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Why are poor Americans more patriotic than their wealthier counterparts? | Francesco Duina | Opinion | The Guardian
"Data indicates that 100% of Americans who belong to the lowest income group are either ‘very’ or ‘quite’ proud of their country. Why is that?"
class  america  poverty  pride  patriotism  political-science  sociology 
november 2019 by tsuomela
Broke and Patriotic: Why Poor Americans Love Their Country | Francesco Duina
"Why are poor Americans so patriotic? They have significantly worse social benefits compared to other Western nations, and studies show that the American Dream of upward mobility is, for them, largely a myth. So why do these people love their country? Why have they not risen up to demand more from a system that is failing them? In Broke and Patriotic, Francesco Duina contends that the best way to answer these questions is to speak directly to America's most impoverished. Spending time in bus stations, Laundromats, senior citizen centers, homeless shelters, public libraries, and fast food restaurants, Duina conducted over sixty revealing interviews in which his participants explain how they view themselves and their country. He masterfully weaves their words into three narratives. First, America's poor still see their country as the "last hope" for themselves and the world: America offers its people a sense of dignity, closeness to God, and answers to most of humanity's problems. Second, America is still the "land of milk and honey:" a very rich and generous country where those who work hard can succeed. Third, America is the freest country on earth where self-determination is still possible. This book offers a stirring portrait of the people left behind by their country and left out of the national conversation. By giving them a voice, Duina sheds new light on a sector of American society that we are only beginning to recognize as a powerful force in shaping the country's future."
book  publisher  class  america  poverty  pride  patriotism  sociology 
november 2019 by tsuomela
Thoughts on “We’re Still Here” | Confessions of a Community College Dean
"Jennifer Silva’s new book, “We’re Still Here,” is one of the more disturbing books I’ve ever read, and I mean that as a compliment."
book  review  poverty  rural 
august 2019 by tsuomela
Retirement in America? Too Expensive. | The New Republic
"GRINGOLANDIA: LIFESTYLE MIGRATION UNDER LATE CAPITALISM by Matthew HayesUniversity of Minnesota Press, 276 pp., $26.00"
book  review  retirement  economics  foreign-policy  immigration  poverty 
november 2018 by tsuomela
Wageless Life - Los Angeles Review of Books
"Hinterland: America’s New Landscape of Class and Conflict By Phil A. Neel Published 05.15.2018 Reaktion Books 192 Pages"
book  review  precarity  captitalism  poverty  work  labor 
november 2018 by tsuomela
The Invention of the “White Working Class” | Public Books
Review of 6 books on the concept of the White Working Class (WWC). What makes us accept the WWC as authentic, or the bedrock of America?
books  review  class  american-studies  poverty  whiteness  race  authenticity 
february 2018 by tsuomela
A Short History of Distributive Justice — Samuel Fleischacker | Harvard University Press
"Distributive justice in its modern sense calls on the state to guarantee that everyone is supplied with a certain level of material means. Samuel Fleischacker argues that guaranteeing aid to the poor is a modern idea, developed only in the last two centuries. Earlier notions of justice, including Aristotle’s, were concerned with the distribution of political office, not of property. It was only in the eighteenth century, in the work of philosophers such as Adam Smith and Immanuel Kant, that justice began to be applied to the problem of poverty. To attribute a longer pedigree to distributive justice is to fail to distinguish between justice and charity. Fleischacker explains how confusing these principles has created misconceptions about the historical development of the welfare state. Socialists, for instance, often claim that modern economics obliterated ancient ideals of equality and social justice. Free-market promoters agree but applaud the apparent triumph of skepticism and social-scientific rigor. Both interpretations overlook the gradual changes in thinking that yielded our current assumption that justice calls for everyone, if possible, to be lifted out of poverty. By examining major writings in ancient, medieval, and modern political philosophy, Fleischacker shows how we arrived at the contemporary meaning of distributive justice."
book  publisher  economics  history  political-science  poverty  justice  distribution  wealth  government 
september 2016 by tsuomela
No Sympathy for Poors from the Silver Hordes - The Baffler
"According to a new Brookings Institution study, the majority of America’s elderly don’t want the government to help poor people. And they sure as hell don’t want the government to provide them with health insurance. (Get our government hands off their Medicaid?)"
politics  generation  baby-boomers  health-care  poverty 
march 2015 by tsuomela
The Case for Dividing the World Into 'Fat' and 'Lean' Countries - Uri Friedman - The Atlantic
"The key insight of Olopade's new book, The Bright Continent: Breaking Rules & Making Change in Modern Africa, is that being a fat country isn't necessarily good, and being a lean country isn't necessarily bad."
book  review  economics  international  third-world  poverty 
march 2014 by tsuomela
My Life as a Retail Worker: Nasty, Brutish, and Poor - Joseph Williams - The Atlantic
"After veteran reporter Joseph Williams lost his job, he found employment in a sporting-goods store. In a personal essay, he recalls his struggles with challenges millions of Americans return to day after day."
labor  retail  work  america  poverty  class 
march 2014 by tsuomela
On Rogues and Social Science |
"Gang Leader for a Day succeeded in large part because of Sudhir, the narrative contrivance that helps a general audience engage Venkatesh’s subjects without preconceptions and at the same time understand the rarified project of ethnography. Just as Venkatesh needed J. T., we middle-class readers need Sudhir to guide us through this foreign world. But in Floating City Venkatesh doesn’t seem to know where to leave Sudhir behind, and where to rely on the assuredness of his remarkable and approachable scholarly work, which makes clear how (for example) sex work can be a “career” or a part-time job rather than a tragic fate. And uncommonly, Venkatesh is a better writer in an academic voice than in the stilted, dumbed-down prose of his trade books. Having spent a memorable day with him in person, I wanted to hear again from this aspiring public intellectual, confidently navigating the terra incognita between academic credibility and mainstream influence. Instead, in Floating City we get a cardboard cutout, a rehash, a trade editor’s idea of how to make a scholar “relatable” to a general audience."
book  review  ethnography  poverty  gangs  celebrity  academia 
march 2014 by tsuomela
302 Found
"Recent evidence suggests that perceptions of social class rank influence a variety of social cognitive tendencies, from patterns of causal attribution to moral judgment. In the present studies we tested the hypotheses that upper-class rank individuals would be more likely to endorse essentialist lay theories of social class categories (i.e., that social class is founded in genetically based, biological differences) than would lower-class rank individuals and that these beliefs would decrease support for restorative justice—which seeks to rehabilitate offenders, rather than punish unlawful action. Across studies, higher social class rank was associated with increased essentialism of social class categories (Studies 1, 2, and 4) and decreased support for restorative justice (Study 4). Moreover, manipulated essentialist beliefs decreased preferences for restorative justice (Study 3), and the association between social class rank and class-based essentialist theories was explained by the tendency to endorse beliefs in a just world (Study 2). Implications for how class-based essentialist beliefs potentially constrain social opportunity and mobility are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)"
social-psychology  wealth  money  essentialism  class  poverty  bias  punishment 
january 2014 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: How things work
"But think about the challenge of understanding society from the other end of the stick -- the perspective of the ordinary participant. From the participant's perspective the situation often looks more like an environment of black boxes: how will the world respond if I do X, Y, or Z? And for a significant part of society, how the boxes work is a life-affecting mystery."
social-epistemology  explanation  perspective  science  ordinary  expertise  poverty 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Suspended Judgment: Humanity on full display
"The problem, or difference, that everyone was trying to point to is that India has not developed the practices and philosophies of hiding to the extent that America, and in other ways Europe, has. America is so good at hiding that even the claims to acknowledge injustice are themselves a hiding of American injustice: not only is the noting of poverty, caste, and pollution a displacing of subjectivity, it is also a hiding of American poverty, class, and consumptive pollution. So the differential problem is not Indian injustice and violence, which exists in equal measure in America, but that India does not hide a human essence towards violence and injustice, it has not developed the practices or philosophies to withdraw our injustice and violent essence from public view. It is, in other words, not modern in a Weberian, Protestant-rationalized way. "
american  culture  modernity  poverty  visibility  judgment  humanity 
april 2012 by tsuomela
What is the Future of Network Culture? |
"Its only with the collapse of the housing bubble, the onset of the prolonged recession and the proliferation of that last promised technology, the tablet, that network culture has entered more fully into a condition of not only a suspended past but also a suspneded future. The housing bubble itself was a crisis of the future. As history had ended, so now the future ended. Ezra Pound's old cry "Make it new!" could now only be uttered by tired characters in a thought bubble in a New Yorker cartoon. And just as the days after 9/11 gave us a war without end, we are now given a recession without end. The new stationary economy seems punctuated by mini-booms that will buoy markets and epochal crises (like the impending collapse of the Eurozone, the second leg of the Great Recession, and of course everyone's great terror, the collapse of the massive Chinese property bubble). But the Great Recession is itself no longer even something that finance fears. The canny will make billions as before. Everyone else will be poorer, their futures more exhausted, less full of promise than ever. "
economics  future  poverty  wealth  network  culture  time  temporal  pessimism 
october 2011 by tsuomela
We Are the 99 Percent
We are the 99 percent. We are getting kicked out of our homes. We are forced to choose between groceries and rent. We are denied quality medical care. We are suffering from environmental pollution. We are working long hours for little pay and no rights, if we're working at all. We are getting nothing while the other 1 percent is getting everything. We are the 99 percent.
unemployment  capitalism  america  protests  poverty  class  class-war  online  story  work  labor  recession  depression  crisis  wall-street 
october 2011 by tsuomela
The Great Splintering - Umair Haque - Harvard Business Review
"For many years now, societies have been limping on with broken institutions and splintered social contracts — right into the heart of this perfect storm. And I'd bet most of us have assumed that we'll continue to "get by" — that we can wait for the economy to repair itself, for the next economic boom to provide shelter from the approaching cyclone, for the invisible hand to pick us up and put us back on our feet. Yet, I'd suggest: the upheavals we're seeing now are stark evidence that the status quo's faith-based modus operandi hasn't worked — and isn't working. We're not magically going to "find" shelter from the gathering clouds of this economic whirlwind. We're going to have to build shelter: more resilient, less dysfunctional institutions that can deliver on the promise of real human prosperity that matters, lasts, and multiplies. Because if you didn't know what a lost decade looked and felt like before — well, you sure do now."
crisis  recession  economics  inequality  poverty  business-as-usual  income-distribution 
august 2011 by tsuomela
ZCommunications | On Working Class Invisibility by Paul Street | ZNet Article
"These are the ones without champions and also without real cultural existence in the U.S. The reality of working class life is invisible, or close to it, in the nation’s corporate mediated sociopolitical culture. When is the last time you saw a decent, widely watched network sitcom or drama about any among the faceless Americans Blow tried to remind Times readers about?"
class  economics  poverty  america  culture  media  entertainment  labor 
july 2011 by tsuomela
An Attributional Analysis of Reactions to Poverty: The Political Ideology of the Giver and the Perceived Morality of the Receiver
An attributional analysis of reactions to poverty is presented. The article begins by discussing the perceived causes of poverty and their taxonomic properties (locus, stability, and controllability). One antecedent of causal beliefs, political ideology, is then examined in detail, followed by a review of the effects of causal beliefs on emotions and behavior. It is contended that helping the poor is a moral issue, but the moral evaluation concerns the targeted recipient of aid rather than the potential help giver. Persons perceived as responsible for their plight, a dominant construal for conservatives, elicit anger and neglect. In contrast, those seen as not responsible for their financial hardship, an outlook predominantly endorsed by liberals, arouse sympathy and help giving. Sympathy is the most important proximal determinant of aid. This analysis is extended to reactions to achievement failure, abortion, and rape. Policy implications are also examined.
psychology  research  political-science  poverty  attribution  morality  perception 
june 2011 by tsuomela
Brian D. McLaren: Good Friday Evangelicals
"In my travels, I constantly meet Evangelicals -- especially young Evangelicals -- who feel deeply marginalized and disappointed by their religious heritage. It seems to them to have become the chaplaincy for an alien ideology. The Evangelical movement seems to be moving in the direction of Mammon, not God
evangelical  christian  religion  ideology  poverty 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Making Light: ...or assuredly we will all hang separately
"The *normal operation* of economic markets makes some people poor. Not because they are lazy, or fail to take initiative, or lack foresight, or have insufficient gumption and moxie. Just because."
economics  poverty  unemployment  work  labor  capitalism  free-markets 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Laurence Chandy and Geoffrey Gertz - Missing poverty's new reality: There's a lot less of it
"We estimate that between 2005 and 2010, nearly half a billion people escaped extreme hardship, as the total number of the world's poor fell to 878 million people. Never before in history have so many people been lifted out of poverty in such a short period. The U.N. Millennium Development Goals established the target of halving the rate of global poverty between 1990 and 2015
poverty  global  economics  growth  econometrics  2010s  measurement 
january 2011 by tsuomela
New York Study on Who May End Up Homeless Called Cruel -
It has long been the standard practice in medical testing: Give drug treatment to one group while another, the control group, goes without.

Now, New York City is applying the same methodology to assess one of its programs to prevent homelessness.
economics  welfare  poverty  experiments  city(NewYork)  methodology  social-science 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Privacy isn’t a ‘right’ — It’s an Indulgence of the Wealthy | Doug Saunders
"It’s the poor who are forced to live with crime, violence, harassment from unstable and marginalized people — exactly the sort of stuff that these supposedly privacy-invading conveniences are designed to prevent. When your life is hard, privacy equals isolation equals death. If you consider it a right, it’s a pretty good sign that you’ve got too much money and too little to worry about."
privacy  income  poverty 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Boston Review — Kentaro Toyama: Can Technology End Poverty?
If I were to summarize everything I learned through research in ICT4D, it would be this: technology—no matter how well designed—is only a magnifier of human intent and capacity. It is not a substitute. If you have a foundation of competent, well-intentioned people, then the appropriate technology can amplify their capacity and lead to amazing achievements. But, in circumstances with negative human intent, as in the case of corrupt government bureaucrats, or minimal capacity, as in the case of people who have been denied a basic education, no amount of technology will turn things around.
ict4d  development  ict  technology  poverty  economics 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Next American City » Columns » As Suburban Poverty Grows, U.S. Fails to Respond Adequately
Over the last ten years, more than two-thirds of poverty growth in the nation’s metro areas occurred in the suburbs, and there are now 1.6 million more poor people living in the suburbs than in center cities. Since 2000, there has been a general increase in the nation’s poverty rate, but it has been far worse in the suburbs than in the cities—a 37.4% increase versus 16.7%. Though the poverty rate remains higher in central cities, the number of poor suburbanites is growing quickly.
poverty  suburbia 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Hope — Crooked Timber
The bigger point for me is that after decades in which the left has been on the defensive, it’s time for a politics of hope. We need hope to mobilise a positive alternative to the fear, anger and tribalism on offer from the right. Centrist pragmatism provides nothing to match the enthusiasm that can be driven by fear and anger, as we have seen.
politics  philosophy  ideas  future  hope  liberal  liberalism  inequality  poverty 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities is one of the nation’s premier policy organizations working at the federal and state levels on fiscal policy and public programs that affect low- and moderate-income families and individuals.

The Center conducts research and analysis to help shape public debates over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that policymakers consider the needs of low-income families and individuals in these debates. We also develop policy options to alleviate poverty.
policy  politics  economics  government  budget  research  think-tank  poverty 
april 2010 by tsuomela
The Earth Institute, Columbia University
The Earth Institute’s overarching goal is to help achieve sustainable development primarily by expanding the world’s understanding of Earth as one integrated system. We work toward this goal through scientific research, education and the practical application of research for solving real-world challenges. With 850 scientists, postdoctoral fellows, staff and students working in and across more than 30 Columbia University research centers, the Earth Institute is helping to advance nine interconnected global issues: climate and society, water, energy, poverty, ecosystems, public health, food and nutrition, hazards and urbanization. With Columbia University as its foundation, the Earth Institute draws upon the scientific rigor, technological innovation and academic leadership for which the University is known.
environment  sustainability  science  research  education  economics  development  poverty  academic-center  school(ColumbiaU) 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Worldwatch Institute | Vision for a Sustainable World
Worldwatch Institute delivers the insights and ideas that empower decision makers to create an environmentally sustainable society that meets human needs. Worldwatch focuses on the 21st-century challenges of climate change, resource degradation, population growth, and poverty by developing and disseminating solid data and innovative strategies for achieving a sustainable society.
non-profit  civil-society  organization  environment  sustainability  ecology  politics  globalization  poverty  global-warming  climate  population  science 
march 2010 by tsuomela
The Persistence of Poverty - Karelis, Charles - Yale University Press
In this important book, one of our boldest and most original thinkers charges that conventional explanations of poverty are mistaken, and that the anti-poverty policies built upon them are doomed to fail. Using science, history, fables, philosophical analysis, and common observation, Charles Karelis engages us and takes us to a deeper grasp of the link between consumption and satisfaction—and from there to a new and persuasive explanation of what keeps poor people poor. Above all, he shows how this fresh perspective can reinspire the long-stalled campaign against poverty.
book  publisher  poverty  economics  utility  philosophy  theory  consumption  class  policy 
december 2009 by tsuomela
The distance puzzle resides in poor economies | vox - Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
The distance puzzle is the surprising finding that the volume of trade has become increasingly sensitive to distance. This column shows that low-income countries, which increasingly trade with geographically closer partners, drive the finding. This regionalisation of trade for low-income countries may reflect progress – or problems.
distance  economics  geography  poverty 
november 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Democracy & the left
The thing is, the left should be ambivalent about democracy, at least in its current forms, for two reasons.
First, in prioritizing stated preferences over justice, it gives too much weight to the interests of the noisy but wrongly discontented privileged and not enough weight to those of the silent poor who have resigned themselves to their fate.
Secondly, cognitive biases research has shown that Marx was wholly correct on an important point. There are mechanisms which generate false beliefs, and these beliefs tend to support the existing order and hostility to the worst-off.
democracy  leftism  liberal  critique  poverty  utility  economics  justice  fairness 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Privilege, poverty & adaptation
Unfortunately, our pseudo-democracy does just this. It gives too little weight to the quietly oppressed, and too much to the noisy but discontented privileged.
economics  politics  justice  fairness  income  utility  utilitarianism  democracy  power  poverty  happiness 
october 2009 by tsuomela
Joe Bageant: American literature has abandoned poor whites
Why did American literature portray poor whites so frequently (Steinbeck, Faulkner, Dos Passos, Caldwell) before WW2 and then abandon the subject after the war?
america  class  literature  inequality  white-trash  poverty  race  history 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Closing The Book On The Bush Legacy - The Atlantic Politics Channel
On every major measurement, the Census Bureau report shows that the country lost ground during Bush's two terms. While Bush was in office, the median household income declined, poverty increased, childhood poverty increased even more, and the number of Americans without health insurance spiked. By contrast, the country's condition improved on each of those measures during Bill Clinton's two terms, often substantially.
politics  republicans  poverty  census  economics  demography  money  income  lost-decade 
september 2009 by tsuomela
NPQ - Pandemics and the Planet of Slums
by Mike Davis. "Using conservative definitions by the United Nations Habitat office, there are today 1 billion people living in slums globally. A slum is defined by substandard housing with insecurity of tenure and the absence of one or more urban services and infrastructure—sewage treatment, plumbing, clean water, electricity, paved roads and so on."
poverty  urban  environment  globalization  development  cities  pandemic  health  international  slums 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Why Is Bob Herbert Boring? - T. A. Frank
Proposes and disposes of some theses on why liberal columnist Bob Herbert doesn't get more attention.
statistics  story-telling  journalism  media  media-studies  information  psychology  bias  interest  poverty  liberal  liberalism 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Remote Microscopy: Mobile Imaging for Disease Diagnosis | Blum Center for Developing Economies, UC Berkeley
The CellScope project focuses on the development of a modular, high-magnification microscope attachment for cell phones. Due to its portability, affordability and functionality, the CellScope will enable health workers in remote areas to take high-resolution images of a patient's blood cells using the mobile phone's camera, and then transmit the photos to experts at medical centers.
technology  development  cell-phone  microscope  biology  poverty  open-science 
july 2009 by tsuomela
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