects (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
It is widely supposed that every object falls into one of two categories: Some things are concrete
philosophy  abstraction  epistemology  metaphysics 
april 2009 by tsuomela

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