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tsuomela : social-status   8

Participation in Voluntary Organizations and Group Size
"Participation in collective action is hard to understand as rational behavior unless strong intrinsic benefits or selective social or economic incentives are assumed. This article describes the Status Competition Model for organizations in which members are motivated to participate for selective social rewards like the status attained from an annual “Medal of Honor.” Status is awarded on the basis of relative voluntary contributions. Using this model, the set of active members and its relation with the size of membership is studied. The number of volunteers is characterized in terms of the individual costs and benefits of participation. It is deduced that active members are necessarily very homogeneous with respect to a one-dimensional parameter of their costs and benefits. Hence the number of active members will be small if members differ nontrivially in their costs and benefits. Under some additional assumptions, it is argued that in similar kinds of organizations, the number of active members is proportional to the square root of the number of members."
volunteer  participation  data  groups  size  status  social-status  research 
february 2014 by tsuomela
Social status and health: Misery index | The Economist
"In it, a group of researchers led by Jenny Tung and Yoav Gilad at the University of Chicago looked at the effects of status on rhesus macaques. Experience has shown that these monkeys display the simian equivalent of the Whitehall studies’ findings. The high risk of disease among those at the bottom of the heap in both cases suggests that biochemical responses to low status affect a creature’s immune system. Those responses must, in turn, depend on changes in the way the creatures’ genes are expressed. To investigate this phenomenon means manipulating social hierarchies, but that would be hard (and probably unethical) if it were done to human beings. You can, however, do it to monkeys, and the researchers did."
biology  stress  status  genetics  social-status 
may 2012 by tsuomela
Distrust for Atheists
"The take home point has to do with shifting social alliances. Now that most Americans have abandoned a strong dislike for members of other religions, it’s possible for The Religious to emerge as a socially-meaningful identity group. In other words, once members of different religions begin to see each other as the same instead of different, they can begin to align together. Suddenly atheists become an obvious foe. Instead of one of many types of people who had lost their way (along with people of different faiths), atheists could emerge as uniquely problematic. It is the building of cross-religious alliances, then, that undergirds the strong dislike for atheists specifically."
atheism  sociology  religion  belief  social-status  groups  prejudice  politics  history  american-studies 
march 2012 by tsuomela
Open Left:: Racial Attitudes And Social Spending--Part 1
The specific racist attitudes involved are: (1) blaming blacks for their continued lower incomes and lack of wealth, and (2) denying that discrimination plays a dominant role in holding blacks back. Of course, some will deny that these are racist beliefs, but white supremacists have always insisted on the sole right to define everything. Suffice it to say that both beliefs are race-based, and both are factually false. If race-based lies that help preserve white privilege aren't racist, then one has to wonder, "What is?"
racism  race  underclass  power  wealth  success  class  social-status  spending  welfare 
september 2009 by tsuomela
I cite: On Being Postacademic
Yet at least within the bourgeoisie the existence of a monetary reference point provides some resistance to personal power, while the structure of institutionalized intellectual work permits no such outside reference point — not community service, not ethics, not, in light of the inability of humanities scholars to agree about what such a concept might mean, truth. Academia has neither capitalist forms of abstraction nor socialist forms of solidarity to recommend it.
academia  postmodern  evaluation  politics  tenure  social-status  social-psychology 
august 2009 by tsuomela

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