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International Commission on Stratigraphy
"The International Commission on Stratigraphy is the largest and oldest constituent scientific body in the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS). Its primary objective is to precisely define global units (systems, series, and stages) of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart that, in turn, are the basis for the units (periods, epochs, and age) of the International Geologic Time Scale; thus setting global standards for the fundamental scale for expressing the history of the Earth."
geology  classification  stratification  time  deep-time  international  standards 
july 2018 by tsuomela
The Logic of Being: Realism, Truth, and Time // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Paul M. Livingston, The Logic of Being: Realism, Truth, and Time, Northwestern University Press, 2017, 257pp., $99.95 (hbk), ISBN 9780810135208."
book  review  philosophy  being  time  ontology 
november 2017 by tsuomela
Public Books — Siri, Why Am I So Busy?: An Interview with Judy Wajcman
"Judy Wajcman, a sociologist at the London School of Economics, tackles that paradox in her recent book, Pressed for Time: The Acceleration of Life in Digital Capitalism. Neta Alexander talked with her for Public Books about the history of busyness, why we haven’t reached an “End of Work” utopia, and why iPhone meditation apps aren’t the solution."
interview  author  time  time-management  busyness  overwork  work  labor  technology  technology-effects  sts 
february 2016 by tsuomela
Ongoingness | Graywolf Press
"A dazzling philosophical investigation of the challenge of living in the present, by a brilliant practitioner of the new essay In her third book that continues to define the contours of the contemporary essay, Sarah Manguso confronts a meticulous diary that she has kept for twenty-five years. “I wanted to end each day with a record of everything that had ever happened,” she explains. But this simple statement belies a terror that she might forget something, that she might miss something important. Maintaining that diary, now 800,000 words, had become, until recently, a kind of spiritual practice."
book  publisher  diary  time  meditation  essays 
april 2015 by tsuomela
Defining the Anthropocene : Nature : Nature Publishing Group
"Time is divided by geologists according to marked shifts in Earth’s state. Recent global environmental changes suggest that Earth may have entered a new human-dominated geological epoch, the Anthropocene. Here we review the historical genesis of the idea and assess anthropogenic signatures in the geological record against the formal requirements for the recognition of a new epoch. The evidence suggests that of the various proposed dates two do appear to conform to the criteria to mark the beginning of the Anthropocene: 1610 and 1964. The formal establishment of an Anthropocene Epoch would mark a fundamental change in the relationship between humans and the Earth system."
anthropocene  time  anthropology  geology  chronology  evidence  human  impact  environment 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Complexity and the Arrow of Time // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
"Charles H. Lineweaver, Paul C. W. Davies, and Michael Ruse (eds.), Complexity and the Arrow of Time, Cambridge University Press, 2013, 357pp., $30.00 (hbk), ISBN 9781107027251."
book  review  complexity  emergence  time 
november 2014 by tsuomela
Current Biology - The Availability of Research Data Declines Rapidly with Article Age
"Policies ensuring that research data are available on public archives are increasingly being implemented at the government [1], funding agency [2,3,4], and journal [5,6] level. These policies are predicated on the idea that authors are poor stewards of their data, particularly over the long term [7], and indeed many studies have found that authors are often unable or unwilling to share their data [8,9,10,11]. However, there are no systematic estimates of how the availability of research data changes with time since publication. We therefore requested data sets from a relatively homogenous set of 516 articles published between 2 and 22 years ago, and found that availability of the data was strongly affected by article age. For papers where the authors gave the status of their data, the odds of a data set being extant fell by 17% per year. In addition, the odds that we could find a working e-mail address for the first, last, or corresponding author fell by 7% per year. Our results reinforce the notion that, in the long term, research data cannot be reliably preserved by individual researchers, and further demonstrate the urgent need for policies mandating data sharing via public archives."
data-curation  data  management  time  research  biology 
january 2014 by tsuomela
Why Men Work So Many Hours - Joan C. Williams - Harvard Business Review
"Why are workplace flexibility programs so hard to sustain? The business case for such programs' benefits is well known. The elimination of ROWE is particularly striking because the path-breaking work of Erin Kelly, Phyllis Moen, and their colleagues, has produced rigorous regressions that ROWE reduced turnover and turnover intentions, reduced employees' interruptions at work, reduced time employees' engaged in work of little value to the company, and increased employee's sense of job involvement, using rigorous social science methodology. But the issue here is not money. At issue are manliness and morality. For upper-middle class men, notes sociologist Michèle Lamont, ambition and a strong work ethic are "doubly sacred. . . as signals of both moral and socioeconomic purity.""
work  labor  gender  time  men  women  reputation  psychology  iron-cage 
july 2013 by tsuomela
The 'Busy' Trap - NYTimes.com
"“The goal of the future is full unemployment, so we can play. That’s why we have to destroy the present politico-economic system.” This may sound like the pronouncement of some bong-smoking anarchist, but it was actually Arthur C. Clarke, who found time between scuba diving and pinball games to write “Childhood’s End” and think up communications satellites. "
time  time-management  work  business  signals 
march 2013 by tsuomela
New Escapologist
"New Escapologist is a magazine for white-collar functionaries with escape on the brain. Drawing from philosophy, literature and original humour; we discuss practical escape routes from the present-day predicaments of demeaning work, status anxiety and urban lethargy. Each issue is a compendium of funny and practical essays on the subject of escape. We promote freedom, anarchy and the absurd."
magazine  online  work  labor  time  escapism  vacation 
february 2013 by tsuomela
The Long Now of Wikipedia – Lucretius, ver. 21c
"How much does Wikipedia have to say about each of these intervals?  The charts below show the length of each decade, century, and millennium summary article.  The metric for length is the number of bytes in the HTML of each page and thus is exclusive of images or other media.  These data are from the English version as of January 19, 2013."
wikipedia  history  future  time  writing  presentism 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Bring back the 40-hour work week - Salon.com
"What these studies showed, over and over, was that industrial workers have eight good, reliable hours a day in them. On average, you get no more widgets out of a 10-hour day than you do out of an eight-hour day. Likewise, the overall output for the work week will be exactly the same at the end of six days as it would be after five days. So paying hourly workers to stick around once they’ve put in their weekly 40 is basically nothing more than a stupid and abusive way to burn up profits. Let ‘em go home, rest up and come back on Monday. It’s better for everybody."
work  labor  overtime  time  business  neoliberalism  capitalism  management 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Stop Hyping Big Data and Start Paying Attention to 'Long Data' | Wired Opinion | Wired.com
"Big data puts slices of knowledge in context. But to really understand the big picture, we need to place a phenomenon in its longer, more historical context."
big-data  history  historiography  time  context 
january 2013 by tsuomela
Once Upon a Place: Telling Stories With Maps - Suzanne Fischer - The Atlantic
"To present your ambiguous stories, the Scholars' Lab at the University of Virginia Libraries has made Neatline, an open-source geo-temporal visualization tool. Neatline, which launched last week, is a plugin for the popular collections exhibit software Omeka (which was developed by another university digital humanities shop, the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University). It gives users the opportunity to tell stories through historic maps, timelines, and short text pieces: three dimensions of interpretation. (A fourth dimension, longform essays, is on its way.) It's also a small contribution to the rethinking of what counts as humanities scholarship."
geography  vgi  information  archives  digital  mapping  tool  time  history  story-telling 
july 2012 by tsuomela
A Chart that Reveals How Science Fiction Futures Changed Over Time
"Once we had our data, we divided it up into works set in the Near Future (0-50 years from the time the work came out), Middle Future (51-500 years from the time the work came out) and Far Future (501 years from the time the work came out)."
sf  future  fiction  time  scale  futures 
may 2012 by tsuomela
To Read All Of The Privacy Policies You Encounter, You'd Need To Take A Month Off From Work Each Year | Techdirt
In fact, a new report notes that if you actually bothered to read all the privacy policies you encounter on a daily basis, it would take you 250 working hours per year -- or about 30 workdays.
privacy  internet  policies  research  time  reading 
april 2012 by tsuomela
Leap seconds: Their time has come | The Economist
But possibly no longer. Next week, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is meeting in Geneva, and one of the items on its agenda is the abolition of the leap second. If the assembled delegates vote in favour, then the next leap second (which will be added one second before midnight on June 30th, causing clocks set to UTC to display 23:59:59 for two seconds instead of one) will be one of the last—and the answer to the question “what time is it?” will have ceased to have anything to do with the revolutions of the heavens.
time  metrology  measurement  standards 
january 2012 by tsuomela
Stumbling and Mumbling: In defence of short-termism
"What’s more, short-termism can protect us from two cognitive biases.
One is overconfidence. Given that the long-term future is unknowable, investment in long-term projects is often founded upon overconfidence about one’s predictions
long-term  short-term  time  decision-making  politics  markets 
october 2011 by tsuomela
What is the Future of Network Culture? | varnelis.net
"Its only with the collapse of the housing bubble, the onset of the prolonged recession and the proliferation of that last promised technology, the tablet, that network culture has entered more fully into a condition of not only a suspended past but also a suspneded future. The housing bubble itself was a crisis of the future. As history had ended, so now the future ended. Ezra Pound's old cry "Make it new!" could now only be uttered by tired characters in a thought bubble in a New Yorker cartoon. And just as the days after 9/11 gave us a war without end, we are now given a recession without end. The new stationary economy seems punctuated by mini-booms that will buoy markets and epochal crises (like the impending collapse of the Eurozone, the second leg of the Great Recession, and of course everyone's great terror, the collapse of the massive Chinese property bubble). But the Great Recession is itself no longer even something that finance fears. The canny will make billions as before. Everyone else will be poorer, their futures more exhausted, less full of promise than ever. "
economics  future  poverty  wealth  network  culture  time  temporal  pessimism 
october 2011 by tsuomela
Einstein on Wall Street, Time-Money Continuum: Mark Buchanan - Bloomberg
"This so-called exponential discounting -- reducing the value of something by a fixed percentage for each unit of time -- is standard practice in economics. It comes into play whenever people consider investing for long-term payoff, whether by building railroads for high-speed trains or reining in carbon emissions to preserve the climate. And it discounts the distant future especially drastically. This is why economists and others often squabble over the right annual percentage to use -- should it be 5 percent, 7 percent, 1 percent? Change this a little, and values change a lot. "
economics  discounting-rate  future  benefits  rational-markets  rational  time 
august 2011 by tsuomela
Identity: how little we actually change over time
"I think these images are fascinating, because they support the experience I’ve made through biography writing, namely how little people actually change over time. They have an identity (from ‘identidem’: repeatedly, continually, constantly). In spite of many attempts in the humanities and social sciences over the last dacades to deconstruct the notion of individual identity, people usually remain the same over decades."
identity  history  personal  personality  time  photography 
february 2011 by tsuomela
The Oil Drum | Applying Time to Energy Analysis
"Is a BTU today worth more or less than a BTU ten years from now? It's seemingly an easy question. A BTU will heat one pound of water one degree whether its 2010, 2020, or 2100. And, in a world of entropy where the easiest and best quality energy sources (generally) get used up first, one unit of energy should increase in value over time, as its ability to accomplish work becomes more valuable to society as time progresses. However this is solely a physical perspective, one that ignores biology of time preference. Once humans with finite lifespans and cultures with sunk costs enter the picture, a BTU today, behaviorally, becomes worth more than one in the future. This fact has pretty big implications for biophysical analysis of energy alternatives, which will be explored below."
energy  economics  time-preferences  time  behavior  environment 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Can You Get Genius Results With Just Hard Work? No | Sightings by Terry Teachout - WSJ.com
To his credit, Mr. Robinson unequivocally rejects what he calls "the anti-elitist Zeitgeist." At the same time, he believes that while "genius is not a myth," it is merely an enabling condition that can be brought to fruition only through hard and focused work. This seems to me to strike the right balance—yet it still fails to account for the impenetrable mystery that enshrouds such birds of paradise as Bobby Fischer, who started playing chess at the age of 6. Nine years later, he became the U.S. chess champion. His explanation? "All of a sudden I got good."
genius  creativity  success  talent  deliberate-practice  practice  time 
november 2010 by tsuomela
Remembrances of Times East — Psychological Science
How do people think about time? Here we describe representations of time in Pormpuraaw, a remote Australian Aboriginal community. Pormpuraawans’ representations of time differ strikingly from all others documented to date. Previously, people have been shown to represent time spatially from left to right or right to left, or from front to back or back to front. All of these representations are with respect to the body. Pormpuraawans instead arrange time according to cardinal directions: east to west. That is, time flows from left to right when one is facing south, from right to left when one is facing north, toward the body when one is facing east, and away from the body when one is facing west. These findings reveal a qualitatively different set of representations of time, with time organized in a coordinate frame that is independent from others reported previously. The results demonstrate that conceptions of even such fundamental domains as time can differ dramatically across cultures
time  perception  psychology  anthropology  space  representation 
october 2010 by tsuomela
Network Realism: William Gibson and new forms of Fiction | booktwo.org
Gibson’s been talking a lot lately about atemporality, this idea that we live in a sort of endless digital now. In “Zero History” we have an echo of “No Future”: everything compressed into the present. This idea is what Zero History is really about. (This is the Order Flow: the future is defined by the present; who pinpoints the present controls the future.)
....
I want to give it a name, and at this point I’m calling it Network Realism.

Network Realism is writing that is of and about the network. It’s realism because it’s so close to our present reality. A realism that posits an increasingly 1:1 relationship between Fiction and the World. A realtime link. And it’s networked because it lives in a place that’s that’s enabled by, and only recently made possible by, our technological connectedness.
fiction  present  time  sf  literature  perception  network  genre  history 
october 2010 by tsuomela
How To Live Forever! Or Why Habits Are A Curse : 13.7: Cosmos And Culture : NPR
So now we come to the crux: time goes faster as you get older, but this is because, as a general rule, by the time we are older, we have settled in on the story lines and narrative arcs by which we structure our lives. We sign on as wife, potter, architect, bar tender, business person, or whatever, and so our lives are governed by time- and event- structures (shifts, projects, pregnancies, etc.) that have nothing to do with biological or physical time. We have become expert wives, potters, architects and now we are the expressions of our own routinized skill.
automaticity  psychology  perception  time  philosophy  action 
october 2010 by tsuomela
ChronoZoom Time Scale Home Page
The primary goal of ChronoZoom is to make time relationships between different studies of history clear and vivid. In the process, it provides a framework for exploring related electronic resources. It thus serves as a “master timeline” tying together all kinds of specialized timelines and electronic resources, and aspires to bridge the gap between the humanities and the sciences and to bring together and unify all knowledge of the past.
time  timeline  visualization  history 
september 2010 by tsuomela
Post-America II - The Post Post- Society | Corrente
Stirling Newberry begins a multipart examination of pre-, post-, neo- and other dating schemes.
history  language  metaphor  postmodern  time  dating 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Post-America: Part I | Corrente
Stirling Newberry begins a multipart examination of pre-, post-, neo- and other dating schemes.
history  language  metaphor  postmodern  time  dating 
july 2010 by tsuomela
Michael Eldred - The Digital Cast of Being: Metaphysics, Mathematics, Cartesianism, Cybernetics, Capitalism, Communication - Reviewed by Val Dusek, University of New Hampshire - Philosophical Reviews - University of Notre Dame
The subtitle shows that this is a very ambitious book about a tremendously important topic. Michael Eldred examines and criticizes the atomistic world-orientation involved in digital technology, tracing this atomization back to Aristotle's conception of time as number (using Heidegger's comments). He continues through Descartes' atomistic ontology and method into modern mathematics and science, including discussions of the rigorization of the calculus and the arithmetization of analysis. Eldred then discusses the contemporary digitalized economy using Marx's concepts. Thus the work attempts to integrate a critique grounded in fundamental ontology with a critique of political economy in the digital age.
book  review  philosophy  information  digital  digitization  ontology  time  technology  heidegger  martin  alienation  marx  karl  ideology 
june 2010 by tsuomela
Worldchanging: Bright Green: Putting the Future Back in the Room
1970 is the same distance in time away from us now as 2050: that's how close the future is. The 2050s, we know, will be a watershed era: the decade when, if we're smart, human population will have peaked, a bright green model of sustainable prosperity will be widespread and human damage to the climate and biosphere will have begun to be repaired. In an amount of time about equal to that from the first Earth Day, we have to remake the world.
environment  future  vision  perception  time 
april 2010 by tsuomela
Know Your Aspirals - Introduction
Two gents from Britain design a spiral clock by using a moving ball to tell the time.
design  time  clock 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Ten Notable Apocalypses That (Obviously) Didn’t Happen | History & Archaeology | Smithsonian Magazine
An Assyrian clay tablet dating to around 2800 B.C. bears the inscription: “Our Earth is degenerate in these later days; there are signs that the world is speedily coming to an end; bribery and corruption are common; children no longer obey their parents; every man wants to write a book and the end of the world is evidently approaching.”
apocalypse  end-times  history  time 
january 2010 by tsuomela
The Problem of Organizations « Easily Distracted
The political and social problem of making institutions renewable and self-repairing without handing them a perpetual license to seek transfers, to be always “too important to fail”, is the real problem of the 21st Century. It applies across market and state, civil society and private life.
institutions  organizations  design  sociology  politcal-science  politics  power  corruption  21c  renewable  time  endurance  sustainability  societies 
january 2010 by tsuomela
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