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tsuomela : standards   80

International Commission on Stratigraphy
"The International Commission on Stratigraphy is the largest and oldest constituent scientific body in the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). Its primary objective is to precisely define global units (systems, series, and stages) of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart that, in turn, are the basis for the units (periods, epochs, and age) of the International Geologic Time Scale; thus setting global standards for the fundamental scale for expressing the history of the Earth."
geology  classification  stratification  time  deep-time  international  standards 
july 2018 by tsuomela
Nomenclature | Communities
"Robert G. Chenhall’s nomenclature for classifying man-made objects is the standard cataloging tool for thousands of museums and historical organizations across the United States and Canada. Nomenclature’s lexicon of object names, arranged hierarchically within functionally defined categories, has become a de facto standard within the community of history museums in North America."
museum  museology  classification  description  cataloging  metadata  standards 
march 2018 by tsuomela
FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology)
"FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology) is derived from the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), one of the library domain’s most widely-used subject terminology schemas. The development of FAST has been a collaboration of OCLC Research and the Library of Congress. Work on FAST began in late 1998."
metadata  standards  LibraryOfCongress  libraries  subject  cataloging 
june 2016 by tsuomela
The Maintainers: A Conference
"Many groups and individuals today celebrate “innovation.” The notion is influential not only in engineering and business, but also in the social sciences, arts, and humanities. For example, “innovation” has become a staple of analysis in popular histories – such as Walter Isaacson’s recent book, The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution.  This conference takes a different approach, one whose conceptual starting point was a playful proposal for a counter-volume to Isaacson’s that could be titled The Maintainers: How a Group of Bureaucrats, Standards Engineers, and Introverts Made Technologies That Kind of Work Most of the Time. Conference participants come from a variety of fields, including academic historians and social scientists, as well as artists, activists, and engineers.  All share an interest in the concepts of maintenance, infrastructure, repair, and the myriad forms of labor and expertise that sustain our human-built world."
conference  infrastructure  technology  standards  sts 
april 2016 by tsuomela
ISO 14721:2012 - Space data and information transfer systems -- Open archival information system (OAIS) -- Reference model
"ISO 14721:2012 defines the reference model for an open archival information system (OAIS). An OAIS is an archive, consisting of an organization, which may be part of a larger organization, of people and systems that has accepted the responsibility to preserve information and make it available for a designated community. It meets a set of such responsibilities as defined in this International Standard, and this allows an OAIS archive to be distinguished from other uses of the term "archive". The term "open" in OAIS is used to imply that ISO 14721:2012, as well as future related International Standards, are developed in open forums, and it does not imply that access to the archive is unrestricted."
standards  archives  reference  international  iso  information-science 
february 2015 by tsuomela
Ian Hacking reviews ‘DSM-5’ by the American Psychiatric Association · LRB 8 August 2013
"DSM-5: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition by the American Psychiatric Association American Psychiatric Publishing, 947 pp, £97.00, May, ISBN 978 0 89042 555 8"
book  review  psychology  classification  standards  history  mental-illness  medicine 
august 2013 by tsuomela
Research Object for Scholarly Communication Community Group
"Research investigations are increasingly collaborative and require ‘‘borrowing strength’’ from the outputs of other research. Conventional digital publications are becoming less sufficient for the scientists to access, share, communicate, and enable the reuse of scientific outputs. The need to have a community-wide container data model to encapsulate the actual research data and methods with all the contextual information essential for interpreting and reusing them is becoming more and more imperative, for the science, publisher, as well as digital library communities."
research  altmetrics  objects  scholarly-communication  communication  standards  w3c 
april 2013 by tsuomela
ITU Phobia: Why WCIT was derailed | IGP Blog
"We now know more about what led to the impasse at the WCIT, and the scope of the fissure that it created. It is clear that nations will split 2 to 1 in favor of signing the ITR treaty. The majority of the signatories are the developing countries in Africa, Asia (including China), the Middle East, Latin America, and of course Russia. The refuseniks are primarily developed, western economies; they are concentrated in North America, Europe and Japan, although they were joined by India and some other developing countries. Though smaller in number, refuseniks account for probably two-thirds of the telecommunications and Internet economy. Politically, this is a troublesome bifurcation, although its implications for internet governance may not be all that bad."
internet  governance  international  treaties  telecommunications  standards 
december 2012 by tsuomela
What made the creationist footprints in the Giant's Causeway visitor centre? | Andrew Brown | Comment is free |
This is in some ways the cruellest insult to the creationists: it tells them that theirs is just another story, and not, as they need it to be, the truth. But the market doesn't recognise truth, only prices.
creationism  intelligent-design  truth  science  public  markets  standards 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Half-formed thoughts about Twitter, social silos, web APIs, and mashups «
"What’s left behind are things that aren’t owned by a single entity. RSS, rssCloud, Atom, AtomPub, PubSubHubbub, JSON Activity Streams, Salmon, WebFinger, OStatus, etc and so forth. We could talk to each other with these things, and make beautiful mashups.

But, a lot of us have been distracted by shiny corporate APIs, building value for others and sometimes making a little for ourselves. Why bother writing a web spider chasing microformatted relationships to build a social graph, when we could make a single HTTP GET and have a JSON-formatted friends list tossed back – and thus, get on with the real thing we wanted to do with that list?"
internet  network  development  trend  culture  corporate  business  apps  api  infrastructure  standards  ownership 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Marx, Anarchism, and Web Standards - Literate Programming
"This tendency means that most language that's specific to a domain will generally trend towards the usable at the expense of the learnable. The impact this has on individuals new to the domain, however, is that of a wall. An impediment. Overcoming this obstacle requires a bit of good faith on the part of the beginner
language  learning  usability  expertise  community  community-of-practice  anarchism  marxism  standards  jargon 
february 2012 by tsuomela
"ICSTI, the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information, offers a unique forum for interaction between organizations that create, disseminate and use scientific and technical information. ICSTI’s mission cuts across scientific and technical disciplines, as well as international borders, to give member organizations the benefit of a truly global community."
information  standards  information-science  e-science  library  metadata 
february 2012 by tsuomela
Home - National Information Standards Organization
"NISO is where content publishers, libraries, and software developers turn for information industry standards that allow them to work together. Through NISO, all of these communities are able to collaborate on mutually accepted standards — solutions that enhance their operations today and form a foundation for the future."
information  standards  national  information-science  e-science  library  metadata 
february 2012 by tsuomela
Leap seconds: Their time has come | The Economist
But possibly no longer. Next week, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is meeting in Geneva, and one of the items on its agenda is the abolition of the leap second. If the assembled delegates vote in favour, then the next leap second (which will be added one second before midnight on June 30th, causing clocks set to UTC to display 23:59:59 for two seconds instead of one) will be one of the last—and the answer to the question “what time is it?” will have ceased to have anything to do with the revolutions of the heavens.
time  metrology  measurement  standards 
january 2012 by tsuomela
Tea Partiers Want A New Dollar Coin And Refuse To Listen To The Free Market In The Process | Capital Gains and Games
"The problem was that the vending machine operators and owners suddenly realized once the coin was available that it was going to cost them about $50 to retrofit each machine so that it would accept dollar coins...and most flatly refused to spend the money. They wanted the Mint to pay for the retrofitting, which it wasn't authorized to do.

With banks refusing to order the golden dollar in big numbers or distribute them exclusively when they had them, retailers refusing to order them because of the additional cost, consumer wanting them but having a substitute -- the bill -- that they liked at least as much, and vending machine owners refusing to get in the game, the golden dollar died the same ignominious death as the Susan B. Anthony."
history  sts  infrastructure  cost  standards  money  coins 
october 2011 by tsuomela
Attention and Information – The Aporetic
So what appears to us as “too much information” could just be the freedom from necessity. I don’t have to worry about find ing and cut ting and storing fire wood: I don’t even have to man age a coal furnace.  That attention has been freed up for other things. What we see as “too much informa­tion” is probably some thing more like “a surplus of free attention.”

As a historian, I no longer have to spend hours scanning texts to find the smaller sets of information  I need. They pop up quickly when I deal with digitized texts, and the search process is stream lined and auto mated much in the way a gas burner stream lines and auto mates a wood stove.
attention  information-overload  history  academic  standards  practice  archive  digital  access 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Welcome | Usability Body of Knowledge
The Usability Body of Knowledge (BoK) project is dedicated to creating a living reference that represents the collective knowledge of the usability profession. Preliminary work has started, but there is more to do. This website introduces the subject areas that will eventually be included in the Usability Body of Knowledge and a preview of what to come.
reference  usability  handbook  design  methods  standards  hci  ux  resources 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Panton Principles
By open data in science we mean that it is freely available on the public internet permitting any user to download, copy, analyse, re-process, pass them to software or use them for any other purpose without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. To this end data related to published science should be explicitly placed in the public domain.

Formally, we recommend adopting and acting on the following principles:
open-science  open-access  publishing  scientific  science  open-data  standards  principles  cooperation  sharing 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Supplementary Information: should I stay or should I go? - Gobbledygook Blog | Nature Publishing Group
On August 11, the Journal of Neuroscience published an Announcement Regarding Supplemental Material by Editor-in-Chief John Maunsell. In it John Maunsell announces that the journal in November will stop accepting supplementary material in article submissions. The announcement has lead to an extensive discussion in the science blogosphere with a number of relevant posts listed below
publishing  publisher  scientific  communication  scholarly-communication  supplmental-data  journal  standards  open-science  open-access 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Main Articles: 'Retooling Libraries for the Data Challenge', Ariadne Issue 64
Dorothea Salo examines how library systems and procedures need to change to accommodate research data.
libraries  data  curation  archive  standards  academic  project(Utenn) 
august 2010 by tsuomela
International Virtual Observatory Alliance
The International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) was formed in June 2002 with a mission to "facilitate the international coordination and collaboration necessary for the development and deployment of the tools, systems and organizational structures necessary to enable the international utilization of astronomical archives as an integrated and interoperating virtual observatory." The IVOA now comprises 17 VO projects from Armenia, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Europe, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Russia, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
astronomy  science  observatory  virtual  research  grid  collaboration  international  standards  infrastructure  e-science 
august 2010 by tsuomela
NERC - North American Electric Reliability Corporation
Our mission is to ensure the reliability of the bulk power system in North America. To achieve that, we develop and enforce reliability standards; assess reliability annually via 10-year and seasonal forecasts; monitor the bulk power system; and educate, train, and certify industry personnel. NERC is a self-regulatory organization, subject to oversight by the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and governmental authorities in Canada.
energy  electricity  power  standards  security  research  grid  smartgrid  government  regulation  infrastructure 
june 2010 by tsuomela
National Information Exchange Model (NIEM)
NIEM, the National Information Exchange Model, is a partnership of the U.S. Department of Justice and the Department of Homeland Security. It is designed to develop, disseminate and support enterprise-wide information exchange standards and processes that can enable jurisdictions to effectively share critical information in emergency situations, as well as support the day-to-day operations of agencies throughout the nation.
standards  government  information  data  xml  open-data 
october 2009 by tsuomela
The Air We Breathe: A Critical Look at Practices and Alternatives in the Peer-Review Process -- Wiley InterScience :: JOURNALS :: Perspectives on Psychological Science
Anonymous peer review has served as the bedrock of research dissemination in scientific psychology for decades and has only sporadically been questioned. However, other disciplines, such as biomedicine and physics, have found the traditional peer-review system to be wanting and have begun to test and try alternative practices. In this article, we survey criticisms of the traditional peer-review system and describe several alternatives in the interests of facilitating discussion and debate. We also consider why the natural sciences tend to employ fewer reviewers and have lower rejection rates than do the social sciences. Our two recommendations are that a serious discussion of problems and alternatives to peer review should be started at all levels of psychology and that a science of research communication should be a priority, with psychologists as part of its advance guard because of their relevant substantive and methodological knowledge.
psychology  academia  publishing  peer-review  standards 
february 2009 by tsuomela
The Republic of T. » Have You Ever Edited Wikipedia?
A number of different reports by people who have been unhappy with the politics of Wikipedia editing, especially the notability standards.
wikipedia  culture  norms  behavior  standards  encyclopedia 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Media Standards Trust | Journalists to blame, not PRs
The Media Standards Trust is an independent, not for profit organisation that promotes high standards in news
non-profit  media  organization  trust  standards  journalism  activism 
may 2008 by tsuomela

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