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tsuomela : solutions   9

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"There is often a curious distinction between what the scientific community and the general population believe to be true of dire scientific issues, and this skepticism tends to vary markedly across groups. For instance, in the case of climate change, Republicans (conservatives) are especially skeptical of the relevant science, particularly when they are compared with Democrats (liberals). What causes such radical group differences? We suggest, as have previous accounts, that this phenomenon is often motivated. However, the source of this motivation is not necessarily an aversion to the problem, per se, but an aversion to the solutions associated with the problem. This difference in underlying process holds important implications for understanding, predicting, and influencing motivated skepticism. In 4 studies, we tested this solution aversion explanation for why people are often so divided over evidence and why this divide often occurs so saliently across political party lines. Studies 1, 2, and 3—using correlational and experimental methodologies—demonstrated that Republicans’ increased skepticism toward environmental sciences may be partly attributable to a conflict between specific ideological values and the most popularly discussed environmental solutions. Study 4 found that, in a different domain (crime), those holding a more liberal ideology (support for gun control) also show skepticism motivated by solution aversion."
psychology  political-science  ideology  framing  climate-change  global-warming  environment  gun-control  solutions  motivated-cognition 
november 2014 by tsuomela
The cuckoo clock syndrome : addicted to command, allergic to leadership - WRAP: Warwick Research Archive Portal
This article considers the extent to which we are addicted to particular ways of configuring the world and responding in a culturally appropriate way. It suggests that the original Tame and Wicked problems typology of Rittell and Webber (1973) can be usefully expanded to provide a heuristic for explaining this addiction and then focuses upon the most common approach an addiction to Crisis and Command. Some likely explanations for this addiction are discussed and some illustrative examples provided. It concludes that not only does our predilection for Crisis and Command undermine our attempts to address Wicked problems adequately, but also that 'Leadership' (defined as persuading the collective to take responsibility for collective problems) is often regarded not just as difficult and dangerous, but as the enemy of the people'. We are, then, not only likely to be addicted to Command but also likely to be allergic to leadership.
problems  problem-solving  wicked-problems  understanding  solutions  culture  hierarchy  future  leadership 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Special Report: A great haircut to kick-start growth | Reuters
"More than three years after the financial crisis struck, the economy remains stuck in a consumer debt trap. It's a situation that could take years to correct itself. That's why some economists are calling for a radical step: massive debt relief."
economics  recession  debt  jubilee  forgiveness  solutions 
october 2011 by tsuomela
AmericanScience: A Team Blog: David Brooks and American Science
On David Brooks - The Social Animal and Sean Kelly, Hubert Dreyfus - All Things Shining. "Why does this matter? Both Brooks and Kelly/Dreyfus find fault with a supposedly quintessential "individualism" in today's world. To me, what's interesting is not their shared diagnosis, but where they turn as they seek to prescribe something for the ailment they've uncovered."
social-science  culture  decline  declension-narrative  solutions  politics 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Why Last Chapters Disappoint - Essay -
"But in the end, most authors have themselves to blame. Having immersed themselves in a subject, almost all succumb to the hubristic idea that they can find new and unique ideas for solving intractable problems. They rarely do, and even works that do usher in specific reforms or broad social transformations — from “The Jungle” to “The Feminine Mystique” — do so by raising awareness about an issue, not by providing ready-to-go blueprints.

Yet solutions seem to be what our national temper demands. “It is one of the peculiar intellectual accompaniments of democracy that the concept of the insoluble becomes unfashionable — nay, almost infamous,” Mencken wrote in “Notes on Democracy” (1926).."
books  review  problems  social  solutions  cliche  publishing  hubris 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Economic View - Promoting Recovery While Cutting the Deficit -
Proposed solutions: restructure consumer debt from banks to government, carbon tax, infrastructure investment, consumption surtax.
economics  solutions  recession 
july 2010 by tsuomela

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