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tsuomela : neuroscience   75

Silent Minds | The New Yorker
About minimally conscious and vegetative patients who may be more aware than expected.
neurology  neuroscience  consciousness  medicine 
july 2017 by tsuomela
NIF | Welcome...
"Welcome to the Neuroscience Information Framework Project, designed to serve the biomedical research community. NIF maintains the largest searchable collection of neuroscience data, the largest catalog of biomedical resources, and the largest ontology for neuroscience on the web. We welcome all feedback and suggestions and are actively looking for resource providers to make their resources accessible through NIF. Learn about the tools available to help you share your data and discover a dynamic inventory of Web-based neuroscience resources. "
data-sources  neuroscience  neurology 
march 2017 by tsuomela
Why can’t the world’s greatest minds solve the mystery of consciousness? | Oliver Burkeman | Science | The Guardian
A good, even-handed summary of current arguments on the Hard Problem of consciousness. Includes Chalmers, Dennet, Churchland, and others.
philosophy  mind  consciousness  neuroscience 
january 2016 by tsuomela
Humans Already Use Way, Way More Than 10 Percent of Their Brains - Sam McDougle - The Atlantic
"It’s a complex, constantly multi-tasking network of tissue—but the myth persists."
neurology  neuroscience  brain  meme  persistence 
july 2014 by tsuomela
Peek inside your own brain! The rise of DIY neuroscience -
"Neuroscience is a rapidly growing field, but one that is usually thought to be too complex and expensive for average Americans to participate in directly. Now, an explosion of cheap scientific devices and online tutorials are on the verge of changing that. This change could have exciting implications for our future understanding of the brain."
diy  neurology  neuroscience  enhancement  cognition 
december 2013 by tsuomela
Adam Gopnik: The New Neuro-Skeptics : The New Yorker
"The really curious thing about minds and brains is that the truth about them lies not somewhere in the middle but simultaneously on both extremes. We know already that the wet bits of the brain change the moods of the mind: that’s why a lot of champagne gets sold on Valentine’s Day. On the other hand, if the mind were not a high-level symbol-managing device, flower sales would not rise on Valentine’s Day, too. Philosophy may someday dissolve into psychology and psychology into neurology, but since the lesson of neuro is that thoughts change brains as much as brains thoughts, the reduction may not reduce much that matters. As Montaigne wrote, we are always double in ourselves. Or, as they say on the Enterprise, it takes all kinds to run a starship."
books  review  neurology  neuroscience  science  explanation  psychology  philosophy 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Adventures in Neurohumanities | The Nation
"Applying neuroscience to the study of literature is fashionable. But is it the best way to read a novel?"
neuroscience  humanities  literature  fmri 
june 2013 by tsuomela
See-through brains clarify connections : Nature News & Comment
"A chemical treatment that turns whole organs transparent offers a big boost to the field of ‘connectomics’ — the push to map the brain’s fiendishly complicated wiring. Scientists could use the technique to view large networks of neurons with unprecedented ease and accuracy. The technology also opens up new research avenues for old brains that were saved from patients and healthy donors."
science  neurology  brain  brain-imaging  biology  neuroscience  imaging 
april 2013 by tsuomela
How Your Cat Is Making You Crazy - Magazine - The Atlantic
"Jaroslav Flegr is no kook. And yet, for years, he suspected his mind had been taken over by parasites that had invaded his brain. So the prolific biologist took his science-fiction hunch into the lab. What he’s now discovering will startle you. Could tiny organisms carried by house cats be creeping into our brains, causing everything from car wrecks to schizophrenia? A biologist’s science- fiction hunch is gaining credence and shaping the emerging science of mind- controlling parasites."
biology  parasites  evolution  disease  psychology  psychopathology  brain  neuroscience 
february 2012 by tsuomela
MIT Press Journals - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience - Abstract - The Seductive Allure of Neuroscience Explanations
Explanations of psychological phenomena seem to generate more public interest when they contain neuroscientific information. Even irrelevant neuroscience information in an explanation of a psychological phenomenon may interfere with people's abilities to critically consider the underlying logic of this explanation.
neuroscience  neurology  explanation  belief  perception  credibility  trust 
october 2011 by tsuomela
A Real Science of Mind -
"In recent years popular science writing has bombarded us with titillating reports of discoveries of the brain’s psychological prowess. Such reports invade even introductory patter in biology and psychology. We are told that the brain — or some area of it sees, decides, reasons, knows, emotes, is altruistic/egotistical, or wants to make love. For example, a recent article reports a researcher’s “looking at love, quite literally, with the aid of an MRI machine.” One wonders whether lovemaking is to occur between two brains, or between a brain and a human being.

There are three things wrong with this talk."
science  psychology  neuroscience  mind  brain  philosophy  neurology  fmri  brain-imaging 
january 2011 by tsuomela
Access : Neural evidence for inequality-averse social preferences : Nature
A popular hypothesis in the social sciences is that humans have social preferences to reduce inequality in outcome distributions because it has a negative impact on their experienced reward1, 2, 3. Although there is a large body of behavioural and anthropological evidence consistent with the predictions of these theories1, 4, 5, 6, there is no direct neural evidence for the existence of inequality-averse preferences. Such evidence would be especially useful because some behaviours that are consistent with a dislike for unequal outcomes could also be explained by concerns for social image7 or reciprocity8, 9, which do not require a direct aversion towards inequality. Here we use functional MRI to test directly for the existence of inequality-averse social preferences in the human brain.
inequality  neuroscience  brain-imaging  mri  ethics  psychology 
march 2010 by tsuomela
George Lakoff: Why "Rational Reason" Doesn't Work in Contemporary Politics |
Lakoff adds to his theory the distinction between real and false reason. "Real reason is embodied in two ways. It is physical, in our brain circuitry. And it is based on our bodies as the function in the everyday world, using thought that arises from embodied metaphors. And it is mostly unconscious. False reason sees reason as fully conscious, as literal, disembodied, yet somehow fitting the world directly, and working not via frame-based, metaphorical, narrative and emotional logic, but via the logic of logicians alone."
metaphor  politics  distributed  cognition  embodiment  physical  neuroscience  conservatism  enlightenment  reasoning  rationality  reason 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Dopaminergic Aesthetics : The Frontal Cortex
The purpose of pleasure, then, is to make it easier for the pleasurable sensation - the delicious taste, the elegant idea, the desired object - to enter the crowded theater of consciousness, so that we'll go out and get it. That's why we've got a highway of nerves connecting the parts of the dopamine reward pathway - the nucleus accumbens, ventral striatum, etc - to the prefrontal cortex. (This also means that a well-turned phrase or pretty painting will be more likely to get stuck in working memory, since it's more rewarding. Aesthetics are really about attention.)
neurology  brain  science  drugs  pleasure  goals  happiness  hedonism  psychology  philosophy  aesthetics  neuroscience  dopamine  hormones  attention 
november 2009 by tsuomela
Alfred R. Mele - Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will - Reviewed by Manuel Vargas, University of San Francisco - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
Alfred R. Mele, Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will, Oxford UP, 2009
"Al Mele's latest book -- Effective Intentions: The Power of Conscious Will -- is a valuable response and an important corrective to the recent wave of neuroscientific willusionism. Focusing primarily on the work of Libet and Wegner, Mele shows how familiarity with some distinctions regarding action and agency can illuminate existing neuroscientific data on the will. In particular, he demonstrates how the most striking claims of the willusionists depend on an implausible and crude picture of human agency."
book  review  philosophy  action  will-power  psychology  neuroscience  willusionist 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Biologists napping while work militarized : Article : Nature
As researchers discover more agents that alter mental states, the Chemical Weapons Convention needs modification to help ensure that the life sciences are not used for hostile purposes, says Malcolm Dando.
science  ethics  weapons  military  war  research  military-indusrial-complex  neuroscience  future  biology  brain  morality 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Slate Magazine - Seeking
by Emily Yoffe. Summary of research by Jaak Panskeep and Kent Berridge into our desire for additional information. Speculates this desire is akin to addiction systems. "How the brain hard-wires us to love Google, Twitter, and texting. And why that's dangerous."
psychology  neuroscience  mental  technology  information  addiction  behavior  seeking  information-overload  information-use  brain  neurology 
august 2009 by tsuomela
The Law and Neuroscience Blog
Welcome to the The Law and Neuroscience Blog--which we have created to provide an on-line forum where the members of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Project (LANP) can share their ideas and interact with not only other researchers but also with the interested public more generally. One of the main goals of the blog is to provide people with a resource for finding out about cutting edge research at the cross-roads of neuroscience, law, and philosophy.
law  neuroscience  psychology  philosophy 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Finding Connections: How Do the Parts of the Brain Interact?: Scientific American
As our understanding of the brain has improved, however, it has become clear that a more accurate model depends on how these modules are wired together in circuits. A technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) gives us a tool to probe the nature of those connections. A recent study suggests, for instance, that the more a person seeks out new experiences and relies on social approval, the stronger his or her wiring is among brain areas involved in reward, emotion and decision making.
neuroimaging  neurology  neuroscience  neurons  brain  brain-imaging  structure  technology  medicine 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Brain immediately recognizes transplanted hand : Neurophilosophy
This study shows that the reorganizational changes which occur following amputation are reversible. 35 years after Savage lost his hand, the organization of his somatosensory cortex returned to a state that is indistinguishable from what would have been expected in before the amputation, even though the functional reorganization would have increased with time.
neuroimaging  neurology  neuroscience  phantom-limb  amputation  psychology  experience  brain  brain-imaging 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Alva Noe, You are not your brain | Salon
I don't reject the idea that the brain is necessary for consciousness
philosophy  consciousness  brain  neuroscience  interview 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Genetics of Brain Fiber Architecture and Intellectual Performance -- Chiang et al. 29 (7): 2212 -- Journal of Neuroscience
Journal article for the Science Daily story "More Evidence That Intelligence Is Largely Inherited: Researchers Find That Genes Determine Brain's Processing Speed"
neurology  neuroscience  neuroimaging  brain-imaging  intelligence  genetics  mri 
march 2009 by tsuomela
More Evidence That Intelligence Is Largely Inherited: Researchers Find That Genes Determine Brain's Processing Speed
Intriguing article but frustratingly vague on the measurements used for intelligence testing. Apparently HARDI (High Angular Resolution Diffusion Imaging) can measure the diffusion of water through the brain, especially myelin. In yet another twin study (n=46 pairs) there appears to be a correlation between diffusion speed and intelligence.
neurology  neuroscience  biology  memory  intelligence  mri  brain-imaging  science  sts  mental  psychology 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Welcome to Cogprints - Cogprints
CogPrints, an electronic archive for self-archive papers in any area of Psychology, Neuroscience, and Linguistics, and many areas of Computer Science (
psychology  philosophy  brain  science  linguistics  research  articles  preprints  neuroscience  computer-science 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Towards responsible use of cognitive-enhancing drugs by the healthy : Article : Nature
Society must respond to the growing demand for cognitive enhancement. That response must start by rejecting the idea that 'enhancement' is a dirty word, argue Henry Greely and colleagues.
drugs  brain  neurology  neuroscience  pharmaceutical  cognition  psychology  ethics  learning  morality 
january 2009 by tsuomela
How the city hurts your brain -
The reason such seemingly trivial mental tasks leave us depleted is that they exploit one of the crucial weak spots of the brain. A city is so overstuffed with stimuli that we need to constantly redirect our attention so that we aren't distracted by irrelevant things, like a flashing neon sign or the cellphone conversation of a nearby passenger on the bus. This sort of controlled perception -- we are telling the mind what to pay attention to -- takes energy and effort. The mind is like a powerful supercomputer, but the act of paying attention consumes much of its processing power.
brain  psychology  nature  memory  attention  neuroscience  neurology  urban  city  natural  perception 
january 2009 by tsuomela
H. M., an Unforgettable Amnesiac, Dies at 82 - Obituary (Obit) -
In 1953, he underwent an experimental brain operation in Hartford to correct a seizure disorder, only to emerge from it fundamentally and irreparably changed. He developed a syndrome neurologists call profound amnesia. He had lost the ability to form new memories.

For the next 55 years, each time he met a friend, each time he ate a meal, each time he walked in the woods, it was as if for the first time.

And for those five decades, he was recognized as the most important patient in the history of brain science.
psychology  mind  memory  neurology  neuroscience  biology  sts  science  history  case-study 
december 2008 by tsuomela
How to Run a Con | Psychology Today Blogs
The key to a con is not that you trust the conman, but that he shows he trusts you. Conmen ply their trade by appearing fragile or needing help, by seeming vulnerable. Because of THOMAS, the human brain makes us feel good when we help others--this is the basis for attachment to family and friends and cooperation with strangers. "I need your help" is a potent stimulus for action.
con  psychology  brain  social  neuroscience  fraud 
november 2008 by tsuomela
PLoS Biology - Timing the Brain: Mental Chronometry as a Tool in Neuroscience
How do we relate human thought processes to measurable events in the brain? Mental chronometry, which has origins that date back more than a century, seeks to measure the time course of mental operations in the human nervous system [1]. From the late 1800s until 1950, the field was built almost entirely around a single method: measuring and comparing people's reaction times during simple cognitive tasks.
neurology  neuroscience  time  perception  psychology  mental-process  sts  history  via:vielmetti 
september 2008 by tsuomela
PLoS ONE: A Common Anterior Insula Representation of Disgust Observation, Experience and Imagination Shows Divergent Functional Connectivity Pathways
We found voxels in the anterior Insula and adjacent frontal operculum to be involved in all three modalities of disgust, suggesting that simulation in the context of social perception and mental imagery of disgust share a common neural substrates. Using effective connectivity, this shared region however was found to be embedded in distinct functional circuits during the three modalities, suggesting why observing, imagining and experiencing an emotion feels so different.
neuroscience  brain-imaging  reading  imagining  visualization 
august 2008 by tsuomela
Trials, and a series of errors, in the brain lab - Los Angeles Times
Story about success and failures in a neurobiology lab at UC Irvine.
science  sts  neuroscience  biology  journalism 
april 2008 by tsuomela
Developing Intelligence : Learning The Language of Thought: 4 Candidate Neural Codes
The fact is that we still don't have a clear picture of the ways in which neurons transmit information. Here's a quick guide to current theories, beginning with well-established theories and moving into ideas that are considered more theoretical.
brain  biology  neuroscience  neurology  consciousness  code 
june 2007 by tsuomela

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