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tsuomela : persuasion   71

Stanley, J.: How Propaganda Works (eBook, Paperback and Hardcover).
"Our democracy today is fraught with political campaigns, lobbyists, liberal media, and Fox News commentators, all using language to influence the way we think and reason about public issues. Even so, many of us believe that propaganda and manipulation aren't problems for us—not in the way they were for the totalitarian societies of the mid-twentieth century. In How Propaganda Works, Jason Stanley demonstrates that more attention needs to be paid. He examines how propaganda operates subtly, how it undermines democracy—particularly the ideals of democratic deliberation and equality—and how it has damaged democracies of the past. Focusing on the shortcomings of liberal democratic states, Stanley provides a historically grounded introduction to democratic political theory as a window into the misuse of democratic vocabulary for propaganda’s selfish purposes. He lays out historical examples, such as the restructuring of the US public school system at the turn of the twentieth century, to explore how the language of democracy is sometimes used to mask an undemocratic reality. Drawing from a range of sources, including feminist theory, critical race theory, epistemology, formal semantics, educational theory, and social and cognitive psychology, he explains how the manipulative and hypocritical declaration of flawed beliefs and ideologies arises from and perpetuates inequalities in society, such as the racial injustices that commonly occur in the United States. How Propaganda Works shows that an understanding of propaganda and its mechanisms is essential for the preservation and protection of liberal democracies everywhere."
propaganda  philosophy  rhetoric  persuasion  political-science  communication 
november 2016 by tsuomela
Twilight of theNudges | New Republic
"THE ETHICS OF INFLUENCE: GOVERNMENT IN THE AGE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE by Cass R. Sunstein Cambridge University Press , 234 pp., $29.99"
book  review  nudge  psychology  persuasion  policy  government  influence 
october 2016 by tsuomela
Keith Olbermann and our vogue for EVISCERATIONS and EPIC RANTS.
Some parallels to Dan Kahan and cultural cognition dualism in public understanding of science.
rhetoric  politics  rants  language  persuasion  cognition  public-understanding  science  expertise 
october 2016 by tsuomela
PopTech : Duncan Watts - Social contagion: What do we really know?
"Again, we don’t know for sure, but we suspect that the analogy with biological disease is badly flawed. For example, whereas it is probably true that most people are susceptible to HIV, our susceptibility to any particular idea, product, musical artists, etc. varies tremendously, depending on our tastes, backgrounds, and circumstances. Unlike for influenza, to which you’re either exposed or not exposed, even the ideas you do encounter have to compete for attention with everything else that you’re exposed to. And unlike models of disease, which assume that disease spreads exclusively from person to person, information can be disseminated by the media and advertising as well as by word of mouth.

All of these differences, along with many others, could dramatically alter the prospects for social epidemics, as well as introduce other mechanisms entirely by which social change can come about, yet models of social influence reflect very little of this added complexity"
social-contagion  ideas  networks  influence  persuasion  society  epidemics  via:cshalizi 
march 2012 by tsuomela
BJ Fogg's Website
" My expertise is creating systems to change human behavior. I call this “Behavior Design.”

I devote about 50% of my time to Stanford and 50% to industry innovation. For me, working in both worlds makes sense: My Stanford work makes me better in industry. And what I learn in industry improves my Stanford research. I’m always eager to help other innovators. "
people  technoloy  innovation  persuasion 
january 2012 by tsuomela
MINDSPACE: Influencing behaviour through public policy - Institute for Government
"New insights from science and behaviour change could lead to significantly improved outcomes, and at a lower cost, than the way many conventional policy tools are used.

MINDSPACE: Influencing behaviour through public policy (PDF, 1.6MB) was published by the Institute for Government and the Cabinet Office on 2 March. The report explores how behaviour change theory can help meet current policy challenges,"
government  psychology  behavior  persuasion  influence  policy 
january 2011 by tsuomela
interfluidity » Tragedy of the technocrats
But the thing is, human affairs are a morality play, and economics, if it is to be useful at all, must be an account of human affairs. I have my share of disagreements with both Krugman and DeLong, but on balance I view them as smart, well-meaning people who would do more good than harm if they had greater influence over policy. But they won’t, and they can’t, and they shouldn’t, if they exempt themselves from the moral fray.
economics  morality  language  rhetoric  persuasion  public-affairs 
november 2010 by tsuomela
David Bromwich: The Dying Art of Political Explanation
A middle layer of explanation has certainly been lacking from the start: the effort of persuasion that is neither inspirational nor tactical, where a leader tries to convert people to his side. This is the level at which one must articulate the reasons for a policy, along with the understanding of the public good from which the policy has issued and the historical context that makes it necessary and desirable.
obama  rhetoric  explanation  politics  persuasion 
october 2010 by tsuomela
A program designed to reduce energy consumption persuaded some Republicans to consume more. - By Ray Fisman - Slate Magazine
One problem with this approach is that we all define "better" differently, as a new study emphasizes. UCLA economists Dora Costa and Matthew Kahn analyzed the impact of an energy-conservation program in California that informed households about how their energy use compared with that of their neighbors. While the program succeeded in encouraging Democrats and environmentalists to lower their consumption, Republicans had the opposite reaction. When told of their relative thrift, they started cranking up the thermostat and leaving the lights on more often.
behavioral-economics  behavior  psychology  persuasion  nudge  incentives  incentive-centered-design  social-psychology 
july 2010 by tsuomela
PressThink: Objectivity as a Form of Persuasion: A Few Notes for Marcus Brauchli
The basic unit of journalism is the report, an account of what happened. The longer I’ve studied it (which is, uh… 25 years) the more I’ve come to see that “objectivity” as practiced by the American press is a form of persuasion. It tries to persuade all possible users of the account that the account can be trusted because it is unadorned.
journalism  media  media-reform  bias  neutrality  objectivity  rhetoric  persuasion  reports 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Subjective Validation « You Are Not So Smart
The tendency to believe vague statements designed to appeal to just about anyone is called the Forer Effect, and psychologists point to this phenomenon to explain why people fall for pseudoscience like biorhythms, iridology and phrenology or mysticism like astrology, numerology and tarot cards.

The Forer Effect is part of larger phenomenon psychologists refer to as subjective validation, which is a fancy way of saying you are far more vulnerable to suggestion when the subject of the conversation is you.
psychology  belief  bias  cognition  personality  horoscope  cold-reading  deceit  deception  validation  subjectivity  personal  persuasion 
july 2010 by tsuomela
LRB · David Bromwich · Diary
Bromwich essay of 13 May 2010
"Off-script, Obama speaks so deliberately – with such compunction lest a misjudged word escape – that he seems a lucid expositor of sentiments and intentions. Yet he lacks the ad lib skill of the born politician, skill at making the explanation that actually explains. He has not yet given an entire speech that unfolds a coherent policy in any area of governance; and all of his speeches bear the impress of his belief in the transparent soundness of his own position. He talks as if by full certification of the relevant establishment, corporate, financial, military, medical, and he never takes the trouble to imagine a strong opponent. He is, by nature, a man of tendencies rather than commitments."
politics  america  obama  personality  character  rhetoric  style  speech  persuasion  power 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Darwin's Literary Models
It may not be structured like a journal paper, but "On the Origin of Species" was written according to classical rules of rhetoric.
darwin  charles  logic  rhetoric  argument  style  writing  science  persuasion  19c  evolution  biology  communication  scholarly-communication 
may 2010 by tsuomela
Politics and persuasion, reason and religion, science and success, appearance and reality, belief and knowledge, ethics and egoism. Reason and Persuasion provides a new look at old issues through the lens of three classic dialogues by Plato: Euthyphro, Meno and Republic, Book I.
book  philosophy  about(Plato)  dialogue  reason  persuasion 
august 2009 by tsuomela
anotherheideggerblog: Interview with Ian Bogost
Today I am happy to bring you the long-awaited interview with Ian Bogost who is currently an Associate Professor at Georgia Tech Institute at Technology, a co-founder of Persuasive Games, and a board member at the educational publishing house Open Texture.
philosophy  critical-theory  computer  gaming  games  persuasion  technology  interview 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Persuasion industry’s assault on personhood | Marginal Utility | PopMatters
But Frankfurt’s essay seems also to have a bearing on the larger question of how the persuasion industry (marketing, advertising, and to some degree, entertainment) scuttles our sense of selfhood, which, Frankfurt argues, hinges on our expression of will. The persuasion industry is seeking always to confuse the communication between our first- and second-order desires
advertising  propaganda  capitalism  consumerism  consumption  psychology  persuasion  philosophy  ethics  morality 
january 2009 by tsuomela
Silva Rhetoricae: The Forest of Rhetoric
This online rhetoric, provided by Dr. Gideon Burton of Brigham Young University, is a guide to the terms of classical and renaissance rhetoric. Sometimes it is difficult to see the forest (the big picture) of rhetoric because of the trees (the hundreds of Greek and Latin terms naming figures of speech, etc.) within rhetoric.

This site is intended to help beginners, as well as experts, make sense of rhetoric, both on the small scale (definitions and examples of specific terms) and on the large scale (the purposes of rhetoric, the patterns into which it has fallen historically as it has been taught and practiced for 2000 years).
rhetoric  persuasion  classics 
october 2008 by tsuomela
Changing minds and persuasion -- How we change what others think, believe, feel and do
Welcome to, the largest site in the world on all aspects of how we change what others think, believe, feel and do.
psychology  persuasion  communication  reference  education 
september 2008 by tsuomela
CBC News In Depth: Spin Cycles
A Series about Spin, the Spinners and the Spun by Ira Basen for CBC Radio The Sunday Edition
spin  documentary  politics  persuasion  radio  propaganda  canada  cbc 
october 2007 by tsuomela
Half an Hour: How Do You Know?
how we know is irreducibly personal.
What does that mean? Well, part of what it means is that when we are actually making decisions, we do not in fact consult principles, best practices, statistics or measurements. Indeed, it is even with some effort that
education  knowledge  learning  philosophy  pedagogy  persuasion  rhetoric  personal 
june 2007 by tsuomela
Designing Calm Technology
We believe the difference is in how they engage our attention. Calm technology engages both the center and the periphery of our attention, and in fact moves back and forth between the two.
periphery  design  technology  persuasion  attention  via:jasonscott 
june 2007 by tsuomela

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