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tsuomela : mistakes   18

Coercion vs. Freedom: BHL vs. BRG (Happy 4th of July!) — Crooked Timber
"But getting into the empirical weeds like this gives the game away. Actually existing libertarianism is not a philosophy of ‘I wonder what will maximize freedom-as-non-coercion. It’s complicated, but whatever it is, I’ll do it.’ Libertarianism isn’t a philosophy that blows different directions in the shifting winds of the labor market – coming out against unions when they get bloated and corrupt and exclusive but turning against management and capital when they are, as they certainly may be, objectively greater threats to freedom than any actually existing labor union. Actually existing libertarianism is the philosophy of treating as axiomatic that maximizing contract/property rights is tantamount to maximizing freedom. But, even if this happens to be contingently correct, in some circumstances – even in many circumstances – treating contingent truths as axioms is very confused."
libertarianism  coercion  business  contracts  economics  freedom  mistakes 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Ezra Klein - Common mistakes made by economists
"So here’s a list of mistakes that I think economists and people who are heavily influenced by economists tend to make when they look at politics." Some examples: political power matters, culture matters, simple programs work better in Washington than clever solutions...
economics  politics  mistakes  bias 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : How To Doubt
"So then what do we actually worry about, when we worry that our belief errors might be correlated? It seems to me that we mainly worry about two sources of correlated error:

* Hidden psychological tendencies: We worry that our mind are built in such a way as to give related errors on what appear to be unrelated topics. Our minds might, for example, be biased toward high estimates of our ability, for many kinds of unrelated abilities.
* Hidden social coordination: We worry that our social groups coordinate so as to give related errors from what appear to be unrelated social sources. Sources that share a common ideology might, for example, make similar errors on diverse topics."
psychology  bias  cognition  doubt  sociology  error  mistakes 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Misgovernment By The Fallacy of Equivocation
The fallacy of equivocation has a number of different forms, all of which involve confusing two different meanings. One of the forms is known as "switch-referencing," in which the same term is used twice, but with a different reference each time, and then a third time a conclusion is reached by falsely equating the two different meanings. This can be used, for example, to prove that a ham sandwich is better than eternal salvation:

(1) Nothing is better than eternal salvation.
(2) A ham sandwich is better than nothing.
(3) Therefore, a ham sandwich is better than eternal salvation.

Something quite similar, but not the least bit amusing, is at least partly at the root of Obama's increasingly evident problem of mis-government. The term being switch-referenced in this case is "bipartisanship."
politics  partisanship  bipartisanship  language  fallacy  equivalence  mistakes  reference 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : How Wrong Can We Be?
This all seems to add up to a consistent expert consensus that humans quite often, perhaps even usually, just don’t know why they do what they do. And this is extremely disturbing, as it calls into question our own opinions about why we do what we do.
reason  reasoning  bias  model  economics  failure  cognitive-science  mistakes  cognition 
august 2009 by tsuomela
The Unreliability of Naive Introspection - Eric Schwitzgebel
We are prone to gross error, even in favorable circumstances of extended reflection, about our own ongoing conscious experience, our current phenomenology. Even in this apparently privileged domain, our self-knowledge is faulty and untrustworthy. We are not simply fallible at the margins but broadly inept. Examples highlighted in this essay include: emotional experience (for example, is it entirely bodily
introspection  philosophy  bias  mistakes 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Philosophy, et cetera: First Principles and False "Primafication"
"Let's say you "primafy" a general principle when you seek to elevate it to the level of a first principle."
philosophy  argument  style  mistakes 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Op-Ed Columnist - The Madoff Economy -
Think of the way almost everyone important missed the warning signs of an impending crisis. How was that possible? How, for example, could Alan Greenspan have declared, just a few years ago, that “the financial system as a whole has become more resilient” — thanks to derivatives, no less? The answer, I believe, is that there’s an innate tendency on the part of even the elite to idolize men who are making a lot of money, and assume that they know what they’re doing.
crisis  2008  economics  elites  mistakes  bias  capitalism  gloom-and-doom  fraud  financial-services 
december 2008 by tsuomela

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