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tsuomela : mind   59

Stupendous intelligence of honey badgers – TheTLS
"Frans de Waal ARE WE SMART ENOUGH TO KNOW HOW SMART ANIMALS ARE?"
book  review  animals  animal-rights  consciousness  science  mind 
june 2017 by tsuomela
Why can’t the world’s greatest minds solve the mystery of consciousness? | Oliver Burkeman | Science | The Guardian
A good, even-handed summary of current arguments on the Hard Problem of consciousness. Includes Chalmers, Dennet, Churchland, and others.
philosophy  mind  consciousness  neuroscience 
january 2016 by tsuomela
nplusonemag.com
"Marcel Kuijsten. Reflections on the Dawn of Consciousness: Julian Jaynes’s Bicameral Mind Theory Revisited. Julian Jaynes Society, January 2007. "
book  review  consciousness  mind  psychology 
march 2013 by tsuomela
The (Future) Automation of Labor, and Some Notes on “Mind,” “Intelligence,” and the Google Singularity - uncomputing
"The use of the term “intelligence” in the fields of AI/Cognitive Science as coterminous with “mind” has always been a red herring. The problems with AI have never been about intelligence: it is obviously the case that machines have become much more intelligent than we are, if we define “intelligence” in the most usual ways: ability to do mathematics, or to access specific pieces of information, or to process complex logical constructions. But they do not have minds–or at least not human minds, or anything much like them."
artificial-intelligence  mind  intelligence  computers  technology  future  singularity 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Lawyer Mind, Judge Mind
"Several recent discussions on a variety of unrelated topics with different people have gotten me thinking about two different attitudes towards dialectical processes. They are generalized versions of the professional attitudes required of lawyers and judges, so I’ll refer to them as lawyer mind and judge mind.

In the specialized context of the law, the dialectical process is structurally constrained and the required attitudes are codified and legally mandated to a certain extent. Lawyers must act as though they were operating from a lawyer-mindset, even if internally they are operating with a judge-mind."
law  mind  habit  professional  thinking  style  dialectic  judicial 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Mindapples
"Mindapples helps people look after their minds. We encourage people to take better care of themselves, and educate the public about how our minds work and how to manage them. We want to make looking after our minds as natural as brushing our teeth, by asking everyone: “What's the 5-a-day for your mind?”"
mind  mental  health  psychology  happiness  well-being 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Offloading Memory: Good or Bad for the Brain? - Edward Tenner - Technology - The Atlantic
"Technology is indeed our friend, but it can become a dangerous flatterer, creating an illusion of control. Professors and librarians have been disappointed by the actual search skills even of elite college students, as I discussed here. We need quite a bit in our wetware memory to help us decide what information is best to retrieve. I've called this the search conundrum.

The issue isn't whether most information belongs online rather than in the head. We were storing externally even before Gutenberg. It's whether we're offloading the memory that we need to process the other memory we need. Strangely enough, Google Book Search still doesn't display a full copy of Malton's over 200-year-old masterpiece. Let's have it online soon. But let's not forget that healthy sense of "insufficiency.""
augmentation  mental  language  technology  google  psychology  mind  memory  technology-effects 
july 2011 by tsuomela
Theory of mind and the belief in God. - By Jesse Bering - Slate Magazine
Either way, this cognitive capacity, this theory of mind, has baked itself into our heads when it comes to our pondering of life's big questions. Unlike any science-literate generation that has come before, we now possess the intellectual tools to observe our own minds at work and to understand how God came to be there. And we alone are poised to ask, "Has our species' unique cognitive evolution duped us into believing in this, the grandest mind of all?"
psychology  mind  mental  theory  belief  religion  evolution  atheism 
february 2011 by tsuomela
A Real Science of Mind - NYTimes.com
"In recent years popular science writing has bombarded us with titillating reports of discoveries of the brain’s psychological prowess. Such reports invade even introductory patter in biology and psychology. We are told that the brain — or some area of it sees, decides, reasons, knows, emotes, is altruistic/egotistical, or wants to make love. For example, a recent article reports a researcher’s “looking at love, quite literally, with the aid of an MRI machine.” One wonders whether lovemaking is to occur between two brains, or between a brain and a human being.

There are three things wrong with this talk."
science  psychology  neuroscience  mind  brain  philosophy  neurology  fmri  brain-imaging 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Book Review - Self Comes to Mind - By Antonio Damasio - NYTimes.com
In “Self Comes to Mind,” the eminent neurologist and neuroscientist Antonio Damasio gives an account of consciousness that might come naturally to a highly caffeinated professor in his study. He emphasizes wakefulness, self-awareness, reflection, rationality, “knowledge of one’s own existence and of the existence of surroundings.”
book  review  philosophy  neurology  mind  consciousness 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Free will is not an illusion | spiked
Neuro-determinism, though seemingly self-evident, is also wrong.

The first line of attack is to remove the hype from the neuroscience of consciousness and remind ourselves how little we know. We understand even less. There is at present no adequate theory of qualia (the actual experience of things – such as the sensation of yellow, the feeling of warmth, the taste of wine);...
...
Secondly, we should question the focus on the stand-alone brain. The world we live in is not one of sparks of isolated sentience cast amid a rubble of material objects. We live in a world that is collectively constructed.
biology  neurology  determinism  philosophy  mind  mind-body 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Association for Psychological Science: Building a Science-First Foundation for Psychology
The Association for Psychological Science (previously the American Psychological Society) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of scientific psychology and its representation at the national and international level. Publishes 4 journals:
Psychological Science, the flagship research journal of APS, publishes authoritative articles of interest across all of scientific psychology's subdisciplines.
Current Directions in Psychological Science contains concise reviews spanning all of scientific psychology and its applications.
Psychological Science in the Public Interest provides definitive assessments of topics where psychological science has the potential to inform and improve the well-being of society.
Perspectives on Psychological Science publishes an interesting and intellectually lively mix of theoretical statements, literature reviews, viewpoints or opinions, research presentations, and scholarship.
psychology  professional-association  science  mind  mental  journals  news 
march 2010 by tsuomela
LRB · Jerry Fodor · A Science of Tuesdays
Jerry Fodor reviews the Threefold Cord by Hilary Putnam -- "It’s as close as Putnam’s book gets to having a saving grace that it almost sees the clash between meaning realists and Wittgensteinians as its real topic....Well, who’s right about meaning realism is a wide open question; among the deepest, I think, that philosophers have thus far learned how to ask."
book  review  philosophy  meaning  mental-process  mind  representation  cognitive-science  perception  psychology  theory 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Maverick Philosopher: Dennett's Dismissal of Dualism
Daniel Dennett is a brilliant and flashy writer, but his brilliance borders on sophistry. (In this regard, he is like Richard Rorty, another writer who knows how to sell books.) As John Searle rightly complains, he is not above "bully[ing] the reader with abusive language and rhetorical questions. . . ." (The Mystery of Consciousness, p. 115) An excellent example of this is the way Dennett dismisses substance dualism in the philosophy of mind.
philosophy  style  dualism  mind 
december 2009 by tsuomela
Janice Thomas - The Minds of the Moderns: Rationalism, Empiricism, and Philosophy of Mind - Reviewed by Stephen Puryear, North Carolina State University - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
In this work Thomas surveys the contributions of (pre-Kantian) early modern philosophy to our understanding of the mind. She focuses on the six canonical figures of the period -- Descartes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, Berkeley, and Hume -- and asks what each has to say about five topics within the philosophy of mind. The topics are (1) the ontological status of mind, (2) the scope and nature of self-knowledge, (3) the nature of consciousness, (4) the problem of mental causation, and (5) the nature of representation or intentionality. The overarching aim of the book is to show that the theories articulated by these thinkers are not just historical curiosities, but have much to contribute to our understanding of these topics today.
review  philosophy  book  modern  mind  mental  history 
september 2009 by tsuomela
SSRN-The Mind is an Autocatalytic Vortex by Mark Turner
Blending is indispensable for advanced narrative cognition. In The Literary Mind (1996), I argued that the modern mind derives from our remarkable capacity to deploy a cohort of basic mental operations-story, projection, blending, and parable. These operations are a pack, a troupe, a self-feeding cyclone, an autocatalytic vortex, a breeder reactor, a dynamic heterarchy-choose your metaphor: they labor together. Some of the evidence I presented in The Literary Mind can be misinterpreted, it seems, as suggesting that advanced narrative cognition comes first in the sequence, and that upon this rock the other operations build their conceptual church. My purpose here is to correct that misinterpretation. Mature narrative cognition does not exist without blending. Blending is not a second step.
cognitive-science  mind  story-telling  narrative  psychology  evolution 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Mark Turner
I study the nature and emergence of higher-order cognitive operations that distinguish human beings from other species and appear in the record of our descent during the Upper Paleolithic.
people  cognition  language  literature  metaphor  psychology  science  cognitive-science  philosophy  anthology  education  mind  evolution 
august 2009 by tsuomela
The Scope of Human Thought | Forum
It is a spectacular scientific puzzle that human beings are the sole species that seems to be able to think and feel beyond the limits of the scale for their species.
human-nature  human-scale  human  mental  mind  cognition  scale  network  thinking  species  animals 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Contemplating Singularity | Forum
Summarizes and discusses N. Katherine Hayles, Andy Clark (on extended mind) and Terence Deacon and Merlin Donald on evolution of symbolic communication.
singularity  extended  mind  distributed  cognition  philosophy  humanities  symbols  communication  evolution 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Remembering the Past is Like Imagining the Future | Cosmic Variance | Discover Magazine
As it turns out, the way that the human brain goes about the task of “remembering the past” is actually very similar to how it goes about “imagining the future.”
memory  brain-imaging  brain  mental  mind  future  imagination  mri 
april 2009 by tsuomela
The Technium: Many Species, One Mind
Do we remain one species, or diverge into many?
Do we remain of many minds, or merge into one?
technology  evolution  future  mind  species  technology-effects 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Qualia (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
"Philosophers often use the term ‘qualia’ (singular ‘quale’) to refer to the introspectively accessible, phenomenal aspects of our mental lives. In this standard, broad sense of the term, it is difficult to deny that there are qualia. Disagreement typically centers on which mental states have qualia, whether qualia are intrinsic qualities of their bearers, and how qualia relate to the physical world both inside and outside the head. The status of qualia is hotly debated in philosophy largely because it is central to a proper understanding of the nature of consciousness. Qualia are at the very heart of the mind-body problem."
philosophy  mind  phenomenology  experience  qualia  definition  reference 
february 2009 by tsuomela
The Extended Mind
Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? The question invites two standard replies. Some accept the demarcations of skin and skull, and say that what is outside the body is outside the mind. Others are impressed by arguments suggesting that the meaning of our words "just ain't in the head", and hold that this externalism about meaning carries over into an externalism about mind. We propose to pursue a third position. We advocate a very different sort of externalism: an active externalism, based on the active role of the environment in driving cognitive processes.
philosophy  mind  paper  cognition  by(DavidChalmers)  distributed 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Functionalism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Functionalism is a theory about the nature of mental states. According to functionalism, mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of.
philosophy  mind  mental  functionalism 
january 2009 by tsuomela
H. M., an Unforgettable Amnesiac, Dies at 82 - Obituary (Obit) - NYTimes.com
In 1953, he underwent an experimental brain operation in Hartford to correct a seizure disorder, only to emerge from it fundamentally and irreparably changed. He developed a syndrome neurologists call profound amnesia. He had lost the ability to form new memories.

For the next 55 years, each time he met a friend, each time he ate a meal, each time he walked in the woods, it was as if for the first time.

And for those five decades, he was recognized as the most important patient in the history of brain science.
psychology  mind  memory  neurology  neuroscience  biology  sts  science  history  case-study 
december 2008 by tsuomela
The Science of Memory: An Infinite Loop in the Brain - SPIEGEL ONLINE - News - International
"People say to me: Oh, how fascinating, it must be a treat to have a perfect memory," she says. Her lips twist into a thin smile. "But it's also agonizing."

In addition to good memories, every angry word, every mistake, every disappointment, every shock and every moment of pain goes unforgotten. Time heals no wounds for Price. "I don't look back at the past with any distance.
psychology  memory  mind  forgetting  emotion  neurology  case-study 
december 2008 by tsuomela
MindPapers: Contents
This is a bibliography of work in the philosophy of mind, the philosophy of cognitive science, and the science of consciousness.
bibliography  philosophy  consciousness  mind  reference  brain  science  research 
november 2008 by tsuomela
Deric Bownds' MindBlog: Creating new worlds - science and fiction as the same thing
I still think that we're designed to find out about the world, but that's not our most important gift. For human beings the really important evolutionary advantage is our ability to create new worlds.
mind  psychology  philosophy  ai  imagination  creativity  future 
february 2008 by tsuomela

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