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tsuomela : social-psychology   124

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"The 2016 U.S. presidential election coincided with the rise the “alternative right” or “alt-right”. Although alt-right associates wield considerable influence on the current administration, the movement’s loose organizational structure has led to disparate portrayals of its members’ psychology. We surveyed 447 alt-right adherents on a battery of psychological measures, comparing their responses to those of 382 non-adherents. Alt-right adherents were much more distrustful of the mainstream media and government; expressed higher Dark Triad traits, social dominance orientation, and authoritarianism; reported high levels of aggression; and exhibited extreme levels of overt intergroup bias, including blatant dehumanization of racial minorities. Cluster analyses suggest that alt-right supporters may separate into two subgroups: one more populist and anti-establishment and the other more supremacist and motivated by maintaining social hierarchy. We argue for the need to give overt bias greater empirical and theoretical consideration in contemporary intergroup research."
preprint  psychology  personality  alt-right  social-psychology  mechanical-turk 
august 2018 by tsuomela
The Lifespan of a Lie – Trust Issues – Medium
"The most famous psychology study of all time was a sham. Why can’t we escape the Stanford Prison Experiment?"
social-psychology  methods  replication  prison 
june 2018 by tsuomela
The Crusade Against Multiple Regression Analysis |
A rambling case against multiple regression analysis, which starts strong and then wanders into a defense of some social science effects like priming.
statistics  social-science  analysis  linear-regression  psychology  social-psychology 
january 2016 by tsuomela
CABINET // The Behavioral Sink
On the 1960-1970 experiments of John B. Calhoun building utopia/dystopias for mice.
psychology  social-psychology  experiment  utopia  overcrowding  crowds 
february 2015 by tsuomela
Hillsborough's lesson – don't fear the crowd
"There is almost a sense of moral panic in the way society views crowds, in that they are often seen as vehicles for potential “disorder” or mass panic, despite decades' worth of research by psychologists finding that such concepts are largely myths, and that crowds often behave much more sensibly than they are usually given credit for. When tragedies happen, it is almost always because of a failure of crowd management, as opposed to any “irrational” behaviour on the part of the victims. Attempts to blame victims are often part of a strategy to deflect blame away from those responsible for such mismanagement."
social-psychology  crowds  tragedy  football 
april 2014 by tsuomela
302 Found
"M. J. Lerner (1980) proposed that people need to believe in a just world; thus, evidence that the world is not just is threatening, and people have a number of strategies for reducing such threats. Early research on this idea, and on just-world theory more broadly, was reviewed in early publications (e.g., M. J. Lerner, 1980; M. J. Lerner & D. T. Miller, 1978). In the present article, focus is directed on the post-1980 experimental research on this theory. First, 2 conceptualizations of the term belief in a just world are described, the typical experimental paradigms are explained, and a general overview of the post-1980 experiments is provided. Second, problems with this literature are discussed, including the unsystematic nature of the research. Third, important developments that have occurred, despite the problems reviewed, are described. Finally, theoretical challenges that researchers should address if this area of inquiry is to advance in the future are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)"
social-psychology  just-world  belief  world  ethics  bias  psychology 
january 2014 by tsuomela
302 Found
"Recent evidence suggests that perceptions of social class rank influence a variety of social cognitive tendencies, from patterns of causal attribution to moral judgment. In the present studies we tested the hypotheses that upper-class rank individuals would be more likely to endorse essentialist lay theories of social class categories (i.e., that social class is founded in genetically based, biological differences) than would lower-class rank individuals and that these beliefs would decrease support for restorative justice—which seeks to rehabilitate offenders, rather than punish unlawful action. Across studies, higher social class rank was associated with increased essentialism of social class categories (Studies 1, 2, and 4) and decreased support for restorative justice (Study 4). Moreover, manipulated essentialist beliefs decreased preferences for restorative justice (Study 3), and the association between social class rank and class-based essentialist theories was explained by the tendency to endorse beliefs in a just world (Study 2). Implications for how class-based essentialist beliefs potentially constrain social opportunity and mobility are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)"
social-psychology  wealth  money  essentialism  class  poverty  bias  punishment 
january 2014 by tsuomela
"A growing body of recent research shows that people with the most social power pay scant attention to those with little such power. This tuning out has been observed, for instance, with strangers in a mere five-minute get-acquainted session, where the more powerful person shows fewer signals of paying attention, like nodding or laughing. Higher-status people are also more likely to express disregard, through facial expressions, and are more likely to take over the conversation and interrupt or look past the other speaker."
psychology  wealth  power  class  rich  social-psychology  empathy 
october 2013 by tsuomela
Just thinking about science triggers moral behavior : Nature News & Comment
"They hypothesized that there is a deep-seated perception of science as a moral pursuit — its emphasis on truth-seeking, impartiality and rationality privileges collective well-being above all else. Their new study, published in the journal PLOSOne, argues that the association between science and morality is so ingrained that merely thinking about it can trigger more moral behavior."
science  morality  ethics  priming  psychology  social-psychology 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Replication studies: Bad copy : Nature News & Comment
"In the wake of high-profile controversies, psychologists are facing up to problems with replication."
psychology  science  replication  experiments  social-psychology  research 
july 2013 by tsuomela
A normative explanation of antisocial punishment
"While much research shows that people punish free-riders, recent studies find evidence that people also engage in antisocial punishment. That is, they sometimes punish those who contribute generously to collective actions. Such sanctioning is puzzling because generous individuals increase the welfare of all group members. When and why are such individuals punished? In this paper, we propose that descriptive norms are part of the explanation. People may sanction those whose behavior is atypical – even when that behavior benefits the group. We test our theory with a laboratory experiment. We examine the effect of descriptive norms on sanctioning of generous and stingy deviants and find that descriptive norms encourage antisocial punishment, but not punishment of free-riders."
social-psychology  norms  behavior  conformity  altruism  sharing  community  pro-social  anti-social 
july 2013 by tsuomela
Why good deeds don’t go unpunished | Ars Technica
"So it appears that nonconformity is a bit of a double-standard, at least under these specific circumstances. We always dislike free-riders, but we will also punish cooperators when their behavior is particularly atypical."
social-psychology  norms  behavior  conformity  altruism  sharing  community 
july 2013 by tsuomela
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