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tsuomela : participation   64

PhotoVoice
"PhotoVoice’s vision is for a world in which everybody has the opportunity to represent themselves and tell their own story PhotoVoice’s mission is to build skills within disadvantaged and marginalised communities. To achieve this, we utilise innovative participatory photography and digital storytelling methods. These skills enable individuals to represent themselves and create tools for advocacy and communication. Through this, and through developing partnerships, we deliver positive social change."
photography  marginal  community  participatory-culture  participation  ethnography  visual 
march 2017 by tsuomela
Crowd science user contribution patterns and their implications
"Scientific research performed with the involvement of the broader public (the crowd) attracts increasing attention from scientists and policy makers. A key premise is that project organizers may be able to draw on underused human resources to advance research at relatively low cost. Despite a growing number of examples, systematic research on the effort contributions volunteers are willing to make to crowd science projects is lacking. Analyzing data on seven different projects, we quantify the financial value volunteers can bring by comparing their unpaid contributions with counterfactual costs in traditional or online labor markets. The volume of total contributions is substantial, although some projects are much more successful in attracting effort than others. Moreover, contributions received by projects are very uneven across time—a tendency toward declining activity is interrupted by spikes typically resulting from outreach efforts or media attention. Analyzing user-level data, we find that most contributors participate only once and with little effort, leaving a relatively small share of users who return responsible for most of the work. Although top contributor status is earned primarily through higher levels of effort, top contributors also tend to work faster. This speed advantage develops over multiple sessions, suggesting that it reflects learning rather than inherent differences in skills. Our findings inform recent discussions about potential benefits from crowd science, suggest that involving the crowd may be more effective for some kinds of projects than others, provide guidance for project managers, and raise important questions for future research."
citizen-science  crowdsourcing  participation  success  public-understanding  metrics  measurement 
january 2015 by tsuomela
Making Democracy Fun | The MIT Press
"Anyone who has ever been to a public hearing or community meeting would agree that participatory democracy can be boring. Hours of repetitive presentations, alternatingly alarmist or complacent, for or against, accompanied by constant heckling, often with no clear outcome or decision. Is this the best democracy can offer? In Making Democracy Fun, Josh Lerner offers a novel solution for the sad state of our deliberative democracy: the power of good game design. What if public meetings featured competition and collaboration (such as team challenges), clear rules (presented and modeled in multiple ways), measurable progress (such as scores and levels), and engaging sounds and visuals? These game mechanics would make meetings more effective and more enjoyable—even fun."
book  publisher  democracy  gaming  gamification  participation 
june 2014 by tsuomela
Law and Contemporary Problems | Vol 62 | No. 4
"Volume 62, Number 4 (Autumn 1999) Amateurs in Public Service: Volunteering, Service-Learning, and Community Service"
amateur  volunteer  participation  law  effects  psychology  sociology 
february 2014 by tsuomela
Participation in Voluntary Organizations and Group Size
"Participation in collective action is hard to understand as rational behavior unless strong intrinsic benefits or selective social or economic incentives are assumed. This article describes the Status Competition Model for organizations in which members are motivated to participate for selective social rewards like the status attained from an annual “Medal of Honor.” Status is awarded on the basis of relative voluntary contributions. Using this model, the set of active members and its relation with the size of membership is studied. The number of volunteers is characterized in terms of the individual costs and benefits of participation. It is deduced that active members are necessarily very homogeneous with respect to a one-dimensional parameter of their costs and benefits. Hence the number of active members will be small if members differ nontrivially in their costs and benefits. Under some additional assumptions, it is argued that in similar kinds of organizations, the number of active members is proportional to the square root of the number of members."
volunteer  participation  data  groups  size  status  social-status  research 
february 2014 by tsuomela
Raw Personal Data: Providing Access
"Heated debates on responsibilities in biomedical research currently focus on the end of the data and information pipeline: They revolve around issues of returning results to participants and patients. Although these debates are timely, they miss a crucial point at the beginning of the pipeline: the question of whether sample donors are able to access the raw data derived directly from their stored sample. The U.S. Presidential Commission recently reviewed 32 reports from the United States and worldwide on returning of findings in diverse contexts; it is striking that access to raw data by participants was not addressed in any of them."
research  ethics  data  participation  medicine  health  personal  biological-sciences 
january 2014 by tsuomela
The Information Counter-Revolution | Common Dreams
"In 2014, we’re experiencing a new age of “strategic data,” says Ian Bremmer, president of the Eurasia Group, which earlier this month released its annual list of the top political risks worldwide. For Bremmer, strategic data involves seizing power over our online information. “It’s about states using data to engage in surveillance on their populations domestically and internationally.” It’s top-down, and it’s not only about official use of personal data to protect national security. Governments and corporations are mining our data for more benign practices, too, like predicting traffic patterns or monitoring the spread of diseases."
data  information  big-data  state  government  privacy  spying  participation  protests 
january 2014 by tsuomela
A Typology of Public Engagement Mechanisms
"Imprecise definition of key terms in the “public participation” domain have hindered the conduct of good research and militated against the development and implementation of effective participation practices. In this article, we define key concepts in the domain: public communication, public consultation, and public participation. These concepts are differentiated according to the nature and flow of information between exercise sponsors and participants. According to such an information flow perspective, an exercise’s effectiveness may be ascertained by the efficiency with which full, relevant information is elicited from all appropriate sources, transferred to (and processed by) all appropriate recipients, and combined(when required) to give an aggregate/consensual response. Key variables that may theoretically affect effectiveness—and on which engagement mechanisms differ—are identified and used to develop a typology of mechanisms. The resultant typology reveals four communication, six consultation, and four participation mechanism classes. Limitations to the typology are discussed, and future research needs identified."
science  participation  public  public-understanding  engagement  outreach  typology  citizen-science 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Citizen Archivist Dashboard
"You can become a citizen archivist — just click one of the options below to get started. "
archives  citizen  citizen-science  participation 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Facebook Refusal: Hispter Trend or Activist Movement? NYU Steinardt Researcher Explores Media Refusal Phenomenon
"Laura Portwood-Stacer, visiting assistant professor of media, culture, and communication at NYU Steinhardt, has recently published a study of people who quit Facebook and how the media cover the phenomenon of Facebook refusal. “People have a variety of reasons for quitting or refusing a platform like Facebook,” said Portwood-Stacer, “Yet many media accounts of the phenomenon portray quitters as hipsters or elitists. Even some of the refusers themselves describe their decision to quit in terms that make it sound like they're 'too cool' for Facebook." Portwood-Stacer asserts that many people have ethical and political concerns about media services like Facebook. "
social-media  facebook  participation  refusal 
july 2013 by tsuomela
The Work of Art in the Age of Mediated Participation: Crowdsourced Art and Collective Creativity | Literat | International Journal of Communication
"Online crowdsourced art is the practice of using the Internet as a participatory platform to directly engage the public in the creation of visual, musical, literary, or dramatic artwork, with the goal of showcasing the relationship between the collective imagination and the individual artistic sensibilities of its participants. Discussing key examples and analyzing this artistic practice within multiple theoretical frameworks, this article fills a critical gap in the study of contemporary art and participatory culture by developing a typology of online crowdsourced art and exploring the levels of artistic participation. In view of its reliance on the artistic contribution of a large pool of geographically disperse participants, this type of art raises important questions about notions of collective creativity, authorship, and the aesthetic significance of digital participation."
art  crowdsourcing  research  theory  participation  creativity  collective  communication 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Vernor Vinge on Technological Unemployment | THE DECLINE OF SCARCITY
"Essentially Vinge is describing a theoretical crowdsourcing platform (or platforms) that could systematically harness human minds and direct them towards the tasks humans still do best. This is actually very consistent with the point of view expressed in Brynjolfsson and McAfee’s book Race Against the Machine, in which unemployed human beings are described as a large “slack resource,” one that hopefully some entrepreneur or platform designer will figure out how to put to efficient use. I do think this is a very credible possibility and I particularly like Vinge’s image of a few bright shining stars of human ability twinkling against the blackness of algorithmic space. True, over time, more and more of those stars might blink out, and new stars might become much harder to find, but it’s entirely possible that there are still enough stars out there to see us through the coming transitional period, and computer networks might have the potential to help us identify and exploit those stars."
crowdsourcing  technology  technology-effects  economics  work  labor  future  singularity  unemployment  citizen-science  participation 
june 2013 by tsuomela
PLOS Medicine: Adapting Standards: Ethical Oversight of Participant-Led Health Research
"Online social media and digital technologies have facilitated formation of communities of individuals engaged in establishing and conducting health research projects. The results of such participant-led research (PLR) have already appeared in leading biomedical journals. These projects involve research with human participants. Hence, what are the requirements for ethical oversight? To what extent is standard ethics review also suitable for PLR?"
medicine  participation  research  ethics  citizen-science 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Participatory Methods Toolkit. A practitioners manual. Second edition (available in English, French, German and Dutch)
"Participatory Methods Toolkit. A practitioners manual. New edition Intended for use by practitioners, this guide teaches how to launch a participatory process. It includes a description of 13 participatory methods (2006)"
participation  methods  toolkit  manual  participatory-culture 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Nicolas Maisonneuve's blog » Social capital as contribution in participatory projects
"Contributing to a participatory projects like citizen science projects is somehow about asking volunteers to use one of their available capitals."
participation  participatory-culture  citizen-science  capital  contribution  incentive  social-capital 
january 2013 by tsuomela
www.idigbio.org
"In September, I had the pleasure of attending a presentation by Jason Osborne and Aaron Alford, founders of Paleo Quest (http://paleoquest.org/), a non-profit education and research organization that provides a conduit for citizen science in paleontology. "
citizen-science  paleontology  participation  research 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Citizen Science Guide and major review of citizen science projects worldwide
"A new practical guide on how to develop, implement and evaluate citizen science projects to monitor the UK’s environment is published today. The guide is based on conclusions from a comprehensive report reviewing more than 200 citizen science projects from the UK and around the world."
report  citizen-science  science  participation  public-understanding  research 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Crowd Science: The Organization of Scientific Research in Open Collaborative Projects by Chiara Franzoni, Henry Sauermann :: SSRN
"A growing amount of scientific research is done in an open collaborative fashion, in projects that are sometimes labeled as “crowd science”, “citizen science”, or “networked science”. This paper seeks to gain a more systematic understanding of crowd science and to provide scholars with a conceptual framework and an agenda for future research. First, we briefly present three case examples - Foldit, Galaxy Zoo, and Polymath - that span different fields of science and illustrate the heterogeneity concerning what crowd science projects do and how they are organized. Second, we identify two fundamental elements that characterize crowd science projects - open participation and open sharing of intermediate knowledge - and distinguish crowd science from other knowledge production regimes. Third, we explore potential benefits that crowd science offers over alternative organizational modes, and potential challenges it is likely to face. This discussion also considers for what kinds of scientific problems particular benefits or challenges are likely to be most pronounced. We conclude by outlining an agenda for future research and by discussing implications for funding agencies and policy makers."
preprints  citizen-science  science  participation  public-understanding 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) » Home
"Informal science education supports people of all ages and walks of life in exploring science, technology, engineering, and mathematics."
science  informal  education  learning  citizen-science  participation 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Crowd-funding science? « through the looking glass
"For me the biggest question is whether you can really raise the sorts of funding 21st century science needs in this way? I wonder if there is a profound disconnect between the thinner ends of the long tail and the simple bigness of a lot of contemporary science." Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://alicerosebell.wordpress.com/2012/07/21/crowd-funding-science/
science  crowdsourcing  funding  research  citizen-science  participation  public 
july 2012 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Ordinary and theoretical knowledge of capitalism
"Is the participant-level even the right perspective from which to try to identify an explanation? I don't think so. Were conditions in this factory harsh because this owner was hostile or cruel towards these particular workers? No, rather because the competitive environment of profitability and accumulation created an inexorable race to the bottom. So we can't explain this factory's working conditions by referring to specific features of this factory and its owner. This logic is spelled out very clearly in Capital, and it is a system-level characteristic."
sociology  explanation  level  system  scale  foundation  phenomenology  participation  capitalism  social-theory  theory 
march 2012 by tsuomela
Forest Research - Anna Lawrence
Author of "The first cuckoo in winter: British phenology recording, credibility and meaning"
people  research  citizen-science  forestry  environment  monitor  citizen  participation  phenology  biology  diversity  country(UK) 
april 2011 by tsuomela
A plain blog about politics: Be a Citizen, Not a Subject
What I'd say to them is: Barack Obama is not a king, and you are not a subject.  You are a citizen.  Act like it.  American political parties are extremely permeable: get active.  If things don't go your way, get more active.  If you've been active, stay in the game.  Expect disappointments -- you are one of 300 million, and many of them disagree with you.
politcal-science  politics  emotion  disappointment  citizenship  participation 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Birding News and Features — eBird
A real-time, online checklist program, eBird has revolutionized the way that the birding community reports and accesses information about birds. Launched in 2002 by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and National Audubon Society, eBird provides rich data sources for basic information on bird abundance and distribution at a variety of spatial and temporal scales.
citizen-science  birds  science  nature  environment  participation  biology  school(Cornell) 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Many hands make light work : Nature
A natural polypeptide chain can fold into a native protein in microseconds, but predicting such stable three-dimensional structure from any given amino-acid sequence and first physical principles remains a formidable computational challenge. Aiming to recruit human visual and strategic powers to the task, Seth Cooper, David Baker and colleagues turned their 'Rosetta' structure-prediction algorithm into an online multiplayer game called Foldit, in which thousands of non-scientists competed and collaborated to produce a rich set of new algorithms and search strategies for protein structure refinement. The work shows that even computationally complex scientific problems can be effectively crowd-sourced using interactive multiplayer games.
science  methods  citizen-science  crowdsourcing  participation  co-science  community  collaboration  games  gaming 
august 2010 by tsuomela
World Of Proteincraft - Science News
More than 57,000 people, many of them nonscientists, got involved in Foldit, a game geared towards solving the puzzle of protein structure, researchers report in the Aug. 5 Nature. And several top-ranked players outdid state-of-the-art computer algorithms that tackle the same tasks. The project suggests that online games tapping into the wisdom of crowds may be a fruitful approach to scientific challenges.
science  methods  citizen-science  crowdsourcing  participation  co-science  community  collaboration  games  gaming 
august 2010 by tsuomela
nsf.gov - National Science Foundation (NSF) Discoveries - Coming to a Home Near You: Citizen Science Contributes to Research - US National Science Foundation (NSF)
In a study funded by the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Directorate for Education & Human Resources, researchers are studying an online suite of citizen-science projects called Zooniverse to determine the implications of public involvement in large-scale scientific activities. Zooniverse was developed by the Citizen Science Alliance with projects ranging from an effort to track solar explosions to an effort to understand how galaxies merge.
science  participation  citizen-science  public  crowdsourcing 
july 2010 by tsuomela
HUMAN Library | Home
The Human Library is an innovative method designed to promote dialogue, reduce prejudices and encourage understanding.The main characteristics of the project are to be found in its simplicity and positive approach.

In it’s initial form the Human Library is a mobile library set up as a space for dialogue and interaction. Visitors to the Human Library are given the opportunity to speak informally with “people on loan”; this latter group being extremely varied in age, sex and cultural background.

The Human Library enables groups to break stereotypes by challenging the most common prejudices in a positive and humorous manner. It is a concrete, easily transferable and affordable way of promoting tolerance and understanding.
prejudice  education  participation  culture  library  people  events  social  community  stererotypes  tolerance 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Citizen juries are vital for science policymaking - SciDev.Net
To this end, citizen consensus councils (CCCs), also known as 'citizen juries', offer a powerful implementation tool. CCCs, first developed in Denmark in the 1990s, are small groups of people brought together to debate key scientific or technological issues and propose policy responses.

Their members are either chosen at random or because together they are demographically representative of their communities.

CCCs hear evidence from a selection of experts and are professionally overseen to reach agreement on how to address the issue at hand. Their conclusions are sent to the relevant authorities and publicised within the populations they represent, usually through the press. They operate much like a jury in that, once their recommendations have been made, they are disbanded.
science  policy  public-policy  participation  citizenship  sts  decision-making 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Public Policy Forum
Established in 1913 as a good government watchdog, the nonpartisan Public Policy Forum currently focuses its policy research on a broad range of issues affecting southeastern Wisconsin, the state and the nation. They include education, tax and economic development policy, transportation, public safety, health, public infrastructure and other quality of life concerns.
politics  public-policy  state(Wisconsin)  forum  local  participation 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Understanding the Participatory News Consumer | Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project
The internet is now the third most-popular news platform, behind local and national television news and ahead of national print newspapers, local print newspapers and radio. Getting news online fits into a broad pattern of news consumption by Americans; six in ten (59%) get news from a combination of online and offline sources on a typical day.
survey  news  journalism  trends  internet  media  research  participation  audience 
march 2010 by tsuomela
Presencing Institute
The Presencing Institute (PI) is a global action research community that applies Theory U and presencing to the transformation of capitalism by shifting the social field of individual and collective action from habitual patterns to co-creating from the emerging whole. The presencing process is a journey that connects us more deeply both to what wants to emerge in the world and to our highest future possibility—our emerging authentic self.
facilitation  presence  participation  emergence  business  capitalism  transformation  community 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Participation in the Networked Public Sphere — Crooked Timber
Public intellectuals interested in American politics have spent much of the last two decades agonizing over low participation and the poor state of public debate among Americans. Their arguments have been transformed by the advent of the Internet. Some – such as Yochai Benkler – have argued that the Internet offers the potential to transform participation and debate in America, by creating a ‘networked public sphere’ of civic argument and activity. Others – most prominently Cass Sunstein – have been more skeptical, claiming that new forms of debate on the Internet are liable to problems such as erroneous information cascades and balkanization of different groups into separate universes of discourse.
online  politics  culture  participation  networks  dialogue  public-space 
december 2008 by tsuomela
OnTheCommons.org » Commoners as an Emerging Political Force
Citizens do not need to be on the periphery any more. We don’t need to plead with politicians or the news media to express our feelings. We have the power to express our passions ourselves, on a global stage, and to initiate political action directly.
What’s significant about history-making citizenship is its challenge to the centralized bureaucracies of government and corporations. We commoners have some under-appreciated advantages over these dinosaurs, who are still trying to figure out how to operate on open platforms.
commons  politics  citizenship  participation 
august 2008 by tsuomela

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