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tsuomela : trust   90

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Why are there no big nuke protests? | Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
"The antinuclear movement has fluctuated between gigantic (in the 1980s) and almost nonexistent (the 1970s, now). What accounts for these remarkable variations? Is it possible to identify the factors that touched off the remarkable surges in participation in the 1960s and 1980s? If it were possible, could such factors be put into play today?"
protests  social-movement  history  nuclear  military  20c  government  trust 
march 2015 by tsuomela
Redistributing Leadership in Online Creative Collaboration | Follow the Crowd
"Online creative collaboration is complex, and leaders frequently become overwhelmed, causing their projects to fail. We introduce Pipeline, a collaboration tool designed to ease the burden on leaders, and describe how Pipeline helped redistribute leadership in a successful 28-person artistic collaboration."
leadership  online  collaboration  crowds  crowdsourcing  trust  distributed  cognition  toolkit  software 
march 2013 by tsuomela
All Trials: working with the public to reform science | Alice Bell | Science | guardian.co.uk
" But they are life-and-death issues that have traditionally been kept at some distance from the public. It's esoteric stuff, even for a skilled writer like Goldacre. And that's one of the most interesting things about Goldcare's latest book (just out in America) and the subsequent All Trials campaign: it takes what has previously been seen as an internal debate within medicine and puts it squarely in the public realm, inviting a broader set of people to be interested, and publicly express that interest."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Health Care’s Trick Coin - NYTimes.com
"The best evidence shows that half of all the clinical trials ever conducted and completed on the treatments in use today have never been published in academic journals. Trials with positive or flattering results, unsurprisingly, are about twice as likely to be published — and this is true for both academic research and industry studies."
medicine  bias  fairness  publishing  clinical-trials  public-understanding  trust  health  health-care 
february 2013 by tsuomela
PLOS ONE: You Can’t Put Old Wine in New Bottles: The Effect of Newcomers on Coordination in Groups
"A common finding in social sciences is that member change hinders group functioning and performance. However, questions remain as to why member change negatively affects group performance and what are some ways to alleviate the negative effects of member change on performance? To answer these questions we conduct an experiment in which we investigate the effect of newcomers on a group’s ability to coordinate efficiently. Participants play a coordination game in a four-person group for the first part of the experiment, and then two members of the group are replaced with new participants, and the newly formed group plays the game for the second part of the experiment. Our results show that the arrival of newcomers decreases trust among group members and this decrease in trust negatively affects group performance. Knowing the performance history of the arriving newcomers mitigates the negative effect of their arrival, but only when newcomers also know the oldtimers performance history. Surprisingly, in groups that performed poorly prior to the newcomers’ arrival, the distrust generated by newcomers is mainly between oldtimers about each other rather than about the newcomers."
groups  interaction  dynamics  communication  organizations  strangers  trust  coordination 
february 2013 by tsuomela
Locus Online Perspectives » David Brin: Our Favorite Cliché — A World Filled With Idiots…, or,Why Films and Novels Routinely Depict Society and its Citizens as Fools
"It can be hard to notice things you take for granted — assumptions that are never questioned, because everyone shares them. One of these nearly ubiquitous themes is a tendency for most authors and/or film-makers to disdain the intelligence and wisdom of society as a whole, portraying a majority of their fellow citizens as sheep or fools."
fiction  perception  groups  societies  authority  trust  literature  cliche  intelligence  groupthink  bureaucracy  infrastructure 
january 2013 by tsuomela
When It Comes to Security, We're Back to Feudalism | Wired Opinion | Wired.com
"In this new world of computing, we give up a certain amount of control, and in exchange we trust that our lords will both treat us well and protect us from harm. Not only will our software be continually updated with the newest and coolest functionality, but we trust it will happen without our being overtaxed by fees and required upgrades. We trust that our data and devices won’t be exposed to hackers, criminals, and malware. We trust that governments won’t be allowed to illegally spy on us."
computers  security  markets  audience  trust  business  feudalism 
december 2012 by tsuomela
Poll: Americans Confidence In Television Media Falls To All-Time Low | Mediaite
"A new Gallup poll released Tuesday shows that Americans confidence in television news media, which has been on a downward trajectory for decades, has slid to a historic low. Only 21 percent of adults now express confidence in television news media."
media  journalism  poll  confidence  trust 
july 2012 by tsuomela
How the Professor Who Fooled Wikipedia Got Caught by Reddit - Yoni Appelbaum - National - The Atlantic
"Each tale was carefully fabricated by undergraduates at George Mason University who were enrolled in T. Mills Kelly's course, Lying About the Past. Their escapades not only went unpunished, they were actually encouraged by their professor. Four years ago, students created a Wikipedia page detailing the exploits of Edward Owens, successfully fooling Wikipedia's community of editors. This year, though, one group of students made the mistake of launching their hoax on Reddit. What they learned in the process provides a valuable lesson for anyone who turns to the Internet for information. " Annotated link http://www.diigo.com/bookmark/http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2012/05/how-the-professor-who-fooled-wikipedia-got-caught-by-reddit/257134
online  truth  trust  wikipedia  learning  history  hoax  community 
may 2012 by tsuomela
A Companion to Relativism // Reviews // Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame
The question we most need addressed is not what epistemic modals mean, but what to do with other people's.
book  review  philosophy  relativism  epistemology  expertise  people  testimony  trust 
april 2012 by tsuomela
PsycNET - Display Record
"Recent polls indicate that atheists are among the least liked people in areas with religious majorities (i.e., in most of the world). The sociofunctional approach to prejudice, combined with a cultural evolutionary theory of religion's effects on cooperation, suggest that anti-atheist prejudice is particularly motivated by distrust. Consistent with this theoretical framework, a broad sample of American adults revealed that distrust characterized anti-atheist prejudice but not anti-gay prejudice (Study 1). In subsequent studies, distrust of atheists generalized even to participants from more liberal, secular populations. A description of a criminally untrustworthy individual was seen as comparably representative of atheists and rapists but not representative of Christians, Muslims, Jewish people, feminists, or homosexuals (Studies 2–4). In addition, results were consistent with the hypothesis that the relationship between belief in God and atheist distrust was fully mediated by the belief that people behave better if they feel that God is watching them (Study 4). In implicit measures, participants strongly associated atheists with distrust, and belief in God was more strongly associated with implicit distrust of atheists than with implicit dislike of atheists (Study 5). Finally, atheists were systematically socially excluded only in high-trust domains
atheism  religion  trust  belief  psychology 
february 2012 by tsuomela
Trust key in healthcare | Otago Daily Times Online News : Otago, South Island, New Zealand
Increasing regulation is not the way to make sure doctors and other health professionals behave well, the dean of the University of Otago's law school, Prof Mark Henaghan, says.
Instead, too much regulation could be counter-productive, undermining the trust that should underpin the patient-health professional relationship.

In a recently published book Health Professionals and Trust: The Cure for Healthcare Law and Policy, Prof Henaghan says external regulation and surveillance may lead to compliance but such behaviour is not likely to be as enduring as a professional commitment to act in trustworthy ways.
medicine  health-care  trust  communication  law 
february 2012 by tsuomela
MIT Press Journals - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience - Abstract - The Seductive Allure of Neuroscience Explanations
Explanations of psychological phenomena seem to generate more public interest when they contain neuroscientific information. Even irrelevant neuroscience information in an explanation of a psychological phenomenon may interfere with people's abilities to critically consider the underlying logic of this explanation.
neuroscience  neurology  explanation  belief  perception  credibility  trust 
october 2011 by tsuomela
The Non-Science That Explains What’s Wrong with Science Explaining Non-Belief in Science « Easily Distracted
"Namely, that it is not irrational or unreasonable to regard scientific claims which recommend or insist upon particular public policy initiatives with sharply pronounced skepticism across the board. Not because science itself requires a particular form of skepticism (though it does) but because such skepticism is evidence-based, derived from the history of the relationship between policy, the modern state, and science, a history which even non-experts have often viscerally experienced or witnessed."
science  trust  sts  history  communication  public-understanding 
april 2011 by tsuomela
Josef Oehmen and Fukushima – Would I have believed myself? « BraveNewClimate
"Would I have believed myself if I came across that blog and had no prior knowledge of nuclear physics and engineering? Or asked another way: How do you judge the quality of TV, radio, print and internet news reporting on topics that you are only superficially familiar with?

"
media  internet  information  belief  trust  online  information-use  nuclear  crisis  country(Japan) 
april 2011 by tsuomela
The Honest Broker - Academic and Professional Books - Cambridge University Press
"Scientists have a choice concerning what role they should play in political debates and policy formation, particularly in terms of how they present their research. This book is about understanding this choice, what considerations are important to think about when deciding, and the consequences of such choices for the individual scientist and the broader scientific enterprise. Rather than prescribing what course of action each scientist ought to take, the book aims to identify a range of options for individual scientists to consider in making their own judgments about how they would like to position themselves in relation to policy and politics. Using examples from a range of scientific controversies and thought-provoking analogies from other walks of life, The Honest Broker challenges us all - scientists, politicians and citizens - to think carefully about how best science can contribute to policy-making and a healthy democracy."
book  publisher  science  communication  public-understanding  trust 
march 2011 by tsuomela
Michael Gerson - Two good arguments for civility - and passion - in politics
"Yet doubt becomes destructive as it reaches the center of a belief and becomes its substitute. A systematic skepticism may keep us from bothering our neighbor. It does not motivate a passion to fight for his or her dignity and rights. How do ambiguity and agnosticism result in dreams of justice, in altruism and honor, in sacrifices for the common good? What great reformers of American history can be explained by their elegant ambivalence? "
doubt  ambiguity  politics  morality  ethics  government  trust  behavior  citizenship  civility  religion 
january 2011 by tsuomela
I love WikiLeaks for restoring distrust in our most important institutions. - By Jack Shafer - Slate Magazine
The idea of WikiLeaks is scarier than anything the organization has leaked or anything Assange has done because it restores our distrust in the institutions that control our lives. It reminds people that at any given time, a criminal dossier worth exposing is squirreled away in a database someplace in the Pentagon or at Foggy Bottom. 
politics  accountability  democracy  institutions  trust  corruption  diplomacy  espionage  wikileaks 
december 2010 by tsuomela
Terry Heaton’s PoMo Blog » Blog Archive » What really started the decline in press trust?
The truth, according to the folks at Gallup, who’ve been following this since 1973, is that trust in the press began its decline in 1976. It has sharply declined ever since until today, 57% of Americans have little or no trust in the press to report the news “fully, accurately and fairly.” So a full 20 years prior to the Internet or Fox News, trust in the press began its slide.
..
The press changed forever during and in the wake of Watergate. Never before had the press “brought down” a sitting President of the United States. The Washington Post did this through an FBI source that we now know had an agenda.
...
But nobody asked the American public — that relentless cultural governor that we enjoy — if this was all right with them. Maybe the idea that a small group of people with the power to take down a sitting President wasn’t or isn’t to their liking. Perhaps it’s not so good for democracy.
media  media-studies  history  journalism  trust  1970s  poll 
november 2010 by tsuomela
SpringerLink - Synthese, Volume 176, Number 1 - The medium or the message? Communication relevance and richness in trust games
Subjects communicated prior to playing trust games; the richness of the communication media and the topics of conversation were manipulated. Communication richness failed to produce significant differences in first-mover investments. However, the topics of conversation made a significant difference: the amounts sent were considerably higher in the unrestricted communication conditions than in the restricted communication and no-communication conditions. Most importantly, we find that first-movers’ expectations of second-movers’ reciprocation are influenced by communication and strongly predict their levels of investment.
communication  trust  experiments  social-norms  computer  philosophy  behavior  project(Papers) 
august 2010 by tsuomela
In Finance We Distrust - Project Syndicate
But in a complex system in which expertise, insight, and real-time information are not concentrated in one place, and certainly not in government and regulatory circles, reliance on such a framework seems deficient and unwise. Moreover, it ignores the importance of trust. A better starting point, I believe, is the notion of shared responsibility for the stability of the system and its social benefits – shared, that is, by participants and regulators.

It is striking that no senior executive of whom I am aware has laid out in any detail how his or her institution’s expertise could be deployed in pursuit of the collective goal of stability. The suspicion that underlies much of today’s public anger is that these institutions, having influenced the formulation of the legal and ethical rules, could do more to contribute to stability than just obey them.
finance  financial-services  economics  regulation  trust  complexity  systems 
july 2010 by tsuomela
The Monkey Cage: The Economy Structures Everything
More data and research on interaction between trust/approval of government and the economy.
trust  government  american  economics  political-science  institutions  elections 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Ezra Klein - Why Americans hate (some of) their elites
Oddly for Brooks, however, this column operates entirely outside the realm of human agency. After all, doctors and the military are very trusted, and we've turned massive amounts of responsibility over to new elites, like those out of Silicon Valley, with nary a peep. So it's not simply that Americans hate elites. It's that they don't like certain institutions. And there's a perfectly plausible explanation for why.

The institutions they don't like are the institutions that have been the subject of well-organized and extremely costly attack campaigns for decades now.
expertise  politics  leadership  trust  society  talent  meritocracy  elites  elitism  public 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Op-Ed Columnist - The Power Elite - NYTimes.com
by David Brooks - "Yet here’s the funny thing. As we’ve made our institutions more meritocratic, their public standing has plummeted. We’ve increased the diversity and talent level of people at the top of society, yet trust in elites has never been lower."
expertise  politics  leadership  trust  society  talent  meritocracy  elites  elitism  public 
february 2010 by tsuomela
Why Washington Is Tied Up in Knots
Discontent with government is at its highest level in more than a decade -- making it harder to solve the country's biggest problems
government  politics  partisanship  trust  bipartisanship  federal  history 
february 2010 by tsuomela
The Monkey Cage: What Will Make People Trust Goverment Again?
What drives the trend in political trust? By and large, it is the economy. People trust government when times are good. They don’t trust it when times are bad.
trust  government  american  economics  political-science  institutions  elections 
february 2010 by tsuomela
The Old Solutions Have Become the New Problems - BusinessWeek
by Shoshana Zuboff. She diagnoses the problem of waning trust but proposes solutions that are over marketized.
business  school  capitalism  morality  trust 
july 2009 by tsuomela
University Diaries » The Ghost in the Management
I recently looked at the c.v. of a distinguished professor of medicine and saw that he had authored (most usually had co-authored) about 800 articles in peer-reviewed journals, an average of nearly 30 per year over his career....How can a scientist author and publish 40 articles in a year? Year after year? In my fields (Science and Technology Studies, Philosophy, Sociology), five peer-reviewed articles in a year is a lot, and most researchers would be happy to write one truly good article each year.
academic  research  norms  behavior  citation  medicine  legitimacy  trust  productivity 
july 2009 by tsuomela
The Splintered Mind: Philosophical Trust
"It seems to me there's a great divide within philosophy between those with high self- to other-trust ratios and those with low ratios." People willing to spend a lot of time understanding Hegel's Phenomenology or Heidegger's Being and Time must trust that these thinkers have something useful to say.
philosophy  behavior  canon  norms  trust 
march 2009 by tsuomela
High and Low Finance - Bankers Point to the Rules as the Problem - NYTimes.com
If mark-to-market accounting is to blame for the current financial crisis, then the National Weather Service is to blame for Hurricane Katrina
business  economics  accounting  rules  mark-to-market  credit  trust  money  banking 
march 2009 by tsuomela
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