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tsuomela : signals   26

The New Analog | The New Press
"What John Berger did to ways of seeing, well-known indy musician Damon Krukowski does to ways of listening in this lively guide to the transition from analog to digital culture Having made his name in the late 1980s as a member of the indie band Galaxie 500, Damon Krukowski has watched cultural life lurch from analog to digital. And as an artist who has weathered the transition, he has challenging, urgent questions for both creators and consumers about what we have thrown away in the process: Are our devices leaving us lost in our own headspace even as they pinpoint our location? Does the long reach of digital communication come at the sacrifice of our ability to gauge social distance? Do streaming media discourage us from listening closely? Are we hearing each other fully in this new environment? Rather than simply rejecting the digital disruption of cultural life, Krukowski uses the sound engineer’s distinction of signal and noise to reexamine what we have lost as a technological culture, looking carefully at what was valuable in the analog realm so we can hold on to it. Taking a set of experiences from the production and consumption of music that have changed since the analog era—the disorientation of headphones, flattening of the voice, silence of media, loudness of mastering, and manipulation of time—as a basis for a broader exploration of contemporary culture, Krukowski gives us a brilliant meditation and guide to keeping our heads amid the digital flux. Think of it as plugging in without tuning out."
book  publisher  digital  analog  signals  noise  technology-effects 
november 2017 by tsuomela
Who Are the New Yuppies? | New Republic
"THE SUM OF SMALL THINGS by Elizabeth Currid-Halkett Princeton University Press, 272 pp., $29.95 THE COMPLACENT CLASS by Tyler Cowen Columbia University Press, 128 pp., $26.00"
book  review  class  america  innovation  inequality  signals 
august 2017 by tsuomela
Currid-Halkett, E.: The Sum of Small Things: A Theory of the Aspirational Class. (eBook and Hardcover)
"How the leisure class has been replaced by a new elite, and how their consumer habits affect us all In today’s world, the leisure class has been replaced by a new elite. Highly educated and defined by cultural capital rather than income bracket, these individuals earnestly buy organic, carry NPR tote bags, and breast-feed their babies. They care about discreet, inconspicuous consumption—like eating free-range chicken and heirloom tomatoes, wearing organic cotton shirts and TOMS shoes, and listening to the Serial podcast. They use their purchasing power to hire nannies and housekeepers, to cultivate their children’s growth, and to practice yoga and Pilates. In The Sum of Small Things, Elizabeth Currid-Halkett dubs this segment of society “the aspirational class” and discusses how, through deft decisions about education, health, parenting, and retirement, the aspirational class reproduces wealth and upward mobility, deepening the ever-wider class divide. Exploring the rise of the aspirational class, Currid-Halkett considers how much has changed since the 1899 publication of Thorstein Veblen’s Theory of the Leisure Class. In that inflammatory classic, which coined the phrase “conspicuous consumption,” Veblen described upper-class frivolities: men who used walking sticks for show, and women who bought silver flatware despite the effectiveness of cheaper aluminum utensils. Now, Currid-Halkett argues, the power of material goods as symbols of social position has diminished due to their accessibility. As a result, the aspirational class has altered its consumer habits away from overt materialism to more subtle expenditures that reveal status and knowledge. And these transformations influence how we all make choices. With a rich narrative and extensive interviews and research, The Sum of Small Things illustrates how cultural capital leads to lifestyle shifts and what this forecasts, not just for the aspirational class but for everyone. "
book  publisher  class  economics  attitude  signals 
july 2017 by tsuomela
The 'Busy' Trap -
"“The goal of the future is full unemployment, so we can play. That’s why we have to destroy the present politico-economic system.” This may sound like the pronouncement of some bong-smoking anarchist, but it was actually Arthur C. Clarke, who found time between scuba diving and pinball games to write “Childhood’s End” and think up communications satellites. "
time  time-management  work  business  signals 
march 2013 by tsuomela
The ‘Big Four’ markers of the evangelical tribe
"four tribal markers that characterize the boundaries of American evangelicalism: abortion, homosexuality, evolution and environmentalism. Opposition to all four of those constitutes evangelical tribal identity." Annotated link
evangelical  religion  conservatism  politics  groups  signals 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Peak Attention and the Colonization of Subcultures
"The question of how such coded language emerges, spreads and evolves is a big one. I am interested in a very specific question: how do members of an emerging subculture recognize each other in public, especially on the Internet, using more specialized coded language?

The question is interesting because the Web is making traditional subcultures — historically illegible to governance mechanisms, and therefore hotbeds of subversion — increasingly visible and open to cheap, large-scale economic and political exploitation. This exploitation takes the form of attention mining, and is the end-game on the path to what I called Peak Attention a while back.

Does this mean the subversive potential of the Internet is an illusion, and that it will ultimately be domesticated? Possibly." Annotated link
internet  culture  subculture  code  code-words  attention  data-mining  social  social-networking  social-media  communication  signals  society  power  government  facebook 
april 2012 by tsuomela
PLoS Computational Biology: Early Warning Signals for Critical Transitions: A Generalized Modeling Approach
Critical transitions are sudden, often irreversible, changes that can occur in a large variety of complex systems
complexity  transition  crisis  warnings  risk  modeling  signals 
february 2012 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Consistency
"One thing that has often irked me is the criticism politicians get for making U-turns. What’s wrong with changing your mind if new information comes to light?
A new paper by Armin Falk and Florian Zimmermann of the University of Bonn sheds light on my puzzlement. People, they say, value consistency in themselves and in others as a way of signalling intellectual strength.
And this value is an intrinsic one. We don’t just like consistency because it is a means to better decision-making. We value it even if it gets in the way of rational decisions."
psychology  consistency  signals  bias  rationality  decision-making 
july 2011 by tsuomela
SSRN-Taking to the Streets: Theory and Evidence on Protests under Authoritarianism by Ruth Kricheli, Yair Livne, Beatriz Magaloni
"In the recent decades, citizens all over the world took to the streets to oppose predatory autocracies. We provide a theory of mass politics examining how civil protests affect authoritarian stability. We ask when mass protests are likely to spread and under what conditions they are likely to lead to authoritarian breakdown. The theory is based on a game-theoretic model wherein citizens decide whether to protest against the regime in two consecutive periods. Civil uprisings, however, face two challenges: first, citizens face incomplete information about other citizens' preferences, and hence, about the number of citizens likely to join the protest
research  political-science  protests  democracy  public  signals 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Job Market Signaling
"1. Introduction, 355. — 2. Hiring as investment under uncertainty, 356. — 3. Applicant signaling, 358. — 4. Informational feedback and the definition of equilibrium, 359. — 5. Properties of informational equilibria: an example, 361. — 6. The informational impact of indices, 368. — Conclusions, 374. "
economics  work  labor  signals  jobs  markets 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Egonomics
When I was young and stupid - ills of which I am now half-cured - I thought that wealth and fame arose from merit. As I got older, I thought they were more due to luck. But now I think I was wrong. They arise instead from ego. Whether it is the desire to think well of oneself, or to believe that others do so, or the belief that one’s talents entitle one to a “distinguished” position, it is, I suspect, ego that is the motive force, rather than a desire for wealth.
economics  wealth  money  signals  ego  power 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Dissent Magazine - Arguing The World - Deregulation and Your Front Lawn -
What makes lawn mowing rules different from the regulations that Republicans detest? It is their purpose, which is not to curb inequality but to put it on display. The lawn, more than a century ago, was already identified by Thorstein Veblen as an example of conspicuous consumption—intentional waste for the purpose of demonstrating one’s high status. Lawns, Veblen pointed out, are imitations of pastures, but to avoid “the vulgar suggestion of thrift, which is nearly inseparable from the cow” the grass cannot be kept short by grazing animals; it must be mowed by human beings.
politics  republicans  thrift  wealth  signals  regulation  suburbia 
november 2010 by tsuomela
BBC News - Emotional signals cross cultures
People are able to recognise negative sounds, like expressions of disgust, across cultures, say scientists.... The researchers found sounds indicating negative emotions were widely understood by both groups but positive emotions were mainly culture-specific.
emotion  science  psychology  culture  cross-culture  signals  research 
january 2010 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : Academia’s Function
Yes one might save the idealistic theory via various ad hoc assumptions, such as that people are ignorant in various specific ways and use prestige only as a heuristic to achieve their altruistic ends. But it seems far simpler to me to just postulate that people care primarily about affiliating with others who have been certified as prestigious.
academia  purpose  credential  signals  utility  academic 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Overcoming Bias : Why Signals Are Shallow
Geoffrey Miller says we try too hard to collect shallow signals that don’t say much to those who know us well. But a boss who has known you for years may not promote you unless you get a better degree, even if school teaches you nothing useful on your job. He might not hire you without that degree, even if he knows and trusts folks who have known you for years. Why do people who know us well care so much about shallow signals?
behavior  social  sociology  psychology  signals  status  ranking  information 
june 2009 by tsuomela

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