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tsuomela : public-goods   18

Contingent valuation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Contingent valuation is a survey-based economic technique for the valuation of non-market resources, such as environmental preservation or the impact of contamination. While these resources do give people utility, certain aspects of them do not have a market price as they are not directly sold – for example, people receive benefit from a beautiful view of a mountain, but it would be tough to value using price-based models. Contingent valuation surveys are one technique which is used to measure these aspects. Contingent valuation is often referred to as a stated preference model, in contrast to a price-based revealed preference model. Both models are utility-based. Typically the survey asks how much money people would be willing to pay (or willing to accept) to maintain the existence of (or be compensated for the loss of) an environmental feature, such as biodiversity."
reference  surveys  method  preferences  utility  economics  public-goods  markets 
october 2012 by tsuomela
The Slack Wire: Public Options: The General Case
"Under what conditions does public spending on higher ed increase the number of people in college, and under what conditions does it just enrich Kaplan and the Harvard endowment? More broadly, it seems to me that the price effect of subsidies is a neglected argument for direct provision of public goods."
economics  subsidy  public  taxes  public-goods 
april 2011 by tsuomela
The desire to expel unselfish members from the gro... [J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010] - PubMed result
An initial study investigating tolerance of group members who abuse a public good surprisingly showed that unselfish members (those who gave much toward the provision of the good but then used little of the good) were also targets for expulsion from the group. Two follow-up studies replicated this and ruled out explanations grounded in the target being seen as confused or unpredictable. A fourth study suggested that the target is seen by some as establishing an undesirable behavior standard and by others as a rule breaker. Individuals who formed either perception expressed a desire for the unselfish person to be removed from the group. Implications are discussed.
altruism  behavior  psychology  public-goods  commons 
august 2010 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Moral Politics: What Is A "Public Good"?
But the distinction between "common" and "public" is not one that most people in most circumstances wish to preserve. Indeed, one of the functions of democratically-grounded government is to seek to functionally eliminate that distinction for its citizenry as much as possible in terms of their day-to-day lives.
commons  public-goods  politics  rhetoric  commonwealth 
march 2009 by tsuomela | Obama's timid liberalism
The fundamental barrier today is the way that the issues are framed, by Democrats and Republicans alike. Thus the problem is defined not as making credit available for individuals and businesses, but as saving the banks and the shadow banking system. The goal is not to provide healthcare to all citizens, but to enable all citizens to purchase private health insurance. The objective is not to ensure universal access to higher education
liberal  politics  framing  public-goods  government  obama 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Robert Paterson's Weblog: Renewing the Banking System - Going Back to "Boring" - Bring back Utilities for Public Goods
"Credit, energy, media and food are the critical parts of what makes our way of life possible. In the last 50 years, and especially in the last 20 years, these have ended up in the hands of a tiny group of oligarchs.

They have run them in such a way that now our entire way of life is threatened."
oligarchy  oligopoly  banking  food  electricity  politics  localism  commons  public-goods  media 
february 2009 by tsuomela
After the Market Mania | The American Prospect
The Private Abuse of the Public Interest: Market Myths and Policy Muddles by Lawrence D. Brown and Lawrence R. Jacobs. University of Chicago Press, 151 pages, $15.00

The Case for Big Government, by Jeff Madrick. Princeton University Press, 205 pages, $22.95
government  book  review  governance  economics  public-goods  public-sphere  markets 
december 2008 by tsuomela
Why Share in Peer-to-Peer Networks : Deep Blue at the University of Michigan
We explore two possible explanations: private provision of public goods and generalized reciprocity. We investigate a particular form of private incentives to share content: redistributing traffic in the network to the advantage of the sharing peer.
p2p  commons  sharing  public-goods  reciprocity  incentive-centered-design  incentives 
july 2008 by tsuomela

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