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tsuomela : representation   19

Frank Jackson, latter day physicalist | The Philosophers Magazine
"Here is one of the best thought experiments in the whole of the philosophy of mind: “Mary is a brilliant scientist who is, for whatever reason, forced to investigate the world from a black and white room via a black and white television monitor. She specialises in the neurophysiology of vision and acquires, let us suppose, all the physical information there is to obtain about what goes on when we see ripe tomatoes…. What will happen when Mary is released from her black and white room or is given a colour television monitor? Will she learn anything or not?” Well, what do you think? Take your time, because there’s a lot at stake: nothing less than the fundamental metaphysical nature of the universe itself. And don’t worry if you’re not sure what to say, because apparently there’s a lot to be said. There are more than a thousand published papers, innumerable conferences, and even several books addressing the question of what Mary did or didn’t know. It’s Frank Jackson’s knowledge argument, and it appeared in 1982 in a paper with the agreeably strange title, “Epiphenomenal Qualia”."
philosophy  physicalism  dualism  epistemology  perception  representation  metaphysics 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Naturalism without Mirrors // Reviews // Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Price's naturalism is "without mirrors" because the rejection of representationalism is a rejection of the idea that thought or language mirrors the world in such a way that we can read off significant ontological or metaphysical truths from the structure of language or thought. Language is not a mirror of nature. Price thus stands in general solidarity with Dewey, Wittgenstein, Rorty, and Brandom."
book  review  philosophy  metaphysics  pragmatism  representation  language  linguistics  realism 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Remembrances of Times East — Psychological Science
How do people think about time? Here we describe representations of time in Pormpuraaw, a remote Australian Aboriginal community. Pormpuraawans’ representations of time differ strikingly from all others documented to date. Previously, people have been shown to represent time spatially from left to right or right to left, or from front to back or back to front. All of these representations are with respect to the body. Pormpuraawans instead arrange time according to cardinal directions: east to west. That is, time flows from left to right when one is facing south, from right to left when one is facing north, toward the body when one is facing east, and away from the body when one is facing west. These findings reveal a qualitatively different set of representations of time, with time organized in a coordinate frame that is independent from others reported previously. The results demonstrate that conceptions of even such fundamental domains as time can differ dramatically across cultures
time  perception  psychology  anthropology  space  representation 
october 2010 by tsuomela
OnFiction: Actor and Observer
Actor-observer bias is a concept used by psychologists to indicate how we tend to see others and ourselves in different ways.... So although this trait may be called a bias, often it's a complete discrepancy between the way we see others and the way we see ourselves. The idea is related to the so-called fundamental attribution error in which, when we observe another person, we tend to make the error of discounting the causes of that person's behaviour that arise from the situation the person is in.
fundamental-attribution-error  psychology  actors  bias  mental  representation  others 
april 2010 by tsuomela
The Internet vs. Obama - Opinionator Blog -
It’s no exaggeration to say that technology has subverted the original idea of America. The founders explicitly rejected direct democracy — in which citizens vote on every issue — in favor of representative democracy. The idea was that legislators would convene at a safe remove from voters and, thus insulated from the din of narrow interests and widespread but ephemeral passions, do what was in the long-term interest of their constituents and of the nation. Now information technology has stripped away the insulation that physical distance provided back when information couldn’t travel faster than a horse.

I don’t see a miracle cure here. It would be hard to restore much of the insulation without tampering with the First Amendment.
politics  technology  technology-effects  partisanship  lobbying  extremism  representation  democracy 
march 2010 by tsuomela
LRB · Jerry Fodor · A Science of Tuesdays
Jerry Fodor reviews the Threefold Cord by Hilary Putnam -- "It’s as close as Putnam’s book gets to having a saving grace that it almost sees the clash between meaning realists and Wittgensteinians as its real topic....Well, who’s right about meaning realism is a wide open question; among the deepest, I think, that philosophers have thus far learned how to ask."
book  review  philosophy  meaning  mental-process  mind  representation  cognitive-science  perception  psychology  theory 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Solving the Rootsgap
Ultimately what I've learned, from many of you as much as from the task of writing for the public for the last five years, is that there is a serious leadership gap in this country. And by leadership gap, I mean something very specific, so specific that I'm going to give it a name. I call it a 'rootsgap'. A rootsgap occurs when a leadership is dramatically out of step with its base or the public at large.
politics  leadership  representation  government  mobilize-the-base 
january 2009 by tsuomela

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