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tsuomela : norms   60

Normcore | Dissent Magazine
"How Democracies Die by Steven Levitsky and Daniel Ziblatt Penguin Random House, 2018, 320 pp. The People Versus Democracy: Why Our Freedom is in Danger and How to Save It by Yascha Mounk Harvard University Press, 2018, 400 pp. Trumpocracy: The Corruption of the American Republic by David Frum Harper Collins, 2018, 320 pp. Antipluralism: The Populist Threat to Liberal Democracy by William A. Galston Yale University Press, 2018, 176 pp. One Nation After Trump: A Guide for the Perplexed, the Disillusioned, the Desperate, and the Not-Yet-Deported by E.J. Dionne Jr., Norman J. Ornstein, and Thomas E. Mann St. Martin’s Press, 2017, 354 pp."
books  review  democracy  political-science  america  norms 
may 2018 by tsuomela
Bright Line Watch
"One of the greatest threats to democracy is the idea that it is unassailable. At a time of potential danger to American demo­c­ra­t­ic norms and insti­tu­tions, it is more urgent than ever for scholars to highlight the risks to our system of gov­ern­ment. In this spirit, Bright Line Watch brings together a group of political sci­en­tists to monitor demo­c­ra­t­ic practices, their resilience, and potential threats."
democracy  political-science  risk  norms 
december 2017 by tsuomela
A normative explanation of antisocial punishment
"While much research shows that people punish free-riders, recent studies find evidence that people also engage in antisocial punishment. That is, they sometimes punish those who contribute generously to collective actions. Such sanctioning is puzzling because generous individuals increase the welfare of all group members. When and why are such individuals punished? In this paper, we propose that descriptive norms are part of the explanation. People may sanction those whose behavior is atypical – even when that behavior benefits the group. We test our theory with a laboratory experiment. We examine the effect of descriptive norms on sanctioning of generous and stingy deviants and find that descriptive norms encourage antisocial punishment, but not punishment of free-riders."
social-psychology  norms  behavior  conformity  altruism  sharing  community  pro-social  anti-social 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Why good deeds don’t go unpunished | Ars Technica
"So it appears that nonconformity is a bit of a double-standard, at least under these specific circumstances. We always dislike free-riders, but we will also punish cooperators when their behavior is particularly atypical."
social-psychology  norms  behavior  conformity  altruism  sharing  community 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Locus Online Perspectives » Cory Doctorow: The Internet of the Dead
"Something has to be done. As Charlie pointed out to me, by 2050 more than half of the Internet’s users will be dead – that is, of all the accounts ever created by Internet users, more than half will have been created by people who have since died. We don’t have the norms, the laws, the software or the markets to deal with this data. Perhaps the Internet Archive will offer to manage peoples’ digital memorials in exchange for long-term deposits of personal hard-drives, not to be disclosed to the public for 100 years. It would be a billion bids for digital immortality stuck in online deep-freezes like preserved heads awaiting medical breakthroughs."
internet  norms  death  mortality  archives  personal 
november 2012 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Neil Gross's pragmatist sociology
"What makes this set of assumptions a "pragmatist" approach? Fundamentally, because it understands the actor as situated within a field of assumptions, modes of behavior, ways of perceiving
action  agents  structure  norms  sociology  explanation  philosophy  pragmatism  theory  social-theory  rationality 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Winehouse, Breivik and Deadly Ideals -
"But it strikes me that there is something like the exact opposite anxiety — a pathological preoccupation with norms, which I want to call hypernomia — running through her music and her published interviews. Winehouse was the victim of another kind of “losing game” (other than love). It was part of her appeal that she was always outspoken and spontaneous in her conversation, so that her published statements have the quality of an intimate diary, raw and unrectified." Annotated link
anomie  norms  behavior  psychology  philosophy  scapegoat 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Chris Hedges: The Myth of The New York Times, in Documentary Form - Film Review - Truthdig
"When you allow an institution to provide you with your identity and sense of self-worth you become an obsequious pawn, no matter how much talent you possess. You live in perpetual fear of what those in authority think of you and might do to you. This mechanism of internalized control—for you always need them more than they need you—is effective. "
media  journalism  norms  behavior  organization  institutions  self-definition  self 
july 2011 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: Widening the Circle of “We” in the Age of Fracture
"In a post-moral establishment time, how can we rebuild collective ethical norms (the given rationale for the moral establishment) that are fair to the individual (in ways that moral establishmentarian repression was not)? Or to put a Hollingerian spin on the question: how do we have solidarity without coercion? How do we widen the circle of “we” without alienating and repressing those newly brought into the expanding circle? "
american-studies  america  history  ethics  norms  individual  moral-establishment 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Imagine: Protest, Insurgency and the Workings of White Privilege | Red Room
Protest is only seen as fundamentally American when those who have long had the luxury of seeing themselves as prototypically American engage in it. When the dangerous and dark “other” does so, however, it isn’t viewed as normal or natural, let alone patriotic. Which is why Rush Limbaugh could say, this past week,that the Tea Parties are the first time since the Civil War that ordinary, common Americans stood up for their rights: a statement that erases the normalcy and “American-ness” of blacks in the civil rights struggle, not to mention women in the fight for suffrage and equality, working people in the fight for better working conditions, and LGBT folks as they struggle to be treated as full and equal human beings.
And this, my friends, is what white privilege is all about.
politics  race  racism  white-privilege  america  protests  gun-control  violence  norms  behavior 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Co(m)-plications « Larval Subjects .
At any rate Bruno Latour’s Politics of Nature goes a long way, I believe, towards resituating these questions. There he revises the fact/value distinction and develops something like an object-oriented normative theory. Where, very crudely put, traditional normative theory might look for a set of norms or prescriptions that allow us to decide moral, ethical, and political issues, Latour sees the issue very differently. Under the traditional account of normativity we are to avoid ever conflating the “is” and the “ought”. What ought to be the case, the story goes, holds regardless of what the facts may be. In other words, the ought or domain of normativity is treated as impervious to the realm of facts.
morality  norms  normative  theory  fact-value  speculative-realism  object-oriented  philosophy  is-ought  realism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Ghosts in the Machine « Easily Distracted
I think this is why I feel such discomfort every time I read about a case of academic plagiarism that ends up revealing that a scholar was making extensive use of research assistants to acquire archival materials or data, digest or summarize that data, and prepare drafts of work about that data.
academia  morality  norms  behavior  research  methods  assistants  ghost-writing 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Don't Dismiss Taibbi : CJR
Mainstream financial journalism is doing its level, eye-rolling, heavy-sighing best to stuff Matt Taibbi back into the alt-press hole he came from, but he’s not going along with it, and the mainstreamers in any case are making a big mistake.

The Rolling Stone writer cemented his status as the enfant terrible of the business press with “The Great American Bubble Machine,” a 10,000-word excoriation of Goldman Sachs, a muckraker’s-eye view of Goldman history, exploring the bank’s and Wall Street’s contributions to various financial disasters
journalism  banking  crisis  recession  norms  behavior 
august 2009 by tsuomela
University Diaries » The Ghost in the Management
I recently looked at the c.v. of a distinguished professor of medicine and saw that he had authored (most usually had co-authored) about 800 articles in peer-reviewed journals, an average of nearly 30 per year over his career....How can a scientist author and publish 40 articles in a year? Year after year? In my fields (Science and Technology Studies, Philosophy, Sociology), five peer-reviewed articles in a year is a lot, and most researchers would be happy to write one truly good article each year.
academic  research  norms  behavior  citation  medicine  legitimacy  trust  productivity 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Less Wrong: Nonparametric Ethics
Nonparametric ethics says: "Let's reason about which moral situations are at least rough neighbors so that an acceptable solution to one should be at least mostly-acceptable to another
ethics  morality  norms  mathematics  metaphor 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Sex Feels Good, And That's Why It Is Good | TPMCafe
Part of TPM Book Club on The Purity Myth by Jessica Valenti
"But I want to deal with the way that we're not helping ourselves when we talk about sex in terms of health consequences and inevitability, and avoid the harder discussion about why pleasure is far from shallow, but an important part of human life. Many people reject the purity myth, but still tend to view pleasure as an illegitimate way to spend time compared to working or engaging in some self-improvement project."
sex  gender  feminism  pleasure  punishment  culture  norms  behavior  psychology 
april 2009 by tsuomela
The Splintered Mind: Philosophical Trust
"It seems to me there's a great divide within philosophy between those with high self- to other-trust ratios and those with low ratios." People willing to spend a lot of time understanding Hegel's Phenomenology or Heidegger's Being and Time must trust that these thinkers have something useful to say.
philosophy  behavior  canon  norms  trust 
march 2009 by tsuomela
What to do when old photos of you appear on Facebook. - By Brian Braiker - Slate Magazine
What she ended up concluding is probably the best—and hardest—lesson Facebook has to offer. Once you start reconnecting with people from your distant past, even if fleetingly online, your life goes from feeling like a patchwork of acquaintances and experiences to something more fluid and cohesive. This can be humbling. Or, as Caroline said when I whined to her about posting that photo: "You can never be too cool for your past."
facebook  behavior  norms  self-presentation  portrait 
march 2009 by tsuomela
It's Been Such a Pleasure Working With You | The Big Money
In some sense, the endurance of this extreme politeness is evidence that hope springs eternal. Many people justifiably believe that an elegant departure might help them land their next gig. But it also confirms something that cranky observers of the white-collar classes have been harping about for decades now: The system depends on forced smiles.
economics  behavior  norms  email  work  labor  politeness 
march 2009 by tsuomela
The Republic of T. » Have You Ever Edited Wikipedia?
A number of different reports by people who have been unhappy with the politics of Wikipedia editing, especially the notability standards.
wikipedia  culture  norms  behavior  standards  encyclopedia 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Norms, Minorities, and Collective Choice Online [Full Text]
In this essay, we argue that we should try to capture variation by paying more attention to the decision rules governing choice within collectivities on the Internet. As best we know, all of the sociologically "interesting" collective endeavors on the Internet are characterized by rules or norms
online  internet  culture  norms  behavior  psychology  collective  decision-making  decision 
january 2009 by tsuomela » The Household as Commons
In The Household, he [Robert Ellickson] now turns his attention to the ways in which we informally manage the cooking, cleaning, finances and other tasks needed to operate a household. I like the name that Ellickson gives for this universe of norms – “homeways.”
norms  behavior  personal  community  commons  psychology  rule-making 
january 2009 by tsuomela
The High Cost of Pretending | 43 Folders
We can create meaningful and sustainable expectations about how, when, or whether we’ll respond to each of the inputs in our world. We can be candid about the level of attention strangers and friends can expect from us. And, when the time is appropriate, we can find the stomach to tell the world we’re not even pretending to listen.
pim  information-overload  email  ethics  norms  social 
december 2008 by tsuomela
The Ethics Imperative in Social Media |
In a world where the entire space around you “remembers” your choices and your actions, do you have much in the way of an alternative but to operate ethically?
philosophy  ethics  social-media  norms 
october 2008 by tsuomela
Academic Productivity » The failure of open science
science was never that open to start with, but thanks to the communication needs of the time and the technology available people developed the peer review system. A system that is now hauting us, while top scientists disregard current technology (mostly web-based) that makes the current system look silly.
science  academic  open-science  norms  communication  publishing  peer-review 
august 2008 by tsuomela
apophenia: musing about online social norms
Yet, in mediated environments, impression management is stilted. There's no implicit feedback and explicit feedback is minimal at best ("nice picture" isn't really informative). The immediate social consequences are also not there because there's no way o
online  sociology  behavior  norms  ethics  self-presentation 
december 2007 by tsuomela

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