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"The 2016 U.S. presidential election coincided with the rise the “alternative right” or “alt-right”. Although alt-right associates wield considerable influence on the current administration, the movement’s loose organizational structure has led to disparate portrayals of its members’ psychology. We surveyed 447 alt-right adherents on a battery of psychological measures, comparing their responses to those of 382 non-adherents. Alt-right adherents were much more distrustful of the mainstream media and government; expressed higher Dark Triad traits, social dominance orientation, and authoritarianism; reported high levels of aggression; and exhibited extreme levels of overt intergroup bias, including blatant dehumanization of racial minorities. Cluster analyses suggest that alt-right supporters may separate into two subgroups: one more populist and anti-establishment and the other more supremacist and motivated by maintaining social hierarchy. We argue for the need to give overt bias greater empirical and theoretical consideration in contemporary intergroup research."
preprint  psychology  personality  alt-right  social-psychology  mechanical-turk 
august 2018 by tsuomela
Angela Duckworth says grit is the key to success in work and life. Is this a bold new idea or the latest self-help fad?
A balanced critique of the psychology of grit and how it may be closer to previous personality concepts than first thought, and may be harder to teach than expected.
book  review  psychology  grit  character  personality 
may 2016 by tsuomela
Loneliness and Social Isolation as Risk Factors for Mortality
"Actual and perceived social isolation are both associated with increased risk for early mortality. In this meta-analytic review, our objective is to establish the overall and relative magnitude of social isolation and loneliness and to examine possible moderators. We conducted a literature search of studies (January 1980 to February 2014) using MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Social Work Abstracts, and Google Scholar. The included studies provided quantitative data on mortality as affected by loneliness, social isolation, or living alone. Across studies in which several possible confounds were statistically controlled for, the weighted average effect sizes were as follows: social isolation odds ratio (OR) = 1.29, loneliness OR = 1.26, and living alone OR = 1.32, corresponding to an average of 29%, 26%, and 32% increased likelihood of mortality, respectively. We found no differences between measures of objective and subjective social isolation. Results remain consistent across gender, length of follow-up, and world region, but initial health status has an influence on the findings. Results also differ across participant age, with social deficits being more predictive of death in samples with an average age younger than 65 years. Overall, the influence of both objective and subjective social isolation on risk for mortality is comparable with well-established risk factors for mortality. "
loneliness  social  isolation  health  personality  mortality  psychology 
july 2015 by tsuomela
The associations of birth order with personality and intelligence in a representative sample of U.S. high school students
"We tested birth order associations with personality traits and intelligence using Project Talent, a representative sample (N = 377,000) of U.S. high school students. Using a between-family design and several background factors (i.e., age, sex, sibship size, parental socio-economic status, and family structure), we were able to control for potential confounds, and estimate the links between birth order and outcomes across several different social categories. In addition to differences between firstborns and laterborns across the entire sample, we also tested birth rank trends in a sub-sample of targets from sibships of three, raised by two parents. Overall, the average absolute association between birth order and personality traits was .02, whereas the one between birth order and intelligence was .04."
birth-order  personality  psychology  family  intelligence 
july 2015 by tsuomela
World Well-Being Project
Research project at Penn that analyzes large corpus of Facebook updates for linguistic clues to personality, gender, age, etc.
big-data  facebook  personality  psychology  language 
august 2014 by tsuomela
Can Creativity Be Learned? - ​Cody C. Delistraty - The Atlantic
"Prevailing theories on creativity focus on methodology, or amount of practice. But new studies suggest artistic talent may be more hard-wired than we thought."
creativity  innovation  psychology  personality  talent 
july 2014 by tsuomela
David Runciman reviews ‘Branson’ by Tom Bower · LRB 20 March 2014
"Branson: Behind the Mask by Tom Bower Faber, 368 pp, £20.00, February, ISBN 978 0 571 29710 8"
book  review  personality  celebrity  finance  business 
march 2014 by tsuomela
The man who destroyed America‘s ego — Matter — Medium
Profile of Roy Baumeister and his work on self-esteem, narcissism, and aggression.
psychology  personality  self-esteem  narcissism 
february 2014 by tsuomela
"That is the conclusion of a study published Thursday in the journal Science. It found that after reading literary fiction, as opposed to popular fiction or serious nonfiction, people performed better on tests measuring empathy, social perception and emotional intelligence — skills that come in especially handy when you are trying to read someone’s body language or gauge what they might be thinkin"
psychology  literature  fiction  reading  empathy  personality 
october 2013 by tsuomela
"Reading Chekhov for a few minutes makes you better at decoding what other people are feeling. But spending the same amount of time with a potboiler by Danielle Steel does not have the same effect, scientists reported Thursday."
psychology  literature  fiction  reading  empathy  personality 
october 2013 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: Personality, Gender, and Age in the Language of Social Media: The Open-Vocabulary Approach
"We analyzed 700 million words, phrases, and topic instances collected from the Facebook messages of 75,000 volunteers, who also took standard personality tests, and found striking variations in language with personality, gender, and age. In our open-vocabulary technique, the data itself drives a comprehensive exploration of language that distinguishes people, finding connections that are not captured with traditional closed-vocabulary word-category analyses. Our analyses shed new light on psychosocial processes yielding results that are face valid (e.g., subjects living in high elevations talk about the mountains), tie in with other research (e.g., neurotic people disproportionately use the phrase ‘sick of’ and the word ‘depressed’), suggest new hypotheses (e.g., an active life implies emotional stability), and give detailed insights (males use the possessive ‘my’ when mentioning their ‘wife’ or ‘girlfriend’ more often than females use ‘my’ with ‘husband’ or 'boyfriend’). To date, this represents the largest study, by an order of magnitude, of language and personality."
social-networks  social-media  big-data  facebook  psychology  linguistics  mood  personality  gender  language 
october 2013 by tsuomela
The Meme Hustler | Evgeny Morozov | The Baffler
"The enduring emptiness of our technology debates has one main cause, and his name is Tim O’Reilly. The founder and CEO of O’Reilly Media, a seemingly omnipotent publisher of technology books and a tireless organizer of trendy conferences, O’Reilly is one of the most influential thinkers in Silicon Valley. Entire fields of thought—from computing to management theory to public administration—have already surrendered to his buzzwordophilia, but O’Reilly keeps pressing on. Over the past fifteen years, he has given us such gems of analytical precision as “open source,” “Web 2.0,” “government as a platform,” and “architecture of participation.” O’Reilly doesn’t coin all of his favorite expressions, but he promotes them with religious zeal and enviable perseverance. While Washington prides itself on Frank Luntz, the Republican strategist who rebranded “global warming” as “climate change” and turned “estate tax” into “death tax,” Silicon Valley has found its own Frank Luntz in Tim O’Reilly. "
silicon-valley  personality  influence  memes  technology  criticism  critique  open-source 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Academic assholes and the circle of niceness | The Thesis Whisperer
"In his best selling book ‘The No Asshole Rule’ Robert Sutton, a professor at Stanford University, has a lot to say on the topic of, well, assholes in the workplace. The book is erudite and amusing in equal measures and well worth reading especially for the final chapter where Sutton examines the advantages of being an asshole. He cites work by Teresa Amabile, who did a series of controlled experiments using fictitious book reviews. While the reviews themselves essentially made the same observations about the books, the tone in which the reviewers expressed their observations was tweaked to be either nice or nasty. What Amabile found was: … negative or unkind people were seen as less likeable but more intelligent, competent and expert than those who expressed the the same messages in gentler ways"
personality  argument  behavior  academia  intelligence  expertise  appearance 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Narratomania | berfrois
"In my view, stories are important not because they make us behave morally but because, on the one hand, they encourage us to confront the barrier between the imaginative and actual universe and, on the other, they discourage us from adopting a literalist view of this universe."
narrative  story-telling  non-fiction  publishing  habit  media  television  framing  personality 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Anxiety Can Bring Out the Best -
Actually, a little anxiety may be just what you need to focus your efforts and perform at your peak, psychologists say.
psychology  anxiety  procrastination  personality  behavior  incentives  gtd 
june 2012 by tsuomela
Confessions of a Community College Dean: Collegiality
"I think a more useful approach might be to look at other venues in which educated professionals work, and to see how they handle the talented-but-insufferable. Academe isn’t unique in having egos, or power struggles, or internal politics." Annotated link
academia  personality  management  conflict 
june 2012 by tsuomela
Psychologists Use Social Networking Behavior to Predict Personality Type - Technology Review
"It turns out, they say, that various online behaviors are a good indicator of personality type. For example, conscientious people are more likely to post asking for help such as a location or e-mail address
personality  technology  behavior  social-media  online  big-five  psychology 
april 2012 by tsuomela
My Experiments with Introductions
"This “retreating from all nearby centers” is not exactly the personality description of a great social hub. So why is it a great position for introduction-making? It’s the same reason Switzerland is a great place for international negotiations: neutrality and small size anchoring credibility, but with sufficient actual clout to enforce good behavior. If you are big or powerful, you have an agenda. If you are from the center of a community, you have an agenda."
introvert  psychology  behavior  personality  culture  social-psychology  weblog  community  weak-links  networking 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Extroverts, Introverts, Aspies and Codies
"Here are just a few of the ideas I’ve been mulling:

As more relationships are catalyzed online than offline, a great sorting is taking place: mixed E/I groups are separating into purer groups dominated by one type
Each trait is getting exaggerated as a result
The emphasis on collaborative creativity, creative capital and teams is disturbing the balance between E-creativity and I-creativity
Lifestyle design works out very differently for E’s and I’s
The extreme mental conditions (dubiously) associated with each type in the popular imagination, such as Asperger’s syndrome or co-dependency, are exhibiting new social phenomenology" Annotated link
introvert  psychology  behavior  personality  culture  sociology  social-psychology 
april 2012 by tsuomela
10 Myths About Introverts | :: Writer. Director. Artist.
"So here are a few common misconceptions about Introverts (not taken directly from the book, but based on my own life experience):"
introvert  psychology  behavior  personality  myths  shyness 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Scientists Could Brush Up on Communication Skills » The Boulder Stand
"It’s an unfair generalization, but according to my informal and uncontrolled study of life interactions, the scientific field can have the tendency to attract folks who like to hang out in labs and work on computers. With many exceptions, scientists are not typically gregarious, communicative, people-lovers, and I think this generalization becomes more applicable the higher the level of expertise acquired. I expect people choose career paths that suit the working environment that most closely suits their personality."
science  communication  personality  psychology  sts  scientists 
october 2011 by tsuomela
Forget Steve Jobs | Savage Minds
"Jobs’s saintly genius is a carefully orchestrated performance by Apple, tech journalists, venture capitalists, and MacBook fanboys to create an illusion that we are blessed to be typing away on technologies of such holy grandeur. As this narrative grows so does Apple’s stocks. Social imaginaires like that which circulate around Jobs are stories we tell ourselves about ourselves with real impacts in the world.
Apple products are great, I’m using a couple right now. But the spiritual intonations describing Jobs’s role in the production of these easy to use, trendy, flashy, and expensive devices is overstated for a purpose. The auteur visionary, who throws off tradition, rises from the ashes and returns, and kills a rigid bohemoth (Gates) are all narratives that help to sell products and stocks. These stories encase the casings of Macbook and iPads with a genius virus that users mistakenly think is contagious."
business  technology  success  personality  publicity  public-relations  imagination  social 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Do Nice Guys Finish Last? - The Juggle - WSJ
The researchers analyzed data collected over nearly 20 years from three different surveys, which sampled roughly 10,000 workers comprising a wide range of professions, salaries and ages. (The three surveys measured the notion of “agreeableness” in different ways.) They also conducted a separate study of 460 business students who were asked to act as human resource managers for a fictional company and presented with short descriptions for candidates for a consultant position. Men who were described as highly agreeable were less likely to get the job.
social-psychology  personality  success 
september 2011 by tsuomela
What Kind of Content Curator Are You?
"As with other marketing strategies, personality type can play a big part in your content curation style, from the types of content you share to where you share it and how you go about the process."
personality  curation  online  sharing  advertising  marketing 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Troubling News for Economic Libertarians, Death-Penalty Advocates, and Neo-Conservatives? Moral Judgments and the Dark Triad Personality Traits: A Correlational Study by Marcus Arvan :: SSRN
"This experiment examined correlations between ethical value judgments on a 17-item Moral Intuition Survey (MIS), and scores on the Short D3 “Dark Triad” Personality Inventory - a measure of three related “dark and socially destructive” personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. "
politics  ethics  morality  personality  libertarianism  conservatism 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Are Facebook Users Narcissists? | Smart Journalism. Real Solutions. Miller-McCune.
"“Facebook users tend to be more extroverted and narcissistic, but less conscientious and socially lonely, than non-users,” Tracii Ryan and Sophia Xenos of RMIT University in Melbourne write in the journal Computers in Human Behavior."
facebook  social-media  research  personality 
april 2011 by tsuomela
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