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[1710.00027v1] Toward a System Building Agenda for Data Integration
"In this paper we argue that the data management community should devote far more effort to building data integration (DI) systems, in order to truly advance the field. Toward this goal, we make three contributions. First, we draw on our recent industrial experience to discuss the limitations of current DI systems. Second, we propose an agenda to build a new kind of DI systems to address these limitations. These systems guide users through the DI workflow, step by step. They provide tools to address the "pain points" of the steps, and tools are built on top of the Python data science and Big Data ecosystem (PyData). We discuss how to foster an ecosystem of such tools within PyData, then use it to build DI systems for collaborative/cloud/crowd/lay user settings. Finally, we discuss ongoing work at Wisconsin, which suggests that these DI systems are highly promising and building them raises many interesting research challenges. "
research-data  management  integration  sharing  data-science 
november 2018 by tsuomela
Binder (beta)
"Have a repository full of Jupyter notebooks? With Binder, open those notebooks in an executable environment, making your code immediately reproducible by anyone, anywhere. "
data-curation  reproducible  python  ipython  programming  notebook  sharing  research  tool  github 
july 2018 by tsuomela
Speaker Deck - Share Presentations without the Mess
"Speaker Deck is the best way to share presentations online. Simply upload your slides as a PDF, and we’ll turn them into a beautiful online experience. View them on, or share them on any website with an embed code. "
tool  online  presentation  sharing 
march 2017 by tsuomela
Benkler, Sharing Nicely
"The paper offers a framework to explain large scale effective practices of sharing private, excludable goods. It starts with case studies of distributed computing and carpooling as motivating problems. It then suggests a definition for “shareable goods” as goods that are lumpy and mid-grained in size, and explains why goods with these characteristics will have systematic overcapacity relative to the requirements of their owners. The paper then uses comparative transaction costs analysis, focused on information characteristics in particular, combined with an analysis of diversity of motivations, to suggest when social sharing will be better than secondary markets to reallocate this overcapacity to non-owners who require the functionality. The paper concludes with broader observations about the role of sharing as a modality of economic production as compared to markets and hierarchies (whether states or firms), with a particular emphasis on sharing practices among individuals who are strangers or weakly related, its relationship to technological change, and some implications for contemporary policy choices regarding wireless regulation, intellectual property, and communications network design."
sharing-economy  sharing  economics  open-source 
august 2016 by tsuomela
A parallel to Popper's three worlds may be found.
memes  dreams  themes  ideas  diffusion  sharing 
december 2015 by tsuomela
OHMS: Oral History Metadata Synchronizer
"The Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History at the University of Kentucky Libraries has created a web-based, system called OHMS (Oral History Metadata Synchronizer) to inexpensively and efficiently enhance access to oral history online. OHMS provides users word-level search capability and a time-correlated transcript or indexed interview connecting the textual search term to the corresponding moment in the recorded interview online"
history  oral  digital-humanities  tool  transcription  sharing  research-data 
october 2015 by tsuomela
Table of Contents — July 2015, 10 (3)
"Special issue: Ethics and sharing individual-level health research data from low and middle income settings"
journal  research  ethics  data  sharing  public-health  health 
september 2015 by tsuomela
The Hague Declaration
"The Hague Declaration aims to foster agreement about how to best enable access to facts, data and ideas for knowledge discovery in the Digital Age. By removing barriers to accessing and analysing the wealth of data produced by society, we can find answers to great challenges such as climate change, depleting natural resources and globalisation."
data-curation  data  management  sharing  declaration  scholarly-communication 
june 2015 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: What Drives Academic Data Sharing?
"Despite widespread support from policy makers, funding agencies, and scientific journals, academic researchers rarely make their research data available to others. At the same time, data sharing in research is attributed a vast potential for scientific progress. It allows the reproducibility of study results and the reuse of old data for new research questions. Based on a systematic review of 98 scholarly papers and an empirical survey among 603 secondary data users, we develop a conceptual framework that explains the process of data sharing from the primary researcher’s point of view. We show that this process can be divided into six descriptive categories: Data donor, research organization, research community, norms, data infrastructure, and data recipients. Drawing from our findings, we discuss theoretical implications regarding knowledge creation and dissemination as well as research policy measures to foster academic collaboration. We conclude that research data cannot be regarded as knowledge commons, but research policies that better incentivise data sharing are needed to improve the quality of research results and foster scientific progress."
research  data  sharing  reuse  data-curation 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Ariadne - Ariadne
"ARIADNE brings together and integrates existing archaeological research data infrastructures so that researchers can use the various distributed datasets and new and powerful technologies as an integral component of the archaeological research methodology.  There is now a large availability of archaeological digital datasets that, together, span different periods, domains and regions; more are continuously created as a result of the increasing use of IT.  These are the accumulated outcome of the research of individuals, teams and institutions, but form a vast and fragmented corpus and their potential has been constrained by difficult access and non-homogenous perspectives."
archaeology  data  repository  sharing 
march 2015 by tsuomela
iRODS (integrated Rule-Oriented Data System)
"The Integrated Rule-Oriented Data System (iRODS) is an open-source data management software in use at research organizations and government agencies worldwide. iRODS is a production-level distribution aimed at deployment in mission critical environments. It functions independently of storage resources and abstracts data control away from storage devices and device location allowing users to take control of their data. As data volumes grow and data services become more complex, iRODS is increasingly important in data management. The development infrastructure supports exhaustive testing on supported platforms; plug-in support for microservices, storage resources, drivers, and databases; and extensive documentation, training and support services."
infrastructure  data-curation  data  management  cloud-computing  sharing  repository 
december 2014 by tsuomela
"ZENODO builds and operate a simple and innovative service that enables researchers, scientists, EU projects and institutions to share and showcase multidisciplinary research results (data and publications) that are not part of the existing institutional or subject-based repositories of the research communities."
data-curation  sharing  science  data  repository 
august 2014 by tsuomela
A normative explanation of antisocial punishment
"While much research shows that people punish free-riders, recent studies find evidence that people also engage in antisocial punishment. That is, they sometimes punish those who contribute generously to collective actions. Such sanctioning is puzzling because generous individuals increase the welfare of all group members. When and why are such individuals punished? In this paper, we propose that descriptive norms are part of the explanation. People may sanction those whose behavior is atypical – even when that behavior benefits the group. We test our theory with a laboratory experiment. We examine the effect of descriptive norms on sanctioning of generous and stingy deviants and find that descriptive norms encourage antisocial punishment, but not punishment of free-riders."
social-psychology  norms  behavior  conformity  altruism  sharing  community  pro-social  anti-social 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Why good deeds don’t go unpunished | Ars Technica
"So it appears that nonconformity is a bit of a double-standard, at least under these specific circumstances. We always dislike free-riders, but we will also punish cooperators when their behavior is particularly atypical."
social-psychology  norms  behavior  conformity  altruism  sharing  community 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Troubling Trends in Scientific Software Use
"Software pervades every domain of science (1–3), perhaps nowhere more decisively than in modeling. In key scientific areas of great societal importance, models and the software that implement them define both how science is done and what science is done (4, 5). Across all science, this dependence has led to concerns around the need for open access to software (6, 7), centered on the reproducibility of research (1, 8–10). From fields such as high-performance computing, we learn key insights and best practices for how to develop, standardize, and implement software (11). Open and systematic approaches to the development of software are essential for all sciences. But for many scientists this is not sufficient. We describe problems with the adoption and use of scientific software."
science  repetition  reproduction  software  open-source  sharing 
may 2013 by tsuomela
The Locust Economy
"Thinking about locusts and the behavior of customers around services like Groupon, I’ve become convinced that the phrase “sharing economy” is mostly a case of putting lipstick on a pig. What we have here is a locust economy. Let me explain what that means."
economics  sharing  commons  metaphor  community 
april 2013 by tsuomela
Collaborative consumption is dead, long live the real sharing economy | PandoDailyPandoDaily
"This is where the real sharing economy comes in. It is more than just VC-backed Internet startups. It’s a tectonic shift in how the economy works. As society changes from a top-down factory model of organization to a peer-to-peer network model, how we produce, consume, and interact will be radically transformed. At its simplest, the sharing economy is the decentralization of economic power brought on by new technology, new and revived business models, and massive social change. It’s made up of thousands of innovations, some for profit, some nonprofit, and some that thrive in the commons. If we can avert our collective gaze from our latest technology gadgets for a second, we might be able to see the real sharing economy, the one driven by values and tested by time. "
sharing  commons  economics  business-model  community  collaboration  consumption  via:vaguery 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Is the collaborative economy only for the privileged?
"While we can always argue about the terms that are used, what’s more important is to identify the different motivations and abilities people have, and the differences coming from their different backgrounds and capabilities. How can we create a new collaborative economy that is equally beneficial for everyone, no matter where they come from?"
sharing  collaboration  economics  commons  class  socioeconomic  access  peer-production 
march 2013 by tsuomela
Find Your Local Tool Lending Library
"Explore our map to find your local Tool and Lending Libraries – and start sharing in a trusted location!"
tool  sharing  libraries  map  community 
february 2013 by tsuomela
The Complexities of Genomic Identifiability
"Sharing research data has long been fundamental to the advancement of science. In today's scientific culture, making research data available broadly and efficiently via the internet has become the standard for many data types, including genomic and some other "omic"-type data produced by high-throughput methods. The acceleration of research progress and the resulting public benefit achieved through such broad data-sharing have been transformative for the scientific enterprise (1–3). However, sharing data generated from human research participants must be done in a manner that appropriately protects participant interests."
data-science  genetics  big-data  privacy  sharing 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Dark Social: We Have the Whole History of the Web Wrong - Alexis C. Madrigal - The Atlantic
"1. The sharing you see on sites like Facebook and Twitter is the tip of the 'social' iceberg. We are impressed by its scale because it's easy to measure. 2. But most sharing is done via dark social means like email and IM that are difficult to measure. 3. According to new data on many media sites, 69% of social referrals came from dark social. 20% came from Facebook. 4. Facebook and Twitter do shift the paradigm from private sharing to public publishing. They structure, archive, and monetize your publications."
sharing  social-media  analytics  web-development  statistics  dark-social 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Frictionless sharing’s dirty little secret – George Osborn – The Kernel
"Why? Because “sharing”, in actual human society, is almost entirely based around careful selection and curation of certain things to fit into certain contexts. This is what a New York Times survey into the online sharing habits of active social media users uncovered. Rather than a desire for constant, unfiltered noise, out of the 2,500 participants, 94 per cent said that they only share information that they consider useful to others."
sharing  online  behavior  information  social-media  frictionless  facebook 
october 2012 by tsuomela
Online Community for Makers - DIY is an online community for young makers. Our members are exposed to new skills, inspired by each other to learn them, and given a platform to collect and share what they make.
diy  makers  education  youth  children  community  online  sharing 
july 2012 by tsuomela
The Line Between A and B
"A’s were reserved for new music broad enough in its appeal to cross boundaries. I was occasionally called on the carpet, gently, for grade inflation, for being too liberal with my A’s, because I couldn’t stomach giving a superb recording of a Cage chance piece, or a wonderful Niblock drone piece, a B just because its potential audience seemed limited. I fudged." Annotated link
art  music  evaluation  grading  reviews  modern-art  difficulty  aesthetics  sharing 
july 2012 by tsuomela
The data reveal that a complex, symbiotic relationship has developed between citizens and news organizations on YouTube, a relationship that comes close to the continuous journalistic "dialogue" many observers predicted would become the new journalism online. Citizens are creating their own videos about news and posting them. They are also actively sharing news videos produced by journalism professionals. And news organizations are taking advantage of citizen content and incorporating it into their journalism. Consumers, in turn, seem to be embracing the interplay in what they watch and share, creating a new kind of television news.
pew-research  media  journalism  youtube  online  video  sharing  social-media  news  news-sources 
july 2012 by tsuomela
How to Fork a Syllabus on GitHub - ProfHacker - The Chronicle of Higher Education
"In that spirit, in this post I want to explain how to go about forking a document, such as a syllabus, on GitHub. I also want to suggest some best practices that will make it easier to fork shared documents."
syllabi  sharing  github  teaching  pedagogy 
april 2012 by tsuomela
echovar » Blog Archive » Year-End Processing: The Network as Growth Medium
"While networked computational tools can assist us in expanding the scope and breadth of the sharing we do with groups and individuals, it’s our ability to navigate the new social customs and ceremonies of the Network that will determine how far all this spreads. It’s a counter-cultural idea, instead of placing the highest value on independence and individuality, it takes us down the path of interdependence and coexistence. And this brings us back to this idea of a growth medium. As the old year ends, and the new one begins, I’m imagining an as yet unpublished Whole Earth Catalog filled with tools and perspectives on how we might grow this new crop in the fields of the Network. It’s a thing that “is” what it describes."
social-networks  social-media  business  culture  community  commons  sharing 
april 2012 by tsuomela
The Law of Online Sharing - Technology Review
Facebook's impending problem is that even if the company enables future pacemakers to share our every heartbeat, the company cannot automate caring—the most important part of the feedback loop that has driven the social Web's ascent. Nothing can support exponential growth for long. No matter how cleverly our friends' social output is summarized and highlighted for us, there are only so many hours in the day for us to express that we care. Today, the law of social sharing is a useful way to think about the rise of social computing, but eventually, reality will make it obsolete.
social-media  facebook  sharing  online  community  attention  behavior  psychology  technology-effects 
january 2012 by tsuomela
Why Don’t You? A review of ‘Making is Connecting’ | through the looking glass
"David Gauntlett’s new book, Making is Connecting, a few times recently: on my work blog, my knitting one, and on the Guardian’s Notes and Theories. It’s an interesting book worth talking about. It’s about the social meanings of creativity and 21st century maker cultures, be these makers of blogs, woolly cardigans, cupcakes, podcasts or physics-themed lolcats, and in particular the changing structures of making which surround what is sometimes called ‘social media’. "
book  review  making  culture  behavior  sharing 
september 2011 by tsuomela
What Kind of Content Curator Are You?
"As with other marketing strategies, personality type can play a big part in your content curation style, from the types of content you share to where you share it and how you go about the process."
personality  curation  online  sharing  advertising  marketing 
september 2011 by tsuomela
Parallel Lines
"So take a look at the Open Metadata Registry (formerly the NSDL Registry) if you’re developing semantic schema for data or other open research. Many of the standards listed in the element sets have decriptive frameworks or other structures you can apply to research data collection, images, spectra, or lab notebook data. Don’t say no one told you." Annotated link
libraries  metadata  cataloging  crowdsourcing  collaboration  sharing 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Confessions of a Community College Dean: Selfish Tech
"The tech world loves to bandy about the term “social,” but its concept of “social” seems to be based on what single twentysomethings do. “Social” in the sense of “families” is off the radar, as is “social” in the sense of “sharing.” It’s happy to make recommendations for individual purchases social, but shared purchases are verboten.

It’s shortsighted. If the demise of the music industry has taught us anything, it should be that walls don’t work. Sooner or later, demand will find a way around. The blistering success of itunes showed that there’s a substantial market for aboveboard, legal ways to allow people to get what they want
social  commons  books  used  technology  sharing 
august 2011 by tsuomela
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