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Radiation Nation | Columbia University Press
"On March 28, 1979, the worst nuclear reactor accident in U.S. history occurred at the Three Mile Island power plant in Central Pennsylvania. Radiation Nation tells the story of what happened that day and in the months and years that followed, as local residents tried to make sense of the emergency. The near-meltdown occurred at a pivotal moment when the New Deal coalition was unraveling, trust in government was eroding, conservatives were consolidating their power, and the political left was becoming marginalized. Using the accident to explore this turning point, Natasha Zaretsky provides a fresh interpretation of the era by disclosing how atomic and ecological imaginaries shaped the conservative ascendancy. Drawing on the testimony of the men and women who lived in the shadow of the reactor, Radiation Nation shows that the region's citizens, especially its mothers, grew convinced that they had sustained radiological injuries that threatened their reproductive futures. Taking inspiration from the antiwar, environmental, and feminist movements, women at Three Mile Island crafted a homegrown ecological politics that wove together concerns over radiological threats to the body, the struggle over abortion and reproductive rights, and eroding trust in authority. This politics was shaped above all by what Zaretsky calls "biotic nationalism," a new body-centered nationalism that imagined the nation as a living, mortal being and portrayed sickened Americans as evidence of betrayal. The first cultural history of the accident, Radiation Nation reveals the surprising ecological dimensions of post-Vietnam conservatism while showing how growing anxieties surrounding bodily illness infused the political realignment of the 1970s in ways that blurred any easy distinction between left and right."
book  publisher  nuclear  energy  disaster  culture  1970s  history 
8 weeks ago by tsuomela
Chasing the Apocalypse — Real Life
Visiting abandoned nuclear test sites in the Nevada desert.
nuclear  war  history  tourism  travel  state(Nevada) 
february 2019 by tsuomela
Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs | Nobel Peace Prize 1995
"Pugwash seeks a world free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. We create opportunities for dialogue on the steps needed to achieve that end, focusing on areas where nuclear risks are present. Moving beyond rhetoric, we foster creative discussions on ways to increase the security of all sides in the affected regions."
nuclear  military  war  weapons  discussion  dialog 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Obama Deserves Credit for Visiting Hiroshima
"That is why Obama, who deserves credit for the nuclear deal with Iran, is taking the right step in visiting Hiroshima. No responsibility is greater for the president and other world leaders than assuring that no other nation will ever suffer the fate of Japan in 1945. That never again will mankind unleash death, the destroyer of worlds.   "
nuclear  war  history  memory  fear  american-studies  people(BarackObama) 
may 2016 by tsuomela
Why are there no big nuke protests? | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
"The antinuclear movement has fluctuated between gigantic (in the 1980s) and almost nonexistent (the 1970s, now). What accounts for these remarkable variations? Is it possible to identify the factors that touched off the remarkable surges in participation in the 1960s and 1980s? If it were possible, could such factors be put into play today?"
protests  social-movement  history  nuclear  military  20c  government  trust 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Eric Schlosser and the Illusion of Nuclear Weapons Safety | The Nation
"In the end, however, the basic conundrum remains. One the one hand, the multiple assurances by authorities that we had nothing to worry about were, as in so many other areas, unfounded and deceptive. Numerous accidents went unreported to the public and often to officials who should have known about them. Hydrogen bombs were dropped on or crashed into Spain, Iceland and numerous locations in the United States. They were subject to fires and explosions, in some cases leading to the dispersion of uranium and plutonium. On the other hand, we never had a nuclear explosion. But does this show the strength of the safety mechanisms? Schlosser draws the opposite conclusion that we were lucky. If things had been a bit different in many of these cases—had wires crossed one way rather than another or had decay in a safety switch occurred in a bomber that crashed—bombs would have exploded. We can ask how close we came, which means thinking about would have had to have been different in order to produce this dreaded result. But we cannot be confident about where this way of thinking leads us. And that means we may have been a lot closer to disaster than most of us believed at the time."
book  review  weapons  nuclear  safety  risk  cold-war 
october 2013 by tsuomela
US atomic bomb detonation was avoided by 'the slightest margin of chance' | World news | theguardian.com
"New evidence has emerged confirming that the US came just one safety switch away from detonating a hydrogen bomb over North Carolina that was 260 times more powerful than the "Little Boy" bomb that destroyed Hiroshima."
history  nuclear  war  1960s  cold-war 
september 2013 by tsuomela
Josef Oehmen and Fukushima – Would I have believed myself? « BraveNewClimate
"Would I have believed myself if I came across that blog and had no prior knowledge of nuclear physics and engineering? Or asked another way: How do you judge the quality of TV, radio, print and internet news reporting on topics that you are only superficially familiar with?

"
media  internet  information  belief  trust  online  information-use  nuclear  crisis  country(Japan) 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Chernobyl | The New York Academy of Sciences
"This is a collection of papers translated from the Russian with some revised and updated contributions. Written by leading authorities from Eastern Europe, the volume outlines the history of the health and environmental consequences of the Chernobyl disaster. According to the authors, official discussions from the International Atomic Energy Agency and associated United Nations' agencies (e.g. the Chernobyl Forum reports) have largely downplayed or ignored many of the findings reported in the Eastern European scientific literature and consequently have erred by not including these assessments. "
nuclear  power  energy  environment  risk  accidents  disaster  country(Russia) 
march 2011 by tsuomela
How Josef Oehmen's advice on Fukushima went viral - opinion - 21 March 2011 - New Scientist
"On 13 March, an essay entitled "Why I am not worried about Japan's nuclear reactors" appeared on a new and unknown blog. Within hours the post had gone viral – a testament to the power of hyperlinking and social media."
information  diffusion  rumor  country(Japan)  nuclear  energy  risk  disaster  crisis  viral 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Safe nuclear does exist, and China is leading the way with thorium - Telegraph
"A few weeks before the tsunami struck Fukushima’s uranium reactors and shattered public faith in nuclear power, China revealed that it was launching a rival technology to build a safer, cleaner, and ultimately cheaper network of reactors based on thorium. "
country(China)  country(Japan)  nuclear  energy  risk  safety  disaster  crisis  environment  technology  america  fear 
march 2011 by tsuomela
From Hiroshima to Fukushima | The Nation
"The problem is not that another backup generator is needed, or that the safety rules aren’t tight enough, or that the pit for the nuclear waste is in the wrong geological location, or that controls on proliferation are lax. It is that a stumbling, imperfect, probably imperfectable creature like ourselves is unfit to wield the stellar fire released by the split or fused atom. When nature strikes, why should humankind compound the trouble? The earth is provided with enough primordial forces of destruction without our help in introducing more. We should leave those to Mother Nature."
country(Japan)  disaster  nuclear  energy  environment  commentary 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Japan, the Persian Gulf and Energy | STRATFOR
"It is not the loss of the reactors that will shake Japan the most but the loss of the certainty that the reactors were their path to some degree of safety, along with the added burden on the economy. The question is how the political system will respond. In dealing with the Persian Gulf, will Japan continue to follow the American lead or will it decide to take a greater degree of control and follow its own path? The likelihood is that a shaken self-confidence will make Japan more cautious and even more vulnerable. But it is interesting to look at Japanese history and realize that sometimes, and not always predictably, Japan takes insecurity as a goad to self-assertion."
political-science  country(Japan)  disaster  geopolitics  foreign-affairs  energy  nuclear  confidence 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Japan's nuclear crisis and the 2011 earthquake tsunami: Let's cool the political meltdown. - By William Saletan - Slate Magazine
That's how we deal with tragedies in the oil business. Accidents happen. People die. Pollution spreads. We don't abandon oil. We study what went wrong, try to fix it, and move on.
Contrast this with the panic over Japan's reactors. For 40 years, they've quietly done their work. Three days ago, they were hit almost simultaneously by Japan's worst earthquake and one of its worst tsunamis. Not one reactor container has failed.
nuclear  power  energy  risk  country(Japan) 
march 2011 by tsuomela
All Things Nuclear
All Things Nuclear is the blog of the Global Security Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists. We’ll cover nuclear weapons, fissile materials, arms control, missile defense, space weapons, reprocessing, China and security, nuclear power, and a few other things for good measure, all in the context of science, security, and policy.
weblog-organization  nuclear  power  energy  environment 
march 2011 by tsuomela
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