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tsuomela : structure   50

Digital humanities in the library isn't a service
"Last week, Miriam Posner started an interesting discussion online with a blog post about some of the challenges of doing digital humanities in libraries. Posner identifies challenges rooted in the structure of libraries as organizations, in the organizational position of libraries within universities, and in (academic) library culture"
libraries  education  digital-humanities  organizations  psychology  structure  service 
august 2014 by tsuomela
Book - Peter Dauvergne , Genevieve LeBaron - Protest Inc.: The Corporatization of Activism
"Mass protests have raged since the global financial crisis of 2008. Across the world students and workers and environmentalists are taking to the streets. Discontent is seething even in the wealthiest countries, as the world saw with Occupy Wall Street in 2011. Protest Inc. tells a disturbingly different story of global activism. As millions of grassroots activists rally against capitalism, activism more broadly is increasingly mirroring business management and echoing calls for market-based solutions. The past decade has seen nongovernmental organizations partner with oil companies like ExxonMobil, discount retailers like Walmart, fast-food chains like McDonald’s, and brand manufacturers like Nike and Coca-Cola. NGOs are courting billionaire philanthropists, branding causes, and turning to consumers as wellsprings of reform. Are “career” activists selling out to pay staff and fund programs? Partly. But far more is going on. Political and socioeconomic changes are enhancing the power of business to corporatize activism, including a worldwide crackdown on dissent, a strengthening of consumerism, a privatization of daily life, and a shifting of activism into business-style institutions. Grassroots activists are fighting back. Yet, even as protestors march and occupy cities, more and more activist organizations are collaborating with business and advocating for corporate-friendly “solutions.” This landmark book sounds the alarm about the dangers of this corporatizing trend for the future of transformative change in world politics."
book  publisher  activism  corporatism  money  funding  organizations  structure 
march 2014 by tsuomela
[1207.3997] Beyond crystals: the dialectic of materials and information
We argue for a convergence of crystallography, materials science and biology, that will come about through asking materials questions about biology and biological questions about materials, illuminated by considerations of information.
science  material  physics  structure  information  unification 
july 2012 by tsuomela
The significance of plot without conflict - still eating oranges
"Now, dear readers, comes the aftermath. The dust left over from the climax is settling. Kishōtenketsu has been shown to generate plot without conflict, which reveals as insular nonsense the West’s belief that they are inseparable. The repercussions of this extend to all writing
narrative  culture  east-west  deconstruction  theory  literature  structure  plot  conflict 
july 2012 by tsuomela
Against Law, For Order
"As recently as the 1960s there was a wave of literature arguing that the prison was becoming obsolete. Now the prison stands as a key mechanism for how the government has dealt with its own powers, and this has reconfigured the role of government. The law-and-order movement invokes a radically different role of the state in relation to its citizens than the one of the post-New Deal era. Though an incomplete project, the New Deal had a model of the state as a guarantor of economic security and freedom. Now the state primarily interacts with society as a maintainer of order. For those hoping to rebuild freedom through the state, finding a new vision of how government works needs to be at the front of the agenda."
prison  punishment  law  neoliberalism  neoconservatism  politics  power  structure 
may 2012 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Neil Gross's pragmatist sociology
"What makes this set of assumptions a "pragmatist" approach? Fundamentally, because it understands the actor as situated within a field of assumptions, modes of behavior, ways of perceiving
action  agents  structure  norms  sociology  explanation  philosophy  pragmatism  theory  social-theory  rationality 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Rise in Scientific Journal Retractions Prompts Calls for Reform -
"Ms. Bradford, of Science magazine, agreed. “I would agree that a scientist’s career advancement should not depend solely on the publications listed on his or her C.V.,” she said, “and that there is much room for improvement in how scientific talent in all its diversity can be nurtured.”

Even scientists who are sympathetic to the idea of fundamental change are skeptical that it will happen any time soon. “I don’t think they have much chance of changing what they’re talking about,” said Dr. Korn, of Harvard. "
science  sts  peer-production  incentives  academia  publisher  structure  social  reform  retractions  accuracy 
april 2012 by tsuomela
U.S. Intellectual History: David Harvey’s “Mental Conceptions”
"Harvey calls these cultural norms and belief systems our “mental conceptions of the world,” one of seven “distinctive activity spheres” that comprise the historical development of capitalism. All seven in Harvey’s words:

1. Technologies and organizational forms
2. Social relations
3. Institutional and administrative arrangements
4. Production and labor processes
5. Relations to nature
6. The reproduction of daily life and the species
7. Mental conceptions of the world"
sociology  social  structure  philosophy  concepts  mental 
september 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Connecting the dots
"There isn't very much transparency about the deep structure of almost any complex modern society. For most people their primary impressions of the society's functioning comes from the mass media and their own personal experiences. We each see the limited bits to which we are fairly directly exposed through our ordinary lives -- the newsroom if we happen to be a beat reporter, the university if we are professors, the play-and-learn center if we are in the business of preschool education. We gain a pretty good idea of how those networks of institutions and organizations work. But it's very difficult to gain a birds-eye picture of the social system as a whole."
sociology  society  vision  visibility  scale  understanding  education  structure 
april 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: New ideas about structure and agency
" A dichotomy that spans many of the social sciences is the opposition of structure versus agency. "Structures" are said to be the objective complexes of social institutions within which people live and act. "Agents" are said to be human deliberators and choosers who navigate their life plans in an environment of constraints. If structure and agent are considered to be ontologically distinct levels, then we have a series of difficult questions to confront. For example: Which has causal priority? Are structures determinative of social outcomes, with agents merely playing their roles within these structures? Or are agents the drivers of social causation, and structures are merely secondary effects of individual-level actions and states of consciousness? "
social-science  explanation  agents  structure 
march 2011 by tsuomela
UnderstandingSociety: Social brains
"It seems to me that there is a sturdy intermediate position that incorporates some of both extremes and does a superior job of capturing the truth about human behavior and mind than either. Certainly human cognitive and behavioral capacities have an evolutionary history. But equally, it is plausible that there is a great deal of plasticity and multiple-realizability that has been built into these systems -- with the result that there is no one-to-one relationship between biological origins and current behavioral patterns. Culture is a powerful intervening structure. "
biology  evolution  evolutionary-psychology  social  structure  nature-v-nurture 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Text Patterns: The New Atlantis (final installment)
"I think we see here a profitable way to reorganize institutions of higher learning. Who needs “departments” (English, Philosophy, Physics, Business)? We should have categories of people: we need Mystery-men, Inoculators, and Lamps."
academic  structure  roles  interdisciplinary 
february 2011 by tsuomela
Debt, Class Warfare and Entrepreneurship
We became indebted, in large part, because of a structural imbalance in society, one that skewed incomes, redirected wealth, and encouraged companies and individuals to lever up instead of seeking out and earning higher incomes. At the same time, our unwillingness to say no to great society programs, without raising taxes to pay for them, meant that we became beholden to the bond market for funding ongoing operations, this creating an elevated base of required income to service our rising debt.
economics  debt  crisis  recession  class  income-distribution  structure 
july 2009 by tsuomela
Finding Connections: How Do the Parts of the Brain Interact?: Scientific American
As our understanding of the brain has improved, however, it has become clear that a more accurate model depends on how these modules are wired together in circuits. A technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) gives us a tool to probe the nature of those connections. A recent study suggests, for instance, that the more a person seeks out new experiences and relies on social approval, the stronger his or her wiring is among brain areas involved in reward, emotion and decision making.
neuroimaging  neurology  neuroscience  neurons  brain  brain-imaging  structure  technology  medicine 
april 2009 by tsuomela
Robert Reich's Blog | Talking Points Memo | The Real Fight Starts After the Stimulus is Enacted
Those who support the stimulus as a desperate measure to arrest the downward plunge in the business cycle might be called cyclists. Others, including me, see the stimulus as the first step toward addressing deep structural flaws in the economy. We are the structuralists. These two camps are united behind the current stimulus, but may not be for long.
economics  politics  structure  long-term  income-distribution 
february 2009 by tsuomela
Pick two (
Very interesting discussion and elaboration of the pick two: good, fast, cheap trilemma.
management  business  cognitive-science  design  mental  structure 
august 2005 by tsuomela

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