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Participation in Voluntary Organizations and Group Size
"Participation in collective action is hard to understand as rational behavior unless strong intrinsic benefits or selective social or economic incentives are assumed. This article describes the Status Competition Model for organizations in which members are motivated to participate for selective social rewards like the status attained from an annual “Medal of Honor.” Status is awarded on the basis of relative voluntary contributions. Using this model, the set of active members and its relation with the size of membership is studied. The number of volunteers is characterized in terms of the individual costs and benefits of participation. It is deduced that active members are necessarily very homogeneous with respect to a one-dimensional parameter of their costs and benefits. Hence the number of active members will be small if members differ nontrivially in their costs and benefits. Under some additional assumptions, it is argued that in similar kinds of organizations, the number of active members is proportional to the square root of the number of members."
volunteer  participation  data  groups  size  status  social-status  research 
february 2014 by tsuomela
Press Release - Small sciences could benefit from better data-sharing practices
"Other research has shown that small science generates a substantial amount of data, and, over time, perhaps even more than big science," Cragin said. "Unfortunately, we don't yet have systems in place to facilitate best practice for data management or to address the range of needs related to sharing practices, but this is becoming increasingly important, particularly as funding agencies add requirements for data sharing and data-management plans."
science  data  sharing  collaboration  size  scale 
september 2010 by tsuomela
FiveThirtyEight: Politics Done Right: The Real Problem with The Senate's Small-State Bias
What this means is that senators from small states tend to be relatively more dependant on special-interest money -- it makes up a larger share of their overall take. Senators from the ten smallest states have received, on average, 28.4 percent of their campaign funds from corporate PACs, versus 13.7 for those in the ten largest.
political-science  politics  fundraising  money  pacs  state  size 
august 2009 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: Shrink the state: a leftist aim
left should join American tea parties, which protest against high taxes. I think I agree. The desire to shrink the state should be a leftist aim. I say so for four reasons.
leftism  liberal  government  scale  size 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Big Banks, Big Banking Industry | Mother Jones
Kevin Drum argues that the problem with banking is the size of the whole industry, not just the size of individual firms.
banking  crisis  regulation  size  scale  industry 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Interfluidity :: Why size matters
Steve Randy Waldman continues the size of banking debate.
banking  crisis  regulation  size  scale 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Big and Small « The Baseline Scenario
What would such a world look like? There would be a lot of small- and medium-sized banks that collected deposits and lent money to households and businesses. There would be brokerage and asset management firms that you used to invest your savings....
James Kwak argues for smaller banks.
banking  crisis  regulation  size  scale  system 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Bronte Capital: The case for letting bankers rip us off
John Hempton continues his argument for a few large, heavily regulated banks.
banking  crisis  regulation  size  scale  future 
march 2009 by tsuomela
Bronte Capital: Watch those baskets: Why Citigroup should be allowed to merge with Wells Fargo
More bluntly I think the US should end this crisis with substantially fewer banks – which because they have a high degree of market power should be highly profitable. The high level of profitability will

(a). Reduce the incentive for banks to take excessive risks (if you have a goose that lays golden eggs it does not make sense to risk killing that goose), and

(b). Increases the chance that the banks can work through any problems that they do have (because the underlying franchise will generate enough profit to fill any holes).
banking  crisis  regulation  size  scale  profit  wall-street 
march 2009 by tsuomela

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