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tsuomela : public-opinion   32

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American Association for Public Opinion Research
professional-association  surveys  polling  public-opinion 
june 2013 by tsuomela
The Philosopher's Stone: OLD NEWS
"However, as someone might have said but I think did not, the victorious get to write the dictionaries, and so “socialism” came to mean, in the twentieth century, whatever Stalin and his henchmen were up to. The success of a peasant revolution in China which also wrapped itself in the mantle of Marx pretty much sealed the fate of the word. The collapse of the Soviet empire then permitted the beneficiaries and celebrators of advanced post-industrial and financial capitalism to proclaim the world historical victory of capitalism over socialism. Socialism, it was said, was dead, save for the effete and incomprehensible dithering of some European folks who, since they spoke foreign languages, could be conveniently ignored.

The effect of this series of historical conjunctures was to take us all back to the period of the early nineteenth century, when capitalism was equated with rationality simpliciter. And by a rather devious, not to say diabolical, maneuver, capitalism was equated with the rule of markets. To criticize capitalism was thus to suggest that markets were unnecessary."
socialism  vocabulary  definition  history  written-by-the-victors  rhetoric  politics  public-opinion 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Inequality and the Dynamics of Public Opinion: The Self-Reinforcing Link Between Economic Inequality and Mass Preferences - Kelly - 2010 - American Journal of Political Science - Wiley Online Library
"This article assesses the influence of income inequality on the public's policy mood. Recent work has produced divergent perspectives on the relationship between inequality, public opinion, and government redistribution. One group of scholars suggests that unequal representation of different income groups reproduces inequality as politicians respond to the preferences of the rich. Another group of scholars pays relatively little attention to distributional outcomes but shows that government is generally just as responsive to the poor as to the rich. Utilizing theoretical insights from comparative political economy and time-series data from 1952 to 2006, supplemented with cross-sectional analysis where appropriate, we show that economic inequality is, in fact, self-reinforcing, but that this is fully consistent with the idea that government tends to respond equally to rich and poor in its policy enactments."
political-science  inequality  public-opinion  polls  reinforcement  economics  government  redistribution 
august 2011 by tsuomela
‘Wordquakes’ can shake the political blogosphere (Wired UK)
"A new study of word frequencies in political blogs finds that equations describing earthquake evolution fit the eruption of topics onto political blogs.

News tends to move quickly through the public consciousness, noted physicist Peter Klimek of the Medical University of Vienna and colleagues in a paper posted on arXiv.org. Readers usually absorb a story, discuss it with their friends, and then forget it. But some events send lasting reverberations through society, changing opinions and even governments."
public-opinion  words  language  weblog-analysis  weblog-research  weblog  statistics  earthquake  metaphor 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Views: Antiwar No More? - Inside Higher Ed
"Drawing on more than 5,300 surveys the authors conducted with people attending antiwar rallies in recent years, the paper is the latest in a series of studies of the relationship between social movements and political institutions -- in particular, American political parties, major and otherwise."
sociology  politics  war  militarism  protests  public-opinion  surveys 
april 2011 by tsuomela
The Cross-Atlantic Divergence on Climate Policy: Despite Similarities in Public Views, What Explains Differences in Government Action? | Age of Engagement | Big Think
" In the U.S., public interest in and awareness of climate change lags well behind the severity of the issues at stake and policy on a national level seems to be following this trend. Dan Kelemen and David Vogel have tracked this decline in U.S. support for international environmental policy following the golden years of U.S. leadership in this field. While Kelemen and Vogel argue that the potentially harmful effects from international environmental regulations on domestic producers were the cause for this shift, I am inclined to agree with Michael Pulia who in a paper argues that public opinion is responsible."
science  policy  communication  public-understanding  public-opinion 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Everyday Sociology Blog: American Values: Are We Really Divided?
"The purpose was to create a barometer of American values, and the target population was randomly-selected adults, 18 or older, living in the U.S.

These are guiding principles that are strongly and widely held, shared across demographic lines, and stable over time. Here we outline the Top 8 core values that Americans share:"
sociology  values  american  polling  surveys  public-opinion 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : The Big Failure
"The key questions are, of course, why is it so hard to inform the public that intellectual elites disagree with them on such issues, and if being informed of this fact would be enough to change their minds."
elites  information  public-opinion  economics 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Labor Unions: Good for Workers, Not for U.S. Competitiveness - Pew Research Center
"The favorability ratings for labor unions remain at nearly their lowest level in a quarter century with 45% expressing a positive view. Yet the public expresses similar opinions about business corporations -- 47% have a favorable impression -- and this rating is also near a historic low."
public-opinion  polling  unions  business 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Science in public: communication, culture, and credibility - Google Books
Is an understanding of science important, and what are the issues involved in communicating it? Science in Public uniquely draws together the broad range of theory and practice of public understanding of science. In order to address these and other questions that face today's technological society, this book examines the history of communicating science from the eighteenth century through Michael Faraday and Thomas Huxley, and on to the present day. Detailed contemporary case studies offer insights into the communication and understanding of science. In Science in Public the ideas of sociologists and communications researchers rub shoulders with the expectations of politicians and the hopes of educators. The public is here, and so is science, in both their idealized and real-world guises. The book's scope is broad, as is the subject.
book  science  history  public  public-opinion  communication  sts 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Americans Want to Live in Sweden « The Baseline Scenario
This is one of the themes brought up in Winner-Take-All Politics by Jacob Hacker and Paul Pierson. Americans really think that society should be considerably more equal than it is, and that attitude has not shifted appreciably during the past thirty years. Yet our political system produces policies that make America more and more unequal, predominantly by cutting taxes for the very rich. Hacker and Pierson’s point is that there has not been an ideological shift toward conservative positions in the country at large (at least not on this issue). Instead, it’s the game of politics that has changed, so policy has become more disassociated from the preferences of the people.
politics  tax-cuts  taxes  wealth  income-distribution  public-opinion 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Ezra Klein - A good message is not nearly as important as a fast process
But there's no presidential narrative that can impose shape on a year-long legislative brawl. No speeches that can overwhelm the daily stories, no strategies that can secure enthusiastic bipartisanship for a major legislative achievement that will help one party in the next election. Time emphasizes what Americans hate and distrust about the legislative process (which is, put simply, the workings of the legislative process), and that drives them away from the bill. If you can't make these efforts move quickly, then you have already lost the argument. A good message is not nearly so important as a fast process.
politics  process  deliberation  congress  democracy  perception  public-opinion  government  federal  partisanship 
february 2010 by tsuomela
American National Election Studies
The American National Election Studies (ANES) produces high quality data on voting, public opinion, and political participation to serve the research needs of social scientists, teachers, students, policy makers and journalists who want to better understand the theoretical and empirical foundations of national election outcomes.
political-science  data-sources  elections  statistics  data  politics  voting  research  academic  public-opinion 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Independents Take Center Stage in the Obama Era - Pew Research Center
Centrism has emerged as a dominant factor in public opinion as the Obama era begins. The political values and core attitudes that the Pew Research Center has monitored since 1987 show little overall ideological movement. Republicans and Democrats are even more divided than in the past, while the growing political middle is steadfastly mixed in its beliefs about government, the free market and other values that underlie views on contemporary issues and policies. Nor are there indications of a continuation of the partisan realignment that began in the Bush years. Both political parties have lost adherents since the election and an increasing number of Americans identify as independents.
politics  polls  opinion  public-opinion  independent  self-identification 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Labor Unions See Sharp Slide in U.S. Public Support
Gallup finds organized labor taking a significant image hit in the past year. While 66% of Americans continue to believe unions are beneficial to their own members, a slight majority now say unions hurt the nation's economy. More broadly, fewer than half of Americans -- 48%, an all-time low -- approve of labor unions, down from 59% a year ago.
labor  unions  polls  work  public-opinion  politics  politcal-science 
september 2009 by tsuomela
Understanding Jargon
This is a bibliography of books about propaganda and public relations. It includes books from a variety of genres. Compiled by Phil Agre. Compiled in 2002
jargon  language  public-relations  propaganda  public-opinion  marketing  bibliography 
august 2009 by tsuomela
On the Pew Science Survey, Beware the Fall from Grace Narrative : Framing Science
This traditional fall from grace narrative about science argues for the need to return to a (fictional) point in the past where science was better understood and appreciated by the public...
Yet you would be hard pressed to find this type of rhetoric in the peer-reviewed literature examining public opinion about science, the role of scientific expertise in policymaking, or the relationship between science and other social institutions.
science  public-opinion  perception  declension-narrative  sts  communication  research  narrative 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Justice
Now, I don’t mean to disrepect the JRF’s research here. All I’m saying is that there’s no reason to suppose that public opinion about justice should coincide with what is actually just. After all, if it did we could ditch 2500 years of political philosophy and use opinion polls instead.
public-opinion  polls  justice  psychology  bias  fairness  politics 
june 2009 by tsuomela
Gallup Brain
The Gallup Brain is a searchable, living record of more than 70 years of public opinion. Inside, you'll find answers to hundreds of thousands of questions, and responses from millions of people interviewed by The Gallup Poll since 1935.
politics  poll  database  search  public-opinion 
august 2008 by tsuomela

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